Peach curl is one of the most dangerous and common diseases of this fruit crop. It progresses rapidly, affecting the development of the tree, reduces its yield. The treatment of peach leaf curl must be comprehensive and timely, otherwise the tree may die.
Curliness is a fungal disease that can destroy all leaves.
Features of the disease
Leaf curl is a fungal disease caused by the fungus Taphrina Deformans. Spores actively proliferate in spring, with the beginning of the growing season of fruit trees. They attack the plants, penetrating into all its weak points: cracks, broken branches, buds that are emerging.
This causes damage to foliage and weak shoots. If you do not take measures to save the peach, by May all its foliage may fall off, and the flowering process will not begin.
Causes of infection
If the peach leaves turn red and curl, and their surface becomes bubbly, the tree must be saved. The plant was struck by a dangerous mushroom, the methods of control of which require timeliness of actions. The main cause of the development of the disease is high humidity and daily temperature drops. Most often young saplings with not yet established immunity suffer from it. Disputes manifest themselves only after 3-4 weeks after infection.
A factor of influence in the spread of infection and features of the organization of the garden. If trees are planted close to each other in the area, the risk of infection with curly rises. Do not exclude the spread of infection from other fruit plants planted in this or the adjacent area.
Susceptibility of peach to leaf curl can create many problems for gardeners. However, with timely and thorough prophylaxis, as well as the use of correct treatment methods, it is possible to significantly reduce the damage caused by the disease or to avoid it altogether. Of course, you will have to try, but when juicy and fragrant fruits ripen on the tree, it will be clear that the work was well spent.
How to deal with the disease? Preparations to combat leaf curl
Treating a tree for this disease is very difficult and time consuming, so it is recommended that you pay enough attention to preventive methods right after planting.
And an important place among them occupy sanitary work. They provide for pruning or complete removal of the affected shoots, which must be immediately collected and burned outside the site.
If these activities are held in the fall, along with them, it is necessary to burn all the leaves fallen from the tree. In the spring, those shoots are pruned, which clearly show signs of disease.In addition to processing the Bordeaux peach mixture, the use of fungicides is effective in the treatment. Most often, it is recommended to use “Skor”, because it is non-toxic, and therefore safe for the environment and gardeners themselves.
On one hundred square meters you need 2 ml of the drug (1 ampoule), which must be dissolved in 10 liters of water. The therapeutic effect lasts up to 5 days, and prophylactic - up to 10 days.
Apply also "Abiga-Peak" at the rate of 40 - 50 g per 10 liters of water. It should be used 4 times with breaks of 2 weeks.
Folk remedies to combat curlinessAs already mentioned, chemical treatment of peach with fungicides and Bordeaux liquids is the most effective methods of dealing with the disease. But some gardeners are trying to use chemicals at the very least, trying with all their might to cure the plant with folk remedies.
So, recommend using spraying infusion of tobacco.A kilogram of dried tobacco or tobacco dust is poured 5 liters of boiling water and insist 3 days. Infusion filter, diluted with water 1: 2 and spray the affected trees 2 times with an interval of 2 weeks.
Effective is considered emulsion, prepared from 90 g of hydrated lime and 350 g of softened clay, diluted in 10 liters of water. First you need to dilute the clay with water until smooth, and then, stirring slowly, introduce slaked lime. The solution should be without sediment.
You must use it immediately, without leaving the next time. But the expected effect will be obtained only with regular spraying of trees. This rule applies to other popular methods.
But most often the fungus is resistant to folk broths. Therefore, if you do not want to use serious drugs for treating wood, in addition to trimming peach leaves affected by curliness, it is recommended to spray 1% Bordeaux liquid, harmless means “Biostat”, which includes essential oils, as well as special blends.For example, with a mixture of lime and ground sulfur in a 1: 2 ratio or with a solution of colloidal sulfur suspension (1%). In this case, spraying is recommended at air temperature above 25 ° C. But remember, if folk remedies do not give a visible result, do not neglect the treatment of peach fungicides.
Peach varieties resistant to leaf curl
Many gardeners claim that peach varieties that are resistant to curly leaves do not exist, they are just less likely to have varieties whose fruits have yellow flesh.
Others point out that resistance is demonstrated by the varieties Redhaveng, Succulent, Kiev 12, Nadranny Kiev, Bagrinovskiy, In memory of Rodionov, Donetsk yellow, Saturn, Yellow, Moretini, Simferopol Early, Early Kuban.
But whichever variety you choose, preventive measures are the best protection for peach curl.Peach is a tender and capricious tree. It may die if agricultural practices are not followed, but it suffers even more from various diseases. Leaf curl is the most common among them. Save the tree from it can only be timely preventive methods.
But if the disease struck your pets, the most effective methods are pruning and treating trees with chemicals. Folk remedies in this case are ineffective and can be dangerous. The disease spreads quickly. During their use, valuable time can be lost.