To create a beautiful aesthetic lawn, many use special plants. Lawn mshanka is represented by creeping branched stems, on which small flowers and needle-shaped leaves are arranged. It is this feature of the plant that played a role in the origin of its name. The diameter of the flowers is about 5 mm.
The growth of bryozoans is quite rapid, it quickly creates an imitation of a thick green carpet.
Mshanka awl: what good is such a lawn
For certain, it will be interesting to you to learn, than the lawn from a perennial plant became famous. Such a question arises in many designers who use grass to create artificial landscapes. We list the main advantages:
- there is no need for grass mowing, as the plant height does not exceed 8 cm,
- the lawn is resistant to active influence - jumping, frequent walking, running,
- spiny bryozoans have a very dense carpet, through which weeds do not grow,
- no need to water the lawn often. Only during long droughts may there be a need for soil moistening,
- due to rapid self-expansion, the restoration of damaged areas occurs fairly quickly,
- the presence of flowers on the grass field makes it more beautiful and fresh in spring,
- thanks to the fragrance that comes from the little flowers, you will always enjoy the sweet smell of honey.
Did you know?Translated from the Latin "bshanka" means an awl, which explains the Russian-language name of the plant. Be careful when choosing varieties of lawn: the styloid mshanka is a beautiful green carpet, and the mshanka is recumbent is a common weed. Sowing it near the house, you, to put it mildly, will be unpleasantly surprised by the result.
Site selection and preparation
Before you start sowing Irish moss, it is very important to choose and prepare the site correctly. Sunlight should freely penetrate the territory, however slight shade is allowed. If on a site the heavy soil prevails, it is worth diluting it with sand. It is recommended to use for planting fertile soil with good drainage. Sandy and composted soil is an ideal place to create a green covering. Important!When choosing seeds in the store, be sure to specify which flowers will grow on the carpet - yellow or white! It is compulsory to remove all plants, old grass from the proposed area of planting bryozoans. It is important to tillage: it is necessary to loosen it from a depth of up to 10 cm, after which it should be leveled gently.
Planting and cultivation of bryozoans
There are several ways of the appearance of bryozoans on your plot: growing from seeds or propagating with the help of seedlings. The second option is faster and more efficient, but we will tell about the features of both methods.
Seeds can be purchased at a specialty store. Most often they are packed in a cardboard bag that holds 0.01 g. You should not be surprised at the small weight, the seeds are very small, and there are a lot of them in a pack. At the first stage it is necessary to sow the seeds in small boxes. Pre-worth a well-hydrated soil. This work is recommended in the spring, in early April. After they are sown, it is necessary to cover the boxes with plastic wrap. It is strictly forbidden to shoot it until the first shoots appear. Did you know?The ancients used leaves of bryozoa to feed livestock. It was believed that the plant has a large amount of nutrients that will positively influence in the future on livestock products. It is not worth much to fill the seeds with earth - this will significantly slow down their growth. A good idea is to use snow to cover planting material: it will melt and provide the necessary soil moisture for rapid seed germination.
One week after disembarking, the first shoots can be observed in the form of needles. It will take several days, and they will be converted into tufts of bristles, will acquire a bright green color. At this stage, the pickling of seedlings is carried out. A mshank of the styloid from the seed is planted in the ground in early May. The distance between the seedlings should be from 5 to 10 cm. The free areas will very quickly be covered with moss and create a solid green grass cover. The seedling is resistant to low temperature, its shoots appear fairly quickly.
Further reproduction of the lawn will occur without human assistance. Due to gusts of wind, the seeds will scatter themselves out of the boxes across the territory. You do not have to participate in updating the coverage - a smart plant will do everything on their own. Like the bushworm, the catnip, quarantus, geykher, kolery, lobelia, aconite are referred to the perennial plants.
With the help of planting seedlings you can create a very beautiful lawn. It will not take long. The bottom line is to use small sods, which are pre-cut from the existing coating. This type of breeding can be used in spring or early autumn. If you postpone the landing on November, the plant may not settle down and all the work will be in vain.
Important!Do not water the plant too often - it may die. Planting bryo is done on the prepared soil. It is necessary to loosen it, remove all weeds and moisten the ground. It is recommended to trample down the soil a little. If you do not have a large amount of planting material, it can be scattered across short distances from each other. The principle of a chessboard is often used. Do not worry that there will be “bald spots” in the carpet – in a couple of months they will be covered with a beautiful carpet.
How to care for Irish moss
Mshanka requires care, only so Irish moss will look beautiful and fresh. Observing simple recommendations, you can keep the lawn in a posh condition.
