Early ripe, productive, cold-resistant, determinant grade of a tomato for an open ground and film shelters. The period from germination to maturity is 95-105 days.
The height of the bush 0.5-0.6 meters, a sheet of the usual type. The plant needs a garter to support. But how to shape it depends on the growing conditions. We have the best results gave the formation of a bush in 3 stalks.
Fruits - elongated cream, smooth, dense, in the stage of maturity of red, weighing 90-120 grams, sweet, juicy, fragrant, excellent taste. These multipurpose tomatoes are tasty both fresh and preserved. According to reviews of gardeners, the peel on the fruit is dense, does not burst during heat treatment.
Yield varieties Stolypin in film shelters of 8-9 kg / sq. m (with proper agricultural techniques).
Virtues: cold resistance, resistance to cracking of fruits, late blight resistance.
Seed producer: Aelita.
Tomato cultivar Stolypin is included in the State Register of Breeding Achievements in the Russian Federation for cultivation in open ground and under film shelters in private farms.
Features of cultivation, planting and care
Sow seeds for seedlings preferably for 55-60 days before the intended landing in the ground. Tomato seedlings appear after 5-6 days, maybe a little later, depending on the freshness of the seeds. You can plant both dry and germinated seeds, everyone decides for himself how he feels more comfortable.
From the moment of sprouting, seedlings need a lot of light and the temperature is about 18-20 degrees. Plants can be drawn out if they do not have enough light, in which case it is necessary to illuminate the seedlings with lamps. That is why the February planting of seeds for seedlings is not recommended, at this time there is still too little sun.
In open ground, seedlings are planted when the threat of recurrent frosts has passed. If you want to land earlier, then place arcs above the plants and in case of low night temperatures cover the plantings with a covering material that will save them from the weather.
formation of determinant tomatoes
Landing pattern to a permanent place: 70 x 30 - 40 cm. In any case, per 1 square. m place no more than 6 plants, otherwise the tomatoes for full development will not be enough sun. Tomatoes grown in the shade to taste inferior to those who got the sunny place.
Further care of tomatoes consists of timely watering, weed removal, pasynkovaniya, fertilizing and preventive measures to protect the culture from diseases and pests.
If you grew Stolypin tomatoes, please write, did you like them to taste and yield? How tall were the bushes? How do you assess the resistance of this tomato to disease? If possible, attach to a comment photo of the whole bush or individual fruits grown by you. Thank!
Your reviews about tomato Stolypin and additions to the description will help many gardeners to evaluate this variety more objectively and decide whether to plant it or not.
The Stolypin tomato is a determinant (that is, limited in growth) variety, the height of an adult plant is on average 60 cm. At the same time, it cannot be called a stem - a bush is quite dense, well leafy.
Pasynkov is formed a little, which greatly facilitates the care - there is no need for pinching, pinching and tying. Leaves are medium-sized, juicy-green shade.
On simple inflorescences, ovaries are formed on which the Stolypin fruits are ripening: a flat oval shape, covered with dense saturated red color, skin, there is no green spot on the fruit stem. The flesh is friable, juicy, aromatic, having a sweet-sour taste. The average weight of a tomato of this variety is 100-120 g.
"Stolypin" refers to the early ripening varieties, the first harvest is obtained 85-105 days after sowing the seeds. Zoned throughout Russia, but in more northern areas, cultivation under temporary shelter or in greenhouses is recommended, and only by seedling.
Tomatoes prefer fertile, loose, well-aerated soil; they do not tolerate stagnant water; therefore, an important point in agrotechnology is to establish the necessary irrigation schedule - in accordance with weather conditions - and regular loosening of the root soil. The variety "Stolypin" tolerates frost and return frost well, so these tomatoes can be grown both by seedling and by direct sowing into the ground (end of May - beginning of June).
Top dressings are carried out with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers once every two weeks after the start of flowering. This will help to increase the yield and quality of fruits.
Tomatoes of the Stolypin variety are resistant to the main enemy of tomatoes - late blight, which is an undoubted advantage, however, preventive measures will not be superfluous: carefully monitor that the soil is not overwetted, conduct regular preventive treatments against fungal and bacterial diseases (for example, with a solution of Fitosporin), spray the plants with Epin or Zircon for increased viability.
