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Planting and care for leather skumpii, plant photo

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Scumpia ordinary or tannery it can also be called juniper, but this is wrong, it only often grows alongside junipers.

This plant is a tree that grows up to 5 meters with a rounded crown, can grow in the form of a shrub, but in such cases, the height is slightly lower. Foliage is simple, regular, rounded, it can be both green and red, depending on the variety.

Forms with green leaves are more resistant to cold and more suitable for frosts of the middle zone. A red-leaved skumpyi, although more attractive, can die in the long cold. Among the varieties of this culture are quite famous:

  • Young lady - tall shrub with green foliage, flowers are greenish at first, but gradually become cream.

  • Grace - bushes of this type grow up to 5 m, foliage is round, dark red shade, brightens by autumn. Flowers saturated dark red tone.

  • Purple Sugar - A very tall plant up to 8 m, has purple foliage and inflorescences.

  • Golden Spirit - this variety has yellow foliage that becomes green when there is a lack of lighting.

  • Royal Perple or royal skoumpia - this species has large leaves of red color with a brown tint, by the autumn it becomes bluish.

Scumpia American The species is a tree, which in our climate grows up to 5 m. It has a large green foliage, the size of which is larger than that of Tannery. And the flowers collected in inflorescences, on the contrary - less.

The prevalence of this culture is not as great as a relative, because it is not so cold-resistant, although it does not require much effort in terms of care, and in the autumn it becomes incredibly beautiful when its foliage becomes bright red.

Separately, it is worth noting the duration of life of skumpii - most varieties live up to 70 years, and “pure” species even up to 100.

Sump landing and care in the suburbs

It is better to plant skumpii in the open ground in spring or summer, it is also possible in the fall, but it is impossible to tighten too much, otherwise the seedling may not root. When planting in the summer, you need to provide enough moisture.

Planted these plants in well-lit areas, suitable partial shade, but not too strong, otherwise varieties with colored foliage may begin to lose color.

Soils should be selected light, with drainage, so that the water does not stagnate in them for a long time, the reaction is alkaline or neutral, but in general it is just wishes, because skumampia can be grown on heavy or stony substrates with a low acid reaction. Marsh areas or those that are close to groundwater are not suitable for planting.

Bought seedling on the day put the roots in the water. Dried and diseased roots cut off, and cuts powder with charcoal. Hole for planting dig a little more than the root system of the seedling. The composition of the soil is not important, as long as there is no stagnation of moisture in it.

Two buckets of water are poured into the hole and, when it is absorbed, they land, gently straightening the roots in the hole. When planting a plant, make sure that the root neck is a couple of centimeters higher than the top of the ground, because the earth will eventually settle.

Another very attractive shrub is weigela, which does not require much effort when planting and caring in the open field, but it is necessary to follow the maintenance rules. You can read the care recommendations in this article.

Watering skumpii

It is very easy to care for skumpii. Young, rooting individuals need frequent watering, and those that are already rooted are rarely watered. If you cover the area with mulch, then this procedure will need to be carried out even less often.

Skumpiya dressing

If you have poor soils, then at the beginning of the period of increasing the green mass nitrogen is used for fertilization, for which organic matter is quite suitable.

In the summer, potassium with phosphorus should be added. But pay attention to the fact that fertilizer on nutrient soils can lead to a lack of flowering.

Pruning

Once a couple of years in the spring, before foliage blooming, a formative pruning should be carried out. In young specimens, pruning is more intensive - the young branches are cut by 2/3, and the old ones can even be completely cut off. Also in the spring it is desirable to carry out sanitary cleaning of the crown.

The flowering of skumpii is very beautiful and in warm areas it can start a couple of times a year.

Scumpia in winter

Preparing young skumpuyu for the winter should cover the soil with peat mulch, and wrap the plants with lapnikom. Adult specimens usually do not require shelter if the variety is adapted to your living conditions, otherwise even the shelter may not save the plant.

When living in more northern areas of the continent, on a level with Moscow, varieties should be chosen more carefully, specifying in nurseries whether they will survive in a particular area.

Reproduction of skumpii with green cuttings

Reproduction of skumpii possible with the help of seeds, layering or cuttings. Gene generative reproduction of seeds by seeds is a rather problematic way and is carried out mainly by professionals.

It is simpler to use green cuttings, but this method is not particularly reliable - only a third of the seedlings usually take root. The material is cut at the beginning of summer and soaked for 10 hours in a heteroauxin solution, and then sown in the open soil in a mixture of peat, sand and sod land in the same proportions.

Above the handle you need to make a greenhouse, for example, from an empty bottle. From time to time, air the seedling and water it often, using a small amount of water. After about 20 days, the cuttings should root.

Sump reproduction by cuttings

To perform reproduction by cutting, a spring is made on the branch (it should be placed close to the ground) close to its base and a longitudinal incision is made on the outer side and the branch is tilted to the soil and set in this position by sprinkling the cut part with the ground.

During the growing season, the cuttings must be watered, and with the formation of a sufficient number of roots, it can be separated from the parent and transplanted.

Diseases and pests

Sumpus is almost never more and is rarely affected by pests.

If she has dry leaves, then it can be a leaf beetle, beetle or leaf slab. They lead to wilting of the plant, it can begin to dry. When detecting pests, use insecticides of the type of Karbofos.

Sump healing properties

Sumpium has a number of useful properties, infusions, as well as decoctions from the plant were used for inflammation and skin problems, it is also known to use it as an astringent.

Using drugs with skumpii can not people with liver disease, it is also possible individual intolerance. It is worth remembering that self-medication can be harmful and first of all it is necessary to consult a doctor.

How to choose seedlings when buying

If you want your plot to be decorated with skumpiya, cultivation must be carried out according to certain rules. Only in this case, you can hope for a beautiful, long-lived plant.