This is perhaps the most basic lawn care. It is very important to properly water the plant. For two weeks after the landing of a bryozoa in the ground, it is necessary to water it daily.
Water is needed to obtain the nutrients that are required for normal growth of the coating during this period. When the bryo grows up and the seedlings reach 5 cm in height, it is necessary to reduce the frequency of watering. High temperatures are not a reason for frequent watering the lawn. Carpet will be enough to get moisture no more than 2-3 times a week. Using the technology of lower irrigation, you can protect the roots and leaves from rotting.
To seedlings better rooted, you must use special tools. You can buy them in the store. When feeding plants you will certainly come in handy potassium humate, urea, potassium salt, yeast, boric acid, potassium sulfate, succinic acid. The powder is diluted with water in proportions according to the instructions, after which the plant is sprayed. To accelerate the growth of the lawn, you can also resort to various feedings. Throughout the season, grass is fed several times with the help of complex mineral fertilizers. Do not abuse fertilizers, it does not need the Irish moss. It grows well and on poor ground.
With the advent of cold weather, it is necessary to significantly reduce watering of grass. Excessive moisture can lead to freezing of the roots. The plant belongs to frost-resistant varieties, however, if snow does not fall out in winter, there is a probability of its freezing. Mshanka, which is planned to be planted in areas with very low temperatures, must take shelter for the winter. Did you know?For the first time, the styloid bristle was used to create lawns in the 19th century. At that time, the plant became popular. – the presence of Irish moss in the yard was considered a sign of taste and well-being.
Possible difficulties in growing
The plant is very picky in the care, and when it is growing problems should not arise even from a novice gardener.
The only trouble that can occur is the defeat of the plant with green aphids. It is important to detect the disease at an early stage and treat it as soon as possible with special insecticides. You can buy them in the store, after telling the seller exactly what sort of lawn grass you want to save from green aphids.
Other uses for Irish moss
Mshanka is actively used not only for gardening of summer cottages and private houses, since the conditions for growing a plant are quite simple. The plant is very popular among designers. Thanks to the Irish moss, beautiful rockeries, alpine slides, various natural sculptures and rocky gardens are created.
Important!In the event of a roughness of the coating, it is recommended to perform its thinning. Garden paths using bryozoans look very original. The chess boarding gives them a novelty, creates an unusual composition. Also mshanka is often used for decoration of recreation areas, parks, squares. Using Irish moss on the summer cottage or other territory, you will give it freshness, make the landscape more original and brighter.
What good is such a lawn?
What is interesting about a lawn grown from this perennial plant? This question is asked by all amateur gardeners and novice designers who have not yet come across a styloid bryoshka in their practice. It turns out that a lawn grown from Irish moss has a lot of advantages, namely:
- the grass cover is never mowed (this is simply not necessary, since the height of the bustle of the styloid is only 5-8 cm),
- it is possible to walk, run, jump on the lawn of bryo-grass, without fear of trampling grass cover (these types of effects only thicken the cover and make it even more attractive),
- the dense carpet of styloid bristles leaves no “loopholes” for weed germination (although some representatives of weeds can make their way, but it takes very little time for their point removal),
- Irish moss lawn does not need frequent watering, with the exception of dry periods, when all plants, without exception, experience water deficiency,
- grows quickly without human intervention, so damaged areas of the lawn are tightened with new plants for a short time,
- during the flowering of the perennial lawn turns into a beautiful lawn, covered with thousands of white dots,
- small flowers exude a wonderful aroma, filling the air with the smell of honey.
All of the above benefits will turn into disadvantages if you confuse the perennial varieties and plant instead of the awl-shaped (white) bryozoans a lying bent which is considered a weed.
The flowering lawn of bryozoans pleases with its beauty throughout the summer period, while at the same time it is practically not necessary to care for it
What does a mshanka look like?
This groundcover is somewhere between moss and grass. In contrast, moss loves sunny and slightly shaded places. The stalks of the plant are flexible, so they can not be broken. Small leaves, resembling soft and gentle needles, do not prick at all when walking on the lawn barefoot.
Due to the small surface area of the leaves, the plant saves water by not allowing moisture to evaporate in large quantities. That is why the styloid mshanka can calmly survive the drought, being content with rare waterings. Numerous shoots are prone to easy rooting, which contributes to the formation of dense uniform carpet-like coverings.
Flowers, consisting of five white petals, in diameter reach only 5 mm. Therefore, during flowering, which lasts from May to September, it seems that the green lawn is slightly powdered with snow. If the grass cover does not walk at all from a bryozoan, the individual plants look like small mounds. With regular walks and playing on the lawn, grass cover turns into a flat carpet.
