The houseplant ahimenes is a relatively unpretentious member of the Hesnerian family, a relative of Saintpaulia and Gloxinia. Every year it is increasingly possible to meet this flower on our balconies. How to care for Ahimenez?
Ahimenes is famous for its bright flowers and abundant flowering, which lasts from spring to late autumn. In addition to beautiful flowers, ahimenes have another distinctive feature. They grow under the ground scale rhizomes (rhizomes), which play an important role in their lives. Over the spring and summer, nutrients are accumulated in these rhizomes. At the same time the plant blooms. For the winter, the entire land part of Ahimenes dies, and only the rhizomes remain underground, which in the spring give rise to new shoots and new blooms. This is the life cycle of Ahimenes.
How to grow ahimenes
Indoor achimenes are plants that have a dormant period in winter. In the fall after flowering, ground shoots begin to dry out gradually, leaves fall. At the same time it is necessary to reduce watering, because the plant is preparing for rest. Over time, the entire land part dies off, when the twigs become completely dry, they must be cut with scissors at ground level. The plant went into winter dormancy, only rhizomes remained in the ground. The pot should be placed in a dry, dark and cool place. During the rest period, watering is reduced to a light moistening of the earth once a month.
In February-March, Ahimenez is already possible to "wake up". To do this, dig rhizomes from the pot. By this time, some of them can already wake up and start the first shoots.
All the nutrients in the soil depleted last year, so the old soil must be replaced with a new one. Drainage must be laid on the bottom of the pot, then fresh loose soil is poured. Standard mixtures for violets (Saintpaulia) are well suited for achimenes. For example, in equal parts biohumus, vermiculite and perlite.
Rhizomes spread on the ground in a horizontal position and sprinkled with a layer of earth 3-4 cm above. Water and place the pot in a warm and bright place, for example, on a windowsill. After 1-2 weeks in the pot will appear the first shoots and will begin to grow actively. Now you need to increase watering. During the period of growth, the plant should be well lit, in order that the shoots do not stretch much. The best place is the south window.
During the flowering of achimenes, the soil should be wet all the time.
During the period of active growth (spring), it is necessary to fertilize the ahmenesa once in 10-14 days with fertilizer to build up the leaf mass. Fertilizer for hardwood or universal is well suited for this purpose. If the rhizomes are planted in the nutrient mixture, then this is not necessary. In late spring-early summer, when the Ahimenes formed lush bushes, it is necessary to begin feeding for flowering. To do this, suitable fertilizers for flowering.
Akhimenez breed rhizomes, shoots and seeds. During the growing season, ahimenes may grow daughter rhizomes. And in the spring, when transplanting into fresh soil, you can find instead of three five planted with a robe, two of which will be smaller and attached to the other side. These small rhizomes can be planted and they will give rise to new achimenes. Large rhizomes (rhizomes) can be divided into several parts. And each of the parts will give rise to a new plant. Ahimenez can grow even from a single rhizome scale. But avoid such a small division, because in the first year the shoots will be very small and will not bloom profusely.
During the summer, achimenesa can be propagated by apical cuttings. To do this, with a sharp knife carefully cut off the stalk with 2-3 pairs of leaves. Root in water or immediately planted in a light loose mixture for rooting cuttings and cover with a greenhouse or plastic bag. In hot summer weather, the roots appear quickly. After their appearance, you can immediately put in a light loose mixture.
Ahimenes easily reproduce by the apical cuttings and parts of the rhizome, therefore, the seeds of achimenes multiply rarely. Yes, when seed reproduction is not transmitted varietal characteristics.
Homeland of Ahimenes, morphological features
For the first time Patrick Branun paid attention to this flower. Struck by his beauty and lush flowering, he brought it to Europe from Jamaica in the XVIII century. Homeland Ahmenes South America, where the plant blooms all year round.
A low plant with toothed pubescent leaves, abundantly blooming most of the year, immediately deserved love and popularity. Bright, colorful flowers tubules bloom profusely all summer.
Breeders brought varieties of different colors and shades:
Flowers of Ahimenes are simple and terry, spotty, striped, with small and large flowers. Ahimenez distinguished by the type of stem: erect and ampelous. Balcony, loggia, terrace will be decorated with Ahimenez ampelnyh varieties that can be planted in pots. Plants with an erect stem look good in high pot. Those who decide a part of their care and love to devote to this unusual flower, you need to know the rules of reproduction and features of care.
