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Orchid - Dendrobium: description, photo, care at home

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Dendrobium orchid variety: plant description and growing conditions - Flowers

Among flower growers, the dendrobium orchid is very popular due to its varied color. There are different types of dendrobium, differing in color. At home, with good care, you can easily grow this flowering plant.

Dendrobium orchid: description

Dendrobium orchids are perennials of the Orchid family. In nature, this plant grows in tropical forests. It refers to epiphytes and lithophytes, i.e. grows on trees and on rocks. There are many hybrid forms of dendrobium orchids that are successfully grown at home: Nobile, Parish, King, Lindley and others. The shoots of the plant are erect, and the leaves are elliptical.

The length of the pseudobulb in 2-4 years reaches about 1.5 meters. Further it becomes bare and dies off, at the same time gives child sockets. In the axils of the foliage, rudiments of inflorescences are formed, which can be used to propagate dendrobium.

Flowers in the form of racemes, which reveals from 5 to 20 corolla. Their diameter is about 4-8 cm. They can be painted in different colors, depending on the variety. The shade may be white, pale lemon, purple, purple, golden orange, etc. There are dendrobiums with two and three color petals.

Growing conditions

Dendrobium is a light-loving plant, so it should be placed on the south-west or south-east side. In summer, the plant is recommended to place on the balcony or loggia. In autumn and winter, the orchid needs additional lighting, so you have to use the fitolamps.

If the leaves will get sunshine, it can cause burns. As a result, the leaves will become light green. With a lack of sunlight, they will begin to turn yellow. The orchid feels good at a temperature of 19-25 degrees. If the temperature is above 29 degrees, then it disrupts the normal development of the plant.

In the autumn-winter period, the air temperature should be about 14-20 degrees. At night, the temperature should not drop below 10 degrees. The optimum humidity in the room is 60%. In the summer period it is recommended to spray the orchid more often, but the drops should not fall on the buds.

Planting orchids

If, when planted, the orchid has a healthy appearance and there are no signs of disease, then transplantation should be carried out after flowering in a permanent pot. In the tank should be several drainage holes. The pot for the plant should be chosen to be stable in order to avoid tipping.

The necessary soil can be purchased in special stores. The substrate for orchids is significantly different from the soil intended for ordinary indoor plants. Dendrobium soil for orchids consists of pine bark, moss, peat crumb, birch coal, etc.

It is rather difficult to prepare all these components independently, therefore it is better to purchase them in a specialized shop. It is recommended to add activated carbon powder to the ground just before planting. This will avoid rotting. In addition, the purchased mixture must be disinfected and steam treated.

Once the ground is prepared, you can begin to transplant orchids. Carefully remove the plant from the pot, clean the roots and carefully inspect. If there are rotten or dried out areas, they should be carefully cut off and sprinkled with colloidal sulfur, crushed chalk. Leave the wounds to dry for 2-3 hours.

Video about the proper cultivation of orchid dendrobium:

Next, place the dendrobium in a pot and sprinkle with the substrate. Then moderately water the plant and put in partial shade for a week. During this period, do not water, but only spray the orchid.

Plant Care

The orchid is very demanding to care, so it needs to create not only optimal conditions, but also proper care. When a plant grows green mass and root system, it needs to be watered abundantly. In this case, it is necessary to make sure that the earthen room is completely dry, and only then water the plant.

Watering is carried out in the following way: a pot of orchids is immersed in water for 4-5 minutes. In winter, watering is reduced, as the plant is at rest. Dendrobium is fed as soon as flower buds begin to form.

Complete the application of fertilizing until the development of new shoots. For this purpose, use a special dressing designed for orchids. Fertilizer can be made from spring to late autumn. In this feeding necessarily diluted with water.

To maintain optimum humidity, you can not only spray the plant, but also just put a container with water next to the pot. If you follow these simple guidelines for caring for dendrobium, the plant will delight with its amazing flowers.

Meet the dendrobium family

This epiphyte (that is, a plant that lives confidently on the bark of large trees, less often on stones) came to us from the warm countries of Asia. Japan, Vietnam, Indonesia, China and New Zealand are considered its birthplace. But for the first time, the dendrobium was found in the Caribbean back in the 18th century.

The name of the species is composed of two words: "life" and "tree", that is, "dendrobium" means "living on the trunk of a tree."

The orchid, first brought to Europe, surprised botanists with an abundance of flowers and a curious form of petals. Later, during the study of plants of this species, it turned out that they are different: from two-meter giants to very tiny specimens.

  • absolutely multi-colored (white, red, purple), and not only colored in a single shade, but also two- and even tricolor,
  • with curved or straight floral tassels,
  • as with a hundred, and a couple dozen flowers on one brush.

But what unites all these plants in a single species? This so-called "chin" or "lip" on the flower, painted in a contrasting shade.

This species is divided into subspecies, and there are still hybrids created by nerds. In general, dendrobiums may surprise you!

Moniliform

A small plant native to Japan. It blooms not brightly - white flowers, but it is considered one of the most unpretentious in this family, so it is ideal for a beginner.

Orchid got its name ... No, not thanks to the capital of France, but in honor of Samuel Parish, an orchid collector and a priest.

It blooms in April and July. Peace: from autumn to spring. In forests (particularly in Thailand) it is considered a protected species. Color: different shades of lilac.

Densely colored

This subspecies is very similar to the previous one, but here the dark yellow tongues have a slightly triangular shape, moreover, they are also shaggy around the edge. Named so, because on each brush can bloom up to 50 flowers.

If you see the same flowers, but white, in front of you is a dendrobium kisttsvetny.

And this plant is not from Asia, but from Australia.

The flowers are purple or pink-white. Appear from February to March. In general, this pot is a real workaholic: it blooms all year round and does not like to rest.

Dendrophalenopsis (short for Dendrobium Phalaenopsis)

Another noticeable Australian whose flowers resemble classic phalaenopsis.

