Mimosa shyly come from the southern subtropical regions of America. The natural habitat of growth is its homeland and Brazil. This genus includes more than 500 species. One of them is the "shy" mimosa, or, as it is called, "touchy", which is grown in the home. This plant got its name for the ability of the leaves to fold and fall down with the slightest mechanical impact, as if embarrassed by something.
Description of the species
Mimosa bashful at home is an annual, beautifully flowering grassy shrub. This is an evergreen plant 30-40 cm tall. Branched stems, very light. They are covered with spines, resembling thin hairs. Numerous leaves of light green double-feathery leaves are always twisted and lowered at night, and in the daytime - only when exposed to them. After a certain time, at rest, the leaves unfold.
Gentle plant is bashful mimosa. Flowers have a pink or lilac color. They are collected in small fluffy spherical heads. Bloom 2-3 days and fall. The fruits are formed on the ovaries during self-pollination of the plant and have the appearance of beans. They are not used for food, their poison can be poisoned. The flowering period is long in time: begins in summer and ends in autumn. Sometimes mimosa is confused with silver acacia, which represents the Mimoz family, but is not a plant with that name. The main difference is that its flowers are yellow.
Mimosa bashful at home prefers lit places. She does not like wind, drafts and odors, especially tobacco smoke. In a smoky room, its leaves roll up and fall off. The best temperature for it in the summer is 20-25 degrees, and in winter it is enough 16. The shrub loves moisture, but moderately. In the spring and summer periods, it should be watered regularly and plentifully, in strong heat it should be sprinkled. And in the winter, when the plant is resting, it is enough to monitor the condition of the soil and prevent its drying out. Water as needed. Waterlogging can lead to loss of decoration. On loose, fertilized soil grows better bashful mimosa. Growing out of seeds makes it possible to get many shrubs at the same time.
In order to make fruit, the plant must be pollinated. This process can be carried out by yourself. Enough with a brush or a soft swab to transfer the pollen. After that, the pod begins to form. When it is ripe and becomes dry, it is torn off and placed in a paper bag. In it the pod will be stored all winter, until the onset of spring. It is important to remember that this plant is difficult to preserve in winter, it dies.
Mimosa bashful at home is growing as an annual, do not need to transplant it. If necessary, this is done in the following cases:
- When the shrub is left for winter and grown as a perennial plant.
- If the "touchy" gets sick, or the soil begins to rot.
Transplanting should be done by transshipment method. In a larger pot plant is placed along with a lump of earth. First, the bottom of the pot is covered with stones that will perform the drainage function. The soil is prepared in advance. The earth is mixed with sand, peat and rotten foliage. It is better to replant shrubs early in the morning or in the evening when the sun sets.
Mimosa bashful of seeds may well grow, but they must be planted exclusively in March and April. Their shape resembles beans or peas squashed from the sides, the skin of which is very dense and has a glossy shine. For germination, you need to take a saucepan, pour soil into it and lay out the seeds, not sprinkling with earth. You can press a little for better contact with the soil. Then the future bashful mimosa is filled with hot water. The seeds will crackle, that's fine. Cover the top with a lid. So it will maintain the necessary moisture. After a while, the beans will sprout. Will give friendly shoots mimosa bashful. Growing from seed is troublesome, but worth it.
Sprouted beans are planted in well-loosened soil. Within a week, shoots will appear. When they grow to the size of a few leaves, they can be transplanted into separate pots with good drainage and sterile soil. To destroy bacteria, it is enough to shed it with a solution of potassium permanganate.
When and what to feed mimosa?
"Touchless", like any plant, requires nutrients. She gets them during feeding. It is carried out when the shrub is actively growing. In the spring and until the middle of summer, the modest mimosa is modestly fed with nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. These fertilizers are mixed in equal proportions and applied to the soil twice a month. In the second half of summer and until the beginning of autumn, buds are formed. Therefore, phosphorus and potassium are needed in large quantities. To make the soil more nutritious, you should add bone meal to it. You can do top dressing complex mixtures for home flowers. Autumn stops the growth of shoots. At this time, the introduction of any fertilizer stops. If this is not done, it will not rest and shy mimosa may weaken. Growing indoor plants will not bring pleasure, as the shrub will lose decoration.
Impatiens is known for its beneficial properties. It has long been used in many European countries in medicine. Non-traditional methods of treatment can not do without the use of the healing properties of this plant.
- Tincture of leaves treats sore throat, lowers the temperature.
- A decoction of bark - dysentery and headache.
- Ointments treat burns and heal wounds.
- Mimosa preparations purify the blood.
- Help in the treatment of the heart and nervous system.
- Tidy the liver and gallbladder.
What hurts and who injures mimosa?
- If the shrub will experience an excess of moisture, its leaves will turn yellow and begin to curl during the day.