Ahimenes has a pronounced rest period, when the above-ground part of the plant dies completely. Some consider it a disadvantage, but for others this feature simplifies storage. In the cold season, balconies and loggias become empty, and it is not always possible to place all the flowerpots in the room. Rhizomes of Ahimenes can be stored compactly in bags, and planted in the spring again.
Seed propagation features
Tropical beauty propagated by seeds, cuttings and rhizomes (modified roots resembling cones).
Seed propagation is more troublesome, you can not get the inflorescence of the desired color range, since the properties of hybrids during propagation by seeds are not preserved. Seeds can be collected in large quantities, abundant flowering provides such an opportunity. Seeds are dried and stored until spring. Sowing is done as follows:
- Seeds are placed in the soil consisting of sand and humus in the ratio of 1: 1 on a moist soil, slightly pressed.
Attention! It is not necessary to cover the seeds with a layer of soil, as this will slow down the seedlings.
- The pot is closed with film or glass, creating a greenhouse effect. Do not forget to air 1-2 times a day.
- Watch the soil moisture, it should not dry out.
- The temperature should be constant + 22-25 ° C.
- And be sure to bright lighting.
After 2-3 weeks (if all the rules are followed), the seeds will germinate. Then shoots transplanted. You can admire the bloom of achimenes in two years.
Reproduction rhizome and cuttings
The method of grafting is the easiest, but there are also “pitfalls” here. Cuttings can rot. Conditions for germinating cuttings.
- The most favorable temperature is + 20-22 ° C.
- Constant sunshine, but not the scorching sun.
- Sufficient moisture, drying out of the soil can destroy the cutting.
- For better growth of the roots can be watered with a stimulant solution.
- The appearance of peduncles after 2-3 months.
The fastest and most common method of breeding rhizomes. In addition, the most effective. Prepare the rhizomes can be in the fall, when the plant fell into a "sleepy" state. Rhizomes are separated from the soil and placed in sand or packages until spring. Rotten and diseased parts of rhizomes clean, store only healthy material.
In spring, rhizomes are divided, planted in separate pots. The temperature is raised to + 20-25 ° C. The soil must be constantly moist. When the rhizome sprouts, the pot is transferred to the light. The first flowers should appear in 4 months.
Attention! Ahimenes love light, but do not tolerate scorching sunlight. Try to shade the plant at any age.
Ahmenez needs sunlight, but at the same time does not like direct sunlight. Place vases with achimenes better in slightly shaded areas. It needs hydration, but waterlogging causes the root system to rot. In order not to “fill” the root system, ensure good drainage (fill the 1/3 of the pot with pebbles). For irrigation, it is necessary to use distilled, heated water. "Cold shower" leads to the appearance of brown spots on the leaves.
For full growth and flowering requires high humidity of about 70%. You can ensure comfortable conditions by spraying the air around the flower by placing the pot in a pan with a wet material (sphagnum, pebbles, etc.).
For abundant flowering, it is necessary to pinch the shoots and remove the buds that have finished flowering (if you do not collect the seeds). The temperature of the content should be constant from +20 to + 25 ° C. Lowering the temperature can serve as a signal of preparation for the winter, the plant may begin to dry, and the flowering rate will decrease.
Pests and methods of dealing with them
Like any plant, ahimenes have their own diseases and pests that negatively affect growth and development. Diseases affecting these beautiful flowers include:
Ahimenez does not like spraying, therefore it will be necessary to fight with pests otherwise. If aphids appeared on the flower, the leaves and shoots are wiped with a cotton pad moistened with an insecticide solution. It is better to immediately take care of the prevention of infection by aphids. To do this, put a pot with marigolds, onions or garlic. Thrips also do not like the "flavor" of these plants. But if all the same they wound up, have patience. The larvae are vacuumed. To get rid of adult insects hang tape for flies.
If a spider mite is wound up on a flower, ultraviolet irradiation is necessary (quartz). For the prevention of using all the same onions, garlic, marigolds. You can cook a decoction of horseradish root, cyclamen, dandelion, black henbane. Broth is necessary to spray the place where there is a flower, pan, pot. Chemicals can only wipe the plant.
