Cabbage is one of the few fresh vegetables that is stored all winter without loss of quality. This is a source of not only vitamins, but also fiber, which the body needs during the period of cold weather. Thanks to white cabbage with a skillful combination of spices, we have the opportunity to feast on delicious salads all winter, enriching the body with useful substances donated in the summer. The safety of the crop in the cold season directly depends on the correct variety of cabbage. F1 aggressor is such a variety. It not only withstands drought or heavy rain, but also retains its taste six months after the harvest.
Brief history of the variety
Bred in 2000 cabbage variety Agressor fully justifies its name. It was included in the state register of the Russian Federation in 2003. The Dutch company Singenta-Seeds gave the world this excellent variety, which many gardeners immediately fell in love with. Heads of cabbage Agressor juicy, with a delicious taste, and the plant itself has a high resistance to drought and heavy rains, while the quality and quantity of the cropdeclared by the seed manufacturer does not suffer.
Productivity, average weight and terms of cabbage ripening Aggressor
The most popular today hybrid white cabbage Agressor refers to medium-late varieties. From the moment of sowing the seeds, the growing season is up to 130 days.
Productivity varieties - another of its distinguishing feature. The head weighs up to 5 kilograms, and the average weight is 3 kilograms. The aggressor has a high growth rate - up to 650 tons per hectare. It is recommended to sow up to 40 thousand plants per hectare. In the Moscow region, the maximum recorded yield of Agressor varieties stopped at around 800 quintals per hectare.
The appearance of the heads, their taste and other features
Harmonious appearance of cabbage is its big plus. Heads of Agressor varieties are flat-round, of average standard size, on a cut with barely visible yellow streaks. Covering leaves of medium-intensity anthocyanin coloration, edges slightly wavy. The length of both the inner and outer stalk is up to 18 cm.
Cabbage leaf Aggressor crisp and juicy, high taste qualities. The variety has a pronounced powerful root system. It is an excellent product for fresh consumption, as well as after fermentation or heat treatment.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Each plant has its weak points. Cabbage, for example, does not tolerate drought badly; as a result, it ceases to grow, lags behind in growth, and at the end of the growing season is far from ideal commercial qualities. In addition, the Achilles heel of any cabbage - excessive rain, leading to its cracking, after which the cabbage is not subject to long-term winter storage.
Features of landing and nuances of leaving
- Cabbage of any varieties and species can not be grown on acidic soil, otherwise it will certainly be affected by keel - a disease peculiar to the cruciferous family (rape, all types of cabbage, radish, horseradish). The soil must be deoxidized with wood ash.
- Cabbage can be returned to the same place only after 4 years. Otherwise, the cabbage will become more vulnerable to the diseases and pests characteristic of it.
Site selection, soil preparation and planting material
Preparing the soil in autumn is a guarantee of a good harvest and one of the main rules for every gardener. In order for plants to be less prone to pests and various diseases, it is important to observe crop rotation on the site. Successful is the place chosen for cabbage planting, if in the previous season it grew such crops:
- Pumpkin representatives (melon, zucchini, cucumber, pumpkin),
- legumes (beans, beans, peas),
- early potatoes
- sideratny herbs,
It is impossible to plant cabbage at the place where table beets or other types of cabbage grew before. Tolerable cabbage precursors include tomatoes, eggplants and peppers.
Soil preparation in the spring begins with digging, it is advisable not to remove the remnants of the best predecessors who overwintered at the site, since they will serve as a good fertilizer for future plants. Cabbage Aggressor showed good results on "risky" soil, but did not cope with sour soil. The indicator of acidic soil is the presence of a large amount of wireworm in the soil and woodlice (grass) on it. To reduce the acidity of the soil, before digging over it evenly scatter the wood ash. No more special preparations for cabbage planting. The aggressor on soil is not necessary - it is an unpretentious plant.
Preparation of planting material also does not have to pay special attention, but still you need to decide what method you should plant cabbage Agressor: seedling or seedless (sowing seeds).
Most gardeners prefer seedlings, and this is justified for many reasons. First, weak seedlings are discarded during the growth of seedlings, and secondly, for barely spiked seeds, short frosts, strong winds that dry up the soil, and heavy showers, leading to the deterioration of defenseless tender shoots, can become a threat. On the other hand, the seedling method is a necessity for early cabbage varieties, and middle-latency, like the Aggressor, is rationally planted in April for seedlings in a greenhouse.
For sowing seeds for seedlings in early April or late March, they take nutrient soil prepared from autumn or bought in special stores, put into a box, make shallow grooves of about 0.5-1 cm (for example, the handle of a spoon), and evenly spread in them seeds, or spread them over the surface without furrows, and then sprinkled with earth and sent to a window sill or other warm, well-lit place.
Video: growing late cabbage Agressor F1
Reviews of summer residents
I am a summer resident with ten years of experience and always approached the selection of seeds responsibly and consciously. For more than 3 years, I have planted only the Aggressor in my country house. I buy packaging with seeds Aggressor and germinate them at home. Germinating cabbage seeds Agressor is very easy. They are strong, resistant, with excellent germination. After they grow up a little, they are planted in open ground. It does not need frequent watering, which is important for me.
