In nature there more than 300 types of clematiswhich differ in a form and coloring of a flower, and also are adapted for various climatic conditions. Their incredible beauty of vines, which will decorate any garden, unites them. Even the most fastidious hostess will find clematis to your liking. Today we will talk about how to grow at home an unusual Manchurian clematis.
Brief description of the plant
The birthplace of Manchu clematis is the Far East, namely, one of the historical regions of China, which gave its name to the flower. The word "clematis" in translation means "sprout of grapes" or "climbing plant". Manhurian creepers do not resemble grapes at all, but reach over one and a half meters in length, forming a huge beautiful bush, covered with small white flowers. The plant belongs to the herbaceous perennial, sometimes it is also referred to as one of the forms of direct clematis.Clematis Manchu during flowering
This species has a pleasant, but very pungent odor, which is particularly pronounced in the sun, so allergy sufferers should be careful.
The stems of this variety are very branchy and wind up along any structures, be it a special arch or a wall. Liana has leaves of complex structure, which combine from 3 to 7 leaves. The flowers are small, white, consist of four oblong petals and fold into inflorescences. One liana can crown up to 500 flowers at the same time.
This species is unpretentious and grows well in our climate, it tolerates frost and temperature fluctuations, does not require special care. The most abundant bloom, usually in June and July.
Growing Manchurian clematis at home
This culture is planted in the ground in the fall or spring. There are several factors to consider.
The plant is unpretentious to weather conditions, but needs fertile soil nutrient. In order for a bush to grow large and healthy, it is necessary to plant it in the right soil. You can purchase a special substrate in the store or mix on your own the following ingredients:
Manchurian Clematis loves the sun very much, so you should not plant it in the shade. If you want the flower to twine around the wall of a building, you can choose any one except the north one. Wherein the plant must be planted at some distance from the wall so that there is a place for development. Avoid places where water runs from the roof. If there are no buildings nearby, you need to take care of support for the vines. Sometimes the plant is left to creep along the ground to form a blooming white carpet. Also, this culture does not like wind and strong moisture. You can not plant the plant in places where groundwater comes too close to the surface of the earth.
The process of planting seedlings
- root neck it is covered with earth by about 15 centimeters,
- final stage - abundant watering.
The plant begins to grow profusely after three years, and the densest bloom is observed after 5-6 years.
Does not like excess moisture, but does not tolerate drought, therefore water the plant should be once a week, and during the drought - 2-3 times. You need to pour water around the bush and try not to fall on the leaves and flowers. Under one bush you need to pour out 3-5 liters of water, depending on the weather and the age of the plant.
Feed start from the second year according to the scheme:
- growing season - drugs with a high content of nitrogen,
- bud formation stage - fertilizers containing potassium,
- after flowering - make feeding with phosphorus,
- after trimming - mineral fertilizers.
Manchurian clematis blooms on the shoots of the current year, so cutting it is not difficult. After flowering, absolutely all shoots are cut off..
Manchurian clematis as well as many other species: Tangut, brown, burning, isabel, this and others, can be propagated in four ways:
They are sown in early March, and shoots should appear within six weeks. The seed is soaked for 5-7 days and then sown in a container.covered with foil to maintain optimum temperature. With the stabilization of air temperature, the seedlings are transplanted to the garden bed.
About a third of the vine is cut, on which the buds have already appeared, then it is divided into cuttings with two nodes on each. From the top, the cut should be straight, about 3 cm from the knot, and from the bottom - an oblique cut with a distance from the knot of 7-10 cm . This operation is also done in the spring.
Clematis Manchu in landscape design
Clematis - decorative vine, which is used for landscaping vertical structures. Well look arches or arbors in a frame of snow-white flowers of clematis. The fence, braided them, will turn into a lush hedge.
With the help of climbing clematis, you can hide unsightly buildings. Its thick shadow will cover the sun on a hot day. If you do not give Manchurian clematis a support, it will braid the earth, you will end up with a lush green carpet dotted with white buds.