Get rid of the powdery worm will help the alcohol solution, which is necessary to wipe the leaves and stems. For the prevention of the appearance of the pest, a decoction of garlic, onions or horsetail is placed next to the pot.
Ahimenez - a beautiful flower. You will experience a great sense of admiration and satisfaction from the contemplation of delicate and bright flowers grown by you, if you pamper him with care and love.
What are the ahmenes
In the genus Achimenes more than fifty species. In the wild, they grow in Jamaica, Mexico (North) and Brazil. The rest of the world grows these flowers in culture, garden or room, depending on the climate.
There are varieties of ordinary, erect. Derived and ampel. The latter branched shoots, barely noticeably gently pubescent. The leaves of achimenes are not terry-like, like those of saintpaulia, but brilliantly glossy, opposite with serrated teeth along the edge. The size of the leaves is different. And their color can vary from the darkest shade of green, to beet or purple. On the leaves - numerous short tight hairs.
Flower variety achimenez
And the flowers! This is an amazing sight. Different species may have different colors of flowers, but all of them are located on the plant according to the same principle - in the leaf sinuses along the entire length of the stem. It turns out the whole elegant branch, dotted with bright colors. In different species and varieties of flowers can be single or arranged in bunches of 3-5 pieces each. The flowers have bell-shaped beaters on long tubules. May be simple, terry or with a limb of petals.
Types of yellow achimenes
Types of large-flowered achimenes
Types of pink and coral achimenes
Vegetation in Ahimenes lasts almost all year round. In winter - a very short period when the plant goes into retirement, literally 2.5 months. At this time, its above-ground part dries out, and in the soil of the pot the rhizomes “rest” - rhizomatous tubers with a scaly coating and oblong shape. They accumulate a reserve of substances that will later feed on the awakened plant.
Types of purple and lilac achimenes
Table. Types of ahmenes and their characteristics
Ahimenez is not the pickiest indoor flower. But this does not mean that you can “forget” in the garden or on the balcony for the whole summer. For abundant and long-term flowering, he needs to create conditions.
- The abundance of light, but scattered, necessarily shading from the direct sun, especially in the midday time.
- The abundance of moisture, but no spraying and water on the leaves - from this they can become stained.
- To create a moist environment without harm to the sheet cover, spraying of the air space around the achimenes or the installation (during the heating season) of humidifiers is carried out.
- Water for irrigation should be not only separated, but also warm. Two degrees warmer than the temperature in the room.
- The soil is constantly wet, especially during flowering, but not wet, and even more so, not dry.
- Heat is above moderate. In summer, it is permissible up to + 30 ° С, in the other seasons - + 23 ° С ... 25 ° С. In winter - + 10 ° C ... 15 ° C and hibernation.
Lighting for Ahimenes
By the way!Drafts (unless of course this is not an icy winter wind), Ahimenez is not afraid, which allows him to keep it on the balcony and the street, and leave the house indoors when the window is open.
Planting and care activities
Ahimenes Air Rhizomes
Ahimenez is planted with nodule-rhizomes. They may also be called sellers spines. You can buy them in the florist market or by mail.
Landing Rhizome Ahimenes
You can propagate ahimenes seeds, but the signs of the mother plant seedlings will not be transferred. For those who love surprises, a brief description of the seed method of reproduction.
Briefly about seed reproduction
At the beginning of March, fill the sand with a grain of medium fraction into a flat, shallow dish. Moisten with water. On the surface to distribute the seeds, not covering with a layer of sand. Set under a protective film or glass cap. Keep in a warm place, regularly wetting from the pallet. It is possible to wait for shoots in three weeks. From this point you need to transfer the seedlings to the light. A month later, you can spend a picking. And take care of seedlings, like any seedlings, given the basic needs of Ahimenes. Flowering specimens grown from seeds, comes in the second year of life. It is then that you get your "surprises" in the form of unexpected colors. But still the flowers of achimenes, whatever color they are, will be beautiful and desirable.
