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“A gift to Gardeners” is an apple tree of autumn ripening, it has recently been purchased for us on a plot, but I already have my wisdom about caring for it. For planting, we chose 2014, and already in 2017 there were 4 apples on it. They bought a cutting of 50 cm, with the ground, without buds, planted in a lighted place, without other plantings, the planting was done in early spring as soon as the snow melted. The landing site was prepared according to the main agrotechnical peculiarities of apple care, taking into account the subsequent growth of the tree in height and width. The apple tree caught on, hit in growth and in strengthening the trunk.
The appearance of the tree: the branches are long, the leaves are not large, apples 5 cm and less. The ideal variety for cultivation in Siberia and the Urals. The soil is not a whimsical tree, the main watering and control is not drying the soil. The variety is specially resistant to cold. It is natural to survive a snowless winter at -30 in a tree there is no chance, but when there is snow, nothing happens to the tree, the roots are reliably protected and resistant to differences. Fruits smell pleasantly, they are juicy, with pronounced sourness, softness is friable, but does not crumble, does not pinch in the mouth.
The apple tree "Gift to Gardeners" has been making my family happy for 7 years, not counting the time for strengthening the roots and preparing for fruiting. Apples grow beautiful, ruddy, healthy looking, not even, not from the cover, because they have an uneven structure of the fruit, each face is not symmetrical, looking at an apple, you immediately realize how rich it is in vitamins, this is also indicated by its sourish flavor.
Features of care:
1. Requires frequent and abundant watering, the branches tend to dry up, and with them the ovary. The first thing affected branches of the second order.
2. For wintering, it is better to strengthen the tree trunk with the help of structures made of planks and to insulate the root neck with the help of straw, fir branches or compost.
The trunk is thin and can break during frosts, therefore it is better to hold it, and forest animals can damage the base of the trunk and crack the bark.
Small, colorful apple tree, can please the fruits even when it sprinkles it with snow. There are a lot of apples on the tree and everything is red-red. We collect fruits in October and November. And it is not uncommon for harvesting that snow falls, but one should not be afraid - the apples do not spoil. The variety is considered winter hardy. The apple tree itself tolerates cold and frost well. Even up to -7 with uncollected fruits is easy. Apples do not spoil and do not fall.
She took seedlings 9 years ago in the nursery "Gardens of Mordovia". Planting in the ground should be carried out only in spring, when planting in the fall, the seedling may die. Out of 3, I got accustomed to 2. As if I didn’t want to save, I still need to buy more seedlings. When buying, you need to look at the appearance and stuntedness; in the spring a good sample will already have swelling bumps.
To increase the number of fruits, during the period of budding, you need to do top dressing: drenching, soot with water or phosphoric nutrient mixtures - all this is done under the roots. As always, everything should be approached wisely, by itself this variety does not grow. I noticed that during the rainy summer harvest more. There is no disease in a tree, the only thing the thrushes have chosen is the nest. Apple tree grows on the sunny side, protects the house from the winds.
The description of this variety should begin with its merits. First of all, it is necessary to note the precociousness, the excellent taste of the fruits and their ability for long-term storage, the ability of the tree to tolerate moderate frosts and relative immunity to scab. With all this, the apple tree does not tolerate drought, and excessively low temperatures can adversely affect it.
The tree is medium tall; its maximum height can reach 3 meters. Not too thick crown consists of often growing branches, with small leaves of a grayish tint, which are pointed to the tip. This variety is self-fertile, it can be planted separately, pollinators are not required.
The ripening of the fruits occurs by the end of September, they are small in size, within 60-100 grams, slightly flattened on top. The color of apples is green, it is yellowing, and red strokes are running around the perimeter. Their use is universal, can be used both fresh and in conservation. In addition, with the provision of conditions of storage can be up to 4 months. The taste is sweet and sour, the aroma is pleasant and delicate.
The sugar content of the fruit is just over 13 percent.
What kind is it?
Apple tree The gift to gardeners belongs to autumn grades. The tree is characterized by winter hardiness, high resistance to fungal diseases, as well as good regenerative abilities.
Fruit storage time is up to 120 days under proper storage conditions.which include:
- optimum temperature: -1-2 ° C,
- storage in wooden containers (racks, containers, boxes),
- relative humidity of air 90-95%
- preliminary calibration by the size of the fruit,
- Each variety is stored in separate containers.