Ways of planting and breeding bryce
It is possible to plant a styloid bryo with both seeds and pieces of sod cut from specially grown Irish moss plantations. Get the lawn in the second way is much easier and, most importantly, faster.
This is the standard packaging of seeds of styloid blues (Irish moss). The bag shows the main characteristics of this unpretentious perennial ground cover
Seed growing technology
The seeds of a styloid bryozoa are sold in standard packaging. Each bag contains only 0.01 grams of seeds. Despite the low weight, there are a lot of seeds, as they are very tiny. Bryozoan seeds are sown at the end of March or early April in boxes on prepared and well-moistened soil. Rows covered with a film that does not open until germination.
When surface sowing, it is not necessary to cover the seeds with earth, otherwise they will not germinate. Some amateur gardeners fall asleep seeds scattered on the ground with snow, which thaws, not only provides soil moisture, but also deepens the seeds to a distance sufficient for the best germination.
The photo clearly shows the process of planting small tufts of ferns on a prepared plot of land in a sunny garden location.
About a week after planting, tiny green needles appear, which after a while turn into small tufts of bright green bristles. Seedlings dive. In the last decade of April or the first decade of May, small tufts of ferns are planted in open ground at a permanent place of cultivation. At the same time, the adjacent seedlings are located at a distance of 5-10 cm from each other. This free space will soon be dragged out by rapidly expanding shoots of this ground cover perennial.
In subsequent seasons, the brimstone seeds will be scattered on their own, scattering out of small boxes that form in place of the faded flowers of the plant. The lawn will be updated without your active participation.
Features care for seedlings
After dropping out the seedling of a styloid bryozoa to a permanent place, it is necessary to organize its daily irrigation. On rooting seedlings takes about two weeks. During this period it is important to provide young plants with water in sufficient quantities. To reduce the evaporation of moisture from the site, as well as to protect young plants from sunburn, allows modern non-woven material of white color, called spunbond. Cover this seedling with this lightweight coating. It is possible to accelerate the growth of bryozoans using complex mineral fertilizers, which are applied to the soil immediately before planting, and then several more times during the season.
This perennial is winter-hardy; however, it is recommended to cover the lawn with lapnik in light snowy winters. This will prevent it from freezing.
Breeding bryozoa sods
Creating such a lawn, spending a minimum of time for this, is possible with the help of small sods, cut with a knife from an already overgrown grass carpet. For this purpose, the cut grass is laid on the prepared soil (loosened, freed from weeds, spilled properly with water), trampling them down.
If there are many blanks, then they can be laid immediately close to each other, without leaving “bald spots”. If the planting material is not too much, then lay it on the surface of the future lawn at a short distance from each other (you can even staggered). Free spaces will grow over time. Just a couple of months from them will not remain a trace. Places where mshank pieces were cut are covered with earth. These donor sites will soon also be covered with Irish moss shoots. Time will pass and there will be no trace of interference with the lawn.
Registration of a garden plot in the form of a chessboard, where individual squares are planted with Irish moss
It is best to propagate blunt awl-like vegetative method in spring or early autumn. To delay the time of transplantation of sod for a later period of autumn is not recommended, as there may not be enough time for rooting plants.
What are its types?
Total counted more than 50 species of bryozoanscommon in almost all continents. On the territory of Russia, the most common are 12 species of this plant, among which three of them deserve special attention:
- brisketwhose shoots are densely covered with small needle-shaped leaves of light green color. This variety grows slowly, forming at the same time fairly dense thickets. Blooms bryozoans mshankova in early summer,
- recumbent. Homeland of this variety is Eurasia. It is distinguished by small leaves and inconspicuous flowers. It grows equally well, both in the light and in the shade. This species is considered a weatherproof weed,
- styloid. The homeland of this variety is Western Europe. A perennial plant with thick, evergreen pillows mossy form. Blossoms styloid mshanka in July-September.
In the photo bristle styloid
How to land a bryo?
Cultivation of a styloid bryozoa does not cause difficulties even for a novice grower. But we must not forget that the plant does not tolerate overmoistened soil.
При этом во время интенсивного роста, чтобы ускорить развитие и разрастание, мшанке необходимо обеспечить более учащенный полив.
Данная культура отличается высокой морозостойкостью. This allows you to use it for cultivation as grass for lawns. And it can be done in two ways: by seeds and seedlings. Much easier and faster to get a dense lawn allows the second method.
