Cattle often suffer from hoof injuries, which not only cause discomfort and pain to animals, but also affect their productivity. That is why the hoof must be subjected to trimming, and to simplify the procedure it is recommended to use a special machine. In this article we will look at a detailed description of the machine for fixing and processing the hooves of cattle and advice on the construction of the structure at home.
What is needed and how does the machine for fixing cows
The machine, allowing to fix the animal, is necessary in order to facilitate manipulations in the process of processing and trimming the hoof. The design can also be used in situations involving trimming horns, blood sampling, operations on the head, washing the stomach and administering drugs to immobilize the animal for an easier process of performing the necessary manipulations. This machine must be in every cattle breeding farm. The design of the machine is the most thoughtful, it takes into account the anatomy of the cow's body, so that an individual inspection is possible with a huge time saving.
Important!Almost all modern models of fixation machines have small dimensions, they are quite compact and can be used in small areas and in small barns. To maintain the machine, one person is enough, and after purchasing the device, the owner does not incur any additional maintenance costs. The design of the device is quite simple, but safe, there are no sharp corners, and thanks to special holders for legs the animal is securely fixed in one place. The simplest machines have several pipes that need to be fixed to the wall and floor. To limit the mobility of the animal, apply chains and movable beams, which are included in the kit. On the beams there are special clamps that allow you to fix the legs with durable leather straps. The immobilization of the head is a sheet of metal that repeats the shape of the cow's head. Expensive professional machines, in addition to all the above elements also consist of hydraulic actuators and special mechanical devices that are necessary in order to lift the animal on the belts.
Some machines have wheels, making the device easy to move around the barn and beyond. In the process of manufacturing the machine used high-strength metal alloys, which are covered with anti-corrosion paints, in order to ensure a long service life of the device.
Did you know?Eating food for a cow is an important process, she eats at least 6 hours a day in total and chews on food for a very long time, therefore, putting the feeder at the required height with the food at the cow's head, the manipulation of trimming the hoofs will be more enjoyable.
Do-it-yourself DIY split tips
Since for home use, purchasing a factory fixing machine will be quite expensive, you can do it yourself if you have the skills to work with wood or metal. The split can be made of steel pipes or timber, but the latter option is simpler and will cost much less.
First, consider the tips for building a wooden machine:
- The dimensions of the structure should be appropriate to the size of the cow: the machine is 2–3.5 m long and 1–1.5 m wide, and 2 m high.
- The size of the split should be such that it can be easily approached and perform the necessary procedures. It is also worth taking into account the installation area, so that the design can be easily approached from different sides.
- If the split is installed in the room, you need to take care of additional lighting near the structure.
- It is recommended to install a split in the aisle, at the exit from the barn permanently or for a while fasten with bolts in order to remove and move it to another place if necessary.
- A wooden split is made of solid bars, their size is 1x1 m or 1.5x1.5 m, in the form of a rectangular box with two wickets.
Important!It should be borne in mind that the strength and durability of a wooden structure is much lower than welded metal.
Video: machine for fixing a cow and trimming the hoof in an hour
When making metal constructions, it is recommended to take into account the following tips:
- Metal fixing structures can be made collapsible in order to make it easier to transport, disassemble and assemble the machine in the right place.
- When choosing materials for the construction of structures it is necessary to pay attention to the fact that they are safe in order to avoid injury to animals.
- Metal splits are made of shaped pipes, which are connected in a rectangular box, with dimensions of 1 m in width and 2 m in length.
- Boxing strengthened with a width of several meters of metal straps to make the design more stable and rigid.
- Boxing should have free access from the sides, for this it is recommended to weld panels or grates that can be opened.
- The front and back part of the box must be equipped with wickets, the front wicket is made swing, and the back - with a strong lock.
- Front gate is made with a notch for the neck and the ability to adjust the lock width.
- It is recommended to provide metal eyelets for belts on the sides of the structure so that you can fix the cow's belly for additional immobilization. Thanks to such belts, a cow can be lifted above the ground, if there is such a need.
- Metal box trimmed from roughness and paint, in order to avoid corrosion and extend the life.
