Since the beginning of May and almost until July, our gardens are decorated with irises. A diverse combination of colors and shades, pleasant aroma - all this creates a good mood, a sense of celebration. Irises are unpretentious, but they have one feature - they grow rapidly in breadth, therefore, they should be transplanted once every 3-4 years. This issue will pay attention in our article.
Ways to transplant
Irises are transplanted by digging the plant completely or by separating from it a part of the rhizome, called a layering, spatula, fan, delenka. Having dug out the plant, the rhizome is divided into separate links, having their own outlet with the roots. Without a complete extraction of the mother bush from the ground, the scapula is separated with a sharp knife, and then dug with a shovel. The cut place is disinfected with green paint or ash. Thus, two tasks are performed: transplanting and rejuvenating an old bush.
Regardless of the method and time of transplanting irises, parts of the rhizome at the age of 1 year, having a diameter of 10 to 20 mm and a length of 20 mm, are separated from the bush, along with the leaves. Separating the link, immediately shorten the roots, leaving only 30-50 mm, then cut off the fan in the form of a cone by 1/3. Before landing on a new site, layering can lie down for several days.
When the old bush is dug out with links without leaves and roots, do not rush to throw them away, if they are healthy, plant them on the garden bed. The next season will sprout.
If it is necessary to transplant the bush completely, then it is carefully dug with the use of forks, trying not to damage the rhizome. Further inspect, shorten the leaves, remove the damaged areas, disinfect in 0.2% solution of potassium permanganate, slightly dried, and only then transferred to a new location.
There are varieties of irises growing badly - the rhizome of them grows actively, it takes all the energy, so the buds do not awaken. Even in this case, it is possible to obtain material for transplantation. using the following trick:
- Across the rhizome, between the apical bundle of leaves and dormant buds, we cut a narrow wedge.
- Sprinkle the incision with wood or activated charcoal. For the next growing season, the buds will wake up and give several scapulae ready for separation and transplant.
When to transplant
The main question in the transplant of irises: when is it better to do this? It becomes relevant when a neat little bush recently, suddenly turns into dense thickets, rhizomes begin to be squeezed out, and even the flowers are small and rare.
Actually, irises are taken, transplanted at any time, but experienced gardeners, who have been watching these beautiful flowers for years, believe that spring and early autumn are most suitable for this event. Having bought the iris delenka with a flower, it can also be planted, only the peduncle will have to be removed, and the bunch of leaves cut in half. There are rules for transplanting irises, observing that you will create an elegant oasis blooming from year to year on your land:
- Dig the shrub gently, free the roots from the remnants of the earth. If very dirty, wash with water.
- Remove diseased and dry leaves. You should also clean the plant from the rotted parts.
- Cut the rhizome with a sharpened blade, with a root and leaves on each shoulder blade.
- Cut the roots and leaves with scissors at an angle. Dip the branch in the water, slightly colored with potassium permanganate.
- Sprinkle the slice with a mixture of sulfur and activated charcoal.
- Spread the planting material in the sun, turn on different sides to dry. This procedure also contributes to decontamination.
- Proceed to transplanting in the previously prepared wells with a distance of 50 cm. After filling them with soil, water well, and then mumble with dry soil from above.
Transplant in the fall
When transferring irises to a new place in the fall, consider some transplant features:
- Choose bushes for this purpose, where the flower bud has already formed and the root system has developed sufficiently.
- Separate layers with a maximum length of 60 mm and a diameter of 20-30 millimeters.
- Pick up the transplant time so that the shoulder blade has time to take root before the soil freezes. This usually occurs 45 days after separation from the mother bush.
- Cover the transplanted irises for the winter with fallen leaves or spruce branches.
- Remove the shelter immediately after the snow melt.
Having decided to transplant irises, remember: the rhizomes should be flush with the ground level, the leaves should be in a stable upright position with orientation to the north so that the shadow cast by them does not fall on the rhizomes. To do this, observe the following technology:
- Prepare a seat in depth equal to the length of the roots.
- Pour the soil at the bottom of the pit, mixing it with a small amount of phosphate or potash fertilizer and forming it in the form of a small elevation.
- Lower the plant, placing the roots on the built mound and slightly pressing them to the soil.
- Fill the hole with soil, pour. If it is still hot, create an artificial shadow for the bush.