- early maturing
- withstands freezing,
- does not impose special requirements to agricultural machinery,
- does not require the implementation of constant measures for the formation of the bush: there is no need for pinching and pinching,
- resistant to phytophthora,
- the fruits have high taste, good transportability and well stored, do not crack.
Grade Disadvantages: shows sufficient resistance to heat, but in cases where the temperature exceeds 30 ° C, the flowers remain sterile, that is, the ovary does not form, the cutting yield decreases. Other obvious deficiencies were not revealed, with the proper agricultural technology and the absence of extreme weather conditions, Stolypin tomatoes would be a boon for any vegetable grower.
Summing up, we can say that Stolypin is not in vain loved and honored by many vegetable growers: the plants are unpretentious, resistant, give an excellent tasty harvest, which can be eaten immediately, stored or processed. Making a choice in favor of this variety, you will not be mistaken and will remain quite pleased with the harvest!
Description and characteristics of tomato Stolypin
The plant is obliged by its origin to Russian breeders. Shrubs determinant, reaching sixty centimeters you height. The plant is well grown not only in greenhouse conditions, but also in open beds, even if the natural conditions are not the most favorable.
Tomato is not a hybrid, refers to early maturing varieties, from the appearance of the first shoots to the beginning of the ripening of tomatoes passes just over three months.
Bushes are covered with medium-sized foliage of dark green color. A characteristic difference of the plant is the formation of simple flowers and the presence of joints on the fruit legs. The stem grows until it forms several fruiting brushes. Ovary and buds appear almost simultaneously. At this growth in the height of the bushes stops.
The yield of the variety allows you to collect up to 8 kg tomatoes from each square meter of beds in the greenhouse.Fruits of a grade are similar to cream and their average weight is about 100 grams
Tomatoes look like cream, slightly elongated and oval. The skin is smooth, strong enough and dense, protects the fruit from cracking. The weight of one tomato reaches 120 grams, fruit color is pink, less often - red. The flesh is juicy.
Use ripe fruit can be for salads, canned. Tomatoes are well stored, transported over long distances. For this reason, Stolypin is recommended for dilution for commercial purposes.
The advantages and disadvantages of the variety
The main features of the culture include the following features:
- excellent taste, high juiciness,
- resilience to cold climates,
- unpretentiousness of the plant, the ability to resist late blight,
- excellent yield among the other early ripe varieties,
- ability to grow in any region of Russia.
Requirements for soil for planting
The soil composition for culture should be distinguished by good fertility. For growing seedlings in the planting tanks poured a substrate prepared from river sand, peat and wood ash. All components must be thoroughly mixed, spilled with manganese solution and moistened well.
The beds intended for further cultivation of culture should be located in a well-lit place, have protection from strong winds. Dig up the soil, loosen. Fertilizer is added to the prepared well, sprinkling it with soil so as not to burn the root system.
The best ancestors of tomato Stolypin - onions, carrots, legumes, cucumbers and cabbage.
Planted seeds for seedlings need in late March - early April. Planting material is pretreated with manganese solution, washed with water. Seeding of seeds into the ground is carried out at a depth of two to three centimeters.
The first shoots appear after four to seven days. At this time, they will need a sufficient amount of light, for which, if necessary, dawn light is organized.
Watering is necessary in moderate doses. After the seedlings form a pair of true leaves, it should be dived into separate cups filled with nutritious soil.
In the process of growing seedlings recommended two - three times to feedusing mineral compounds. A couple of weeks before moving the seedlings to a permanent place, it should start tempertaking out to the open air.
The method differs in a later date of performance, makes it possible to save space in the room and strength. Such seedlings are characterized by excellent hardening, grow strong, perfectly accustomed to weather conditions. When transplanting, they take root well in another garden bed.
Transplantation of tomatoes in open ground
This procedure can be performed when the seedlings are old. between fifty and seventy days. The seedlings are moved to the greenhouse in May, and to open beds in June, when the threat of night frosts disappears completely. Landing is performed according to the scheme "70 to 30" centimeters.