They are large, albeit rare, purple or white. Appear from November to December. Each flower pleases the hostess, without losing up to two months.

What care does this beauty need?

Each subspecies may have their individual whims. Say, some dendrobiums like heat, and others like cool air ... However, there is a general “rulebook” that makes it worth growing these orchids.

  • Buying a pot. You need a small plastic or ceramic container with bottom holes and a tray. However, there are subspecies of dendrobium that can be grown in orchid baskets, or even generally on a piece of bark. They are simply created for eco-friendly interiors!
  • Selection or creation of soil. You can buy ready (orchid), and you can collect dry pine bark and sphagnum moss with your own hands. Last need to add more, if in your apartment dry air. And this is the case when nothing needs to be mixed. At the bottom of the pot add pebbles (they will make the container more stable), then put a layer of large, medium, shallow bark, and finally a layer of moss.
  • The temperature in the room. On average, most subspecies like a room to be 20-25 degrees during the day and 15-20 at night (in summer, during the growth of the plant), as well as 20-18 degrees around the clock (in winter). However, if you got a cool-loving subspecies, it will not survive without an air conditioner, because it requires a maximum of 18 degrees during the day, and at night - at all 12! And most importantly - no drafts.
  • Watering. There are no features here: like other orchids, the dendrobium likes to be watered often and in large quantities during the active phases of life (allowing excess water to flow into the pan - it is immediately drained from here), and they hardly disturbed the passive phases with their watering can. Defend the water and let it warm up!
  • Humidity and water treatment. If you speak the language of numbers, these types of love from 60 to 80% humidity. How to achieve such conditions? It is simple: in the summer you take your pet out to fresh air (on the porch or balcony) and spray generously, and in the winter keep it on a tray with wet stones - but so that the green dodger does not reach them with roots, otherwise it will stretch excess moisture and die. By the way, this flower is also not prohibited warm shower.
  • Shine. Like phalaenopsis, the dendrobium likes to have a lot of light, it is bright ... But it must be scattered, because strictly directed sun rays can injure the sensitive leaves of the plant. For the "happiness" this species needs at least 12 hours of full coverage. So if the plant thinks of blooming in winter (and they do it often), buy a phytolamp!
  • What and how often can it feed? In the spring and summer buy dressing for orchids. Bring it during every 3rd watering. But remember: the dendrobium is not gluttonous, so use for it half of the rate indicated on the package. You can also apply fertilizer by spraying, but dilute it even more weakly.
  • Crop. She does not need this type. After all, if phalaenopsis has a peduncle cut off, then there are no peduncles here - the flowers appear on the pseudobulba, which is needed to feed the plant even after the end of flowering. It is necessary to cut off the bulb only if it is completely dried - and then it is well disinfected with activated carbon.

One last thing: this species does not need winter hibernation.

Dendrobium orchid transplant features

As soon as your green pet finishes blooming, you can give it a new pot. This can be done once a year. If this is not done, the ever-expanding dendrobium from the pot will become a huge shrub.

Choosing a pot, evaluate the available root system. He should be just a couple of centimeters longer. Or the second option: you can divide the bush into 2 or 3, and use pots of very small diameter.

When the transplant is complete, for 5 days do not disturb the substrate with irrigation. And to the flower did not suffer from dehydration, spray it.

How can you breed such a pet

  • The method of dividing the bush. Clean the roots (pick up pieces of moss from them) and, helping yourself with a knife, divide the bush into several parts, disinfecting the sections with coal. Each resulting shrub should consist of several mature shoots, as well as mature bulbs.
  • Cherenkov way. Cut off the pseudobud from the bush and cut into strips of 10 cm. Deepen them into a bag with wet sphagnum. Keep a closed bag on a window sill or in another bright place and make sure that the temperature in the room does not fall below 22 degrees. Untie the bag once a day to let in fresh air. After 15-20 days, the cuttings will give roots. Small plants can be transferred to pots. Important: flowers in this case, you need to wait a long time, a few years. But this is a great way to save a dropped and broken flower.
  • Children. On the adult trunk grow small shoots with roots. When they seem to be completely independent in order to survive in a separate pot, they can be “unhooked” and landed separately.

The separation of children from the trunk is a very responsible process, and many are afraid to damage their “mother” orchid with sharp-cutting objects.

In this video you will be shown that there is nothing terrible in the compartment of the children, you can do it with your bare hands. And besides, you will see what to do with the kids further:

Conclusion

Enthusiasts flower growers have long chosen this exotic and successfully grow not only hybrids, but also order species forms. Fortunately, to find on the Internet its varieties, photos and titles is not difficult.

For beginners to grow dendrobium is not difficult. By meeting the minimum requirements and creating the necessary conditions, it will delight you with a full, abundant and long flowering for a long time.

Description of the appearance of Dendrobium

Adult dendrobium reaches 50-90 cm in height.

The root system consists of a rhizome - a kind of escape that combines pseudobulbs.

Pseudobulba - a type of stem from representatives of the Orchids. It is the organ in which substances necessary for growth and water are stored. It is ovoid, spherical and cylindrical.

From the top of the pseudobulb dendrobium flowering stalks and leaves. The leaves are long, lanceolate and leathery (5-15 cm), alternately placed on the stems.

Peduncles come out of the leaf sinuses. Each of them contains about 1-6 flowers (5-9 cm in diameter). The color of flowers can be as white, yellow, red, and lilac, lilac, and there are two and three-colored varieties.

Secrets of the successful care of Dendrobium

Care of the dendrobium will not be a problem, as this flower is not whimsical in its content.

The temperature regime for dendrobium should be moderate - from 18 to 25 ̊ C. Day and night temperatures should differ by at least 3-5, for example, about 25 ̊С during the daytime, and 22-20 ̊С at night. In winter, the temperature during the day becomes 17 ̊С, and at night - 15 ̊С.

Dendrobium will require diffused bright lighting. On the day of this plant needs 10-12 hours of coverage. In winter, in addition to natural sunlight, they also add artificial light.