By the way, you can put up to 5 royal blades in one seat, but the distance between the pits should be increased to 0.7 m.
It is so abundant and when the transplanted bushes bloom, not only the terms of the iris transplantation affect, but also the area successfully chosen for them and further care. These flowers like places well lit, with a light, fertile ground. In the shade they throw few peduncles and lose some of their decorativeness.
It is desirable that the area with irises did not blow strong winds. Places with closely located groundwater are completely unsuitable for a beautiful flower; the rhizomes there rot and perish. It is also important not to transplant the irises to the site where they have already lived for a long time. To avoid diseases, it is recommended to transplant them to their former place only after an incident of at least 4 years.
Abundant and prolonged flowering of irises transplanted in the previous year, contributes to fertilization in early spring and during budding. The first time it is enough to sprinkle the soil around the bushes with a complete set of readily soluble mineral fertilizers, taking 10 g per plant. During the second feeding the same fertilizers are used, in the same quantity.
All the above transplant techniques are suitable for bearded irises, but there is another group - beardless moisture-loving irises: Siberian, watery, bristly, smooth, multi-colored. They are transplanted differently: rhizomes are buried, often watered in the process of leaving, they tarnish when it's hot. Planting material of these varieties never dried, even store them, overlaid with moist sphagnum.
To irises constantly delight the eye with a riot of colors and delicate aroma, do not be lazy to transplant them taking into account the peculiarities of this process. And remember: the finer the flower, the more attention it requires.
Why need a transplant of irises
Irises are unpretentious flowers, grow well even on depleted soils, undemanding to top dressing. However, the plant has one small drawback - the culture is rapidly "growing in breadth." That is, several years after planting a single tuber, the flowers may so overwhelm the flowerbed that they will not have enough nutrition for development. Transplant - the only way out.
When is it better to transplant irises in autumn or spring?
Irises are one of those flowers that take root quite quickly and easily, so you can start a culture transplant both in spring and in autumn. However, in the spring, the plants will delight in flowering, it is better to transplant early - when the threat of night frosts is over. In autumn, the procedure should be started no earlier than September in the central part of Russia, and not earlier than October - in the southern regions of the country.
How to transplant irises in the fall to a new place
When transplanting irises for the winter, it must be remembered that only bushes that have a well-developed root system and flower buds can be transplanted. In addition, the timing of the procedure should be chosen in such a way that the plants could take root and gain nutrients before the soil freezes (on average, the iris requires a month and a half).
As for the transplant itself, it is very simple:
- inspect the flowerbed, select those flowers that have well developed stems,
- carefully dig up the plants with a garden fork (or fork), shake off the ground, if necessary, wash the tubers under running water,
- divide the tubers into links so that each link has a fan of leaves,
- cut the roots of tubers to 5-7 centimeters, and the leaves - up to 20 centimeters,
- process the tubers with a weak solution of "potassium permanganate", dry them,
- prepare a seat for irises (dig a bed, check the acidity of the soil, if necessary, add a little ash or lime to the soil (the irises do not like acidic soils),
- make in the flowerbed grooves equal to the length of the roots of planting material,
- put some soil mixed with complex fertilizer for irises on the bottom of the dimples,
- place the tubers in the prepared holes (try to make the rhizomes flush with the main ground level), sprinkle them with earth, pour.
Gentle wild-growing irises grow on rocks, in steppes. For breeding in greenhouses and growing in dacha plots, more than 500 varieties have been developed, which are conventionally divided into categories.
The most popular are:
- bearded irises, which are distinguished by lower petals with small fine hairs. The color of the petals is heterogeneous - the lower petals are usually more saturated colored,
- marshy irises (iris) decorate flower beds and cottages almost everywhere. The peculiarity of the flower is long leaves (about 1.5-2.0 m). Since the iris easily tolerates partial shade, it is planted under fences or near trees, whose crown is not very dense. This is a completely picky variety, requiring a minimum of care,
- dwarf irises exquisitely decorate compact flowerbeds. Peduncles grow no higher than 40 cm. Therefore, the ideal options are to plant plants along paths or on hills,
- Onion irises (Dutch) already in the early spring delight summer people with their delicate flowering and charming aroma. The first flowers bloom as soon as the snow melts,
- Siberian irises retain a beautiful decorative appearance throughout the season. thanks to foliage saturated green color. The variety is planted every 7-9 years. The rhizomes of plants are buried stronger than other varieties. Tubers do not need to be dried after disinfection. After dividing and until seating, planting material is contained in moistened sand.