Grade care after transplanting
Culture does not need special care. It should be fed organic fertilizer once every seven days, watered with warm water regularly.
The soil in the beds is mulched with straw or mowed grass to reduce the amount of watering and protect the beds from weeds.
How to shape the stem for a bountiful harvest tomato
Paceny plant forms, but their number is quite small, many gardeners bushes do not stepchildren. It will be better if the bushes are formed three stalks. They will themselves resist wind impacts. But it will not be superfluous if you install support pegs near the plants and perform a garter.It is desirable to install a support near the bushes and tie them up.
Diseases and their prevention
Tomato culture Excellent against late blight and other diseases inherent in solanaceous plants. But as a preventive measure of planting, it is recommended to treat with special fungicidal compositions.
Variety Stolypin today is considered one of the delicious tomato plants. Anyone who wants to be convinced of this can calmly grow a culture in his garden plot.
Caring for tomatoes is quite simple, and the result is excellent - juicy, sweet, long-lived fruits. This is evidenced by the most good and numerous reviews of summer residents about Stolypin tomatoes.
Appearance and description of the variety
The variety has beautiful and tasty fruits, the merits of which are noted by many gardeners. Tomato "Stolypin" was bred recently in the territory of Russia and since then has won the confidence of many summer residents.
This tomato is a hybrid, that is, a determinant. The bush of this hybrid is actively growing until the beginning of the formation of the first brushes. Side shoots grow for a long time, so the bushes need to crape.
The inflorescences on the bushes are simple, have stalks on the joints. The plant grows to 60-75 cm in height, while its diameter reaches the same size. From the beginning of the sowing of seeds to ripening of the first fruits, it takes 90-100 days, therefore the variety is considered medium early.
Seed preparation, planting seeds and care for them
Before planting the seeds must be properly prepared and hardened. At the very beginning, the seed material is placed in a fabric bag and dipped into a 15-20% aqueous solution of potassium permanganate.
This procedure will help protect future plants from viral diseases, as well as contribute to friendly seedling. Then the seeds should be placed for 24 hours in an aqueous solution of wood ash (for 1 liter of water 1 tsp. Of ash).
The quenching stage follows: a bag of seeds is placed in a refrigerator and held there for 1-2 days (in this mode, the seed should be periodically sprayed with water). Seeds of tomato varieties "Stolypin" are often planted from mid-February to early April. Such a wide interval is explained by the diversity of climatic zones of growth.
In the southern regions of Ukraine and Russia, seedlings can be planted as early as the twentieth of February. In the central regions of Russia, the central and northern regions of Ukraine, and also in the southern part of Belarus, the seeds are planted throughout March (depending on how quickly the winter frosts leave the region).
In the northern regions of Russia, tomato seedlings are planted in early April, since transplantation into open ground will occur in early summer.
For planting seed, it is necessary to prepare containers and soil in advance. Capacities for planting can be bought in specialized stores, or you can make one yourself from disposable cups (after punching a few holes at the bottom).
An ideal soil for seedlings of the Stolypin variety will be a mixture of peat, river sand, humus and wood ash (the latter is added to reduce acidity). The first three components are taken in proportions of 2: 2: 1, wood ash is applied in the amount of 1 cup per 5 kg of soil.
Seeds are planted 1-2 cm deep. If landing is done in boxes, it means that a further dive procedure is implied.
When planting in boxes it is necessary to observe the distance between the landings: 2 cm in a row and 3-4 cm between rows. After planting, the boxes or cups are covered with a film (it can be glass) and put in a warm place (the optimum temperature for fast germination is + 25 ° C).
Under ideal conditions of detention after the first 7-9 days should appear the first sunrises.
As soon as the seedlings begin to break through, the film or glass is removed. Now they need long-term illumination, so many gardeners recommend using special lamps (tomatoes need 14-16 hours of daylight).Water the seedlings need moderately and not too hard. It is believed that before the appearance of the first leaves, watering is generally not necessary, and then they are held only once a week. Water flows until it begins to flow from the lower holes of the containers with seedlings.
The pick is needed to strengthen the root system of the tomato bushes. It is best to transplant the seedlings one by one into half-liter peat cups.