For a dendrobium orchid at home it is necessary to maintain constant soil moisture. In winter, the frequency of watering should be reduced. Watering is soft, slightly warm water.

This plant requires a high level of humidity, do not forget to periodically spray leaves from a spray bottle.

Aganisia (Aganisia)

Orchid Aganisia combines 4 species of plants, which mainly grow in tropical forests of South America. In addition, another name of this orchid genus is known - Acacallis. From late winter to early summer, small epiphytic plants give incredible beauty to blue or creamy beige flowers. Although the size of flowers and small (5 - 6 cm), connoisseurs of orchids are attracted by the color and their number (from 10 to 15 pcs.).

It is quite difficult to care for this plant, because they do not like direct sunlight, but prefer a rather warm temperature regime (during the day + 25 ... 32 ° C). Watering is also required moderate, but moisture should be enough.

Akakallis has very sensitive roots, so you need to feed the plant carefully, and transplant as a last resort (if the roots become visible from the pot).

Angraecum (Angraecum)

Unusually shaped flowers and unique fragrance have orchids of the genus Angrekum. The land of these exotic flowers is the island of Madagarskar. There, on the branches and trunks of trees in tropical forests, you can find small stellate flowers with a long spur of white. Some varieties of this orchid may also have a greenish color, ivory, very rarely there are specimens with an orange or yellow shade. At night, its incredible smell becomes more intense.

Until recently, it was impossible to grow such a flower in greenhouse conditions, since transplanting and transporting wild-growing plants to Angrekum is absolutely contraindicated. But thanks to the cloning or cultivation of this plant from seeds, now many flower growers can afford this flower.

These orchids grow rather slowly, and the first flowers appear only in the 10th year of life. Air is of great importance for a plant, therefore a good drainage system is necessary for the root. Angrekum prefers a warm climate and moderate watering. Light day for optimal growth of this plant should not be less than 12 hours.

Ascocenda

The genus Askocend orchids appeared as a result of the crossing of two genera: Wanda and Askocentrum, so it is an epiphytic and hybrid plant. For the first time these flowers were registered in 1949 in Hawaii called Portia Doolittle. After lengthy experiments on the breeding of new ascocends, about 1,500 new orchid varieties appeared in the world.

Ascocend blooms from autumn to spring. В это время растение выпускает одно или несколько пазушных кистевидных соцветий, которые состоят из 12-25 цветков. Размер цветков достигает 8 сантиметров и напоминает форму анютыных глазок.

По цвету это преимущественно яркие цветы: от жёлтого и оранжевого до тёмно-красного. Их часто используют для оформления букетов в цветочных лавках.

Ухаживать за ней достаточно легко. Since she does not have a rest period, all procedures should be carried out equally throughout the year. Ascocend adapts remarkably to any conditions, the main thing is that there should not be drastic changes in lighting. Watering is best done by immersion, and do not forget to constantly humidify the air.

Beallar (Beallara)

If you have no experience of growing flowers at all, then Beallar is an ideal plant for you. This genus of Orchid, which is a hybrid of Brassia, Miltonia, Odontoglossum and Kochliode, is very unpretentious in its care. Therefore, there is every chance that flowering will begin very soon. Moreover, this plant practically does not “fall into a slug”, and can bloom for a long time.

As a rule, on the peduncle, which is up to half a meter long, there can be up to 15 large flowers resembling stars. Beallar loves well-lit rooms, although direct sunlight can only hurt.

Temperature and humidity should be moderate, within 22 - 26 degrees, otherwise the plant will start to hurt. Transplanting is best done immediately after flowering, when new shoots appear. This orchid propagates with bulbs, which must be carefully separated during transplantation and planted in a separate transparent pot.

Bifrenaria (Bifrenaria)

It is not as difficult to care for bifrenaria as it seems at first glance. Although there are few flower growers who take the risk of growing it on their own windowsill. This is the only plant of the genus Orchid, which can tolerate direct sunlight, and is the most unpretentious. In order for Bifrenaria to bloom well, you need to increase the length of daylight hours to 12 hours. The air should not be very hot, where is this flower.

Harrison’s homeland of Biphenaria is Brazil, although its plants can also be found in South America. It was opened in the first half of the nineteenth century by Arnold Harrison, after whom she was named.

Plant height reaches almost 50 cm in height, on each peduncle only 1 - 2 flowers with a diameter of 8 cm. Therefore, short peduncles are not suitable for cutting. Biphrenaria flowers are creamy white with a dark purple lip and delicate light purple patterns on the petals. Flowering begins in late spring - early summer. Do not forget to constantly humidify the air in the room where Bifrenaria is located.

Brassavola

The orchid of the Brassavola grows in the wild on the trees and cliffs of Central and South America. In nature, there are about 20 of its species. This amazing flower is quite unpretentious, although it is not very popular among gardeners. At home, it is very easy to care for him. It is enough to find a sunny place for it, which at night will be shaded so that direct sunlight does not fall on the plant. The air in the room should not be very hot and humid enough.

To make the plant feel as close to natural conditions as possible, it is better to plant it on blocks of bark, rhizome, and apple tree trunks. You can also grow in hanging pots or pots, as long as the root system can breathe well. The temperature of the air at night for this exotic handsome men should always be 5 to 10 degrees lower than the daytime one, otherwise it will not bloom. Watering should be abundant, and the air - sufficiently moist.

The peak of flowering of the Brassavoly falls in autumn and the beginning of spring. The aroma has the greatest intensity at night, during the day the flowers do not smell so brightly. Proper care ensures year-round flowering.

Brassia

In the wild, Brassia grows in the tropical forests of America. Where it is always warm and plenty of moisture. In this genus, there are almost 30 species that are very similar to each other. In the people, this unusual plant is also called “spider orchid” because of unusual flowers, similar to the insect. In color, they are usually painted in different shades of yellow with convex brown specks. But there are also instances of brown with green-yellow specks.