Apple tree belongs to the self-fertile varieties. This means that regardless of the weather and climatic conditions, such a variety will produce stable yields. But even samoplodnye varieties yield harvests with the best performance in the presence of several other varieties.
Description of a grade Gift to gardeners
Apple varieties are characterized by medium height with a characteristic horizontal crown and beautiful, compactly located yellow-green fruits.
Average height (not exceeding three meters), fast-growing. Crohn rounded, average density.
The color of the branches is red-brown. Fruiting on kolchatkah, fruits and spears.
The shoots are well pubescent, large, medium length, have a brown color. A large, oval-shaped leaf with a short, tapered end. The shoots are brown, curved, large in thickness. Stems are medium in length. The leaf plate is large, symmetrical, has a grayish tint and is moderately pubescent from the underside.
They are characterized by low weight and small size. The mass of one fruit ranges from 60 to 100 grams.
The color of the apple is greenish yellow, rolling in strokes into a pale red cover shade. The skin is smooth with a slight waxy coating. The stem is short and thin. The flesh is white with a greenish tinge, quite juicy and with a fine-grained consistency. The taste of apple - sweet and sour. The aroma is pronounced.
The chemical composition of an apple:
- Sahara — 13,3%,
- Titrated to-you — 1,22%,
- Tanning Islands - 60 mg per 100 grams,
- Ascorbic to-that - 25 mg per 100 grams,
- R-active islands - 300 mg per 100 grams,
- Pectin Islands — 5,30%.
Region of natural origin
The zone of natural variety growth of the Gift to gardeners is the region of its place of birth - West Siberian.
Also often found in the gardens of residents of the Altai Territory. With proper planting and care gets on any soil. Problems can occur in dry regions.
Tree bears fruit in the third or fourth year after planting.
Harvest in moderation, annual.
The fruits ripen in mid-September.
The consumer period begins in the second decade of September and ends in February.
Up to 30 kilograms of fruits are removed from one tree..
Planting and care
Due consideration should be given to planting apple varieties Gift Gardeners. In the care of the tree is not whimsical.
To begin with, we will determine the timing of planting an apple tree. Experienced gardeners recommend planting apple trees from September 15 to September 25 due to physiological processes in the tree. It is important to choose the right seedling of this variety, for this you should follow simple rules:
- purchase a seedling no sooner than a week before planting,
- purchase seedlings with a developed root system and purchase them in a zone with the same climatic conditions,
- choose a young seedling, then it adapts more quickly to the soil on the plot where it is grown.
After purchasing seedlings it is very important to choose the right place for planting an apple tree.:
- unshadowed territory
- lack of through wind
- areas for planting should be well drained,
- to make the tree grow strong and bring maximum yield, it is recommended to use loamy soil,
- avoid places where groundwater is located close to the surface,
- properly prepare the landing hole.
Pit for apple varieties Gift gardeners prepared by the classical method.
Its optimal parameters: 1x1x0.7m. At the bottom of the pit laid out:
- horse manure bucket,
- wood ash (approximately one glass),
- tablespoon of double superphosphate.
All components mix well with soil., the seedling is placed in a pit and we fall asleep with dry earth. Liberally pour and sprinkle with earth again.
The next year after landing not much is needed - eliminating weeds around the planting pit and regular wateringThe formation of the crown begins.
It is necessary to cut the ends of all branches and shoots, remove 80-100% of flowers.
It is important to prevent the appearance of fruits during the first three years.
Basic care during the first five years after planting:
- protection of the tree from rodents and hares (parchment material, spruce branches) by tying the tree,
- creating edges from the ground to a height of twenty centimeters around the landing pit,
- in early March, it is necessary to treat wounds inflicted by rodents with rhizomes and cover them with garden pitch,
- mulching with humus pristvolnyh circles.
Every year Before spring, it is necessary to irrigate mixtures of pests. This must be done twice:
- during the swelling of the buds on the branches,
- before blooming buds.
Diseases and pests
Fruit trees are often susceptible to various fungal diseases. Variety Gift to gardeners is characterized by high resistance to similar diseases, but is prone to the onset of the following:
- tinder mushroom,
- powdery mildew,
- bacterial burn.
The first sign of a tinder fungus attack is the appearance of wounds (fungus) on the cortex.. It strongly affects the trunk of an apple tree, but it affects the fruit indirectly. It is necessary at the first stages to get rid of the fungus. If the fungus severely hit the tree, became very hard and reached a large size, then the fungus will have to be destroyed with an ax, then healthy wood will naturally suffer.