The fastest growing hybrid varieties. At one place irises can be grown for about 5 years. It should be borne in mind that if the plants are not planted in time, the flowers will become smaller, and the bushes will gradually degenerate. This is due to the fact that the iris tubers will multiply, stick out of the ground, in the center of the bush fossa is formed.
When to plant irises: fall or spring
If the transplant is carried out according to the rules, then it is possible to engage in planting irises both in spring and autumn:
- experienced growers recommend choosing summer and autumn time. Irises already fade and the plant begins to actively grow the root system. Therefore, the flower will be easier to take root in the new place. The optimal period is the last days of August - the beginning of September. If you delay with the iris planting, they may not settle down before the frost and just die,
- The spring period is also suitable for transplanting irises - plants begin to grow actively and quickly take root. The only negative - the iris blooms, as a rule, the next year. If the buds have time to mature, the plants can bloom late, which is acceptable only in the southern regions. When spring planting should also take into account the risks of heavy precipitation or sudden frosts. Such weather conditions are poorly tolerated by irises, poorly rooted.
How to consider climate by region
In order to successfully transplant irises to another place in the autumn, it is important to take into account the climatic features of the regions. As for iris rooting, it takes about a month and a half.
The optimal time for planting and transplanting irises in summer and autumn:
- in Moscow, transplanting plants can begin in mid-August. Since the sub-zero temperatures are set in November, it is recommended to complete the transplant of irises by mid-September,
- frosty weather can be established in the Leningrad region from mid-October. Therefore, the end of July - August is suitable for transplanting irises,
- In Ukraine, the weather is different in the northern and southern regions. Therefore, at what temperature to plant rhizomes, determined by the location of the problem. If in the northern regions frosts can occur from December, then in the southern regions frosts can occur in January-February. And, accordingly, the irises are transplanted in November in the southern regions and in October in the northern,
- frosty weather in Belarus comes in December. Therefore, from mid-October, you can begin to transplant flowers,
- in areas of Siberia, you need to begin transplanting irises, starting in August. Since the second half of October, set a negative temperature.
In the first year after transplantation of irises, it is recommended not to allow them to bloom (the arrow is carefully cut off). Since the plant must spend all the forces on the formation of the root system.
By lunar calendar
In order not to miss the optimal days when planting irises in the open ground in autumn, it is advisable to use the calendar of the summer resident.
- Days of August suitable for transplanting irises: 4-7, 14-16, 31.
- In September, it is recommended to do transplantation of irises in such numbers: 2-4, 11-12, 15-17.
- Suitable days of October: 1, 4-6, 12-14, 19-21.
How to plant irises in the fall
Experienced growers recommend breeding irises by dividing the root into several lobes. If the priority is faster to fill the area with irises, then apply the seed method of cultivation.
Different soils are suitable for growing irises, but preferably well-drained sandy and loamy. Neutral soils are suitable or with a weak acid reaction. On acidic soils, irises also grow well, but may not bloom.
Therefore, experienced growers are advised to neutralize the acidity of the soil by liming it (using ground chalk or wood ash).
When growing irises, much attention is paid to the mechanical quality of the soil. Flowers develop worse on fertile, heavy soils than on poor but loose ones. In order to “ease” heavy dense lands, sand or peat are added to the preparation and digging of the site.
In order for the irises to bloom profusely and beautifully for a long time, it is necessary to choose the right place for breeding. The site should be well lit, but be protected from harsh winds. Since the irises negatively relate to excess moisture, you should not plant flowers in lowlands or in areas with a high location of groundwater.
Rearing with roots
The plot for planting irises in the fall is prepared in advance (for 2-3 weeks), so that the soil is a donkey and there is an opportunity to prepare the holes of the desired depth. When digging it is desirable to make fertilizer - superphosphate and a couple of glasses of wood ash. Do not use organic supplements, as the roots can rot. If the ground is heavy, then sand must be added.
The site is watered and covered with foil. Iris bushes do not fertilize on the eve of transplanting.
Digging holes no more than 3 cm deep, it is necessary to observe the distance between the bushes. Stunted planted at a distance of 15 cm, sredneroslye - at a distance of 20 cm, and high - 50 cm.