Brassia does not require much care for itself, it has all the possibilities for perfect growth and development at home. This orchid blooms almost the whole year and is the best choice for the most inexperienced grower. The aroma of flowers is very similar to the smell of vanilla, and many people even like it.

Bright diffused light and a warm enough climate are preferable for this plant, although it will grow well at normal room temperature. Flowering can occur even in a cool room (15 ... 17 ° C). But do not forget about sufficient humidity. In winter, brassia should be placed away from the heating system.

Wanda

Wanda is called the queen of orchids. Thanks to the efforts of breeders, the color range of this flower is quite diverse. You can find instances with combinations of orange, red and purple hues. The dominant color of these orchids is blue.

This flower loves a lot of light and air, but without direct sunlight. And in the summertime, Wanda can be easily grown outdoors, gradually accustomed to open sunlight. Watering at this time of the year is a must every day, and in winter these procedures are best reduced to 1 - 2 times a week. At home, this orchid must provide sufficient moisture to the air, otherwise the tropical beauty may die.

Wanda can bloom whenever you want, and then for 3 months, it will delight with its stunning colors.

Vanilla Orchid (Vanilla)

Vanilla orchid is a rather unique plant among other orchids, and it is noticeably different from them. First, the length of this evergreen climbing plant can reach 30 meters. Secondly, it can be both an epiphyte and a lithophyte, and the chocolate tree remains a favorite support for its growth. The leaves of this orchid are often spotty, although they are also of a uniform color. Flowers are always yellow with a greenish tinge, but there are also white ones.

But the main difference is, of course, not at all. From the flowers of this particular orchid, the well-known spice is made - vanilla. More precisely, its production comes from the pods of the plant. The word Vainilla from Spanish translates as "pods". Fruits of vanilla orchid resemble small boxes, in which vanillin is used, which is used in the confectionery industry. Most of this spice in the fruits of Vanilla planifolia is about 2%. The pods go for processing known spices, which are then added to sweet pastries.

Caring for vanilla orchid is quite difficult. It requires an ideal temperature mode all year round, watering only with warm and settled water immersion, special pollination during flowering. Therefore, at home her breeding is quite complicated.

Grammatophyllum (Grammatophyllum)

One of the most common orchids in the world is Grammartophillum. The minimum length of the plant starts from 50 cm. In natural conditions, the flowers have a yellow-green color with a scattering of brown spots. On the lip of the flower you can see a large number of strokes.

Although the flower has a rather exotic look, its maintenance is very simple. The optimum temperature for the development of this orchid is 24 degrees, but a prerequisite for the start of flowering is a daily differential of at least 5 degrees. Otherwise Grammatofillum will not bloom.

It is better to grow an exotic flower in hanging baskets with openings through which excess moisture will flow. Watering by immersion in warm water for 10 - 15 minutes. Grammatofillum loves bright lighting, requiring shading only in the summer afternoon to avoid burns.

Dendrobium

The dendrobium genus of orchids has about 1200 different species, it is one of the most common orchids on the planet. In its natural environment, it can be found in the Himalayas, China, Indonesia, and Vietnam. For the most part, they all belong to epiphytes, but there are also species that live on rocks or land. The color of flowers can be white, lilac, yellow, orange. Caring for these plants is so simple that they even outperform Phalaenopsis Orchid in popularity.

Dendrobium blooms at any time of the year, likes abundant watering and high humidity, can not without bright sunlight. The leaves require rubbing and moistening, and the roots can be airy, and they do not need to be pushed back into the pot.

Dendrobium nobile

Orchid Dendrobium Nobile is also called noble. The first mention of this plant falls on the nineteenth century, when it came to Europe from India. Today, this orchid is very popular, because it does not require special care, any novice grower can easily cope with it.

Dendrobium nobile simply loves sunlight, so in the summer, the best place to place it will be a loggia, a balcony, or even a summer garden. Lack of light can badly affect the flowering plants. Although too bright rays of the sun can cause burns. The main thing is to remember that the temperature throughout the year should be the same.

It is necessary to water this flower moderately, avoiding remoistening. Experts recommend to warm up the water before irrigation, and then the Dendrobium nobile will delight with a very long flowering period.

Dracula (Dracula)

Many orchid lovers dream to grow this flower at home, because the uniqueness of this plant is obvious. Its flowers, created by nature itself, resemble the face of a monkey or a little dragon. Dracula is common in the rainforests of South and Central America, where humidity is high. In nature, there are about 123 species of this orchid.

Flowers of Dracula are the subject of general interest. Although they differ in form and color, they still have one common specificity: the three sepals are joined at the base, forming a bowl, while their tips are stretched far out. This orchid can bloom at any time of the year, and with proper care it can last a long period.

This is one of the few orchids that do not like the heat and sunny color. Dracula prefers to grow in a cool temperature range from 12 to 25 degrees, not higher. At home, this plant requires high humidity, it is better to water with rain water.

Zygopetalum (Zygopetalum)

Orchid zigopetalum came to us rainforests of Latin America. It is so simple in home care that even beginning flower growers can grow it. Most often, it is an epiphytic plant, but can also grow in soil. On one peduncle may appear up to 12 buds, fixed sequentially. The flowers consist of three dark sepals and two petals, and produce a very pleasant spicy aroma. As a rule, the color of Zygopetalum is very bright, it can have several shades at once.

The home climate is absolutely suitable for this plant, but it is better if the air is a little cool. Special moisturizing is also not required. Spraying should be carried out only during the summer heat. Zigopetalum can be safely put on the windows on the north side, as this plant in the shade feels great. To improve flowering can be transferred to the southern window sills of the room, only a prerequisite is shading.

During the flowering period, the orchid should be watered often, but the soil should have time to dry out. During the rest period, the number of waterings should be reduced, but not for long. After all, Zygopetalum almost does not have a state of rest.