- When a plant grows in a room where tobacco smoke is always present, it drops foliage.
- Leaf fall is also associated with irregular watering.
- With a lack of lighting and low temperature, the mimosa feels uncomfortable shy. Flowers under such conditions of maintenance will never appear.
- If the "touchy" slowly grows and does not bloom, you need to pay attention to the soil: it is obviously depleted. In this case, an urgent need to feed the plant and create the necessary conditions for growth.
- If shy at home mimosa has become infected with a spider mite, its leaves begin to turn pale. After a while they turn yellow and dry up. Numerous green or yellow dots and cobwebs appear on them. This means that the room is too dry, and the air is hot.
- At the first signs of aphid infestation, the leaves of the plant curl and turn yellow. On the shoots appear small black or green bugs. This is aphid. It feeds on cell sap and inhibits growth.
To control pests, you need to collect them manually, and then wash them off with a soap solution or wipe the leaves on both sides. In case of severe damage, chemical spraying is applied. The most important thing for the plant to be comfortable in your home is to create favorable conditions for its growth. Then you can avoid many negative consequences.
The shy mimosa plant responds very quickly to any touch or mechanical vibrations. As a result of the experiments, it was revealed that the plant remembers stimuli and somehow adapts to them. If water is dripped onto the mimosa with the same frequency, it will stop rolling. After some time, we will again affect the plant in a similar way. The result will surpass all expectations: the "touchy" will behave quite calmly.
An interesting fact is the festival of mimosa in France. This holiday was first held in the province of Pierre-Risch in the early twentieth century. Currently it has not lost its meaning. Overgrown mimosa covered with numerous hills. Thousands of flowers make a pleasant rich aroma. The flowering of mimosa in France means the end of winter and the beginning of spring. In honor of the flower festival parades are held throughout the country.
Why beauty is ashamed
This fragile shrub got its unusual name due to the ability to instantly respond to rain, wind and the touch of living beings - including humans. This is the answer to the question why the leaves of mimosa are bashful. It is enough just to touch the plant, as it immediately twists its foliage, as if protecting itself from outside influence. After half an hour, the sheet straightens and restores its normal position.
As for the periodic change in the orientation of the foliage, in the course of the research it turned out that this phenomenon has nothing to do with the change of day and night. According to botanist scientists, the internal biorhythms of the plant itself are to blame.
Care for a shy house mimosa
Shy mimosa is a child of the tropics. This fact is the basis of plant care. In order for the bush to live in a cozy and comfortable apartment, the grower needs to create conditions that resemble a tropical climate. Here are the three pillars on which the care of mimosa shy in bloom is based:
- lack of cold and draft
- high humidity,
- minimum of external stimuli.
Where to put the pot
The cultivated tropical shrub is not at all afraid of the sun. And, on the contrary, he is ready to absorb the sun's rays with every cell of his leaves. He likes plentiful and bright lighting. If you do not know how to care for a shy and mimosa after purchase, first choose a place of deployment for it, based on the information in the table.
Table - Determination of the location of mimosa in the apartment
The optimum temperature for growing shy mimosa is different depending on the time of year. In the summer, the thermometer should show about 22-23 ° C. In winter - fluctuate around 15-17 ° С. By the way, in the period when there are creaky frosts outside the window, it is better to move the blooming beauty to the southern window-sill.
Gentle beauty-mimosa gladly breathes air, the humidity of which varies in the range from 75 to 85%. To achieve the desired level of humidity in three ways.
- Aquarium. If the house has an aquarium, you can put the pot next door. Humidity of air near the tank with water will be quite sufficient for the plant to calmly develop.
- Pallet with water. The pot with mimosa can be installed next to a wide tray or a tray with water. Near but not into it! However, in the interior, this bulky design does not always look aesthetically pleasing.
- Spraying Periodic irrigation from the spray room of the room where the mimosa is bashful lives is another solution. It is important to ensure that no water drops fall on the plant itself.
How to water
When mimosa blooms (and it happens from mid-March to late October), watering should be moderate, but frequent. On average, water the bashful mimosa once every two days, using clean, settled water for irrigation. If you notice that the top layer of earth in the pot is completely dry, moisten the substrate.
Do I need to transplant
The question of how to transplant a bashful mimosa into another pot and whether it is necessary is particularly relevant. Professionals believe that the plant is a perennial. But this opinion is criticized, and modest mimosa is sometimes referred to as annuals - according to this logic, it does not need transplantation ... As a result, if desired, and at its discretion, flower growers just gently remove the pink princess with the turf from the pot, preventing it from spilling , and actually "rearranged" to another container. This method is also called transshipment. There is no need to change the substrate or supplement it with something.