When purchasing seedlings, it is worth choosing more adult specimens - they are easily adaptable, it will be easy to grow them. It is important to buy seedlings that have a closed root system, it will give the advantage to plant a bush at any time. Carefully inspect the shoots and leaves - damage to them is unacceptable. No need to purchase seedlings on the market or from random people. It is better to go to a specialized store, where you will be given advice on choosing the testes.

When to plant seedlings

Planting activities are held in early spring or autumn. It is necessary to choose such a moment that the plant could settle down before the frost or heat come. To choose the right period for planting, you need to pay attention to the root system: if it is open, it is necessary to urgently disembark. If you have purchased seedlings with a closed system, you can delay the landing.

If you like skumpiya, care and cultivation should be carried out, following certain recommendations.

The choice of location: lighting and soil

The plant prefers bright and sunny places. It is necessary to pick up the site, which will not blow the wind. A small shade does not hurt the bush, but most of the time it should be under the influence of sunlight. It is not recommended to plant near large trees, as they will close the plant from the sun.

To grow well skumpiya, care in the open field should be careful. Rapid growth is provided in alkaline soil - it is important that it passes water and air. Weak acid, sod, loamy, sandy and forest land is quite suitable for the normal development of the plant. Don't forget to dig up the allotted territory before landing. Light and airy soil will promote rapid growth.

Preparation and planting seedlings

The landing process consists of several stages:

  • The preparation of the landing holes. They must be larger than the root system along with the ground. When planting several bushes, it is necessary to indent between them approximately 1-1.5 meters.
  • Carefully remove the seedlings from the container. You should not try to remove the clod of earth - so you damage the root system.

  • To prevent water from stagnating in the well, it is necessary to equip the drainage layer. Suitable small stones, expanded clay.
  • On the drainage is to place a small layer of earth.
  • Then carefully place the seedlings in the hole and sprinkle.
  • At the final stage, it is necessary to water the seedlings.
Following the instructions, the disembarkation will be successful, and soon you will be able to enjoy the beauty of the bush.

Scumpia: use in landscape design

Scumpia in landscape design is used quite often, because it allows you to create an original, colorful composition.

  • In order for the bush to have an aesthetic appearance, it is important to maintain the shape of its crown.
  • The shrub is used both in single plantings and when creating a background.
  • Can be planted in rockeries.
  • Quickly absorbs polluted air, therefore it is recommended to disembark in a public garden.
Often the plant is used as a hedge.

There are many options for the use of skumpii in design. Due to the wide flight of fantasy and the beauty of the bush, unique compositions are created.

How to water

Watering seedlings should be moderate. Drought tolerated by the plant is much better than excessive moisture. The long core of the root system extracts water independently in the ground. Even with dry soil on the surface, the roots can be sufficiently moist. For frequent rains, it is recommended to rarely water the shrub.

When and how to feed

Do not abuse fertilizers. Too much organic matter can damage the root system. It will be enough to feed in early spring. When planting in poor soil, you can use nitrogen fertilizer in the spring, and during the summer months feed the soil with potash and phosphate fertilizers.

How to protect against pests and diseases

Skuma leather is resistant to various diseases and the appearance of pests. It is very rare to see a leaf beetle or a leaf skull on it. Karbofos helps well in pest control.

How to prune

Pruning should be done every 2 years. It is better to postpone this event in the spring, before the new foliage. It is necessary to remove all the branches that were damaged during the winter, froze. Thus, the formation of the correct crown. If you have young skumpiya, pruning is 2/3.

How to cover for the winter

Before winter, the plant should be covered. Young bushes especially suffer from frosts. It is necessary to mulch the circle near the trunk using peat. You can use foliage or sawdust. After that, you need to cover him with spruce branches. With the onset of spring you need to timely remove the shelter, otherwise the sapling will scream. Sump and winter hardiness are incompatible concepts, this issue should be given special attention.

Growing from seed

Seed propagation is a rather complicated way. This is due to the fact that it is difficult to find the seeds of this plant. This method is used infrequently and mostly by breeders. Its negative side is the inability to maintain parental signs in an adult bush. The algorithm for obtaining skumpii for reproduction is as follows:

  • Sowing seeds can begin after harvest. Before that, they should be dipped in a solution of sulfuric acid. With the arrival of autumn, seeds are sown into the soil to a depth of 2 cm.
  • When planting in the spring, the process of stratification is carried out (they must be in the cold for several months).
  • Seeds are soaked in a solution of sulfuric acid and placed in a container. The latter is sent to the refrigerator, the temperature of which should not exceed 5 degrees.
  • The plot is sown in the spring.
The result of this laborious work can be seen after 12 months.

Cuttings

Sumpium is quite difficult to reproduce by cuttings.in this case it is worth adhering to certain rules. The method is rather complicated:

  • It is necessary to prepare green cuttings at the beginning of summer. Their height should be about 20 cm, kidneys are required.
  • Lower leaves are cut.
  • It is important to dip the cuttings in a solution that stimulates rooting for 12 hours.
  • Prepare the land consisting of sand, peat and good soil.
  • Move the cuttings to the ground and leave in greenhouse conditions.
It is important to air and water them daily.

Reproduction by layering

Easily and simply Royal skommpy multiplies by layering:

  • In the spring on a healthy plant, the closest branch to the ground is selected.
  • From the edge you need to retreat 35 cm and make a longitudinal section along the root.
  • Press the branch to the ground, fix it.
  • Pour in the prepared soil with the place of the cut, water it.
  • After the plant has taken root, you need to perform its detachment and landing in a prepared place.
Quite often this method of breeding skumpii occurs, feedback on performance can be found on forums on the Internet.

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