Caleana major

The uniqueness of this orchid is that its flower very much resembles a small duck in flight. Therefore, in addition to the official name it is also called the “Flying Duck”. This is a rather rare type of orchid, found only in southern Australia. She prefers to grow in eucalyptus forests that harbor the coast of the mainland, sometimes these flowers are found in the mountains or marshland. The plant is lithophyte, grows on the ground.

The size of the Kaleana orchid is rather modest: the height of the plant is only 50 cm, and the diameter of the flower itself is within 2 cm. There can be up to 4 flowers of red-brown or dark purple color on one stem. Rare and light green inflorescences with large pink or lilac spots. The flowering period falls in September - January.

But such a flower shape was invented by nature for a reason. For a plant, this is an opportunity to multiply. Thanks to a special smell, reminiscent of the pheromones of female dusting, the orchid attracts the males of these insects. They fly to the inviting smell, sit on a flower, but fall into the trap. Caleana slams the petals, and the insect, trying to escape, touches the stamens and collects pollen. The “good” flower as a result releases the male, which in the same way spreads pollen to other flowers of the “flying duck”.

Cambria (Cambria)

Over the emergence of Cumbria, breeders tried to cross Otsidium, Miltonia, Brassia, Odontoglossum, Kochleiod orchids, so it cannot be met in the wild. Cumbria differs from other orchids by its rounded pseudobulbs, narrow and long leaves and shoot type growth. The shape, size and color of flowers are quite diverse. In the world you can find round, star-shaped, large and small, yellow and brown, red and purple flowers.

This orchid was bred specifically for breeding in the apartment, it is not demanding to care, and even a novice grower can handle it. All Cumbrian hybrids prefer to grow in a brightly lit, but slightly shaded room that has normal humidity and is well ventilated. Abundant watering this plant is required only in periods of growth and flowering. But experienced growers recommend that Cumbria is better to overdry than to pour.

Catasetum

The homeland of the Catasetum orchid is Latin America. Most of this kind can be found in Brazil. Total epiphyde sympodial plant Catasetum has about 150 species. The uniqueness of this orchid is that it can simultaneously bloom flowers of different shapes and colors. It all depends on where the flower is on the plant.

The flowers themselves stand out from the background of the plant. These are very beautiful large wax-like flowers that appear quite quickly even in a young plant.

Katasetum is a thermophilic orchid, which in summertime can be safely grown in the open air, where there is a lot of natural light. It is recommended to water the flower only by dipping one quarter of the pot so that the roots absorb the necessary amount of water. Humidity must be at least 70%, otherwise the plant will begin to grow very slowly.

Cattleya (Cattleya)

The Cattleya Orchid belongs to the epipidic and lithoidal plants common in South and Central America. In total, there are 50 species of this kind. Cattleya is rightfully called the queen of orchids for the chic multicolored flowers. During flowering, Cattleya emits a pleasant vanilla flavor.

Flower shops sell Cattleya hybrids that are well adapted to domestic conditions, so they will not cause much trouble during care. For optimal growth and development of this orchid requires bright diffused light, moderate air temperature and humidity. In the hot season, it is better to leave a tray with water near the plant.

It is best to water Cattleus after the soil has dried. Most species bloom in November-December.

Lelia (Laelia)

Ordinary flower growers can hardly distinguish Lelia from the Cattleya orchid, as they are very similar. Their main difference is in the length of the peduncle and the number of petals. In nature, there are 23 species of this orchid, which are distributed mainly in South America and the West Indies.

This genus of orchid has a huge amount of color flowers, so it is simply impossible to describe them all. Moreover, one flower spike can produce flowers of different sizes and colors.

During the care of a flower, you must follow many rules for creating temperature, humidity and lighting. When buying in the store be sure to check all the details of caring for Lelia. Novice flower growers are advised not to plant this orchid because of its capriciousness. But in experienced hands, it will surely grow well and please with chic flowers.

Lykaste

Likasta came to us from the tropical forests of Latin America, and has about 40 plant species. Likasta's cultivated flowers stand out in size against the background of their wild relatives. Although there can be only one or two flowers on one peduncle, but they are very large. The color of flowers is most often yellow, but there are white, pink and orange shades. Also, flowers have a pleasant aroma.

It is simple to care for Likastaya, it can be kept on the windowsill or in the winter garden. But due to the large size, unfortunately, it is very difficult to find on sale.

In the cold season, this orchid is at rest, so you need to stop watering for a while and leave it in a cool room. In the spring the plant "wakes up" and prepares for flowering. First, the orchid is only sprayed, and when the root system is strengthened, you can start abundant watering. Likasta does not like very bright lighting. Лучше отдать предпочтение рассеянному свету.

Лудизия (Ludisia)

Лудизию называют «драгоценным» цветком, благодаря её необычайным по красоте декоративным листьям. Эти вечнозелёные литофидные растения можно встретить в восточных тропиках Китая, Вьетнама, Малайзии, Тайланда, Суматры. Лудизия имеет ползучие стебли, на каждом из которых вырастают по 5 мягких оливково-пурпурных листьев. На каждом листике можно увидеть зелёные прожилки. The flowers are quite inconspicuous: white with a yellow tinge, small, 2 cm in diameter. Their number on one peduncle reaches 20 - 30 pieces.

This plant feels best in the shade; bright sunshine can burn the plant. In addition, a large amount of light adversely affects the decorative leaves. Also Ludysia does not like hot rooms, the temperature of the air in the room should not exceed 22 degrees. Although this orchid easily tolerates a dry climate, it is better to take care of humidifying the air.

Watering is necessary as needed, depending on the temperature. But it is also not necessary to pour over the pallet, otherwise the roots of the plant will begin to rot. But Ludizia must also be protected from drying out.

Macodes

Macodes, having incredibly beautiful ornamental leaves, is a very rare precious orchid. This is another case, as with Ludizia, when flowers do not play an important role in the overall beauty of the plant, although the small white flowers of Macodes have a rather pleasant aroma. In this orchid, the main feature is their velvet leaves rich in green, decorated with lots of multi-colored veins. The thinner the pattern on the leaf, the more elegant the look of the plant itself. These veins give it an incredible shimmer, because of which the orchid is considered precious.

