Sphagnum (peat moss) - marsh plant, a genus of moss from which peat is formed. Due to its low thermal conductivity, sphagnum is used in the construction business as an insulating material. In the dry state, sphagnum mosses can absorb water about 20 times its own weight, which is 4 times greater than the capacity of absorbent cotton. Due to this, moss got its name - “sphagnos”, which translated from Greek means “sponge”.
There are several main groups of mosses, one of them is green mosses. In many forests it is very often possible to find green moss “cuckoo-piece flax”, it is very brightly colored, has a bright green color, and you will not confuse it, for example, with sphagnum moss.
Sphagnum in nature is lighter colored than green mosses and has a light green color, and in dried form it is almost white, which is why it is called white moss.
Mosses are found on all continents of our planet, but most of the species still live in the northern hemisphere. For example, sphagnum moss is found from subtropics to polar regions, but most of it is in the temperate zone. It is best to look for sphagnum in a bog.
The upper bog is formed when the surface water stagnates on flat depressions of the watersheds. The water of this swamp is sharply acidic, the color of tea, rich in humus components, poor in minerals. The vegetation characteristic for upland bogs is wild rosemary, cotton grass, cranberry and sphagnum moss, in the north - dwarf birch. Upland bogs often have a convex shape, because moss grows faster in the middle part of the bog.
If you get to the upper bog, you will not confuse the sphagnum with any other plant. It covers huge areas with a very soft, bright-green carpet. But do not fall on it, because the bottom of the water and you can get quite wet.
Unlike many other mosses, sphagnum has no roots, so it grows very densely and one plant supports another. If you take one sphagnum branch, you will see that only the upper part of the plant is alive. Then comes the whitish part, and the lower part of the moss gradually dies off. Indeed, sphagnum moss grows tops every year, and the lower part dies, but does not rot, because below, first, there is not enough oxygen, and second, the moss itself releases substances that prevent rotting, which have bactericidal properties. It is these substances that are mainly used and applied in medicine. So, the lower part does not die off, but forms a substance called peat.
What is peat know many. First, peat is a fuel, and first of all it is used for this purpose, but also peat is known to gardeners and gardeners. It is added to the soil, seedlings are grown in it. And also peat is a chemical raw material from which a variety of substances are produced, including medical alcohol.
Useful properties of sphagnum moss
From a medical point of view, sphagnum has three very important properties. First, it is high hygroscopicity, that is, the ability to absorb moisture. For comparison: the same volume of sphagnum and cotton wool will absorb different amounts of moisture. If you measure these data, it turns out that sphagnum absorbs 20 to 25 times more moisture than cotton. The second property of sphagnum is its air permeability; even in a wet, wet form, this moss is very breathable, whereas cotton wool, for example, sticks together and forms a certain crust. And the third property - antibacterial, but first things first.
The ability to absorb a huge amount of moisture due to the cellular structure of the moss. If you look at the leaf of moss under a microscope, you can see that in addition to the usual green cells that contain chlorophyll and in which photosynthesis occurs like any other green plant, there are special airborne cells. They will be dead and their shells will be quite dense. If you take dry moss and look at it, these cells will be filled with air, but when we soak it, these cells are filled with water and are able to hold a huge amount of moisture.
High hygroscopicity allows the use of sphagnum as a dressing tool. It absorbs a huge amount of blood, pus and other fluids. Moreover, it was used not only during the war, but now doctors are more and more often resorting to this tool. But unlike cotton wool, for example, sphagnum also has antibacterial and disinfecting properties. Antibacterial, disinfectant and even antifungal properties of sphagnum are due to those substances that are included in its composition. First of all, it is a phenolic substance called “sphagnol”. In other plants, this substance was not isolated, only in sphagnum, and, of course, humic or sphagnum acids exhibiting the properties of antibiotics.
For a long time they tried to find out what is the best solvent for these substances, how to get them better from plants. Used a variety of substances - water, ethanol, ether, but found that the best solvent is plain distilled water. It is this property of water that works as a solvent and absorbs all the beneficial substances contained in peat moss, which makes it possible for some specialists to assert that the cleanest water in the forest is swamp water. Therefore, being in the forest in the area of the upper bog and finding dark, unpleasant-looking water, do not be afraid, most likely you can drink it, but it is advisable to boil it before this.
