Updated on 07/03/2015 By admin
Some breeds of domestic ducks do not have high egg production or are poorly suited for fattening for meat. As a rule, they are grown to participate in exhibitions. One of these is the Rouen.
In the past century in northern France, the taming of wild ducks made it possible to isolate a new species of these waterfowl. Subsequently, individuals were subjected to the selection of the best indicators in order to obtain the breed of meat. They acquired their name due to the nearby city of Rouen.
Over time, they spread throughout Europe and beyond. In England, the breed has undergone changes as a result of selective selection and crossing. The local variety has a dark color and an overweight body. It was she who settled down outside France. At home, the Ruan ducks retained the originally light color of their plumage.
The characteristic features of the breed.
These birds have a massive body, wide chest and back, which becomes narrower towards the tail. Their gait is heavy and unhurried. Given that this breed is the result of the domestication of wild birds, the plumage has a similar color to them. The main color is dark brown.
Beige stripes run from two sides of the head, from the beak to the neck. The chest of the drake is reddish brown, and the lower part of the body is gray. His head is distinguished by a dark green color. The base of the neck is surrounded by a white stripe, the ends of which are not connected at the back. The bill is long and wide, of a greenish-yellow shade, on the upper part of which there are dark spots. Feathers on duck's chest are usually light brown. Its beak is brown-orange, shorter than that of the drake also has dark spots on top. The thick, short legs of the bird are widely set. The wings are small, shiny, framed by a white stripe, with brown and gray plumage.
Rouen ducks belong to the breed of meat orientation. Do not expect large laying eggs from laying hens. Egg production is quite low. On average, a duck lays 80–90 pieces a year. The weight of one is 80–90. The shell is a light green shade.
Being engaged in the cultivation of birds of this species, the emphasis should be placed on the quality of meat. The good hatchability of chicks and a large percentage of the survival of the young stock makes breeding Ruan ducks beneficial in order to obtain the maximum number of individuals for slaughter. But at the same time, the hens of them are bad, the instinct of incubation during selective selection was initially suppressed.
Like most meaty breeds, with good nutrition, Rouen ducks quickly gain weight. The weight of adult drakes reaches 4.5 kg, the mass of females reaches 4 kg. By two months, young animals gain about 2 kg.
Advantages and disadvantages of the breed.
Meat has a unique taste. It is dark, very juicy, fragrant and tender. In France, for a special taste, the birds are stifled in order to prevent the spilling of blood. It is she who gives the meat a "zest" and delicate flavor. The carcass is cut, legs, breast, wings are prepared separately, and the remaining parts are squeezed out under a press. Squeezed juice with blood is used for the sauce. This method is used for several centuries. A duck prepared this way is considered a delicacy.
Despite the amazing properties of meat, birds are not bred for sale, because of the colorful feathers in carcasses are not very attractive. Ducks are usually kept on small household farms.
Caring for the Rhana is not an easy task and one cannot do without special knowledge. With the wrong diet, they develop obesity. This adversely affects their fertility. In order to get fertilized eggs, the bird has to not finish feeding. This makes the process of growing Rouen ducks difficult and time consuming. Therefore, this breed does not have much distribution. Bred them mainly for personal purposes in some areas of the country.
The story of the birds
In the 20th century, wild ducks were tamed in the north of France. This made it possible to breed new breeds of waterfowl. Then the best individuals were selected, and with their help they obtained meat breeds. Ducks got their name in honor of the city located near the breeding site (Rouen).
Drake and duck of Rouen breed
Over time, the breed has become increasingly popular not only in France but also in other European countries. In England, ducks were modified as a result of crossing with other breeds and selective selection. Only in France can birds be found with the original color of feathering, and outside it they have a darker color and a massive body.
Rouen duck: a description of the appearance
Rouen duck description has the following:
- body build, with a horizontal setting,
- the chest lies deep,
- limbs short,
- the back of an oval shape has a narrowing in the area of the tail and shoulders,
- ducks weigh 3.8 kg, drakes 4 kg,
- egg productivity is below average, from one duck you can get 90 eggs in 365 days,
- solid beak has a greenish color,
- on the neck with a strong bend is a small size head,
- tail feathers with curls.
Rouen Duck: photo
Birds have a very unusual color. The main suit is brown - red, from the sides of the body turns into a lighter shade, feathers on the chest are red. On the edge of the wings there is a white border (this is a “trick” that the Rouen duck has). Features of the breed - the presence of a dark round spot on the beak. The feather cover has a rich color and shine.
Rouen Duck: breeding, feeding, keeping
Growing poultry for meat products is quite troublesome. It is important to observe the correct diet and feeding norms, this is due to the ability of ducks to quickly fatten. Ruanians are given the same food as the rest of the duck, the main thing is to take into account the moderate content of fat and complex carbohydrates in the food. Between the distribution of feed should be time intervals. With free-range contents, it is much more difficult to provide ducks with a balanced diet. Females do not specifically feed, to increase fertility.
Feeding is done twice a day, in the early morning and in the late evening. Grain mixtures are given: consisting of oats, barley grains, wheat, millet, a small amount of corn, and green mass. Drinking bowls are kept clean, and are filled as needed, ducks consume large amounts of water.
In the presence of a small pond in which there are algae, plankton and small fish, the cost of feed for ducks is significantly reduced. Ruan people consume less food compared to other breeds, and in summer they can provide themselves with food if there are conditions for this.
According to its content, the Ruan ducks are similar to the other breeds. They need to ensure the presence of artificial reservoirs, if not natural. For this purpose, suitable trough or large containers.
The birds have a calm character, they are not noisy, they get along well with the rest of the monastery. It is not necessary to build a separate building and create a special temperature regime there. A simple house, equipped with a good ventilation system, heated floors and an average temperature indicator, will suit the Rhuanians. The main thing is to maintain order, get rid of the litter in a timely manner, clean the feeders and drinkers, make a weekly change of litter.
Advantages and disadvantages
The meat products have exceptional taste properties, it has juiciness, aroma and tenderness. When slaughtering birds, some owners use strangulation to get a special taste in meat. Eat not only the carcass, legs, wings, as well as blood. For the preparation of delicious sauce used press for squeezing blood.
Ducks are not used for industrial breeding due to unusual, to consumers, external features of the carcass. Ruan is more popular with private small farms.
Birds are whimsical to care, without possessing special knowledge or skills, it is very difficult to breed them.
Improper feeding leads to obesity and, as a result, meat loses its unique taste quality. Difficulties in care make the Rouen breed unpopular for mass distribution. Despite this, ducks make excellent birds for exhibition purposes, and drakes look the most impressive.
A considerable disadvantage is that due to breeding works, ducks have lost the incubation instinct and care for the offspring. If there is no incubator on the farm, the eggs are laid under the females of another breed. Far from all farmers want to endure such inconveniences, and therefore prefer to breed other representatives of the ducks that hatch the young.