You can meet Makodes in small quantities in South America and Asia, in tropical rain forests. From here and features of care of a plant. This orchid can easily grow without bright sunlight on the north side of your home. But if your windows face only the southern or western sides, then create diffuse lighting for it, otherwise the leaves may get burned.

Humidity in the room with Macodes should be increased to 80 - 90%. This is easy to do if you put the pot on the pallet with wet expanded clay. In addition, do not forget to spray precious leaves twice a day. You need to water the orchid often and abundantly, otherwise the leaves will begin to change their color, and the jewel will begin to disappear from their surface. Water for irrigation should be soft and filtered.

Maxillaria (Maxillaria)

Maxillaria is suitable for epiphytic plants and includes 300 species of plants that can be found in nature in tropical and subtropical latitudes of America. New home grown only a few species, the most popular of which is narrow-leaf Maxillaria.

The flowering period they pass in the first half of summer, and on one peduncle, as a rule, one bud develops, forming a fairly large flower. Outwardly, he has a similarity with the insect's jaw, which is why the plant received such a name. Maxillary flowers open in turn, one flower lives for about a month, so the flowering seems to be quite long. The color of the flowers can be different, and there is always a light pineapple flavor.

Although the care of Maxillaria is not very simple, but it does not require much effort. Before you buy this plant in the store, try to study in detail all the nuances of creating optimal conditions for the growth and development of orchids. Great attention should be paid to lighting, humidity and temperature. Water for irrigation should always be separated and filtered, otherwise you risk overdrying the substrate, which is fraught with orchid life.

Masdevallia

The homeland of Masdevalla is the territory of Central and South America, a lot of these orchids in the wild can also be found in Colombia and Ecuador. The genus includes more than 500 species of small epiphytic, lithophytic and terrestrial.

It differs from other orchids by a creeping shortened rhizome, thin pseudobulbs with a single hard dark green fleshy petiole and a flower shape, from which sepals extend a kind of “tails”. Flowers in this orchid are usually solitary, but can sometimes be gathered into inflorescences. Color can be varied. The flowering period lasts an average of 3 to 4 weeks, while the plant emits a pleasant delicate aroma.

During the care of Masdevalle you need to follow some rules. First, create bright diffused lighting, avoiding direct sunlight on the plant. The climate in the room should be moderately cool: in the summer - no more than 23 degrees, in the winter - 10 to 15 degrees is enough. At this temperature, 50% of the humidity is sufficient. But if it gets hotter, it is worth moistening the air in the room to 80 - 90%. Watered Masdevalla with warm filtered water often and abundantly.

Miltonia

Miltonia flowers in appearance are very reminiscent of pansies, so the people often call it that. The yellow, white, pink and red flowers of Miltonia fascinate not only with coloring, but also with a pattern that resembles eyes. This orchid comes from the rainforests of Argentina and Brazil, but every year it appears more and more often on home window-sills.

Miltonia is a rather capricious plant for the care, so novice growers should not be taken to grow it. But experienced orchid lovers will have no difficulty waiting for the appearance of these charming flowers.

The best place in the apartment for Miltonia is a slightly shaded window sill, or loggia. This flower does not like bright sunshine. But most importantly, to avoid drafts. They, like sudden changes in temperature, adversely affect the plant. But in general, this orchid belongs to the heat-loving. Even in the winter there should not be indoors less than 15 degrees. In the warm season Miltonia requires abundant watering, and in winter it can be safely transferred to the dry content.

Odontoglossum (Odontoglossum)

The odontoglossum is a very large orchid family that includes about 200 species, specimens of which can be found on almost all continents of our planet, except Antarctica.

Flowers of Odontoglossum, collected in multi-flower thick brushes of various sizes. In some species, flowers bloom with light yellow or light pink, white tepals, the lower part of which is covered with red or dark chestnut spots. Other specimens show light yellow or chestnut sepals with reddish-brown spots and yellow petals with multiple brown-red spots below. Also, there are yellow flowers in a reddish-brown strip.

Cultivation of Odontoglossum is best left to experienced growers, as the plant is quite capricious. The level of illumination, humidity and air temperature must be constantly monitored, observing the terms of transplantation, feeding, conditions of disease prevention, etc. Improper maintenance of the rules of care can lead to the death of the plant.

Oncidium

One of the most popular orchids, which is in great demand among buyers, is Oncidium. The main difference of this plant from other representatives of the orchid genus is the shape of the flower, which is similar to the small dancing pupae in long skirts. The geography of this plant is quite wide: from the tropical forests of Latin America to the arid savannas of North America. Also many species of Oncidium can be found in the Antilles.

Peculiarities of home care for this orchid include the fact that it is necessary to take into account the natural habitat conditions of a particular species. But in our area most often on sale there are Dutch hybrids of Oncidium, which are absolutely adapted to home cultivation. These plants have mostly yellow, yellow-brown or small red flowers with small patterns that have a cinnamon flavor.

The climate for growing Oncidium should be moderate (not higher than 25 degrees), the lighting should be diffused, and watering abundant. But the air does not have to be wet. In the room will be enough, and 40%. Orchid blooms every 8 to 12 months, it all depends on the comfort of living conditions.

Paphiopedilum (Paphiopedilum)

Pafiopedilum is popularly referred to as the “lady's slipper” because of the similarity of its colors with an elegant women's slipper. In addition to the unique in nature of the flower, the shoe has beautiful velvety leaves, specks on which shimmer with a jewel in the sun. And the plant itself is endowed with sufficient grace and sophistication.

Pafiopedilums are divided into three groups: epiphytes, lithophytes and earthmen. The first group is the smallest, there are only about 10 species. The rest of this plant grows in tropical forests and rocky terrain. In their natural habitat, the orchid is used to alternate between heavy rains and periods of dry weather. But for indoor conditions absolutely undemanding hybrids were bred. That they can be found in every flower shop.