The bactericidal properties of sphagnum can be used not only for cuts, but also for burns and frostbite.
Many people know what needs to be done in case of a fracture, say, a limb. It is necessary to impose a tire and transport the patient to a medical facility. But few know that the tire cannot be put directly on the body. Some kind of softening pad is needed and in this case sphagnum will be perfect. Besides the fact that it will soften possible impacts and friction between the tire and the skin, it will also act as a disinfectant if there is any superficial damage.
There is evidence that sphagnum has been used as a dressing device since the 11th century, and perhaps even earlier. But even in our 21st century, modern medicine concludes that sphagnum is a more effective means than, for example, cotton wool and the production of sphagnum-gauze tampons is resumed. For this, sphagnum is additionally sterilized and impregnated with a solution of boric acid, which further enhances its antibacterial properties. But at home you can use and not sterilized sphagnum.
A huge number of very different microorganisms, including staphylococcus, fly around in the air. So it is safe and harmless for us, but it is worth a little to weaken our immunity, as he immediately sits on our skin and begins to multiply, thus bringing a lot of trouble. How to avoid it, and how to deal with it? For this ideal peat water. Simply squeeze out the moss collected in the swamp and rinse the affected areas with this water. Or wet moss applied to the place where you have a similar infection.
In addition, you can take a bath with sphagnum. To do this, sphagnum is cut into small pieces, filled with hot water of 70 - 80 ° C, allowed to cool and then pour the infusion into the bath. But keep in mind that taking such a bath increases sweating and after that it is necessary to wrap up in a warm bathrobe or lie under a blanket.
Antibacterial and antifungal properties of sphagnum can also be used to combat fungal skin diseases. A wonderful tool is the insoles of sphagnum. You can make them yourself, simply putting a little dried moss in your shoes. First, the insole will be soft, comfortable and sit on the leg, in addition, sphagnum will help to cope with excessive sweating and avoid unpleasant odor.
The use of sphagnum moss in construction
The special properties of sphagnum allow using this moss not only in medicine, but also in many other areas of human activity, for example, in construction. Surely everyone knows that the construction of wooden houses need insulation that is placed between the logs. Now in the construction markets there is a huge selection of a variety of heaters, including synthetic ones. But if you want your house, bath, stood for many years, it is best to take a sphagnum. First, this moss has a bactericidal property, and the log house will last much longer, and will not rot. Secondly, if you build a bath, the hygroscopic properties of this moss allow you to smooth out fluctuations in humidity, and this will also contribute to the fact that the bath will last much longer.
The use of sphagnum in gardening
Sphagnum moss is not only an assistant in construction, but also, one can say, a grower’s dream, especially a lazy one. For example, if you leave home for a long period in the summer, you can put sphagnum dipped in water in flower pots. It will gradually give moisture to the soil and this will allow your plants not to wither. In addition, finely chopped sphagnum is usually mixed with the ground and the mixture is used for planting indoor plants. Again, this will allow the ground to stay wet longer.
In addition, sphagnum can be used for rooting cuttings of indoor plants, as well as some summer bushes or shrubs. Sphagnum in this case is moistened or taken wet sphagnum from nature, finely torn and mixed with the ground. After that, cuttings are planted in this moist soil. They need to be slightly deepened and left for rooting. Experiments show that the number of rotting roots in such cultivation will be significantly less than in any other way.
Most often, sphagnum is used by lovers of orchids and violets. Sometimes even in flower shops sphagnum moss is sold in small packages. For what? Firstly, it can acidify the soil, and this is a necessary condition for the normal cultivation of violets. The more acidic the environment, the brighter and prettier the kaemochka on the leaves of these plants will be. Orchids have aerial roots, with which they absorb moisture not from the soil, like other plants, but from the air. These roots must be constantly moistened, because in the tropics where these flowers grow, very high humidity. But how can this be achieved in our usual city apartment when the air humidity is always below the norm? In this case, the roots of orchids are entangled or covered with fresh sphagnum, which is constantly sprayed with water. If you have resorted to this tool, then you will not need to spray these aerial roots five times a day; you only need to do this once.