If the wound is small, it can be gently cleaned with a garden knife.. It is important to destroy the fungus at its very roots. Otherwise, after some time, the mushroom “settles” again in the same place. After the elimination of the fungus, the place in which he grew up must be disinfected. Processing should be carried out by copper sulphate.after which it is desirable to paint over the treated area with oil paint. Otherwise, the tinder mushroom will settle again in the same place.
The scab primarily affects the leaves of the tree, and then moves to the fruit. The cause of this fungus may be high humidity or stagnation of air inside the crown of a tree. The first signs of scab are the appearance of green-brown spots on the leaves and small brownforming a crust, stains on the fruit.
After heavy rains, powdery mildew most often appears, usually in the form of white bloom on the leaves of an apple tree. Infection occurs on the tree from the bottom up, until it completely attacks the tree.
These and many other diseases can easily be avoided by adhering to a number of preventive measures.which consist of:
- soil ash
- crown formations
- feed with potash and calcium fertilizers,
- feeding with compost,
- pollination of colloidal sulfur and copper compounds,
- use of varieties with high resistance to diseases,
- destruction of the affected elements.
Bordeaux liquid is considered the best preventive and therapeutic agent for fungi and various pests.
The only incurable disease is a burn that is caused by the bacterium Erwinia amylovora.
The affected trees should be destroyed as soon as possible so that they do not infect nearby growing varieties. The causative agent is a quarantine object.
The variety of apple trees The gift to gardeners has an average yield and brings beautiful fruits with high biological value. With special preparation, the sapling will germinate on any soil. The tree does not require special care. Medium resistant to diseases. In case of defeat by pests, treatment does not require much effort.
History of origin
The presented apple variety has an interesting and somewhat touching story. It all started with the usual sapling, which was bred by scientists at the experimental station of the All-Russian Breeding and Technological Institute of Horticulture by crossing the American stock of D101 and Vyazinkovka.
Probably many people remember the harsh winter of 1978-1979. It was at this time that a huge number of frost-resistant apple varieties were planted at the testing station, but not many of them were able to adapt to the harsh conditions. Were not able to survive the winter frost -40 ° C already known varieties Antonovka ordinary, Anis gray, Shtreyfling. At the same time, unremarkable seedlings unexpectedly for everyone not only came to life with the first warming, but later pleased with a bountiful harvest.
Curious about the variety, breeders began a further, more detailed study of the apple tree, conducting more than one test and carefully recording the results. Convinced of the amazing qualities of the variety, the scientists gave it the name Present Grafsky. Moscow in 2001 brought the variety to the State Register as one of the best breeding achievements. The apple tree is named in memory of Grafsky in gratitude for kindness and understanding to the beautiful person - the director of the state farm where the station was at that time.
Apple Tree Gift Count
Note! The apple tree has an ancient, undersized ancestor in Tien Shan, the fruits of which look like the Paradise apple, and the life expectancy is up to 300 years.
Characteristics of the tree
The variety of apple trees Gift Graphic description and characteristics for gardeners is simply amazing. Fruit tree grows best in temperate climates. As a late winter variety, it is grown in the north-western regions. Saplings are popular with gardeners near Moscow, the Central region and Altai.
Apple tree Gift Count - joy for the gardener, because of the following features of the tree:
- standard view
- Triploid variety,
- frost resistance (endures cold up to -42 ° C),
- quick recovery after freezing,
- sprawling crown of reverse pyramidal shape
- foliage is average,
- the branches are not very thick and long
- dark gray bark
- leaves are deep dark green, medium size, elongated shape,
- for fruiting requires neighborhood with other pollinators,
- high fruiting of a tree at the age of 5-6 years,
- the formation of the fruit on the shoots of two years, perennial kolchatkah,
- fruit ripening period - beginning of October.
Apple tree Grafsky variety - a beautiful gift to every amateur gardener. The tree looks great among other garden vegetation. For winter hardiness exceeds such well-known varieties as Alva, Antonovka, Pear. A special quality of the tree is full recovery after winter frosting, which indicates a high level of adaptation to adverse weather conditions.