Before buying Pafiopedilum, find out what type of plants they belong to: thermophilic or cold-resistant. It is on this that the creation of an optimum temperature regime, the provision of humidity, brightness and watering will depend. Very carefully, it is necessary to spray and water a lady's slipper so that its precious leaves do not lose their shimmering appearance due to an excess of moisture.

Playone (Pleione)

Orchid Playone unites in its own way only about 20 species, most of which grow on the ground. In nature, these beautiful flowers grow in the countries of Central and East Asia. Playone is a low deciduous plant with a sympodial growth pattern.

Flowering occurs in early autumn, after the leaves die. Each peduncle produces one large flower (up to 10 cm in diameter). Color can be monochrome and multi-color. For example, in the Tonzhariro variety, flowers of pale lilac color with white color on the inside of the tube, along which dark lilac spots are scattered. A variety of Shantung has bright yellow flowers, and a shapeless burgundy spot is spread on the lip. In the variety Shoukap pure white flowers.

Playone is most often bred in gardens and greenhouses, but subject to certain rules, it can be kept at home.

Promene (Promenaea)

Homeland orchids Promenia South and Central Brazil. This genus is quite small; it has only 14 species of small epiphytic simpoid plants. Orchid lovers today are familiar only with certain types of Promene, differing in color and shape of flowers, and which can be grown at home.

One of the most popular Promeny is golden yellow, represented by pure yellow. And the inside and the base of the lips of the flower have burgundy blotches. Stape-shaped orchid Promenia has burgundy color. The “lips” and internal speakers boast a dark magenta shade with light patches on the edges.

The smallest of these genera is Mikroptera. Her flowers have the unusual form of a halo of lemon color. At the same time, the “lip” from the base to the middle is covered with spots of burgundy hue. Freckled orchid knowingly received such a name. The yellow sepals are decorated with small maroon blotches, and the petals and the “lip” are richly covered with such specks. In Paranaensis, the flower is represented by lemon color and decorated with burgundy patches.

It is quite easy to care for Promenea, even a novice gardener can handle it.

Rinhostylis (Rhynchostylis)

Orchid lovers are very fond of giant Rinhostis, having beautiful long arrows and very fragrant flowers. On one stem can grow about 60 white or pink flowers. The homeland of this genus of orchids is Southeast Asia. Peduncle Rinhostisola may be longer than the leaves and reaches 40 cm.

It is rather simple to care for this orchid, you just need to remember that it grows rather slowly. Rinhostislis does not require a large amount of color, the climate is necessary warm, but the average daily changes are imperative, otherwise your flower will not bloom. For flowering Rinhostylis also requires a humidity of at least 70%.

It is recommended to refrain from abundant watering even during the flowering period. It is better to give the opportunity to dry the roots. Rinhostylis can bloom all year round, but this happens best in the middle of summer. Flowers remain fresh 2 - 3 weeks.

Stangopey (Stanhopea)

Stangopey occupies a special place among all orchids, because its flowers are very large, the diameter of which can be from 15 to 20 cm. Also Stangopey has an unusual color and a stunning chocolate and vanilla flavor. Because of the two outgrowths on the lip of a flower, resembling bull horns, stangopei is called "bull orchid". In total, there are about 50 species of plants in this genus. In nature, an orchid can be found in the tropical forests of Latin America. But at home, it can also make everyone happy with the annual flowering.

When caring for this plant, it is necessary to create a temperate climate, high air humidity and bright but diffused lighting. By these habits, Stangopei is very similar to many of its relatives.

For spraying, it is best to choose the smallest sprayer so that there are not too large drops of water on the plant. Grow Staganpepey best in limbo. Water the plant should be plentiful, without waiting for the earth mixture to dry. Water must be taken rain, filtered and slightly heated.

Tacca (Tassa)

Because of its appearance, Tacca has a lot of names. "Bat", "black lily" and even "devil's flower" - and this is not all the names of a unique plant, very similar to an orchid, although it does not apply to them. There is an exotic flower from the countries of Southeast Asia, it can also be found in South America.

Orchid Takku compared because of the luxurious and unusual flowers. But it belongs to the family of such. Therefore, the soil for orchids is clearly not suitable for her. It also does not suit her growing conditions similar to orchids. Care for her need a completely different way. The only thing Takka is like with orchids is the love of high humidity and defense from drafts. Due to the influx of cold air, the plant may die.

Water a tropikanka need to plentiful, but avoid transfusions. In winter, irrigation needs to be reduced slightly. Heat Takka is required all year round. The air should not be below 18 degrees throughout the year.

Tolumnia (Tolumnia)

Although Tolumnia has a lot in common with Oncidium, it still has enough differences from its relative. The natural habitat for this orchid is found on the islands of the Caribbean. There are a total of 30 species of this genus.

The color of Tolumnia flowers is white, red, yellow, purple and brown. Uniqueness patterns give contrasting spots. Their vowel feature is that the buds that open on one flower stalk often differ from each other in color solutions. The most conspicuous part of the flower is the fan-shaped lip, exceeding in size petals and sepals. Some species of Tolumnia smell very nice.

From November to February, Tolumnia is at rest and is gaining strength to bloom. Novice flower growers are not recommended to grow this orchid, as it is very difficult to achieve its flowering at home. Tolumnia loves bright lighting and a moderately warm climate. It is recommended to water with separated and filtered water by immersion.

Phalaenopsis (Phalaenopsis)

Today, one of the most popular orchids is Phalaenopsis, a herbaceous plant whose flowers are very similar to small butterflies. And this is not surprising, because this orchid is well adapted to growing at home. Therefore, to take care of Phalaenopsis even the most inexperienced florist. And thanks to the numerous color diversity, the most common orchid in the world fits perfectly into the design of any interior.