I can not often visit the cottage and therefore many of my vegetables are dying from drought. This is a very good quality grade. The heads of the Aggressor are kept until spring and do not lose their qualities at all. It tastes juicy, but little sweet.
I really like this hybrid. The first time I used it 4 years ago and since then I have been planting it all the time. The heads of cabbages are small, only two kilograms, but very juicy and tasty. The main advantage of this variety is its storage. The hybrid is stored just fine. In my cellar, I keep the temperature at plus 6 degrees and until May the cabbage remains completely intact. For me this is important, since I sell the excess crop. On my recommendation, all my friends began to grow the Aggressor.
The first time I bought seeds of this variety solely because of its name. He was very interested in me and it became interesting to taste this cabbage. Planting and caring for cabbage is very easy. I have never had any particular problems with her. It is extremely resistant to pests. I am rather a lazy summer resident, so it is very important for me to have plants of unpretentious varieties in my garden. That is what the Aggressor turned out to be.
The history of growing varieties of cabbage Agressor
The aggressor is a hybrid of the first generation of Dutch white cabbage breeding (originator SYNGENTA SEEDS B.V.). It is included in the State Register in 2003 across the Central region. Zoned for all regions except Northern. Received widespread among farmers due to the high yield and marketable products.
Description and characteristic of cabbage variety Agressor
The variety of medium maturity is 130–150 days. The yield is stable and high - on average from 431 c / ha to 650 c / ha. The maximum yield was achieved in the Moscow region and amounted to 800 kg / ha. Output of marketable products - 92–96%. An important positive quality of cabbage Agressor is resistance to fusarium wilt.
Head size - medium, weight 2.5-3.0 kilograms. The shape of the head is rounded, the density of the leaves is high. On the section the color is whitish, the structure is thin. External and internal stump of medium length. The taste is good, the sugar content is 5.6%.
Variety universal purpose. Storage time in the basement is up to six months.
Features of growing
Growing cabbage is not a simple matter. There are quite a few pitfalls on this path. It is necessary to study well the rules of agrotechnology, features of planting and care, collection and storage of the crop, so that the works do not go down the drain. But cabbage Aggressor does not require any special relationship to itself and for an experienced grower will not need new knowledge in its cultivation.
Preparing beds for cabbage
To grow cabbage, you should choose a sunny place with loose, non-acidified soil. Even with a slight shading of the plantings, there is an increased growth of leaves and weak heading. It is important that cruciferous plants such as cabbage, radishes, radishes, turnips and others are not grown on the planned bed for the last three years. This is due to the fact that they have common diseases and pests whose pathogens and larvae can remain in the soil. Cabbage grows well after any legumes, tomatoes, cucumbers, zucchini, onions, potatoes.
Of course, it is better to prepare the bed in the fall, but if it did not work out - it doesn’t matter. You can do this in the spring for 2-3 weeks before the planned planting date. The beds are dug up on a bayonet spade or treated with a motor-cultivator. Organic fertilizers are applied, in which humus, compost or bottom peat are used. Fertilizer consumption - 5-6 pounds per square meter. And you also need to add mineral fertilizers - superphosphate in the amount of 20-30 g / m 2, urea in the amount of 30-40 g / m 2.
Planting cabbage seedlings Agressor in the ground
Usually planted cabbage seedlings in the first decade of May on the previously prepared beds. In the more northern regions, these periods begin later - at the end of May and even at the beginning of June. Cabbage is a cold-resistant plant, its seedlings can withstand night frosts up to -5 ° C, but still if this temperature persists during the day, then it is worth delaying the landing.
Since the Aggressor cabbages grow quite large in cabbage, the distance between the rows is made 70 centimeters in size, and the seedlings are planted in a row with an interval of 50 centimeters.
Growing in a seedless manner
In southern latitudes, it is possible to plant cabbage with Aggressor seeds directly into the ground. The marking of beds at the same time differs in nothing from above described. The difference lies in the timing and some further actions. At the end of April, seeds are sown for 2-3 pieces in each well - subsequently, one of the strongest sprouts is selected from them. They are deepened by 0.5-1.0 cm, moistened with a spray bottle and sprinkled with earth. Moisturize again and cover with black film. Before the emergence of shoots monitor soil moisture - it should not dry out, but there should not be excessive moisture. When shoots appear - the film is removed, and if the weather is cold and there are frosts at night, then for the first time you can cover the bed with a spanbond. As the plants grow, a slight hilling is done - they spread loose soil to the level of the first real leaf.
Watering and feeding
Cabbage is a moisture-loving plant. The lack of moisture during the growing season will negatively affect the quality of products, and can also lead to bolting. After planting the seedlings in the ground it should be watered with an interval of 2-3 days. After the rooting of the seedlings, the irrigation interval is increased to five days, but it is necessary to monitor the condition of the soil. If the weather is dry and hot - you may have to water more often. However, the cabbage should not be poured - the constant dampness creates a favorable environment for the development of fungal diseases. Facilitates the task of regular irrigation using drip irrigation systems. After irrigation, the soil should be loosened, providing oxygen access to the roots. To facilitate the task will mulch beds. This can reduce the amount of irrigation required, as well as avoid unnecessary loosening of the soil and weed growth. But in this case, you can face another problem - under the layer of mulch can accumulate slugs that adore succulent cabbage leaves. If such a problem occurs, mulching will have to be abandoned. Despite the resistance of the cabbage variety Agressor to cracking heads, it is still better to stop watering 3–4 weeks before harvesting.