Sphagnum dry moss can also be used at the dacha, for example, to cover plants that are afraid of frost. It will perfectly keep warm and will allow your pets not to freeze in the winter. In addition, sphagnum gives such a mineral as peat, which is an excellent fertilizer. Surely, all summer residents who plant seedlings in the spring are familiar with peat pots in which they can plant their seedlings, and then, without replanting, transfer the plant to the soil along with the pot. A pot will not only quickly rot, but will also provide additional fertilizer to growing roots.
The use of sphagnum in beekeeping and animal husbandry
This amazing plant can be interesting and amateur beekeepers. For example, not many people know that from the pressed dry sphagnum, you can make insulation for hives for the winter so that the bees do not freeze. And in order to maintain a constant level of moisture inside the hive, moss is used, which is dried in air at room temperature. If such a moss is put down under the hive, it will take away excess moisture and at the same time additionally disinfect the space, which will help avoid various unpleasant diseases in bees. And, most importantly, with increased dryness of the air, it will begin to give off moisture, and this will allow honey in honeycombs not to be sugared.
Sphagnum moss can also be used as litter for pets. And it can be those animals that live in your apartment, for example in a cage (rats, hamsters, guinea pigs). Sphagnum perfectly absorbs odors and therefore it can also be used as a filler for your pets' toilets. Sphagnum can be used as a litter not only for pets, but also for rather large agricultural ones. In this case, the sphagnum remaining after work, mixed with the droppings of these animals, will be the best fertilizer.
Collection and storage of sphagnum moss
To collect sphagnum, you will not need any additional technical devices - only hands, possibly gloves and a container where you will put the collected sphagnum. The moss is taken completely from its lower parts to the very top and folds into some bag in which you carry it to the place of drying. Before drying it, you must first press the sphagnum. The first spin is done by hand, after which the sphagnum is laid out on mesh trays. Drying is done outdoors - in the breeze and in the sun.
Unlike many other medicinal plants, sphagnum can be dried in the sun, it is not necessary to hide it in the shade and under the roof. Sphagnum dries long enough, but still it is not necessary to use artificial drying, because in this case it will dry unevenly. But the degree of drying depends on how you plan to use it in the future. If you plan to use for medical purposes, the drying can be almost complete (until the crunch, brittleness). In this case, sphagnum can be stored in a plastic bag, and wrapped in plain paper. If drying is carried out for decorative purposes, for floriculture, in this case, the shoots should remain as long as possible, they should not be broken, and for this reason, drying should not be carried out fully to keep the sphagnum slightly moist. It is best to keep it wrapped in paper, this will allow it to maintain the degree of humidity characteristic of the surrounding air.
An interesting history of the introduction of sphagnum in the official medical industry. At the turn of the 19th - 20th centuries, sphagnum was packed and shipped to all the provinces of Russia. Together with these packages, doctors and medical assistants received a special questionnaire in which they had to evaluate the properties of this new dressing material. According to the results, it was revealed that almost all doctors highly appreciated sphagnum, its hygroscopicity, looseness and its antibacterial properties.
The properties of sphagnum are really unique, and the plant, in general, is not rare, so the next time, walking through the forest, be sure to collect for yourself a certain amount of this moss, bring it home and dry it. You will surely find use for it.
Moss-sphagnum: description and compositionWhite, peat moss - this is also popularly called sphagnum. It is a small herbaceous marsh plant, which is united under the common generic name - Sphagnum and belongs to the Sphagnaceae family of sphagnum or peat mosses. Science knows many different types of sphagnum, differing in the structure of the stems and leaves, as well as in size, color and habitat. If you are interested in the question of where to get the sphagnum moss, then go to the swamp, where it forms a continuous shaky carpet called turf.
Let's look at how sphagnum peat is formed and what it is. Sphagous turf is met not only in the swamps, but also on the lakes. Here she swims peacefully on the surface of the water. Turf consists of many small specimens of sphagnum, which grow new tops each year, while their lower part dies off and, falling to the bottom, over time forms peat deposits. This uncomplicated way and the formation of swamps.Sphagnum has branched stems. The branches of the plant are strongly crowded at the top, but, due to the strong stretching of the internodes, as they grow, they begin to move away from each other, due to which their branches turn in different directions. As the moss matures, cavities form in the old parts of its stem.