Seedlings of achimenes from seeds
For cultivation from the roots of Ahimenes using ordinary soil without any features. Sand is mixed with leaf soil and humus. Since Ahimenez is a relative of the St. Sebastian violet, amateur flower growers began adding loosening components to the soil when it was planted, as well as for violets. This gave a good result and showed the best development. Therefore, one of the recommendations on the composition of the soil for achimenes today is the addition of sphagnum, biohumus, or vermiculite with perlite.
Important!When preparing the soil and planting tanks for achimenes, it is necessary to take into account the peculiarities of its root system. It is superficial in a plant, so shallow bowls are best suited for a plant. Be sure to do in the bottom of the maximum possible number of holes and put a solid drainage.
Composition of soil for achimenez
Since the plant does not like chaotic casting and does not tolerate overdrying, it is strongly recommended to add a hydrogel to the substrate for a better balance of soil moisture.
Here, perhaps, are all the essential components of a good soil for achimenes.
Tip!Very good, especially at the time of the awakening with a robe, the plant responds to an additional bonus - application of a mullein to the soil. It is enough to add just half a teaspoon of this fertilizer in a dry form per liter of substrate, ground in fine dust and mix thoroughly with the other components.
- The substrate is poured 2/3 into the pot over the drainage.
- On its leveled surface, gently, without pressing, the rhizomes are laid out (up to 10 pieces in a container with a diameter of 25 cm).
- The roots are covered with a three-centimeter layer of soil.
- Landing is watered with warm water.
- The pot is covered with a film cap.
- It is installed in the brightest and warmest place in the house.
- All procedures for planting, as well as transplanting awakening ahimenes into fresh soil, can be started in February.
Video - How to plant the rhizomes of Ahimenez
When the sprouts appear and begin to develop, the protective cap is removed and the usual care of the plant begins. It consists in regular watering, spraying the room, loosening the soil in the pot and making additional dressings (mullein, mineral complexes).
Flowering usually occurs four months later after placing the rhizome on the soil. During the flowering period, fertilizing is increasing.
Tip!If you want to increase the bushiness of the plant, you need to pinch the tops of the young shoots. On the faded stems, the tops are also removed, to form lateral shoots with new buds.
How to pinch achimenes
Upright species still need support, otherwise they will slope down and outweigh the pot. Ampelnye varieties need to be grown in pots.
Preparation for rest
Поздней осенью, когда цветение полностью прекратилось, сначала листья, а затем стебли начинают отмирать. Не нужно пытаться ускорить этот процесс искусственно, состричь или выломать побеги. Достаточно сократить полив, чтобы помочь растению впасть в спячку.
Также начинает снижаться температура содержания. When the shoots finally dry up, they, at the level of the soil, must be completely removed, and the potted plant is simply removed to a room with a suitable temperature for wintering. Where in the winter in an apartment can be + 10 ° С ... 15 ° С? In the first unheated hallway, on a warm loggia, on the glassed-in balcony.
Every month, it is advisable to look at the pots and slightly moisten the soil (just a little, on the edge of the pot), especially if the temperature in the storage is slightly above + 15 ° C.
At the end of February awakening will come. Do not miss this moment - remove the ahimeneses to the light, provide them with heat and humidity, transplant rhizomes with new shoots into fresh nutritious soil. And at the beginning of the summer your beautiful ahimenes will again be filled with flowers.
Ahimenez came to us from South America, belongs to the Gesnerian family and is a relative of the Saint Paulii (violets) and gloxinia. In tropical areas, it grows in the wild, but in Russia, it is a resident of apartments and is grown as a room flower. But the flower has preserved its tropical preferences: he loves the warm and humid air, and he does not like the direct sunlight. The flower loves bright, but diffused light or partial shade, because in its homeland it is used to live in the shadow of more tall cultures.
Achiménez is a perennial, with jagged pointed dark green leaves, grows up to 30-60 cm in height, depending on the type of plant. Blooms magnificently and massively, the duration of flowering is maintained due to the fact that the flowering buds are constantly replaced by new ones. Flowers are of different colors and types, but all of them are characterized by a long pipe base and a funnel-shaped calyx.
The roots of achimenes do not go deep, but spread over the surface. The plant accumulates all nutrients in rhizomes - these are special pineal roots.
