It can be found in deciduous, mixed and coniferous forests of temperate climate. Of course, adapting, the shrub can have a different form of growth and require different conditions to moisture, soil, light. In the tropics there are evergreen types of honeysuckle, which temperate climate with its cold winters is not suitable.
Unfortunately, not many ornamental honeysuckle species are used in current gardens and parks. In addition to such very famous plants as the Tatar honeysuckle and the honeysuckle, there are a large number of different and resistant honeysuckles worthy of special attention.
Honeysuckle root system
At honeysuckle is located close to the surface. The foliage of honeysuckle is opposite. As a rule, they are uniform in shape, entire, or with a wavy edge, elliptical or oval. The top of the leaf is pointed or rounded, less often - sharp-pointed. Honeysuckle flowers are melliferous and have a scent. Honeysuckle species are found with yellow, cream, white, crimson and pink flowers.
Flowers of climbing species of honeysuckle are collected in capitate inflorescences, usually without pedicels. The inflorescences are surrounded by oval or circular discs formed by the fusion of leaves.
Honeysuckle berries are red, orange, blue or black. These are berries with very small seeds.
Edible honeysuckle varieties have dark blue, changeable forms.
Even for the most novice gardeners, honeysuckle is an ideal tree species: it can delight with flowering and vitality, tolerates a dry, urban climate.
Honeysuckle comes from Western China. Honeysuckle is a beautiful evergreen, densely branched shrub, 2 m tall, with shiny, small, ovate, leathery leaves. It blooms in spring with white, small, fragrant flowers. The fruits are purple, spherical.
Loves a little shading. Perfectly tolerates a haircut. Undemanding to the soil. Well propagated by seeds. Honeysuckle brilliant thermophilic. Charming bush for edges, borders, bordering groups.
It grows in the undergrowth of mountain forests, swamps, along the slopes. Under natural conditions, it is found in the north of the European part of Russia, but it is not used in gardening in the central regions, although it is a remarkable honey-bearing shrub.
Blue honeysuckle - sprawling shrub with brown-red shoots. The leaves of blue honeysuckle are oblong-lanceolate, rounded at the base, with a blunt tip, about 8 cm long. Honeysuckle blue is valuable with its dense crown. This honeysuckle is a valuable early honey plant.
Dark blue berries with eight seeds ripen in July. Blue honeysuckle grows slowly, but forms thick bushes, shade-tolerant, hardy. Sensitive to drought. The fruits of this honeysuckle are considered healing.
There are many forms of blue honeysuckle:
Elegantly colored - with thin red shoots and oblong leaves, flowers are more delicate than the main species.
Separate attention deserves an edible form. It grows in moist mountain forests, preferring calcareous substrates in the Far East, Eastern Siberia, Korea, China, and Japan.
Straight shrub with brown bark. Leaves of various sizes and shapes. The flowers are yellow or yellow-white. Fruits are almost black with a bluish bloom, resemble blueberries in taste. The shrub begins to bloom and bear fruit for 4 years.
Hardy, unpretentious. Recommend, as a fruit shrub. Perfectly propagated by cuttings and seeds. Blue honeysuckle is not only beautiful, but also a useful shrub is now familiar to many, because it began to grow in the gardens as a fruit and berry plant.
Also with her in ornamental gardening, 3 other Far Eastern species of honeysuckle are desirable: Kamchatka, Turchaninov's honeysuckle, Altai honeysuckle. All three species have edible fruits.
Honeysuckle is a hybrid of honeysuckle rough and evergreen. Curly shrub with shoots about 2 m long. Brown honeysuckle is very decorative due to its bright color of flowers and their peculiar shape. Blooming profuse, inflorescences appear in early July.
This loach climbs on a support not very high, looks very nice, laid on the ground. Brown honeysuckle is decorative during flowering.
Used for planting low fences, in winter a small shelter is desirable.
Under natural conditions prevalent in southern Europe.
Curly, tall shrub 5 m in height, with large variability of leaves. The flowers of the honeysuckle that fits in dense capitate inflorescences, inside are white, outside with a carmine corolla.
Flowering begins in July and continues until September. The red fruits of honeysuckle curling ripen in August. Flowering and fruiting begins at 3 years.
The shrub grows rapidly, therefore, the form is well restored, after frosting during the winter period of one-year shoots, and since the curly honeysuckle blooms on the shoots of the current year,
It has decorative forms: golden - golden leaves at the beginning of development, Belgian - with more plump leaves than the previous form, purple flowers.
But the late curly honeysuckle deserves special attention - the vine is about 3 m in length. Annual shoots are slightly pubescent or bare, yellowish or red at the top. From above the foliage is dark green, from below it is gray, ovate.