The bark of the stalks of sphagnum consists of several layers of cells of large size, which are devoid of plasma and its inclusions, so that they are able to accumulate water like a sponge, and then hold it for a long time.
This species of moss has sessile leaves, which are widely attached to its stems and look very similar to tongues. The leaves are divided into oblong, large and solitary. The leaves growing on the branches of moss, narrow, have a slightly elongated shape and a tiled arrangement. And growing on the tops of the branches of their heads are bent. By the way, all types of moss leaves have hollow cells that can accumulate water.
В мире известно более 300 различных видов мха-сфагнума, при этом 40 из них обитают на севере России, образуя там сфагновые болота. Сфагнум преимущественно растет в лесных зонах и тундре северного полушария. В южном полушарии мох встречается высоко в горах и очень редко в умеренных климатических зон на равнинах.Sphagnum multiplies by spores or offspring, and the second method is more common: every year one of the branches begins to develop more intensively and reaches the size of the mother plant, as a result of which it is somewhat removed from the bush and becomes an independent plant.
What substances contains sphagnum:
- phenolic acids
- mineral salts.
What is useful moss-sphagnum, the use of therapeutic properties
Today, sphagnum has found its widespread use in both traditional and traditional medicine. Sphagnum has unique healing properties.A careful study of the plant confirmed that the sphagnum moss has excellent bactericidal properties due to the presence of coumarins, sphagnol and organic acids in its composition. In addition, we managed to find out that he has a pronounced antifungal effect. Due to this, sphagnum moss has found its use in the treatment of purulent wounds, as well as other traumatic injuries of the skin. It is used as a substrate for immobilization of fractures under extreme conditions.
Sphagnum has three very important qualities in medicine:
- high hygroscopicity
- excellent breathability,
- antibacterial and antifungal effects.
Sphagnum has invaluable healing properties, which are widely used in his practice by traditional healers and herbalists.
Below we consider the diseases in which sphagnum helps and how to use it correctly.Prevention of pressure sores. The hygroscopic and bactericidal properties of sphagnum are involved here. Moss has long been used to equip bedding for bedridden people, which prevents the appearance of pressure sores and unpleasant odor, as it perfectly absorbs sweat and has a powerful bactericidal effect.
Treatment of osteochondrosis, rheumatism and radiculitis. Dry moss brewed with boiling water in a ratio of 1:10 and insist until cool, then filtered and poured into the bathroom, diluted with warm water. They take a bath with a decoction for not more than 40 minutes, after which all the affected joints are rubbed with any warming ointment, they are wrapped and go to bed. Sometimes, to relieve inflammation from one or several joints, moss compresses are placed on them. To prepare the compress, you must take a tablespoon of sphagnum and pour half a liter of boiling water, let it stand. After that, the moss should be filtered and applied to the affected joints moistened with decoction bandages.
With colitis and enterocolitis It is recommended to take a teaspoon of crushed dry sphagnum 30 minutes before meals.
For prophylaxis ARI, ARVI and flu It is recommended to wash infusion of sphagnum, rinse their throats and rinse the nasal passages.
The use of sphagnum to produce alcoholSphagnum peat is the richest source of various chemical products. From it receive medical, wine and wood alcohol, bitumen, fodder yeast and humic acids.
For the preparation of alcohol, young moss peat is taken, which is transferred into sugar by means of sulfuric acid under pressure in an autoclave. Then the resulting sugary solutions are fermented with yeast for alcohol. And according to Professor Moser, out of 100 pounds of peat, you can get from 5 to 6 buckets of 90-degree alcohol.
Bactericidal properties of cuts and burns
Such beneficial properties of sphagnum moss, such as high hygroscopicity and bactericidal activity, make it possible to actively use it in the treatment of wounds as a drug with a pronounced antibacterial effect.
The use of sphagnum moss is advisable when:
- fractures as a bactericidal and hygroscopic pad between the body and the immobilizing tire,
- superficial skin injuries such as frostbite, cuts and burns.
How is sphagnum moss used in dermatological diseasesMoss-sphagnum can bring great benefits in the treatment of dermatological diseases. It is often used to treat nail fungus. To defeat the disease, insoles made of dried moss are put into the shoes, which are not removed throughout the day.
It goes without saying that the moss should be in contact with the site of infection, and therefore you can simply put a piece of the plant in the sock.