- In bushes, all leaves are cut at an angle at a height of about 10 cm from the base.
- When digging a plant, the rhizome is carefully removed. It is important not to damage the root system, so try to keep the ground on the roots. It is recommended that you then rinse the roots to make it easier to assess their condition. Sick and damaged parts are removed - cut with a sharp knife. Too long roots must be shortened (leave no longer than 10 cm).
- Rhizomes are divided into several parts. The main rule - each delenka should have a fan of leaves and a separate root. Seedlings before planting must be treated - soaked in a solution of potassium permanganate for 10-15 minutes. This procedure is also the prevention of bacteriosis. Be sure to dry for several hours, occasionally turning it over. If possible, landing delenok make in 10-15 days. During this period, the cuts will have time to fully tighten, the root hillocks are outlined.
- At the bottom of the hole lay the drainage layer (you can pour sand or small pebbles). Rhizomes are placed in the hole, almost at the level of the topsoil. Root threads gently straighten and sprinkle with soil. The soil is manually compacted and watered gently, preventing water from entering the leaves.
An important point when planting irises in the fall is to decide how deep to place the root. Since plants with a strong depth will develop poorly and will not be able to bloom. And with a superficial arrangement of rhizomes can freeze in cold weather.
Если корневища после выкапывания высаживаются не сразу, необходимо завернуть их в сухую чистую ткань и хранить в сухом, проветриваемом, прохладном помещении до посадки.
Как вырастить ирисы из семян
При выборе этого способа надо быть готовым к тому, что первые цветы появятся только через 2-3 года. И прорасти отдельные семена могут через год. Seeds of irises ripen until the fall and there is a chance that you can miss the moment of their collection - they just fall on the garden bed.
It is recommended to cut the seed boxes immediately after flowering.
The boxes are tied into a light fabric (gauze, tulle) and put on in a ventilated place.
On a specially prepared bed, the holes are made with a depth of 1.5-2 cm. The aisle is left narrow - 10-15 cm. In order for the seed not to become extinct, the area is covered with sintepon cloths. Planting irises seeds in the fall do so that they did not have time to germinate - from the second half of September. In the spring sprouts seated.
Caring for seedlings and preparing for winter
The best option is to plant irises with separate flower beds (iridariums), on high beds (about 20 cm high). Even if the ground is sandy, such a measure will help prevent water stagnation, especially in rainy weather.
When autumn planting necessarily apply mulching of the soil (using peat, sawdust, or even just the ground). Due to this, flower buds are preserved on the seedlings. In the spring, as soon as the snow melts, the covering layer is removed.
To transplanted irises well wintering, we should not rush to the early weatherization of plants. But the delay is also fraught with consequences. The best option is to skip the first frost and cover the irises only with the onset of these frosts. Covering material is used different (straw, foliage, peat, sawdust).
When using dry dead foliage, it is necessary to prevent the plants from drying out. To do this, at the site first spread thin branches.
Any summer resident will agree that there are not many irises. Since the flowering period of irises is about two weeks, then it is desirable to plant several different varieties with different flowering periods to decorate the garden. And then for a long time it will be possible to admire exquisite elegant irises. Today we examined the characteristics of planting and transplanting irises in the fall to another place. We hope the information will be useful to you.
When is it better to transplant irises
Vegetation period at the killer whales, depending on the variety, ends in mid-July and early September. This is the best time when you can transplant irises. True, some gardeners do not pay attention at the moment and carry out the division of the bushes in the spring. Someone, on the contrary, attracts summer (July-August), but experienced gardeners recommend choosing autumn.
Iris transplant in autumn
September is the best time to transfer irises to a new site. They quickly take root in the open field, winter well and, when spring comes, they are ready for flowering.
Transplantation is carried out in compliance with these rules:
- only shrubs with a sufficiently developed root system need relocation,
- choose those shoulder blades that managed to separate from the mother bush and give good roots before the onset of cold weather,
- be sure to pay attention to the flower buds have already been fully formed.
On a note! Despite the frost resistance, the irises planted on the new site are covered with spruce branches or fallen leaves. This will provide better rooting and protect against frost.