The flowers of this honeysuckle are two-lipped, dark red outside, then turn pale, inside they are yellow. Curly honeysuckle blooms profusely and for a long time, from June to August. The berries are red. Very like gardeners. In Russia, in the middle lane, it is recommended to remove shoots from supports in the fall and cover with spruce leaves and a dry leaf from above.
There are varieties of honeysuckle curly:
('Belgica') 'Belgica'- white flowers with red stripes, then they turn yellow.
('Graham thomas') 'Graham Thomas'- white flowers, when they bloom, become yellow.
('Serotina') 'Serotina'- inside the flowers are creamy white, purple outside.
('Minister') 'Munster'- flowers in buds are dark pink when white and pink blossoms, then become cream.
Telman's honeysuckle is a hybrid between evergreen honeysuckle and whimsical honeysuckle.
Liana with oblong leaves, green above, bottom glaucous. Under the inflorescence, the top pair of leaves, fused. Flowers honeysuckle Telman b cm, orange-golden. It blooms very beautifully and plentifully about 12 days. Berries - yellow-orange.
Telman's honeysuckle is valued for its lush flowering and dense foliage. Used for vertical gardening. Demanding on soil fertility. It is photophilous, but can also bloom in partial shade. In cold winters it can be damaged by frost. To avoid this, it is necessary to remove the vines from the supports and cover with spruce leaves.
Honeysuckle Gokrota - a hybrid of American and evergreen honeysuckle.
Liana rises to a height of 3 m and is very elegant in flowering: its inflorescences consist of a huge number of large flowers, each about 6 cm in length, the outside of the Honeysuckle purple flowers of the honeysuckle, almost yellow inside: blooms from June to August. To keep Gokroth's honeysuckle from freezing, it should be planted on the south side.
It is a very fragrant semi-evergreen vine. The one who was in the Caucasus, probably saw her along the roads, and near the shelter. The homeland of Japanese honeysuckle is - Korea, China or Japan.
Japanese honeysuckle grows quickly, gives a lot of layering. Blooms magnificently in June. The flowers are white with a purple tinge, very fragrant. In the middle lane can only grow in the sun.
However, even with excellent care will not bloom every year. If desired, Japanese honeysuckle can be grown in indoor conditions.
The Japanese honeysuckle has a very elegant form - with delicate leaves in a yellow mesh - 'Aureoreticulata'. This variety is also possible to grow indoors.
Varieties and types of edible honeysuckle
Honeysuckle belongs to the genus of creeping, climbing or upright shrubs of the family Honeysuckle. There are more than 200 species of this culture, most of which are poisonous or unsuitable for food. For example, a species of Honeysuckle Ordinary, known to us from childhood as “Wolfberry”, is dangerous to humans due to the content of toxic substances and grows in all regions of the middle zone. In total in our country there are about 15 wild species.
In horticulture cultivated species of Honeysuckle Edible. The botanical description of shrubs and fruits may differ depending on the type and specific variety. The height of honeysuckle is divided into three varieties: short, medium strong, tall. The height of low-growing bushes usually does not exceed 1.5 m. Mid-shrubs grow to a height of 1.6 m - 2 m, varieties above 2 m are considered tall.
Honeysuckle is a useful and beautiful plant. Inexperienced gardeners easily cope with planting and care. In the presented video you will find additional information on this topic. Share in the comments your experience in breeding edible and ornamental species.
Honeysuckle species common in horticultureHoneysuckle is a shrub named after the German botanist, physicist and mathematician Adam Lonitser. From the Latin name of the bush translates as "Lonícera". In nature, you can find about 200 types of honeysuckle, which have different tastes: sweet, sour-sweet or bitter.
In this article, you will learn what types of plants are and how honeysuckle blooms in our gardens.
The homeland of this species are areas of Southern and Central Europe.
The low shrub honeysuckle species Alpine has the following description:
- Plant height - 1.5 m
- Spherical and dense crown
- The leaves are dark green and large, grow to 10 cm in length
- Greenish-yellow flowers are double-lipped and do not smell, grow up to 5 cm
- Fruits are large and red, similar to cherry
Alpine honeysuckle is used in a single or group planting - it looks beautiful in groups to decorate edges and hedges.
The list of popular types of honeysuckle includes Blue or Edible.
This species of plant is found in the Carpathians, the Alps and the central part of France, where the Blue honeysuckle is protected in reserves.
Locals call the berries buzan or goose. Most often, blue honeysuckle is used for decorative purposes or as a honey plant.
May be suitable for creating dense fences or fluffy groups of plants. She has The following description:
- Shrub height - 2 m
- It has a spreading and thick crown
- The leaves are lanceolate and rounded at the base, grow to 8 cm in length and have a dark green color.