Sphagnum also helps to get rid of psoriasis, for this you should take a bath with infusion of this plant. To prepare the drug, moss is poured with hot water, infused and added when taking baths.
Sphagnum moss, how to prepare a medicinal plant
Moss-sphagnum can be found in various places, but the most reliable to collect one that grows in the marshes. To stock up on medicinal raw materials, you should follow simple rules.
When collecting moss just neatly cut with a knife or scissors top green part of the plant. When you come home to destroy all insect larvae, pour hot water over the collected moss.To dry the plant should be in the shade, in a well-ventilated place. Do not use electric dryers, as the drying of this plant in them is very uneven.
After the moss is completely dry, fold it into paper or cloth bags and store it in a dark place.
Moss-sphagnum: whether there are contraindications
If you are interested in the question of whether the moss is harmful to humans, then be sure that this is the safest plant. Despite a careful study of sphagnum, scientists have not been able to identify any contraindications. The only thing to fear when using this plant is the individual intolerance of its components.
Sphagnum moss is a priceless gift of the forest, which, if used correctly, will help to preserve human health and prolong life.
Medicinal properties of sphagnum moss
One of the most famous species of moss is sphagnum. It grows on huge spaces, forming sphagnum bogs. This perennial plant up to 20 cm high contains a special medicinal substance - sphagnol, thanks to which not only moss itself, but also its environment acquires antiseptic properties. In ancient times, healers tied sphagnum moss to wounds and abrasions, which ensured their quick healing. Sphagnum can be successfully used as a dressing material in the treatment of purulent wounds. During the war, they did just that: sterilized gauze pad was filled with sphagnum, which quickly absorbs blood and pus, absorbs unpleasant odors. Sphagnum moss does not lose its therapeutic properties even with long-term storage. And it is easy to prepare it for future use: the moss is simply cleared of twigs, leaves, and other debris, then put in paper bags, which are stored in a cold ventilated room. Before use, dry moss is recommended to scald with boiling water.
Healing properties of Iceland moss cetraria
It has long been in folk medicine used Iceland moss, or tsetrarii. It is believed that Iceland moss rejuvenates the body. It contains a huge amount of trace elements, phosphorus, calcium, vitamin C, vitamins of group B, proteins, polysaccharides, a lot of soluble starch, as well as mineral salts, sugar, and acids, similar in nature to tannins.
Iceland moss activates human immunity much more than other plant immunostimulants. This medicinal moss prevents the occurrence of diseases - from simple malaise to serious infections (for example, tsetrariya fights against tuberculosis bacteria). A decoction of Iceland moss forms a gelatinous mass that is easily digestible by the human body and contains up to 70% carbohydrates. This broth regulates the activity of the digestive tract, restores strength after a serious illness, has enveloping and wound-healing properties. It is used internally for pulmonary tuberculosis, whooping cough, bronchial asthma, as well as for chronic constipation and lack of appetite. And tsetrariya mucus is used to reduce the effects of certain drugs that irritate the intestinal mucosa. Outer broth of Iceland moss is used for washing purulent wounds, ulcers, as lotions for boils and burns.
Thanks to the powerful immunostimulating properties, a decoction of Icelandic moss is considered a real elixir of youth. They are still used by healers, using ancient recipes.
Iceland Moss Recipes
Moss has sorbing properties, its “sponge” can absorb 22 times more liquid than its own weight (cotton is only 9 times more!). For purulent wounds, microbial skin lesions, pustular rash, burns and boils, use lotions with a decoction of Icelandic moss. To prepare the broth, fresh or dry thallus of moss should be soaked in cold water. Then 2 tbsp. moss pour 0.5 liters of boiling water and simmer for 10 minutes. Cool the broth and cool. Change the bandage with him 3-4 times a day.
With a general weakness of the body, dry cough, stomach ulcer, as well as to improve the appetite, lichenin jellies are introduced into the diet, which have no taste or smell. For their preparation, 100 g of Iceland moss is poured over 1 liter of water, infused for 2-3 hours, 10 g of baking soda is added. Water is drained, moss is again poured with 0.5 liters of boiling water and boiled for 30 minutes, then filtered through gauze and cooled. Jelly is eaten for a long time to improve well-being.