How to drive a cow in the machine and cut her hoof
Since the fixing machine is installed at the exit from the barn, it is not necessary to drive the cows into it specifically. Before going out on the street, the cow will independently enter the machine; all you have to do is to fix the head of the animal in the recess for the neck clamp. After the neck is fixed, the back gate closes, so that other cows cannot get into the structure and interfere with the procedure. Usually, cows behave calmly in such machines, so without much effort you will fix the necessary hoof that will be pruned. First, cut off the front hooves, after - rear. For the procedure, use a special hoof trimming knife, cutter or cutter, carefully cutting off the old hoof horn from the sole and crumb.
This part is characterized by gray color, it is fragile and fragile; you cannot confuse it with the “living” part of the hoof. The young hoofed horn is light, elastic, so the old part is cut off until a white line appears.
Learn how to properly trim cows with hooves and how to identify hoof diseases.
It is necessary to carry out the procedure as carefully as possible in order not to hurt the young site. In this case, it is better to stop earlier, without cleaning the hoof a little, than to injure it. If, nevertheless, it was not possible to avoid injury, the wound is immediately treated with iodine. Each subsequent hoof is treated in the same way, having previously fixed it. After all the hooves have been cut, the cow is initially freed from the last leg from the retainer, the front gate is opened, freeing the animal's head from the neck clamp, and the cow quietly goes outside. After that, the back gate opens, and the next animal enters the split for the procedure.
Did you know?The cow is a sacred animal in India, so beef is not eaten there, in addition, it is forbidden to kill cows by law. The killing of a cow entails 7 years of imprisonment, and in the state of Gujarat - a life sentence. Thus, the machine for fixing cows is a very convenient design, which allows you to significantly simplify animal care procedures, save time and monitor the health status of cows in a timely manner, in order to avoid possible problems and further costly treatment.
Why do I need to clear the hoof
There are several reasons for doing regular trimming and trimming of hooves:
- Improving the condition and health of the animal,
- Increased yields,
- Reducing the risk of lameness
- Reducing the risk of other diseases of the musculoskeletal system.
On average, the hoof for a month grows by six to eight millimeters. In the summer months, the pasture he quickly erased, so the shape of the hoof is not deformed. But in conditions of stall maintenance, the grown horn can greatly change the condition of the foot of the hoof. The overgrown part may crack, resulting in soft tissue damage. The danger of such damage is purulent inflammation. Another consequence of the irregular clearing is the stretching of the ligamentous apparatus, which is practically not treated in cows.
If the animals are kept on a tether, they should be cleared at least once every three months.
If cattle are kept in pens or pastures, then clearing can be done every four months. Unscheduled clearance is carried out in the case of a hoofed horn, cracks and injuries.
Before starting work, the animal must be fixed. To do this, use the machine or stall. After this, the coval assesses the condition of the Burenka's legs. Special attention is paid to the setting of the limbs and the location of the fingers in order to determine the presence of problems and peculiarities of deformity of the ungorn horns. Cutting the hooves of cows begins with cleaning the sole of dirt. Then, from a clean sole, the coarse part of the horn is cut off with the help of a special hoof knife. After that, the forceps of the hoof are cut off with forceps. The regrown horn is usually more fragile and gray in color; it crumbles when cut. Working with cattle requires two people. One holds the foot, the second clears and processes the hoof.
If during work a damaged area is detected, or the trimming has led to a crack, it is immediately treated with iodine.
After clearing is completed, it is necessary to ensure the correctness of the work performed. To do this, the leg is released, allowing the burenka to lean on the cleared hoof. With proper clearing, the conditionally drawn line along the axis of the finger bone will be straight. You can also use a special corner that shows how much more growing edge needs to be cut. If everything is done correctly, all that remains is to level the sole and edges of the hoofed horn with the help of a rasp. Sawing hoof necessarily. This prevents the occurrence and development of cracks, chips.
After clearing, the length of the front hoof wall should be from five to seven centimeters, and the back - no more than three. The wall of the hoof should be flat, and the hoof gap should be clean and well marked.
The hoof with a curved horn and deformed with mites and a knife is aligned first along the convex part, which is bent on the sole. Further, the regrown part of the sole and the opposite wall are cut off. It is impossible to level the deformed hoof in one clearing. Regular monthly clearance will be required.
In order to process the front legs, the head of the cow should be fixed. It is usually tied with a halter or by the horns to the feeder. If the clearing is being performed for the first time, or the buren has a restless temper, it is necessary to lay it on the hay for processing the hind legs. To do this, one side tangles the front and back legs. First, pull the front rope, then the back. The tension should be strong, but not sharp, so that the cow lay down herself. If a burenka tolerates clearing well, it is enough for her to confuse her front legs.
