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Growth regulators for seedlings (tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers, grapes): description and characteristics

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Every spring, most gardeners begin pleasant chores - it is necessary to plant and grow seedlings.

The most popular is the cultivation of tomatoes and peppers - fruits, which are full of vitamins and nutrients.

Next, and talk about how to grow good seedlings of tomatoes and peppers?

Growing seedlings for open ground (greenhouses)

Start with the fact that growing and sowing seeds for tomato and pepper seedlings is best to start no earlier than Aprilif you plan to plant them in open ground. In the winter months, the days are very short, and the plants receive little light for growth and further development. It will be necessary to use additional lighting, and this is not always convenient.

Seedlings best sown in separate pots - so more likely to grow high-quality and strong plants. After planting in the ground, the pots must be covered and placed in a warm place, because the seeds soar better and have time to get stronger.

Next, find out when to plant tomato seedlings and peppers and what kind of care is needed?

Peppers picking

It must be said that the peppers do not like too much attention to their root system, so it is better to plant each sprout in a separate pot.

However, not everyone has this opportunity.

The best time for a dive is the period when the plant has about 6 leaves, it is then that it becomes crowded in one pot.

Tomato picking

Tomatoes dive after the appearance of two true leaves. The best is 10-15 days after the first shoots.

  1. Prepare a container. It should be high, have a hole at the bottom, resistant to watering.
  2. Fill the container with soil.
  3. Take a small scoop and pick them very carefully seedlings, then get it out of the box, trying not to hurt the roots.
  4. The main seedling root pinch off a little bit..
  5. Replant each plant in a separate container, compact the ground.
  6. Sprinkle with settled still water.

By the time of planting in the greenhouse or open ground, seedlings should reach the age of 2 months. Basically planting can be carried out since May 10.

Growth stimulants for tomato and pepper seedlings

The use of stimulants plays a big role in gardening, because it allows you to grow a bountiful and high-quality crop.

The following types of stimulants are used:

Epin. With this drug, the percentage of heavy metals and nitrates is reduced, increases disease resistance, weather conditions. Increases yield growth, fruit ripening speed, seedling growth.

  1. 1 ampoule must be diluted in 5 liters of water,
  2. Spray the solution of the plant immediately after breeding. A lot of spray is unnecessary, the drug is effective in small doses.

You can soak the seeds and process the seedlings. Does not harm people and animals. Cons - can not be used together with potassium permanganate, preparations of organic origin.

Heteroauxin. Stimulates root development. Mode of application:

  1. 1 tablet needs to be dissolved in 2-3 liters of warm water.
  2. Water the seedlings need immediately after disembarkation, and the next time - after 15 days.

Radifarm. Provides intensive root development. Mode of application:

  1. Dilute 200-250 ml of product in 100 liters of water.
  2. Water the soil in 2 weeks.

Biostim. Complex of phytohormones of plants of natural origin. Thanks to him, the seeds germinate faster, the seedlings become strong. Mode of application:

  1. Dilute 1 ml of the product in 1 liter of water.
  2. It is brought into the soil with a sprayer or a watering can at the rate of 1 liter per 5 square meters of seedlings.

Cornevin. With this stimulant seedlings Well take root in the groundless sick, grow stronger.

  1. 1 gram of Kornevin is diluted in a liter of water.
  2. Water at the rate of 60 ml per 1 sapling of tomatoes or peppers.
  3. You can also dust the roots of seedlings with Kornevin without dissolving them in water.

Minuses - toxic, dangerous to humans, it is necessary to work with it in rubber gloves, a gauze bandage and a dressing gown.

Can I do without picks?

Some vegetable lovers grow sprouts beautifully without picking. This has its drawbacks - picking touches the root system of plants and can damage it. Heavily damaged seedlings can even rot.

You can use boxes with partitions that do not allow seedlings to intertwine with each other and impede further growth.

As the seedlings grow, the soil needs to be added, moderately watering. Tomatoes and tomatoes without picking can be planted in open ground with the appearance of 2 inflorescences and 4-5 leaflets.

Growing peppers and tomatoes at home and until the end product

Just imagine how pleasant it is to feast on fresh vegetables, plucked from your own window sill or balcony! But it is quite possible.

Tomato varieties most suitable for growing houses:

Similarly, pepper varieties:

How to grow seedlings of peppers and tomatoes at home? At home growing seedlings are not placed in open ground, but in a large flower pot or box.

The pot must be taken at least 3-5 liters in volume. At the bottom is placed a drainage layer, and then the ground. When the first flowers appear, the temperature in the room should be at least 20 degrees. On the tomatoes and peppers should fall the sun's rays.

Flowers will need to be pollinated artificially., taking a soft little brush and transferring pollen to the pistils. This procedure is best done in the early morning.

How to water the seedlings of tomato and pepper at home? Watering is carried out in the evening, warm settled water. Pepper flowers are pollinated by themselves. When ripe fruits need to be removed in time, leaving 4-5 on the plant. It is very important that there are no drafts on the window sill or balcony.

Whatever way of growing tomatoes and peppers you choose, we wish to get a wonderful harvest and enjoy the fruits of your labor in plenty! If you properly care for the plants, then you will definitely succeed.