Planting and care of styloid bryozoans does not cause much trouble. Now we will look at these moments in more detail.
Cultivating bryozoa from seeds
The implementation of the bruise seeds is carried out in the usual packaging, each of which contains 0.01 g of seeds. Despite the small weight of the package, there are a lot of seeds in it, since they are very small.
The seeds of the perennial plant are first sown in small boxes on a previously prepared and carefully moistened soil. It is best to do this in spring, at the end of March or beginning of April. Boxes after sowing the seeds of a plant must be covered with a film. To open it before the first shoots in any case impossible.
In order for the seeds to germinate as quickly as possible, do not cover them with earth. Some amateur gardeners use land instead. snowwhich provides the necessary for better and faster germination of seeds, the deepening, while moistening the soil.
The first little needles appear seven days after landing. A few days later they are transformed into small tufts of bristles of bright green color, after which the seedlings swoop.
Planting of germinated seeds in open ground for a permanent place is made in late April or early May. At the same time, seedlings should be placed at a distance of 5-10 cm from each other. Free space a little later dragged shoots that grow very quickly. Seedlings that are resistant to low temperatures, excellent rises not only in open sunny places, but also in partial shade.
In the future, the seeds of a perennial plant will be sown independently, scattering from small boxes, formed on the site of already faded flowers. Therefore, the lawn will be updated without any human involvement.
Planting bryo saplings allows you to create a beautiful lawn, spending a minimum of his time. To do this, you can use small turf, neatly cut from the already overgrown grass carpet. Vegetative breeding of bryozoans is necessary spring or early fall. Do not delay the landing time until the end of autumn. In this case, the plant does not have enough time for rooting.
The seedlings are planted on the soil that was previously loosened, freed from weeds and carefully moistened, after which they are lightly trampled down with their feet.
If the planting material is not so much, it should be scattered at a short distance from each other. This can be done in a checkerboard pattern. “Bald head” very soon, as a rule, it takes no more than two months, it will drag on with a green carpet.
Mshanka awl-shaped perfectly tolerates cold. In the winters with little snow, it is good enough to cover the plant, planted open ground. In summertime, perennial perennials, which are located in small containers, should not be allowed to overheat. It is best to move them to a cool place, protected from direct sunlight. To protect young plants planted in the ground from sunburn, they are covered with white non-woven material - spunbond.
For the rapid growth of a styloid bryoca, no additional air humidity is required. She has enough moisture that the plant receives with timely watering.
The basis of care for bryozoans is proper watering. The first two weeks after planting seedlings in open ground watering must be done every day. This will allow still weak young plants to get enough for their growth. nutrients.
As soon as the seedlings grow and mature, watering should be reduced. Even in very hot weather, long-term bryozoans need to be watered. no more than two or three times in seven days. In order to avoid rotting of the roots and leaves of the plant, it is better to use the technology of lower irrigation.
It is necessary to replant the awl bruise in the spring in sandy or loamy compost. If it is necessary to suspend the growth of a plant, a small layer of garden gravel is piled around its roots.
For the best rooting of seedlings special preparations are used. They are added to the water, which is then sprayed with plants. Fertilizing is necessary for the rapid growth of perennial. For the whole season it needs to be fed several times. complex mineral fertilizers. It is worth noting that the bristle does not need abundant feeding. It grows well even on poor soil, extracting maximum nutrients from it.
It’s easy to make a rosary with your own hands, you just need to follow some rules and recommendations.
Feeder in the country is very easy to make yourself. Read more here.
Mshanka styloid - unpretentious plant, which is not afraid of weeds. Perennial, used to create a lawn, does not need a constant haircut. In addition, it is resistant to trampling. On such a lawn, it is even recommended to walk as often as possible, since this will only improve its appearance.
The awl bruise discovered for himself several years ago and in a very unexpected perspective. And the thing is that it is perfectly sown and does not require careful maintenance. Today, with this perennial plant, I have decorated all the garden paths, on which it was a pleasure to walk. Mshanka - very gentle, but at the same time quite stable. In addition, her flowers exude a pleasant aroma.
The plant is super. Blossoms styloid mshanka very touching, small, snow-white flowers, like tiny stars. Growing a plant does not require knowledge, and even a novice gardener can handle it.
Mshanka is still not moss, but a perennial herbaceous plant that blooms with small white flowers. Unlike most mosses, mshanka loves the sun, but dies from excessive moisture. As for the disadvantages of this plant, I would note its untidy appearance in the spring. But this, fortunately, passes fairly quickly. And because the merits of perennial much more.