How and what to fertilize
In fertilizer mimosa bashful needs exclusively during the growing season. That is, when the plant is actively growing in a pot and blooming. Fertilize mimosa need twice a month: at the beginning and at the end. Prepare a top dressing is a snap. We dilute the universal fertilizer for potted flowers in a 1: 1 ratio and use the resulting solution for watering.
Secrets of breeding "pink princess"
With how to care for shy mimosa, figured out. But how to plant this quivering shrub with inflorescences similar to pink fluffy pompons made of thin synthetic threads?
A flower grower who wants to get “offspring” from a shy plant will have to work a little bit about a bee. There are two ways to pollinate mimosa. Each of them can be easily applied in the conditions of an apartment or house.
- Direct contact. Carefully take two inflorescences of the bush and barely touch them together. We perform the action as carefully as possible so that the plant does not experience stress.
- With a brush. "Armed" the smallest brush for painting. With its help, we take pollen from one inflorescence and transfer it to another.
Seed preparation and planting
Theoretically, a shy plant can be propagated in two more ways - by cuttings or by planting seeds. However, grafting is an inefficient method. But to grow a bashful mimosa from seed is much easier. Seeds for planting can be bought or removed from the dried pod - the fruit of mimosa. "Harvest" in the middle of autumn. Therefore, removing the seeds, they must be sent to the refrigerator. They will need no earlier than in March. This spring month is considered the best time for sowing.
Reviews of experienced flower growers indicate that before sending the seeds to the substrate, they should be soaked in water for half an hour. A resident of the Brazilian tropics who migrated to our window sills appreciates light soil. In preparing the perfect substrate is nothing complicated. Take one part of the turf, peat soil and sand - ready. Do not forget to organize high-quality drainage and safely plant out, guided by the following instruction from four steps.
- We plant seeds. Sprinkle them with a small layer of earth and cover with polyethylene to create a greenhouse effect.
- We are waiting for germination. With periodic airing of the “flower bed” and spraying of the substrate, a month later we observe the first, weak results of our work.
- We remove the film. As soon as the sprouts hatch, remove the film from the pot.
- Seated. After the appearance of at least three leaves on the mimosa, the future beauty is deposited from the sisters in a separate container.
Causes of disease
It cannot be said that the capricious southerner is sick more often than the rest of the room flora representatives. However, from time to time misfortunes happen. Symptoms of some diseases appear on the foliage when the mimosa is bashful turns yellow. Other diseases prevent the plant from blooming or modifying the shrub stalks. The following table will help to recognize the signs and causes of plant deterioration.
Table - Common problems in growing mimosa and their causes
Features Aphid - a large parasite. And in order to rid the indoor plant from the expansion of this pest, it is necessary, first of all, to resort to mechanical cleaning.
- We liquidate the affected parts of mimosa with bashful (breaking leaves).
- Apply spraying means with the content of "Permethrin" - an insecticide and acaricide.
- In case of total defeat by aphids, we repeat the “chemical attack” in three or four days.
Getting rid of spider mites
Features If a pest is found to be infected at the initial stage, it is possible to do without treatment with chemical means. Higher than all the risk of shrub spider mite in the summer. These insects love heat and feel in hot, dry rooms, like fish in water.
- Using a sprinkle of soap and water, we treat the pest-affected leaves and stems.
- Spray the affected area with a solution of any insecticide.
Growing a shy mimosa at home is a very exciting process, especially for novice growers. The latest research in the field of botany proves the fact that has been hovering in the air for a long time: “shy beauty” possesses intelligence! It turns out that a tropical bush easily distinguishes sentient beings from inanimate objects and remembers the properties of those with whom it contacts. If a phenomenon, object, or living creature does not pose a threat to a flower, then next time it will not be possible to expend energy on curling a leaf.
Previously, it was grown mainly in greenhouses, now mimosa migrated to the window sills of apartments. It is difficult to find a more delicate and fragile flower than a bashful mimosa. Care at home can not be called simple. For growth and flowering need to create favorable conditions.
Peculiarities of shy mimosa growing
Mimosa pudica is a fairly unpretentious plant, despite its exotic origin. Уход за цветком в домашних условиях не так уж и сложен, как это может показаться неопытному цветоводу на первый взгляд.
Главная особенность при выращивании цветка – он совершенно не выносит дым сигарет, и может сразу же сбросить листья.
The plant is very fond of heat and from early spring to late autumn it grows well only at a temperature of +24 ºС. In winter, the flower must lower the temperature to +16 ºС.
Watering and spraying
Mimosa bush loves moisture, but it must be watered carefully. In summer, the flower is plentifully watered, but it is necessary to drain the drained water from the pan. In cold weather, watering is reduced, but it should be ensured that the pot doesn’t dry out too hard. Due to the overmoistening of the soil in the cold season, the flower can get sick and lose its decorative effect.
In summer, in the evening or in the morning, the flower is sprayed. You can not perform this procedure in direct sunlight.