Plant growth stimulants: what are they used for?

The limitations on the speed of ripening of the crop and its quantity, established by nature, have been learned to overcome with the help of growth stimulants for plants (starting with seedlings). But the speed and volume of the utility of stimulants is not exhausted. At the same time, the problems of improving the tolerance of horticultural and garden crops to unfavorable or unusual climatic situations, as well as their resistance to pests and resistance to diseases, are being solved.

How to get growth regulators

The natural complex of phytohormones in the tissues of any plant regulates the natural process of its development. There is a specific nature of the specificity of the action of each of these substances. Gibberellins are regulators of flowering and fruiting, thanks to auxins, root formation and metabolism are established, and development of buds and shoots is associated with cytokinins. The mentioned hormones were able to be isolated and, having introduced experimentally obtained specific analogs in agricultural technology, positively answer the question of how to further accelerate the growth of plants. The production of growth stimulants has been established by isolating the necessary elements from natural materials - bacteria, algae, fungi, as well as those of organic origin of peat and coal. At the same time, we managed to create and organize the mass production of synthetic regulators, the effectiveness of which turned out to be no lower than natural ones.

Did you know?It is a popular practice to use seed treatment with aloe and honey honey solutions to stimulate plant growth.

Description and characteristics of the most popular growth stimulants

Further we suggest to get acquainted with the most widely used plant growth stimulants in garden practice.

The name of this drug clearly indicates that it is primarily a stimulant of flowering. Its main components are sodium salts and gibberellic acid, which is the most important element of natural plant hormones, on the activity of which flowering and fruiting plants depend.

During the period of growing plants, the drug is used to treat them, as a rule, twice:

  • as a growth promoter, the plants “Bud” are used before budding to speed up flowering,
  • Stimulator of fruit formation "Bud" serves, when applied after the formation of ovaries, which leads to an increase in the rate of formation of fruits.

For different cultures, a different concentration of the “Bud” working solution is also needed. To process cucumbers, you need 10 liters of water to add 10 g of the substance, for tomatoes - 15 g. The consumption of prepared liquid for these crops is the same - 4 liters per 100 square meters. m planted garden area.

But there are features in the application time:

  • Tomatoes are processed only at the primary stage, when the first three brushes bloom,
  • for cucumbers, triple spraying is required: 1) with the appearance of this leaf, 2) at the very beginning of flowering and 3) during the period of rapid flowering.

The main result of using this growth stimulator for these vegetables is the ability to increase their yield by 30-40% (due to an increase in the number of ovaries) and to accelerate ripening by about a week. However, in addition to this, “Bud” contributes to the improvement of drought resistance and frost resistance of plants, improves their survival rate and has a beneficial effect on the taste and nutritional properties of ripe vegetables.

The optimal combination of the sodium salts of gibberellic acids with trace elements leads to the effect of accelerating the metabolism of the plant treated with the preparation "Ovary". As an expected consequence, there is not only an acceleration of the process of setting new fruits, but also an increase in the number of ovaries. Moreover, fruit ripening intensifies in time and volume (by 15-30%). All this can be done even in unfavorable weather, since the effect of this plant growth accelerator also provides for an increase in their resistance to stress.

When the desire to achieve these results is complemented by the desire to increase the resistance of farmed vegetables to late blight, macrosporosis, Septoria and other diseases, then the fruit fruit stimulator “Ovary” is used. Common to all users of the plant growth activator "Ovary" are the features of the application associated with its moderate, as manufacturers warn, danger. In this regard, the stimulator solution is required to be used on the day of its manufacture in calm and dry weather. For the benefit of plants, spraying is done only in the morning or in the evening.

The concentration of the same solution and processing features for different cultures already differ:

  • an increase in the yield of tomatoes will be facilitated by their triple spraying with a solution of the "Ovary" (2 g / l), the signal for which will be the beginning of flowering on the bushes of the first three brushes,
  • Peppers are sprayed with the same composition, but twice in different periods - from the beginning of budding and then flowering,
  • For the treatment of cucumbers, a less concentrated solution is used (2 g of the preparation is diluted in 1.4 liters of water), and spraying is done first for single flowers, and then at the mass flowering stage,
  • A universal stimulant is also used to process grapes - the only time during flowering, the future carrier of grapes is treated with the same solution as tomatoes with peppers.

"Etamon" is one of the most recent occurrences in the series of plant rooting stimulants. The plant receives this drug by foliar feeding, which gardeners estimate as more comfortable than watering under the root. The impact of Etamon due to easily assimilable forms of nitrogen and phosphorus leads to transformations of intracellular processes in the root system, which, as a result, absorbs the nutrients it needs faster and better. This is evidenced by the intensification of the development of the roots and the plant as a whole. For the planned beneficial effect on vegetables, “Etamon” does not care about the openness or closeness of the soil, although it is recommended first of all for greenhouses and greenhouses. But the effectiveness of its influence can increase if the stimulator is made part of a single complex with full mineral fertilizer. The main target destination of this prominent representative of growth stimulants is considered for the seedlings of tomatoes, cucumbers, eggplants and peppers to form a strong root system, which is achieved by spraying these cultures with the preparation.

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