Icelandic Cetraria (Moss Icelandic) can be bought at pharmacies. Indications for the use of this drug are: gastritis, gastric ulcer, exhaustion, bronchitis, cough, bronchial asthma, pulmonary tuberculosis, anemia, thyroid disease, burns and wounds. Recommended such use: 1 tbsp. (5 g) Icelandic moss pour 0.5 liters of hot water or milk, boil for 5 minutes. After cooling, strain and drink for adults 0.5 cups 3 times a day with meals. The duration of treatment is 2-3 weeks. The use of Icelandic moss is contraindicated in case of individual intolerance, during pregnancy and lactation.
There is also scientific evidence that Iceland moss can be used to treat allergies and asthma. The versatility of the healing properties of moss is truly unique.
The only thing when you should not use sphagnum is when you are allergic to any component of its chemical composition. In all other respects, this external agent is completely harmless. In order for the drug to show its best properties, it must be stored in a well-dried form in a room with low humidity. The plant is not prone to decomposition, but the shelf life at room temperature should not exceed 2 years. To check the quality of the raw material, you can smell the pillow, the normal smell is weak and pleasant, not like a swamp or putrid. If the pillow begins to crumble, crumble or change its color, it is better to throw away this raw material and collect it again. The plant collected in the winter is not suitable for medicinal use. To collect it is best to choose dry and sunny weather, so that the pillow is not soaked with excess rain water. Before drying, squeeze the sphagnum moss, spread out on a film or newspaper, wait until it is completely dry, and then use. Careful and responsible procurement of raw materials is a guarantee of safe use.
Preparation and storage of sphagnum
Sphagnum is harvested from late April to early October, in warm, dry weather. Otherwise, the collection may complicate the high level of meltwater, the activity of blood-sucking insects.
Collect sphagnum in various ways:
- Removed entirely, along with the roots. In this case, the raw material is obtained more, but it requires more careful processing.
- Cut the top of the plant with a sharp knife.
Moss should be collected by glades, approximately 40 cm, leaving the plant the possibility of full recovery. At one site re-procurement of raw materials can occur only after several years.
Moist sphagnum must be carefully squeezed or weathered from excess water. However, if you need "live" raw materials, then the plant can not be dried. If you harvest the plant for the future, then it must be spread out evenly in a ventilated place, but not under the sun's rays. It is not advisable to use a drying machine, as the plant dries out unevenly.
Live sphagnum is stored in plastic bags in the refrigerator or freezer. Dry moss should be stored in glass or tin containers. In large quantities dry moss is stored in canvas or cotton bags in a ventilated room.
Ready high quality sphagnum should be well dried, but it does not crumble. Coloring should be natural, greenish-gray. In the raw materials should not be impurities, quarrel, dead parts of the rhizome.
Application in everyday life
The plant has a low thermal conductivity, as a result of which it is often used as a thermal insulation material in construction. From sphagnum produce deodorizing agents, as it has a rather pleasant smell.
Some ethnic groups use this species of moss to produce sheets and diapers for children. In floriculture, sphagnum is used as a filler for earth mixtures. It should be noted that in dry form the moss is able to absorb water, the amount of which is 20 times greater than the mass of the plant itself. For such properties, moss is particularly popular with farmers and gardeners.
From sphagnum make dressing material, which is used in veterinary medicine and medicine. Since the fabric perfectly absorbs moisture and has antibacterial properties, it is used even on the battlefield. In Russia, sphagnum is used in the preparation of buds and other nutritional experimental products. Insoles made from sphagnum, helps to cope with an unpleasant smell and increased perspiration of the legs.
The composition and therapeutic properties of sphagnum
- The composition of sphagnum includes: triterpene compounds, phenol-like substances, sugars, resins, pectin elements, mineral salts, cellulose, coumarins.
- Sphagnum promotes healing of cuts, open and purulent wounds.
- It is used as an antiseptic dressing material that does not require sterilization.
- It has antibacterial properties, which allows it to be used to fight skin and nail fungus.
- Baths with sphagnum decoction can cope with increased sweating, fungal diseases of the skin and nails.
- Peat water, which remains after squeezing the moss, helps to eliminate staphylococcal lesions of wounds.
- Moss baths are recommended for skin diseases and irritations, as well as for psoriasis.