For irrigation and spraying use only well-settled or distilled water.
It is quite enough in the summer to water the flower every other day. The growth period of mimosa begins in March, and watering increases at this time. Continue until October, until the plant begins to enter the resting phase, preparing for winter. Tip for watering - dry ground, which must be touched with your fingers.
Top dressing and fertilizer
The approach to the choice of nutrient composition for fertilizing mimosa bashful should be standard. Begin to fertilize the plant in the spring, adding feedings every two weeks. Continue the procedure in the same mode until late autumn. The fertilizer rate, which is specified in the instructions, for watering mimosa diluted with water twice.
As fertilizing use conventional fertilizer for flowering. Organo-mineral compositions are excellent. Search for any special fertilizer is not necessary.
Cropping and crown formation
This flower constantly need to be updated. The plant belongs to the fast-repelling, and it should be replaced annually by bushes that were grown from seeds. If the culture is grown as bonsai or they want to preserve it for the next year, then only radical pruning can help.
It is carried out immediately after wintering, although this procedure is allowed after flowering. All strongly stretched branches are cut to stumps, focusing on the desired shape of the crown. Old branches need to be shortened so that young shoots form a decorative “cap”.
When forming bonsai, such pruning is carried out several times a year, limited to lignified shoots. In fact, the formation of crown mimosa bashful - it is a constant haircut bush to the desired size.
A very important stage - pruning sanitary. When the shoots begin to dry out, they are removed, and this should be done as quickly as possible, until the plant has dropped leaves in protest.
Growing mimosa for several years implies that the plant will be transplanted. At least this applies to old flowers and bonsai. The procedure is carried out in early spring. But it is advisable, without the need to not touch the flowers growing in a permanent place.
For cultivation using conventional universal soil with neutral acidity and alkalinity. The main thing - it must be well permeable to air and water. Preparing a soil mixture for transplanting themselves, mix turf, leaf soil and peat in equal parts, and add some sand.
The plant is not even transplanted, and very carefully rolled over with a lump in another pot. Remove only the most polluted, the top layer of soil mixture. Be sure to have a sufficiently high drainage in the pot.
The rhizome of mimosa is very difficult to tolerate contacts, and trimming during transplantation is generally contraindicated for it.
Protection against diseases and pests
If you provide the right care for a mimosa with bashfulness and create suitable conditions for it, then the plant will not get sick. With good lighting and sufficient moisture, the flower can even be called persistent. But sometimes problems can still arise, as well as pests - aphids and spider mites. They begin to fight insects immediately, treating the flowers with insecticides and collecting pests by hand.
Problems with growing:
- Due to the high humidity the leaves can be constantly closed.
- At low temperatures, the plant will not bloom.
- With poor lighting mimosa also does not bloom.
- In the shade, mimosa can pull out shoots too much.
- In a polluted environment, the flower simply discards the leaves.
- The mimosa will react the same to the drying of the earth.
If a flower begins to lag sharply in growth, and its leaves take on the most bizarre forms, it means that the culture has struck a disease. Usually a shy mimosa plant gets sick due to insect pests. Therefore, the first thing you need to inspect it for the presence of uninvited guests.
- If the mimosa starts pulling the leaves too hard, this is the first signal that the pot is standing in a dimly lit place. A simple solution to the problem is to rearrange the pot on the south side window.
- Sometimes, mimosa leaves are not disclosed. If the plant constantly receives too much water, then it will necessarily affect its appearance. Also, this problem may occur if the room is too cold, which often happens in winter.
- The plant may become yellowish and sluggish leaves due to lack of water. It is very important to properly observe the regime of watering - the flower does not like any stagnant moisture or drying. It is possible to humidify the air around the pot in the heat, sprinkling it from the spray bottle.
Why bashful mimosa leaves roll up
This is an amazing fact, but the plant really folds the leaves at the slightest touch. Why it happens?
When contact leaves alternately fold inward - so the flower is protected from predators. After two or three minutes, they finish off again. This ability of the flower also helps him to dump pests - various insects.
However, a similar mechanism of self-defense exists in many plants, which are called seismmonastic. Leaf tissues lose turgor, and during contact, there is a sharp release of potassium, which causes the outflow of water from the cells. This leads to compression - the leaves are immediately folded, and the stem is lowered a little.
It is important to place the pot in such a way that small children cannot reach the mimosa. A flower that stirs leaves leaves often becomes an interesting toy, but a plant spends a lot of energy on such a movement, and when it is exhausted, it can even die.
Finally, I must say that people suffering from allergies, it is undesirable to keep this plant at home. Pollen mimosa can cause a very violent reaction prone to allergies of the body.
Although it may seem that growing bashful mimosa at home is very difficult and painstaking, in fact, it is not. Even a beginner florist can cope with growing this flower, with a certain amount of zeal and respect for this reverent creation of nature.