- Honeysuckle has pale yellow flowers that look like bells that grow up to 1.2 cm in length.
- The berries are blackish-blue with a slight touch and have a bitter taste.
Honeysuckle Capricole (Fragrant)
Shrub honeysuckle species Kaprifol is considered one of the best ornaments of vertical gardening.
It possesses the following advantages:
- Unpretentious care
- Wonderful aroma of flowers
- Fast growth
- Abundant amount of decorative foliage
- Beautiful fruits
- In height reaches 6 m
- It has dark green leaves, dense and leathery.
- Honeysuckle flowers are collected in bunches and reach up to 5 cm in length
- Berries appear by autumn, from the fourth year of life
Now that you know what a honeysuckle Kaprifolh bush looks like, you can propagate it and decorate arbors with this plant that will grow on it for up to 50 years.
Honeysuckle, such as Early flowering, is difficult to ignore, because it is an excellent garden decoration.
The main feature of this species is early flowering. You can meet him in the south of Primorsky Krai, in Korea, China and Japan.
Early Honeysuckle has The following description:
- Weakly bushy shrubs up to 4 m in height
- The leaves are oval and mostly green.
- Flowers - light pink and paired, have a lemon scent
- Fruits are spherical and light red, not edible
Among the varieties of honeysuckle can be found such a form as the present. It is used as an ornamental plant, which, moreover, gives nectar and pollen to bees.
Honeysuckle Present has the following description:
- Shrub height - 3 m
- The leaves are oval, reach up to 6 cm, have a green color
- The flowers are white from the beginning of flowering, but over time the color changes to yellow
- The berries are shiny and rough
The fruit contains xylosthein, tannins, pectin, wax, sugar, tartaric acid and red coloring matter.
This honeysuckle, among other species, is considered the most dangerous. Fruits have laxative and emetic effects.
Tatarskaya honeysuckle is considered a deciduous shrub, and its height reaches up to 3 meters.
The plant has the following description:
- Leaves - ovate and grow to 6 cm in length
- The flowers are white or pink, reach up to 2 cm in length
- Spherical fruits have a red or orange color and reach up to 6 mm in diameter. They are inedible and bitter in taste.
Canadian honeysuckle has red fruits that are considered edible.
The plant can be found on the following description:
- Shrub grows to 1.5 m
- Leaves grow up to 8 cm in length and look like an egg
- Paired flowers grow to 2.5 cm in length and have a yellowish-white color with a red bloom
- Fruits are red and reach up to 1 cm in diameter
The plant is used for landscaping edges, undergrowth, borders, arbors and as vertical gardening.
Maaca honeysuckle can be found in Central Asia, China, Japan, Mongolia and Korea.
The plant has the following description:
- Spreading shrub grows up to 6 cm in height
- Egg-shaped leaves grow to 9 cm in length and have a dark green color.
- White flowers grow up to 3 cm in length and have a faint pleasant aroma
- Spherical fruits have a dark red color and grow to 6 mm in diameter. Considered inedible
Garden honeysuckle Maksimovich often used as an ornamental shrub, but not everyone knows how high it reaches. Our answer - the plant grows up to two meters in height, and you can meet it in China and Korea.
- Crown shrub sprawling
- The leaves are oblong and are egg-shaped, grow up to 7 cm in length, are painted in dark green color.
- Violet-red flowers grow to 13 mm in length
- Egg-shaped fruits have a bright red color.
Now that you know what honeysuckle is, you can conclude that this plant is more like a shrub or vine, but not a tree at all. Choose for yourself any of the species and decorate your garden with this unusual plant.
How to propagate honeysuckle?
Honeysuckle breeding is carried out by seeds, cuttings, layering and dividing the bush.
Roots divide in the fall. To do this, dig a bush, dissociate to the best, based on the number of shoots, the number of parts, and send it to the nursery, where to keep a young bush for 2-3 years. Sometimes he is immediately put on a permanent place, but the first option is preferable.
Live arch above the entrance
Breeders who are in search of new plant varieties are engaged in removing honeysuckle from seeds. Amateur gardeners do not practice this way.
Honeysuckle against the sky
Reproduction of honeysuckle cuttings - the most simple and popular method. Most often resort to green cutting. Its essence is as follows:
- On summer June morning they cut off the tops (12-15 cm) of young shoots,
- Leave two upper leaves shortened by half, the rest are removed,
- There are cuts under the kidneys,
- Twigs bind, attach, if necessary, a label with the variety and immerse in a growth stimulator (for example, in indolylbutyric acid),
- Place the cuttings in a warm place under plastic wrap,
- The soil for planting should consist of a drainage (pebble or crushed stone), 20 cm of fertile soil and 10 cm of a mixture (1: 1) of peat with sand. Before applying it watered
- Lower the cuttings vertically, leaving 5 cm between adjacent shoots and 10 cm between rows,
- Planted cuttings are covered with foil and watered 9-10 times daily,
Honeysuckle flowers macro photography
Tip! It is better to change the part of irrigation for spraying. So it is easier to avoid stagnant water at the roots.