Among the most popular varieties of Phalaenopsis are the following: horse (small purple-purple flowers), deer-horny (golden-yellow flowers with brown spots), pleasant (small white flowers on one peduncle in the amount of 20-30 pcs.), Phalaenopsis Stewart (white yellow flowers with purple spots), Phalaenopsis Schiller (variegated orchid with large lilac-pink flowers).

Phalaenopsis does not impose great care requirements. It is enough for him to be on the windowsill, even if it is on the north side of the building. In the summer, bright sunshine must be scattered so that the plant does not get burned.

Like all orchids, Phalaenopsis prefers a temperate and humid climate. But it can tolerate both low and high temperatures (from 10 to 28 degrees). If the heat in the room increased to 30 degrees, provide the plant with increased humidity and good air circulation. But it is necessary to water Phalaenopsis carefully so that the root system does not rot. It is better to do this once every two weeks, preferably in the morning, so that the soil dries out a little by evening.

Phragmipedium

About 20 species of the Orchid family belong to the genus Fragmipedium. In appearance, it is very reminiscent of the famous "Venus shoes." But with Pafiopediluma they only have the shape of a flower, otherwise there are quite a lot of differences.

Фрагмипедиум в высоту достигает почти 1 метр, листья развесистые в длину немного меньше, диаметр цветка от 15 см. Чашелистик и губа по цвету не отличаются. Период цветения длится почти полгода. Из-за достаточно больших габаритов не многие цветоводы готовы взять к себе выращивать этот цветок.

Фрагмипедиум люит яркое освещение, но в полдень солнечный свет необходимо рассеивать, чтобы избежать ожогов. В холодное время года световой день требует увеличения до 12 часов. Климат в помещении специально поддерживать не нужно. Albeit in summer and in winter the temperature of the air will be natural, it will even benefit the flower. But the humidity under any condition must be increased to 50-60%. Watering an orchid is necessary often and abundantly, not allowing the substrate to dry.

Cymbidium

One of the most beautiful orchids, Cymbidium, is very simple in its maintenance. Even a beginner florist can handle it. Under normal conditions, it will always bloom and delight even in your home.

Under natural conditions Cymbidium in tropical forests of South and Southeast Asia, Australia, Japan, on the islands of the Malay Archipelago. This genus includes about 60 species of plants. Orchid leaves are long, with pointed or rounded tips, with normal care they live for about three years. During flowering Cymbidium smells very strong and pleasant. Yellow, green, cream, brown, red, pink flowers of this orchid live on the peduncle on average up to 10 weeks. The flowering period depends on the variety.

The cymbidium loves bright light, but in the summer heat the sun's rays require dispersion, and in winter the plant needs additional light. The climate should be moderate in the room: from 16 to 20 degrees. Required daily fluctuations.

This orchid is very fond of fresh air, so in the summer it is even better to take the plant to the balcony or garden. Optimum air humidity - 50-60%. A substrate must always be moistened, and in any case not dried.

Colegina (Coelogyne)

One of the most beautiful orchids of Celogin has more than one hundred species in its genus. Florists are very fond of this plant for large flowers and a pleasant delicate aroma emanating from them. The color of flowers, most often, in Tseloginy white, but there are also green, cream and yellowish shades. Representatives of this genus grow in large numbers at the foot of the Himalayas, in Nepal, Vietnam and other countries of Southeast Asia. At home, this flower is grown in limbo.

It is rather difficult to care for Tseloginaya, as it requires certain living conditions. First, it is shaded lighting. Secondly, high humidity. The soil should be as light and loose as possible, but with the ability to hold moisture for some time. On a warm glazed loggia on the north side of your apartment, this orchid will feel great.

The climate in the summer for growing Tseloginy should not exceed 25 degrees. And with the arrival of cold weather, the temperature is gradually reduced to + 5 ... + 10 ° C. The active period in the life of a plant requires frequent and abundant watering, but without excessive moisture. Humidity must be constantly increased by regular spraying and placing pallets of water.

Encyclia (Encyclia)

The homeland of Encyclia is Latin America. There, in tropical rain forests you can find about 100 species of this orchid. The plant is distinguished by its epiphytic or lithophytic growth pattern. The flowering period is quite long: from several weeks to several months. The size of the colors encyclists depends on the species. Some plants have large single flowers on one peduncle, others have inflorescences of a large number of small flowers.

With growing Encyclia under the force to cope even novice florist. To create optimal conditions for the development of the plant, it is necessary to provide bright but slightly diffused lighting. Although some types of encyclists feel great under direct rays. In winter, be sure to increase daylight hours with fitolamp.

The climate for this orchid requires a moderately warm or temperate with a mandatory difference in daily temperatures. In the warm season, it is best to take the Encyclical to fresh air, but place it in a place where there will be strong gusts of wind, drafts, direct sunlight and precipitation. Frequent and abundant watering is needed all year round, but only after the substrate dries out completely.

Epidendrum (Epidendrum)

Epidendrum is the most numerous from the family of all orchids, there are more than 1,100 species. Its uniqueness lies in the fact that it is the first orchid that has fallen on the territory of Europe. Prior to this, European scientists did not know about the existence of beautiful flowers that can easily live on trees and rocks. This orchid is widespread in the tropics of North and South America.

All species of Epidendrum have branched short rhizomes (above-ground modified creeping shoots) and hard, rather thick, almost succulent inner leaflets. In our region it is rare to find a grower who decided to grow this orchid, but in foreign flower shops the choice of hybrids and varieties of this plant is quite wide.

All year round the lighting for Epidendrum should be bright and a bit diffused. In summer, the climate in the room with this orchid should be within +20 0 ... 25 0 C. With a cold snap, the air temperature in the room should not decrease by more than 5 degrees. Daily temperature difference is not required.

The best way to water Epidendrum is to immerse the pot in warm, filtered water for 20 to 30 minutes. Here, attentiveness is a prerequisite: the substrate should never be poured and dried.

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