Collection used to treat skin diseases such as eczema, dermatitis
The following ingredients should be mixed in proportions of 1: 1: dry sphagnum, verbena, dried cherries, river gravilat, clover, primrose, rose petals, rhizomes of calgan and sedge. Mix everything thoroughly. 10 grams of raw materials pour 2 cups boiling water, insist a couple of hours. Drink before meals, several times a day.
Infusion can be applied externally, spreading it in a bath with warm water, or by moistening the cloth in it and applying it to sore spots.
Sphagnum is a swamp moss belonging to the Sphagnous family, which has excellent tolerance to adverse conditions of the marshland. You can meet him almost everywhere: on tree trunks, stones, metal and even glass. Peat moss is a perennial, not having roots. The lower part of the branched stalk gradually dies off, and the twigs are covered with small foliage growing in a spiral.
The development cycle of sphagnum is almost similar to other species. The formation of germ cells occurs on the gametophyte plant. The sporogon takes the place of the egg after the fusion of gametes, in the box of which spores develop, giving rise after maturation new gametophyte. Only its upper part develops, moving all the time to the light, while the lower one constantly dies off, the Upper is baptized in green, and the submerged area is whitish.
In periods of high humidity, sphagnum can absorb moisture up to 20 times its own weight. He owes this ability its name: in Greek, the meaning of the word sphagnum is a sponge. The temperate habitat and the northern hemisphere are considered to be the habitat, sometimes also found in the subtropics.
In floriculture and gardening
Cottage owners are familiar with it as a fertilizer or covering material of plants in the winter. And also they often fill cups for forcing seedlings. Moss is very widely used in floriculture:
- Possessing bactericidal properties, it is used for the cultivation of young specimens and the rescue of diseased plants.
- Due to its hygroscopicity, which allows it to retain moisture, it is popular as a constituent ingredient of various substrates.
- Широко применяется в уходе за орхидеями.
Способ применения мха сфагнума при разведении орхидей:
- Сфагнум ошпаривается горячей водой, охлаждается и отжимается.
- Готовится водный раствор с минеральным удобрением, которым проливается мох.
- Then it is slightly wrung out again and kept in a plastic bag for 4 days.
Moss prepared this way is used for now. orchid roots not reach 7 cm: the plant is transplanted into a freshly made sphagnum with an interval of 2 months. After reaching the root system of the required size, the orchid is transplanted into a special substrate.
In beekeeping and animal husbandry
Moss with its unique qualities may also interest beekeepers. For example, both for the house of a person and for the abode of bees, an excellent insulation is obtained from pressed dry sphagnum. In order to prevent bees from freezing with the onset of frost, hives are insulated with sphagnum. And to maintain a constant level of humidity inside the bee house, the moss is placed under the hive, where it absorbs excess moisture and, thanks to its antibacterial qualities, disinfects the space, avoiding the occurrence of various diseases in bees. With an increase in the dryness of the air masses, it will begin to return moisture, allowing honey in honeycombs not to be sugared.
Sphagnum moss is good for home dwellings. For example, it can be found in cages where rats, hamsters, and guinea pigs live. Often it is used for bedding animals for agricultural purposes. In such a situation, spent sphagnum in combination with animal droppings will turn into an excellent type of organic fertilizer. His ability to perfectly absorb various odors brought him popularity in the market of toilet fillers for pets.
Collection and storage of sphagnum
To assemble this plant, in special devices there is no need:
- Since it is not poisonous, the collection can be carried out with unprotected hands, but it is better not to refuse gloves.
- The plant is effortlessly pulled out of the ground, so the need for a shovel also disappears.
When the harvest is complete, the plant is squeezed out and unfolds in the sun for complete drying. If the purpose of its collection is to use moss as a decorative element, then it is not fully wrung out and is not subjected to prolonged drying.
Experienced people collecting sphagnum share these tips:
- Do not pull out the moss entirely: cut off the upper part with scissors, leaving the bottom untouched. After some time, the emergence of new shoots will allow the plant to fully recover.
- It is necessary to pour collected moss with boiling water to destroy small insectsliving on it.
- It is not necessary to resort to the use of artificial dryers: the plant can learn the parts.
- If possible, keep the collection in the freezer.
Thus, having become acquainted with this unique plant closer, it becomes really clear: what sphagnum moss is.