Rhizoma - Latin rhizome. Ahimenez has no tubers, only modified and shortened shoots consisting of a shortened stem and scales — modified leaves — rhizomes. In this plant, they often resemble birch catkins, but they can also be of various sizes, shapes and colors.Rhizomes of Ahimenes
One of the reasons why gardeners like ahimenez so much is the opportunity to grow an amazingly beautiful plant from a nondescript strange nipple.
After its enchanting flowering, Ahimenes retires into hibernation. All its above-ground parts gradually dry out and die off, only the rhizomes remain, of which a new flower will appear next spring.
Growing this flower is not difficult. One of the easiest ways to become the owner of this beautiful plant is to buy a rhizome. You can buy rhizomes in online stores, on forums at breeders or garden centers.
Before you buy planting material, evaluate its appearance. Rhizomes should not be lethargic, damaged, blackened or dried to a state of straw.
Rhizomki ready to plant often have distinct sprouts. This suggests that the spine woke up from hibernation and can be safely planted in the ground.
Landing Ahimenez Rhizomes
Planting technology is simple: we are preparing a tank for planting. This may be a small container at the rate of one flower in one pot.
Ahimeneza can also be planted in groups of 3-5 rhizomes in one pot. But then the size of the landing capacity should be larger. At the same time, we must remember that the root system of the plant is superficial and they do not require very deep pots.
Soil choose quite loose, with the content of peat. Or take the usual soil and slightly loosen it with sand, perlite or biohumus.
Good drainage is another prerequisite for the comfort of this handsome man. He does not tolerate the Gulf of water! Pour drainage on the bottom of the pot, lay the soil.
Rhizomes are placed on top of the ground in a horizontal position and sprinkled with a layer of earth 2 cm thick. If the rhizomes are very tiny (this happens in some varieties), then the top layer of the earth should be thinner.
Next, put the pot on a bright place and cover the package-greenhouse.
The first shoots will appear in 2-3 weeks. If achimenes does not germinate for a long time, then it can be stimulated by a single watering with warm water (50-60 degrees). Also, the plant may not germinate due to uncomfortably low temperature, make sure that it is at least 25 degrees Celsius.
After the germination of the stems, the greenhouse is gradually removed over a period of one to two days. One rhizome can produce 2-3 stems, such a friendly crowd sprouts come to the surface.
Care for achimenez
Ahimenez is not at all difficult to maintain. Follow these simple rules and it will delight you every day with its beauty.
The plant prefers a bright but diffused light. Shading is required from direct sunlight, especially if it is located on the south window, where bright sun can cause burns on the leaves.
Favorable temperature for achimenes 22-24 degrees. He is thermophilic, at 20 degrees he is already cold. Therefore, if you want to grow it in pots on the street or open balcony, remember that when cooling it must be brought inside the room.
During the period of active growth and budding, the plant needs regular moderate watering. Ahimenez will not stand both drought, buds wither from it, and overflow, from which root decay may begin. Look for a middle ground.
Spraying will also be redundant, the flower does not like it, it leaves spots on the leaves. But the increased humidity of the air is necessary for this tropical plant, so we recommend to humidify the air in the room or put the pot in the pan with wet clay.
Actively growing achimenez needs regular feeding every one to two weeks. Use complex fertilizers for indoor plants. Pay special attention to fertilizers with a nitrogen content that favorably affects growth.
Ahimenez - a flower with a pronounced period of rest. After rapid flowering, the land part of the plant dries out. While this process continues, the plant prepares for hibernation, forming rhizomes.
During this period, reduced watering and stop feeding. The stems are not cut until completely dry, so that they can transfer all the nutrients to the root.
How to dig up rhizomes and prepare for storage
Ahimenez can be left in a pot and not digging rhizomes, and in the spring he will wake up again. But if you want to save space, plant a flower in the future and get a few plants, then the best solution would be to dig them up.
Rhizomes are easily stored in a dry state in zip-packages in vermiculite, which is no doubt convenient and compact. Thus, a huge collection of different varieties can fit in just one small box.
Moreover, rhizomes in packets do not require watering at all. Dug, folded and forgotten. Remembered only in the spring.
It should be noted that flower growers who are fond of achimenes receive special pleasure from digging with a riza and often compare this process with harvesting. Because while the plant in the pot - it is not known what rhizomes and how many of them he managed to grow during the period of growth and flowering.