When tangling it is important to prevent the formation of scuffs and tendon squeezing.
For greater safety of the animal and forge, the treatment of cattle hooves is carried out in special machines. The hoof trimmer is designed with the cow's anatomical features. The animal is fixed in it, but does not feel in an enclosed space. Very often, the machine for treating hooves of cattle is equipped with electric drives and special lifting devices. Their task is to raise and fix the borenk's leg at the required height. This facilitates the work of coveal. In some models, the front legs can be fixed with a rope and a lock. Other models provide for mechanical fixation of all four limbs.
Machines for cattle can be stationary and mobile. Mobile has less weight and removable wheels. It has a backlight and built-in split. The frame is made of light but durable shaped tubes, and the floor is made of corrugated metal sheet. The stationary machine is made most often from pipes or metal profiles, and stainless steel is also used. The floor may be concrete.
Clearing animals in a stall is practiced more on private farms. For work, the animal is fixed in the stall with an additional longitudinal crossbar. Using a halter, the animal is tied near the feeder, limiting the movement of the head. For fixing the legs, use ropes that can be tied to the supporting pillars of the stall, or fastened together. Work in a stall is impossible without an assistant who will hold the feet of the animal during processing.
An additional advantage of the stall for clearing is the presence of a door in front. This facilitates the process of hatching a cow after treating its hooves, since not all animals move well backwards. Some farmers equip the stalls with a mechanical device, which is used in machine tools, for lifting and fixing the legs of the animal. As well as additional lighting and electrical outlets, where, if necessary, Koval can connect an electric rasp or any other tool.
How to properly trim the hoofs of cows?
First, let's say right away, trimming the hoofs of cattle should be done by a qualified specialist - this is a delicate job that requires the use of special knowledge. All work is best done on modern hydraulic equipment - so the occurrence of a stressful situation for cows is reduced to a minimum. It is necessary to observe the seasonality of trimming - the minimum procedure should be carried out 2 times a year, in spring and autumn. If necessary (depending on the type of cows) hoof trimming is performed more often.
It is advisable that the herd be “watched” by one specialist, and after each procedure an inventory of sick animals with a detailed description of each hoof will be compiled. In addition, an overall picture of the condition of the hooves of the herd of cattle should be displayed. In view of the fact that not every farm can pay for the work of a personal orthopedist, have in their equipment the latest equipment, it is best to use the services of mobile teams, which include professional veterinary doctors.
Why do you need to entrust this work to experienced professionals?
To do a job well, you need to be an expert. Especially when it comes to health and life. Experience is also of great importance. The Koshutin team has been working for a long time and efficiently, each of our workers is a high-class professional and approaches his profession with full responsibility. It is always easier to prevent the disease than to spend time and energy on its treatment. Because of the wrong time, poor-quality hoof trimming, you can lose all the livestock.
Cutting the hoofs of cattle - complex, time-consuming, requiring a certain knowledge process. It is better to entrust it to people who know all the nuances of this business, who work according to all norms, who comply with the necessary rules, otherwise animals can get even greater injuries and stress. In addition, it is important to have high-tech quality equipment and a set of necessary tools.
Earlier in our country, people who did not have the necessary knowledge about the anatomy of the hooves and possible diseases were engaged in trimming the hooves of cows. And as equipment was used what was at hand - a knife, hemp and boxes. Naturally, this adversely affected the productivity of pruning, and as a result, the milk yield decreased. Специально созданные, квалифицированные бригады, состоящие из нескольких специалистов высокого уровня – лучшее решение для небольших фермерских хозяйств.Not everyone has the opportunity to buy expensive hoof trimming equipment, and the seasonal challenge of such a group will be relatively inexpensive.
The most important thing in our work is to correctly and quickly cut, in case of illness, to diagnose it correctly and, after treating a sick hoof, protect it from external stimuli: moisture, germs, and remove the extra load from it.
Thanks to modern hydraulic equipment, we work quickly and efficiently. During the day, experts will be able to process about 80 heads of cattle, which includes:
- revision of every hoof
- preventive pruning
- carrying out all manipulations when a disease is detected
We can entrust the health of your animals!
Koshutin specialists are highly qualified and have more than 15 years of experience working with cattle. Call us and find out all the benefits of working with us - 8 (903) 829-53-41.