How to transplant irises
Each gardener makes a transplant of irises when it’s best for him. In any case, you need to follow certain rules:
- on the bushes selected for transplanting, leaves are cut in half the length, cut at an angle,
Note! If brown spots are found, it is better to cut the leaves completely and destroy them, and treat the rhizomes with a solution of copper sulphate (10 g of the drug per bucket of water) and separate them from other flowers.
- rhizomes are dug and cleaned from the soil, too dirty washed with water,
- rotted parts and dry foliage are removed, in this case the rhizomes are kept in the “Khom” solution for 20 minutes and dried for 12 hours,
- when they divide the bush into parts, they see that there are 2-3 knots with sleeping buds on each delenka,
- cut the rhizomes only with a sharp knife
- cutting sites are treated with wood ash or gray mixed with activated carbon,
How to transplant irises
- remove unnecessary roots,
- the cuttings are kept in a weak solution of potassium permanganate,
- planting material is dried on the bed, turning periodically to the sun's rays touched each part of the layer.
Important! Only young roots are taken into the transplant, old ones without regret can be thrown away. If the plant is fed, then digging is done not earlier than 2 weeks after fertilization.
The main methods of transplantation
- Full digging of the bush - the whole plant is removed from the ground, the roots are shortened to 3 cm, the leaves are cut to 10 cm, then the bush is cured for 2 days and also completely dropped in a new place (if the plant is not more than 4 years old) ) or dismember delenki (old bushes),
- Partial - a tunnel is made under the bush, the necessary number of cuttings are cut off, which are placed on new places.
Note! If in the second variant the rhizomes were damaged, then it is not recommended to use the hive for partial transplantation. It is better then to dig it up completely and revise the layers.
The new site where the planting will take place should be sunny - the iris do not like constant shadowing. Be sure to take into account the location of groundwater - they should not be above one and a half meters.
- If the layering has a different size, then under the length of each spine a hole is dug,
- A layer of earth mixed with fertilizers (potash or phosphate) is placed on the bottom of the depression,
- A small mound is formed,
- The root is set on a hill, slightly pressed into it,
- Sprinkled with soil in such a way that the kidneys remain under a 2-centimeter layer of soil,
- Fresh landing plentifully watered, if necessary for a while, a small shadow is created.
Placing iris blades in a flower bed, trying to maintain the vertical position of the leaves, focusing on the north. Then the roots will always be heated by the rays of the sun.
On a note! Root for planting choose a diameter of 20-30 mm, with a length of not more than 60 mm. Then in one seat can be set up to 5 blades. The distance between the holes is kept 0.7 m (with separate landing options - 0.5 m).
Section of kasatik - limiiris
The described technology is suitable for bearded killers. If on the site grow representatives of the bezborodnik group, limiiris (Siberian, smooth, bristly, water), here such features are taken into account during transplantation:
- layings after digging are not dried, the plant is transferred with a clod of earth,
- the wells do deeper than ordinary irises,
- create shading in hot weather,
- Abundantly watered throughout the season.
This kind of killer whales are more often planted in the spring, although planting material is collected in the fall and kept wrapped in moss.
Interesting. Limirises are more capricious than the “bearded”, but outwardly no less beautiful. Abundant flowering, but without the usual aroma.
Iris transplant in the suburbs and Siberia
The iris is rooted so quickly that a month is not so important for their planting. The main thing is to pay attention to climatic features, as well as to choose drained soils with the presence of clay, ignoring sandstones.
In the Moscow region, in the Urals, in Siberia, they are not particularly wondering when the irises can be transplanted from one place to another. For flower growers in these regions, each warm month is good for working in a flower bed.
It is better to cook a new bed in the fall, digging and adding compost, humus, a little lime and bone meal. The bush can also be prepared from September. To do this, it is enough to cut off the new blades from the old rhizome and leave it in place until spring.
Additional Information. If in the southern regions the landings are started at the end of March, then for the middle zone of Russia you should focus on the second half of April - the beginning of May. Those who have been involved in irises for a long time have already noticed that the bloom in May is beginning to bloom earlier than in April.
As soon as the soil warms up to the desired temperature, the young bushes dig in and transfer to a new place of residence. In case of return frosts, it is better to sprinkle fresh plantings immediately with sawdust to prevent the roots from being damaged due to temperature changes.
Important! When spring planting, it is recommended to plant several delenok in one hole, forming your mound under each branch. At the same time, the pit, with a diameter of 0.4 m, is deepened to 15 cm. Gardeners engaged in flower transplantation in the spring of 2018, admired their iris already this year.