The soil for transplanting must be prepared using the previous formula. The main thing to remember is that the Stolypin tomato dive should be started with the appearance of the third true leaf.
Seedling and planting in the ground
The entire seedling period, tomatoes must be regularly watered and illuminated. Periodically the soil will need loosening. The seedling period of tomato varieties "Stolypin" should take 60-75 days.
During this time, crops need to be fed 2-3 times with mineral and organic fertilizers. For dressing it is necessary to use complexes that contain potassium, phosphorus and nitrogenous compounds in equal proportions.
However, it is necessary to take into account the fact that sometimes there is an overabundance or shortage of one or another macro- / microelement in the soil with crops. For example, if there are purple streaks on the underside of the leaf, it means that the seedlings need to be fed with phosphate fertilizers, and if the leaves begin to turn yellow, it means that there are not enough nitrogen elements in the soil.
Potassium deficiency is better identified at the seedling age, as it may further adversely affect the process of fruit ripening.
If young shoots begin to wrinkle the leaves, then this is the first sign of a lack of potassium in the soil. The seedlings, which are kept around the clock in a lighted room, can get sick with chlorosis (we said that we need to light the shoots no more than 16 hours a day).
In plants with chlorosis, there is a lack of iron. In such cases, treatment should be carried out using a hypotonic solution.
Technically correct feeding is not the only key to success in growing tomatoes. In addition, the seedlings still need to harden, properly transplanted and provide competent care until the fruit ripens.
In most cases, Stolypin tomatoes are used for planting in open ground, so they need hardening, which is produced by the method of gradually reducing the temperature in the room. A few days before disembarking, seedlings are exposed under the open sky, and in 1-2 days it can be left for the whole night.
When at least 60 days have passed since the seedlings have been planted on the seedlings, dive or non-pickled plants can be transplanted. The site, well lit and protected from gusty winds, will become an ideal place for landing.
The best precursors for tomatoes are legumes, cabbage and pumpkin. Before planting, the soil must be composted or humus.
The holes for planting are made to the full depth of the peat cup, while leaving small wells for watering. The ideal planting scheme can be considered as the following: on a plot, draw squares with sides of 1 m (they should have common sides), plant tomato seedlings on each of the corners of the squares. Immediately after planting, at least 5 liters of warm water should be poured out under each of the bushes.
Care and watering
Technically correct care for Stolypin varieties of tomatoes implies regular limited watering. They are produced moderately and only when the soil dries out a little.
Watering is better to produce under the root, and then slightly loosen the soil. If you moisten the tomatoes by sprinkling, this can lead to the appearance of various fungal diseases.
Loosening is carried out 3-5 times during the whole growing season of tomatoes. The first time the soil should be loosened to a depth of 10-12 cm, all subsequent times - by 3-5 cm.
Such procedures will not allow the crust to form and be compacted to the top layer of soil. In addition, in moments of loosening do not forget to remove all excess weed from the beds. The variety of tomatoes "Stolypin" is distinguished by the average height of the bush, but it needs a garter. Tied bushes are much easier to take care of, moreover, their stems will not break under the weight of the fruit.
For example, old tights, stockings, sheets can be used as a garter. They are cut into strips, the width of which should be at least 3 cm. As a support, it is best to use wooden stakes.
They dig into the ground to a depth of 30-40 cm, the height above the ground should be at least 1 meter (remember that the bushes of tomatoes "Stolypin" can grow up to 70 cm).
A strip of fabric material needs to be wrapped around the trunk of the bush (slightly above the middle) and tied to a support. For the entire growing season, the bushes need 3-4 garters.
At each stage, you need to focus on the brush with the fruits (garters occur immediately below them). Sowing of tomatoes is done a few weeks after planting seedlings in open ground. The main purpose of pinching is to remove unwanted shoots in order to improve the quality of the fruit.
If at the initial stage of the formation of the bush the extra shoots are not removed, then they will begin to tie fruits that do not have time to reach maturity.
The plant will spend a lot of nutrients on the whole unpolluted shrub, as a result, the total quantity and quality of the crop will drop dramatically.