Therefore, we can say that digging up the roots of Ahimenez is as interesting as opening a kinder surprise.
To do this, you must first wait for the complete readiness of the plant for a period of rest. It will give you a clear understanding of this with all its appearance.
Cut the stems before it dries completely - it is impossible, because it will affect the rhizomes, they will not have time to ripen and form as expected. Therefore, although it is not quite beautiful, we are waiting for just this kind of plant.
First of all, cut off all dry branches of the plant with sharp scissors.
We take out the earthy lump from the pot and inspect it. In some places you will notice rhizomes.
Very gently, with our fingers, we begin to remove the excess earth and break it into an earthy ball. Usually, all rhizomes are concentrated in the upper and middle parts of the pot.
The rhizomes of Ahimenes are quite fragile, but if you break one or several - it is not scary. Ahimenez will give in the future a sprout from each part. This is the way rhizomes are located. They fall away themselves or you can carefully tear them off.
Found harvest is laid out in any capacity. Rhizomes, depending on the grade may look different. They are long, short or round and super-small by 0.5 cm. One variety in a pot can have completely different roots.
If the harvest turned out to be small and inconspicuous - do not be discouraged, all the same, all the clutches are suitable for future germination, and perhaps next time you will have better luck.
Next, the roots are dried for several days at room temperature, with the result that the excess earth easily flies away from them and they become clean. No need to wash them.
For each grade, we prepare our own bag. We pour vermiculite into it.
Rhizomes are placed in a bag and sent to storage in boxes, closed with a lid to prevent access of light. The box is placed in a dark cool place, the temperature of storage with a riza of achimenez in the winter period is 15-17 degrees.
Once a few months, the condition of the rhizome must be checked. Whether condensate accumulates inside the bags - it needs to be removed, open the bag and ventilate.
Whether any signs of fungal diseases appeared on rhizomes: mold, darkening, rotting. If you find something similar, cut off the affected areas and treat the rhizome with antifungal preparations, such as Fitosporin (according to the instructions), then re-dry and pack.
This plant has several breeding methods. Let's look at each of them and then we will understand which is better to use. If desired, you can combine these methods to achieve the best result.
The most running way you have already seen. This reproduction rhizomes. This is the most reliable and fastest way to get a few plants in just one season. After all, the rhizome works on the principle of potato tuber: you plant one or a part, and you get several, usually from 6 to 10 pieces (depending on the variety).
Moreover, this method does not require any effort from the florist - the roots are formed independently. In order to have more of them and they have good quality, you just need to provide the plant with a sufficiently spacious enough width and good care for the plant.
Reproduction by air rhizomes
Not all varieties of achimenes can please us with air rhizomes, but still there are those in nature and need to be told about them. Their function is the same as that of the basal ones.
Sometimes they form like this, on stalks. Immediately they do not need to be torn off. Harvest is collected only after the stem dries. Air rhizomes in the same way can be stored in bags and planted in the spring in the ground. Get a great plant.
Reproduction by cuttings
Ahimenez is also rooted in this way, as is any plant with non-aged stems. The stem is selected apical, it can be quite small.
With a sharp razor or knife, it is cut off and placed in the ground under the hothouse for rooting. He also takes root in peat tablets.
The cuttings are made before the flowering of the plant.
This plant can really be propagated even by leaves. This is also a good way to get several plants at once.
With a sharp knife, cut off a sheet of achimenes with a handle and place it in the ground and in the greenhouse, like a violet leaf. In a couple of weeks he will have the first roots. During the reproduction of achimenes by cuttings and leaf, it is necessary to maintain a sufficient level of soil moisture.
However, when planting leaves in spring, they bloom only for the next season.
Their first summer will be spent on the formation of the root system and the robe. In winter, rooted leaves will be prudent not to disturb or dig up their rhizomes, leave them to winter in pots.
In the spring, when achimenes leaves a sheet, he will need to transfer to a bigger pot. And this summer it will delight you with flowering.
Ahmenezy varieties with photos
Let's admire these beautiful flowers. The names of the varieties are following in the photo:
Now that you have learned all about achimenes, you should have no problems growing them. And we hope that these wonderful plants will soon decorate your homes.