Those who decide to start breeding irises in the summer should start the procedure in the second half of July or in August, when the flowers on the bush wither. The rules for site preparation, planting material and the algorithm of work do not differ from those described above, but there are small nuances:
- A new section intended for transplantation is watered abundantly a few days before the main works,
- the soil at a depth of 20 cm loosened and add nitrophoska (80-90 g / sq.),
- roots dig into small pits just below the ground level,
- the direction of the leaf fan is southern, it will allow the plant to develop symmetrically,
- falling asleep hole, part of the scapula is left looking out of the ground,
- water is planted with warm water, so as not to injure the plants with temperature differences.
On a note! The transplanted irises will no longer bloom this year, but they have enough time to take root and prepare thoroughly for the winter period.
Landing in the fall
In the cooler regions, autumn plantings are also practiced, the most suitable period for this is the first half of September. Repotted killers need at least 2 weeks to have time to take root before the frost, which in Central Russia begins in October.
If the iris is transplanted in the autumn, the soil is dug up, but not fertilized - a complex top dressing is applied under the rhizomes in early spring. When powdering the roots in the hole, a small “back” is left to look out on the surface.
Important! If the rhizomes are completely buried, without giving the opportunity to "sunbathe" in the sun, the plant will quickly rot. This is an important point, no matter what season is chosen for transfers.
When several blades are planted in one pit, it is better to place them around the perimeter of the circle. So young plants will be easier to winter. New plantings in October are sprinkled with leaves, and if winter is expected to have little snow, then in November they will be covered with spruce branches.
If the cold comes earlier than foreseen, the bush can be divided into layers and, before spring, plant them in a greenhouse with light nutrient soil. Either root in flower pots with a substrate and land on a permanent place when spring frosts pass.
Having decided on the time of flower relocation, having studied the information on how to transplant irises correctly, even a novice gardener will easily cope with this work and very soon begin to enjoy the beauty of his multi-colored flower bed.
Preparing the soil for transplanting
Before embarking on the iris in the fall, you need to choose the right place for the future flower garden. The composition of the soil, groundwater, light exposure strongly affect even such picky flowers.
Irises are very fond of sunlight. Especially in the morning, the maximum amount of sun should fall on the flower bed. Remember where in your area the snow comes off the fastest in spring. There need to plant irises in the fall. It will be the perfect place for an iris paradise.
It is desirable that strong winds also bypass the place for transplanting irises.
Unlike other garden flowers, irises like loamy, slightly acidic soil. If the ground is too dense and heavy, before digging the area, sand should be scattered over the surface. If the soil is light and sandy, then add a little clay. You can add to the soil a small amount of well-rotten humus and ash, provided that the soil is too acidic. It will be useful to add potash fertilizers and superphosphates to the soil before transplanting irises in the fall.
Growth stimulants when transplanting irises in the fall or spring to bring in the soil is not recommended. In the fall, they will not allow the roots to fully prepare for the onset of winter. And in the spring the root system, giving all its strength to the leaves, will become weak and defenseless.
It is advisable to finish all the preparatory work approximately 7 to 10 days before the start of the iris transplantation in the fall. To soil compacted and took the desired consistency, the area intended for planting need 3 to 4 times plenty of water. During this period, the loosened and fertilized soil will consolidate and settle. Now on the prepared site you can plant irises.
Preparation of planting material
Florists when planning planting work are guided not only by such factors as the season. The main signal, when it is necessary to replant the irises in the fall, so that they better settled down and rooted, is the state of the foliage. As soon as the tops of the leaves began to turn yellow, you must immediately begin to transplant.
An iris bush that needs an emergency transplant, preferably 2 - 3 weeks before planting, do not water or fertilize. To remove the rhizome from the soil is necessary only with pitchforks and with great care. To do this, departing from the base of 20 - 25 cm, you must first dig around the iris around the perimeter. And then carefully remove the roots from the ground. Shaking off the remnants of the soil, dry the planting material well. After drying, you can proceed to the division of the main bush of irises into small areas.