It is necessary to pace the tomatoes at a time when new side shoots will start forming on the bush. You need to remove all stepchildren, leaving only the central stem and 1-2 side (the strongest).
For the entire period of growth of tomatoes in the open ground, they must be fed 2-3 times with organic and / or mineral fertilizers.
As mineral fertilizers, it is best to use potassium / phosphorus / nitrogen complexes in equal proportions of each of the elements. Tomatoes respond well to fertilizing with such organic fertilizers: chicken manure, slurry, humus.
Pests and diseases
As already noted, this variety of tomatoes has a genetic resistance to many pests and diseases, including late blight. However, there are cases when fungal diseases or various pests can appear with improper care of the bushes.
Fungi can be “banished” with the help of fungicides or recipes of traditional medicine (for example, Bordeaux liquid).Pests that most often affect tomatoes: Whitefly, Medvedka, scoop. To combat these insects, you need to use special chemical biologically active drugs. One of the most popular are: “Thunder”, “Strela”, “Phosbecid”.
Conditions for maximum fructification
Do you want to get an early harvest, the fruits of which are endowed with the highest taste qualities? Then every 7-9 days it is necessary to conduct foliar feeding of tomato bushes.
Some people consider such dressings as less effective than basal ones, however this is not quite so. Spraying bushes with various kinds of stimulants adds a “nutritious ration” to the plant.
The bush becomes powerful, the root system strengthens, with the result that the fruits begin to receive more nutrients. This way you can secure an early yield of high quality.
Foliar fertilization is an excellent method of fruit stimulation. The yield will be juicy and rich in sugars, in addition, vitamins and minerals in tomatoes will also increase.
Tomatoes varieties "Stolypin" are distinguished by high palatability and good skin density. All this allows you to use them in the most interesting culinary ideas.
If you are looking for something new for your garden, then pay attention to the variety of tomatoes "Stolypin". They are easy to maintain, very tasty and versatile in use - you can see for yourself personally by growing this tomato miracle.
Everyone who planted tomatoes at least once knows how much care tall tomatoes require. This is a garter, and regular pasynkovanie - the removal of rapidly growing shoots, slowing the growth and development of the main crop. Unlike tall - interdeterminant, - there are a large number of low and undemanding determinant varieties. Such tomatoes are a real find for summer residents: they grow in height rather slowly, do not stretch out and do not fall apart, almost do not require stading, and the crop with good care and watering gives a significant one.
The Stolypin variety also belongs to such determinant tomatoes. The description proposed by the manufacturer on the packaging of seeds fully corresponds to this variety: dense, well-leafy bushes do not exceed 50-60 cm in height and about the same in radius. Plants can have up to three short stems, but more often one or two. Due to this compactness, they can be placed on the beds quite often, which is important for a small area of the summer cottage. Paces in the leaf axils are formed, but their growth is limited, in most cases it is not necessary to remove them. Garter to the pegs is not required, the bushes successfully withstand even strong wind.
Early ripeness is another positive characteristic of Stolypin tomatoes. The fruits have time to ripen in a record-short period, only 80-90 days, safely bypassing the peak of the occurrence of mass destruction of plants by late blight. Therefore, it is possible to sow seeds right in the open ground of the greenhouse and at a much later date. Off-site method saves space on window sills.
Seedlings grown in the ground, come out hardened and stronger, adapt well to adverse weather conditions, perfectly take root in a permanent place.
To obtain seedlings in the traditional way at home, seeds are sown about 2 months before transplanting into the ground, usually in late March or early April. With the appearance of a pair of true leaves, tomato sprouts swoop down and transplant into small containers with nutritious soil. The second transplant is made as they grow. Tomatoes with limited growth have a good survival rate of seedlings. Due to the determinant properties of the plant, the seedlings are practically not stretched out even without pre-lighting with a short daylight, have a well-developed root system, which is another advantage when choosing the Stolypin variety.
At a permanent place seedlings are planted in early May in closed ground and in early June in the open. The planting pattern for determinant tomatoes is common - no more than 4 plants per 1 m². Further care is reduced to the usual agrotechnical methods - regular watering, loosening and mulching of the land under the plants, timely collection of ripe fruits.