- After the formation of the roots (15-20 days), the frequency of watering is reduced,
- Winter shanks in the heat. They are covered with spruce branches or foliage,
- In the spring, cuttings are planted on open ground and during the summer they are fed with nitrogenous fertilizers and watered,
- Осенью производится посадка на постоянное место.
Одеревенелые черенки срезают осенью и хранят в подвале до весны. Нарезают побеги на части по 15 см и высаживают на грядки, тщательно поливают и затеняют. В питательную почву их помещают осенью, а через год высаживают в сад.
In early spring, several last year's shoots are bent to the ground and secured. After two or three hilings, the rooted cuttings are transplanted to a permanent place.
Yellow honeysuckle looks beautiful in combination with roses
- The honeysuckle of Tatar is well-known to gardeners of the whole world. Its decorative effect consists of a dense, highly branched crown and lush flowering. The adult bush reaches 3,5 m. Blossoms in May. The flowers are medium in size with a pleasant aroma, white or hot pink (grade Honeyrose) color.
Maak's honeysuckle is known for its characteristic flower arrangement. Powerful shrub up to 4 m showered with white large and fragrant flowers, which sit along the shoots in even rows. Inedible berries ripen by the end of August, acquiring a bright red hue. But the photo is a sort of "Crystal".
Brilliant honeysuckle has an evergreen dense crown, a bush about 2 m high. The leaves are very decorative, small, glossy, oval. The flowers are small white. Grows better with weak shading, heat-loving look. Shrubs are easily restored after shearing. The soil type is undemanding and suitable for seed reproduction. Seeds have high germination. Used to design borders and delineate group plantings. Often found in the southern regions of Russia. In the photo, the variety ‘Maygrun’.
Golden honeysuckle grows well on stony soils. Its natural habitat is the rocky terrain of Eastern Siberia, the Far East and China. Growing on lifeless rocks, honeysuckle has preserved elegance. Bush height from 2 to 4 m, srednerosly, has a spreading crown. The unique golden color of flowers and light honey aroma make this kind of honeysuckle special. Flowering occurs in early summer, lasts up to 14 days. The first flowers appear on the 5th year of life, the profusion of flowering does not change over the years. During seed reproduction, seeds show 100% viability, and 100% rooting rate is observed during grafting. Ideal for urban landscaping. The bright green crown with unusual flowers looks great in a park area, in hedges and group plantings.
These types are well suited for decoration of garden arches, gazebos and facades of country houses.
- Honeysuckle Capricole has large dark leaves. The length of the creeper can reach 5 m. At the beginning of summer, numerous cream flowers with a pink shade appear, opening up after dusk. At night, the flowers spread a bright, persistent scent to attract moths that participate in cross-pollination. The flowers gradually change color, becoming at first evenly pink, and then yellow-brown. In autumn, orange berries with a reddish tinge appear on the vines, which are mounted in pairs in the center of the fused leaves.
Curly honeysuckle has a more thermophilic temper. Her homeland is Western Europe and North Africa. Treats melliferous plants. The flowers of the variety Serotina have a rich crimson color and adorn the vine almost all summer. The berries are bright red, form clusters. In the photo, сорт Serotina ’variety.
Brown's fuchsike honeysuckle is a hybrid of evergreen honeysuckle and rough honeysuckle. Semi-evergreen plant with two-meter shoots. The color of the flowers is bright. The shape of flowers with an elongated corolla tube is very unusual for honeysuckle. Abundant flowering begins in late June. Shoots rise on the support is not high. Honeysuckle is decorative and without support when the vines are laid out on the ground. The most popular variety is more Dropmore Scarlet with carrot flowers. The photo is a сорт Dropmore Scarlet ’variety.
Rough honeysuckle is visible with its orange-yellow flowers that bloom in early summer. Flowering is always abundant and bright. The ripened fruit is bright red. Creepers are woven along a pole for 3–4 m. It is undemanding to the soil, it is not capricious in caring. Equally well propagated by cutting and sowing seeds.
From the entire diversity of the species composition of honeysuckle one can always choose several options that are well adapted in a particular climatic zone. Good longevity and outstanding care requirements make honeysuckle an indispensable decoration of a model garden. Shrub forms look good in borders and hedges. At the same time, honeysuckle has no common pests with fruit trees and will not become a source of their distribution. Composition of weaving forms from several species and varieties with flowers of different colors will also look great. It all depends on the gardener's imagination.