General information

Santolina: growing and care in the open field


The Santolina genus belongs to the Compositae family (with other data from the Astrovs), its species are evergreen semi-shrubs, which will be an excellent decoration for gardens and rock gardens.

Representatives of this kind are grown not only in the garden, but also in indoor conditions. In addition, some species, for example, Santolina Rosemary, are used as food spicy additives, as well as to scare away moths from clothes.

Varieties and types

Santolina feathery - the bush is a little higher than half a meter, it has narrow foliage and a long flower stem on which white round flowers are placed.

View of Santolina greenish - generally similar to other species, but has cream-colored flowers and leaves more saturated green.

Santolina cypress - most often found in our gardens. This shrub is low, mostly not higher than 50 cm. Its thin foliage gradually changes color from green to silver. Flowers-balls of yellow color, smell good. Popular varieties Nana, Edward Bowers.

Santolina graceful - this species is distinguished by its small size with a stem, above which flower stalks rise with inflorescences of yellow color.

Santolina Rosemary - as well as relatives it has thin foliage, but in this species it contains more essential oils, so that it can be used as a spice.

Santolina planting and care in the open field

Care for santolina in the open field is not burdensome. Land for planting should be chosen well lit. If the sun is enough, the bush will grow lush enough and will not lose its silvery shade on the leaves.

If there is a lack of light, the stems will start to drag up too much, the smell will decrease. When growing a culture indoors, try to bring it out on the balcony or in the garden so that the flower gets a lot of sun.

The natural habitat of santolina is quite harsh, so it will grow even on poor soils, while growing on nutrient substrates can lead to the fact that the plant does not bloom.

Stony soils or supes with a neutral reaction are best suited, although in general this flower can be grown on any soil, so long as it is loose and there is drainage in the area. Also undesirable proximity of groundwater.

Asters are also representatives of the Asteraceae family, very beautiful flowers, but need to follow the rules of the content. Recommendations for planting and care of asters in the open field can be found in this article.

Santolina watering

Watering santoliny spend when the soil is a little dry. This is a drought-resistant plant and a short absence of moisture does not hurt, but the stagnation of water is just the opposite.

The lack of water can be determined by the loss of turgor (elasticity) leaves, and if the water is in excess, then there is rot and shoots turn yellow.

Santolina pruning

At the end of summer, when flowering is over, they cut two-thirds of the length of the stems. This is done so that the bush does not begin to decay from excessive growth, it is also desirable to cut the flowers as soon as they begin to wilt.

Sanitary pruning, during which the broken and damaged branches are pruned, is done in the spring. And once every 3 years, santolina is rejuvenated by cutting off all the stiff stalks. In general, this culture lends itself well to the formation of a bush and, if necessary, it can be cut at any time of the year.

Santolina Transplant

Growing up for a long time in one place, Santolina begins to degenerate and therefore it needs to be transplanted about once every 5 years, dividing the bushes.

There should be at least a little rhizome on the delens. Planting delenok carried out at a sufficient depth, down to the place where the stem begins to branch. Santolina, which is grown in indoor conditions, needs an annual transplant. The remains of the bushes that remained after division can prikopat in light soil and slightly moisturize it - over time, roots can also appear on such cuttings.

If you want to transplant in the spring, then in the fall you can pile up the plant, thanks to which new young branches will appear on the rhizome.

Santolina in winter

Since this culture does not tolerate cold, in the fall it needs to be covered with straw or dry foliage, and when snow falls, pile up a mound above the site.

This is especially true of those who live in central Russia, since in Ukraine and in the south of Russia and Belarus problems with hibernation are rare. With the arrival of spring, the shelter is gradually removed so that the flowers do not grow, and when the snow comes down you can cover the plot with compost mulch.

If the frosts are too strong, then the bush may even freeze through, problems also arise if the frosts change in winter with warm weather - then the roots begin to rot because of the water that remains inside the soil.

Santolina from seeds

The reproduction of santolins can be carried out using seeds, cuttings and dividing the bush, as mentioned above.

Seeds can be sown immediately into the soil - the main thing is that it is sufficiently heated, so usually they do not sow before June.

For seedlings, seeds are sown at the end of winter. Previously it is necessary to stratify (keep in a cold place, for example, a refrigerator) the material within a month. After sowing, the pots are kept in a warm room with good lighting.

Shoots usually appear in 15-20 days. From time to time the ground is sprayed with water. When sprouts appear on a pair of true leaves, they dive into separate containers. In the garden, young plants are planted in early summer.

Reproduction of santolina cuttings

Also santolina bushes can be propagated by cuttings. For this, fresh young twigs are better suited, which are cut with a “heel”, that is, with a part of the main shoot. They are easy to root, using drugs that enhance the root education.

Cuttings should be placed in a mixture of sand and leafy earth, or simply in the sand, and then covered with foil and watered and ventilated from time to time. When the material to take root the film is removed.

Diseases and pests

Santolina has a high resistance to pests and diseases. If you properly care for her, then problems are extremely rare.

Poor drought, which can lead not only to wilting, but also to the appearance spider mite. Stagnant water in the ground causes the rot, and when grown in the shade a plant loses decorative.

When sucking pests, such as aphid and mite, foliage begins to dry and roll. To combat them use soapy water, light infusion of garlic or bulbous peels. If there are a lot of pests or it does not help, then they resort to insecticidal preparations, for example, Actellica, Fitoverma.

With a lack of phosphorus and potassium, as well as with excess moisture may appear anthracnose. This disease manifests itself in the form brown spots on the shoots, leaves and in lethargy plants in general. Sick spots should be trimmed and treated with fungicides, for example, copper sulphate.

Diseases and pests

Santolina has a very high resistance to diseases and pests. However, if water stagnates in the ground, this will cause rot on the root system. In the case when the shoots become yellow ahead of time, you can be sure that this is due to the stagnation of water in the soil. Bushes need to be shed with a solution of a fungicidal drug, then they are not watered for some time. After a while, the plants will again become beautiful and healthy.

If the bushes grow in a shaded place, this can also cause problems with them. Despite the fact that this crop is drought tolerant, it still needs to be systematically wetted, otherwise it may die in the dry soil.

Santolina elegant (Santolina elegans)

This species is distinguished by its capriciousness and demanding of air temperature. However, the compact and elegant bush looks very impressive. It is suitable for cultivation in room conditions or in a greenhouse. Inflorescences-baskets of spherical shape and yellow color are raised above the bush on long peduncles.

Santolina rosemary (Santolina rosmarinifolia)

Thin long pinnately dissected leaf plates have a spicy olive smell. In any of the parts of this type are essential oils, therefore, this Santolina is most often cultivated as a spicy and ornamental plant.