Facilitates the task of regular watering cabbage using drip irrigation systems
Properly fertilized beds provide enough food for cabbage. But it would still be useful to hold two small additional feedings. The first time is to feed the plants three weeks after transplanting. To do this, dissolve 10 grams of ammonium nitrate or urea in a bucket of water and pour the cabbage at the rate of one cup of solution per plant. Before the beginning of the formation of heads, 10 grams of potassium monophosphate are dissolved in a bucket of water and one glass is also poured for each plant.
Possible problems when growing cabbage Agressor
The main problems that may arise in the gardener when growing cabbage, associated with fungal diseases and pests. To some of them cabbage The aggressor is immune. Nevertheless, in order to avoid problems, one should adhere to the basic rules of prevention:
- Timely deoxidation of the soil.
- Compliance with crop rotation.
- Removal and destruction of stumps after harvest.
- Disinfection of seeds during the cultivation of seedlings, as well as non-seedling method of cultivation.
- Compliance with a balanced level of soil moisture.
- Prophylactic treatments with systemic fungicides, especially if summer is rainy and damp.
Harvesting and Harvesting
Depending on the time of planting and weather conditions cabbage Aggressor can ripen in mid-September - mid-October. Willingness to harvest is determined by touch - if the heads are firm and dense, it is time to cut them. If cabbage is grown in regions with an early onset of frost, you should know one of its features.
At the root, cabbage can tolerate frosts down to -7 ° C, but in the cut form at these temperatures the cabbages will deteriorate. Therefore, if this happened, then you should wait until the leaves have thawed and only then separate the heads from the stumps.
It will be best to keep the heads of cabbage, which are collected in dry cool weather at an air temperature within +4 - + 7 ° C. Heads of cabbage should be cut with a knife, leaving the lower leaves and 3–4 centimeters of the stump. The remaining roots in the ground need to dig and dispose of. You can also pull the cabbage entirely out of the ground and trim the stumps on the surface before putting it to storage. It is better to keep dense heads of cabbage, so they are sorted before storage. Looser is used for salting and pickling.
Cabbage storage requires a room with air temperature from -1 to +2 ° C and air humidity in the range of 90–98%. At high temperatures, rot appears rather quickly. If the air temperature is below -1 ° C, then the cabbage is freezing, and after thawing it deteriorates quickly. You can not dump the cabbage on the floor in a pile - so dramatically increases the risk of rot. The best fit is wooden flooring or shelves on which the cabbies are laid out with a small spacing upwards. And also with a lack of space, cabbages can be tied up in pairs for stumps and hung from hooks or crossbars from the ceiling.
Wooden cabinets or shelves are best suited for storing cabbage.
Here is what the manufacturer claims: Cabbage Belokochanskaya Agressor F1 A well-known hybrid of medium late cabbage. The ripening period is 115–120 days. Heads weighing 3-5 kg. The hybrid tolerates a lack of nitrogen nutrition. Suitable for direct sowing. Excellently preserved in the field after cleaning. It has high commodity and taste qualities. Meets all standards for pickling hybrids. Resistant to fusarium, not damaged by thrips, has a high growth force, very plastic. Stored 5-6 months. The number of plants per 1 hectare is 30–35 pcs. Productivity from the weave is 900–1000 kg. Farmers (who grew this variety) give a good estimate of this variety.
when I was still doing cabbage, the Agressor hybrid passed. A strong variety that develops well, forms high-quality beautiful cabbages, but the leaf is rough, the taste is close to mediocre.
perhaps the taste would have improved during storage, but we used the head of the Aggressor fresh in November and used it for pickling (it turned out to be coarse, hard).
Flax, I have the same name Aggressor and also 30 percent of the heads of head pops. I started selling it toko, but the hybrid is awesome. У нас в Б.Копанях Агрессор и Центурион самые «козырные».
Лена, я тоже садила в этом году Агрессор и Анкому. Так получилось, что в два захода. И вот та, которая посажена позже, просто шикарная. Агрессор почти вся в р-не 3 кг, а Анкома от 2,5 до 4. По внешнему виду Анкома более вытянута вверх. Ни одна не треснула,хотя капусту я заливала сильно. Первую партию высадила 23 мая, а вторую 5 июня. I don’t know the age of the seedlings, as the godfather brought from a friend, and she was 20–25 cm tall.
Breeders are not standing still and every year more and more new varieties and cabbage hybrids appear on the market. When choosing a variety, gardeners first of all pay attention to unpretentious care, disease resistance, and yield. Also important are the qualities that characterize the fruits themselves - taste, quality, presentation. For all these indicators Cabbage Aggressor has excellent ratings.