A strong-growing standard tree for 10 years grows to 7 m without pruning. The crown is distinguished by an average level of thickening and foliage, it can grow up to 4 m in diameter. The peculiarity of the tree is an intensive increase of up to 1.2 m per year. The apple tree is resistant to scab, contains a high level of vitamins and microelements. Fruits at 5-6 year after planting the seedling, dwarf rootstock can please the fruits in the second year. The branches of the tree are not very thick, long, light gray.
Medium-sized, wavy leaves of rich green color have jagged edges and an elongated oval shape. Fastened to the branches with a short, long stalk.
Feature of the fruit
Impress with their qualities and the fruits of the tree. They differ in brightness and medium juiciness. Fruits of irregular, rounded shape, weight 250-350 g. Up to 250 kg of fruits are harvested from one adult tree.
Interesting! On a 5-point scale, the taste of the fruit was evaluated by tasters at 4.3 points.
The apple has a peel of medium thickness with numerous longitudinal stripes. Under the skin translucent barely noticeable bright spots. Ripened fruits of violet-red saturated color, on the surface visible wax coating.
The flesh is yellowish, fine-grained, not too juicy, but soft enough. The taste is sweetish and sweet with a pleasant aroma. Inside a small amount of dark brown seeds.
Fruits contain chlorogenic acid, making them useful for people suffering from high acidity. Rich in organic acids, fiber, beneficial vitamins. Eat fresh, canned, dried. Housewives prepare fragrant apple juice, mash, stewed fruit, canned with vegetables.
Planting of seedlings is carried out in the spring with sufficient warming of the land in the autumn before the onset of the first frost.
Important! Breeders recommend planting trees in the fall, because during this period, seedlings root better. В результате отмечается быстрый рост и ранее плодоношение.
Подарок Графскому лучше приживается на солнечных участках, защищенных от сквозняков. Саженцы высаживают на возвышениях, где грунтовые воды залегают глубоко. This condition is necessary in order to prevent freezing of the root system of the tree and to avoid constant overwetting of the soil. Planted trees on fertile land, black soil, loam. The diameter of the square for trees is about 20 m. The distance between the seedlings is 5-6 m.
When buying seedlings, pay attention to the development of the root system: 2-3 healthy shoots, no traces of damage, dark spots, various growths should depart from the main trunk.
Having chosen a place for a tree, prepare a landing hole. Its depth should be about 70 cm, and the diameter - 100 cm. The pit is prepared several days before disembarking. The cut off topsoil is laid aside, the bottom one is removed, the bottom of the pit is loosened. Such preparation will help to better adapt the seedling's root system to a permanent place. The topsoil is mixed with ash, humus and part of the sand, poured into a hole and a peg about 1.6 m high is hammered.
Ash as fertilizer
Before planting a seedling in the ground, its root system is soaked in water for 1 hour, after which it is placed in a pit, covered with earth. The root neck should protrude approximately 5-8 cm above the ground. Having done all the work, the seedling is tied to a peg and the soil is tamped around it. Watering is carried out immediately after planting, using warm distilled water (2-3 buckets).
Important! Watering with cold water can lead to disease of seedlings.
- regular weeding from weeds and grass of the trunk circle, soil loosening, mulching with straw, peat, humus, needles,
- watering once a week (starting from two buckets, with the age of the tree the amount of water increases),
- after a year fertilization (chicken manure, rotted humus, slurry diluted with water),
- spraying the apple before flowering and during the formation of ovaries (for example, urea solution),
- the introduction of complex fertilizers without nitrogen after harvest,
- whitewashing the trunk before hibernation,
- in early spring, the first feeding and cleaning the area from weeds and debris.
Advantages and disadvantages
Grade Gift Grafsky - one of the best of its kind. According to experienced gardeners, the tree has almost no drawbacks, and if they are, then they are insignificant.
- winter hardiness
- annual fruiting
- the tree grows fast
- fruits are bright, fragrant, moderately juicy,
- good preservation
- perfectly transported over long distances
- fruiting for 2-3 years,
- high resistance to scab and fungal diseases.
Although the drawbacks of the tree are insignificant, they are still there:
- annual harvest, but the number of fruits is different,
- the need for crown formation,
- poor lighting of the lower branches due to the shape of the crown of the tree,
- fruits of different sizes
- upon ripening, slight precipitation of fruit is possible.
A gift to Grafsky is an excellent variety that is grown in different regions of the country. Abundant fruiting, beautiful crown, delicate pale pink flowers, fragrant fruits - qualities that are highly appreciated by many lovers of orchards.