At this stage, it is important to know how to properly separate small layers. It is extremely undesirable to make the division of the bush for the subsequent landing manually, without special tools. So, you can not only incorrectly break the roots into links, but also damage most of the young buds. All seed will be hopelessly spoiled and unusable. The separation must be done with a sharp, clean knife. When cutting, it is important to pay attention to at least one “fan” on each separated root, several young buds and a piece of root up to 10 cm long. Place the cutoff immediately with ashes, thus conducting a kind of disinfection.
Too long side roots of irises need to be cut. Their length should be from 5 to 10 cm. Longer absorbent roots will interfere with the transplant of irises.
Before planting the seed in the prepared soil in the fall, it should be treated with potassium permanganate (light pink solution) or fugicide. In potassium permanganate, the roots hold for about 20 to 30 minutes, in a disinfecting solution - according to the instructions on the package.
The leaves of the irises should be cut to 2/3. The shape of the slice should resemble the roof of the house. It is undesirable to completely cut off the leaves, because in them the process of photosynthesis proceeds until the frost. Irises of different varieties should be marked or signed.
If the bushes are already old and very large, it is better to dig them out using forks, slightly planting roots on them. Damage to this case is indispensable, since the roots of the plant are very fragile.
Therefore, if the volume is quite large, you will have to separate them and transplant only some of them. After the main part of the roots that will be transplanted is selected, they can be washed with water.
This will allow you to view the status of the system and determine whether to use these particular controls. Sick, dry and damaged parts are removed.
For transplantation in the fall, you need to choose potash and phosphate fertilizers - nitrogen at this time is not suitable.
Organic matter is very poorly tolerated by plants, it is better to add ashes to the hole, about a handful or two, and after that plant the iris to a new place.
How to plant irises in a new place
At the new place, it is necessary to create conditions for free growth of each bush. So, the land has already been prepared and loosened, it contains fertilizers.
Plants are placed in pits with a depth and width of about 20 centimeters, gently sprinkling with earth to form a small hill.
Tips to help in planting irises in the fall:
- Do not place the plants too deep, otherwise they will start to rot. The top of the root system should be at ground level.
- Rhizome when planting need to straighten in different directions.
- Choose 3-4 rhizomes for planting.
- All sections must be treated with an antiseptic.
- Choose a dry rather than a rainy day for planting.
- It is not necessary to apply fertilizer directly when planting a plant - there are enough of those that were introduced before preparing the soil.
The distance between the holes should be at least 50 centimeters - this will ensure the free growth of bushes in the future.
It is rarely necessary to water the plants after transplantation, as the cold period is approaching, besides, an excess of moisture will prevent the shrub from taking root. Fertilize also should not be.
After transplantation, dry leaves may appear, but this is quite normal, as the flower only gets used to a new place: fresh brand new leaves will soon grow.
Preparing for wintering plants at this stage ends. Since they are winter-hardy, cover and insulate them to anything, the necessary trimming has already been done. Special care after such a transplant is not necessary.
Irises are very beautiful flowers, easy to care for and maintain. The process of transplanting them is quite simple. The main thing is to choose the right place and its preparation. Если провести этот процесс как положено, то куст будет хорошо расти даже осенью и иметь достаточно сил, чтобы спокойно перезимовать и уже очень скоро порадовать вас красивыми цветками.
Уход за ирисами после осенней посадки
Provided that the autumn is warm and does not indulge in abundant rains, planted irises should be watered after three to four days.
Care for irises after planting in early autumn is timely weeding. It is important to take into account that the roots are shallow, and in order not to touch them, it is better to remove the weeds manually.
After transplanting irises in the fall, it is important to monitor the decreasing air temperature. When approaching frosts, it is desirable to isolate them with dry leaves, peat or spruce branches. In the Siberian region mulching is required. At the first opportunity, as soon as the snow melts, and there is no threat of strong morning frost, the mulch layer needs to be removed. Greater care for irises in the fall after transplantation is not required. The rest will make Mother Nature. The first spring rays will warm the roots and soon the first green arrows will appear on your site.
If you follow the simple rules of planting and care, irises will pick up color in the spring. During the summer period, they build up an excellent root system. But sharing and planting the root is possible only in the second year after planting.
Despite the fact that the irises are unpretentious in the care, they still need to be transplanted every 3-5 years. So you save them from the degeneration of varietal traits. Moreover, adherence to planting dates will allow the root system to be maintained in excellent condition. And thanks to her at the end of spring, the irises will delight you with lush flowering and delicate aroma.