Sowed bluish awl in spring. It ascended surprisingly very well and fairly quickly, but when transplanted into open ground most of the plants died. What caused this, I never learned.
A terrific plant, but I lasted a little over two years and after another winter it was gone. No matter how I wrapped the bruise, I could not save it. Besides, every spring an unpleasant-looking “ball of moss” was waiting for me. Mshanka as a lawn - not practical. It is better to use it on a small square to decorate a rock garden or to create a Japanese garden.
Description of the bristle of styloid
This groundcover is a cross between grass and moss. In contrast, the latter likes sunny places. The stems are flexible, it is impossible to break them, soft leaves, similar to needles, do not prick: you can walk barefoot on a lawn from bryozoans. The plant economically consumes water and is able to be content with rare watering. Shoots quickly and easily root, it contributes to the uniformity of the "carpet" soil cover.
Flowers are small, white, composed of five petals, diameter - 5 mm. Flowering lasts from May to September, at this time the lawn looks as if it is powdered with snow. It is important when buying planting material not to confuse perennial with lying bryozoans, which is a weed.
Benefits of Irish Moss Lawn
- The grass cover of the bryoza does not need to be mowed, there is no need for this, the height of the plant is no more than 8 cm
- On such a lawn, you can run, jump, walk - the grass cover is not trampled, the mechanical effect only thickens it and makes it more reliable and beautiful.
- Dense carpet prevents access to weeds. Individual representatives may appear, but their removal will take a minimum of time.
- Bryo coating does not require frequent watering. The exception is dry periods, when all plants, without exception, suffer from a lack of moisture.
- Damaged areas are quickly and without the intervention of a gardener drawn in by new plants.
- Perennial blooms in the summer it turns into a lawn with thousands of small white stars.
- Tiny flowers exude a pleasant honey aroma.
Small flowers of bryozoans look like snow, suddenly fallen in the middle of summer.
Growing from seed
Bryceae seeds are sold in specialized stores, as the size of the planting material is small, then the bag weighs only a fraction of a gram. Tiny seeds are sown in early spring, late March or early April. The best container - the boxes filled with the soil which is well humidified and tightened by a film.
When the surface sowing method is used, it is not necessary to fill the seeds with soil mixture, otherwise they will not germinate.
Advice from experienced gardeners: seeds scattered over the surface of the soil can be covered with snow, it will not only moisten the soil, but also deepen the planting material to the desired distance.
A week after planting, tiny soft green needles appear, which then turn into tufts of bright green bristles. At this stage, the seedlings need to dive. In late April or early May, bunches of greenery are planted in open ground. Seedlings have at a distance of 5 - 10 cm from each other. This space is very quickly tightened shoots perennial.
Seedlings of bustard subulate.
All subsequent seasons, the bristle will be scattered independently, the seeds scatter from small fruits in the form of boxes, which are formed on the site of dried flowers. The lawn will self-renew without human intervention.
Acquired seedlings of bryozoans are planted in a permanent place and organized daily watering of plants. Rooting will take about two weeks. To reduce the evaporation of moisture and protect young shoots from the scorching sun, use a spunbond - non-woven material of white color. It is also possible to accelerate survival with the help of mineral fertilizers applied to the soil before planting and several times during the warm season. Perennial winter-hardy, but in the winters with little snow, it is recommended to cover the lawn of bratwind with sprat.
Reproduction by sods
Quickly create a lawn, while spending a minimum of effort, you can use the sod small, cut from a well-grown grass carpet. It is necessary to loosen the soil for planting, remove weeds, shed water and lay the sod, trample them down. You can stack green squares or rectangles close to each other or at some distance, if the material is not so much. Empty seats will quickly grow, literally in one and a half-two months. The places from which the sod was cut, fall asleep ground. The bald spots also quickly covered shoots.
Propagate in such a way bryoshka better in spring or early autumn: the plants must root well before the cold.
Mshanka and landscape design
Not only lawns filled the life of the garden. Irish moss is used to create rockeries, voluminous sculptures, alpine slides, and Japanese-style stone gardens. The plant is well set off bulb flowers: tulips, crocuses, hyacinths, irises, daffodils. Around the flowers they leave space so that the bryozka does not overlap them with young shoots.
Irish moss and landscape design.
Irish moss make out garden paths, plant it between stone plates, cover slopes, make out vacation spots. A bridal carpet can be “laid” on the playground for children, kids love to lie on the green grass, and it won't hurt her in the least.
Mshanka awl-shaped "Aurea".
Advice to everyone who is afraid of the amount of work that is needed in the care of a classic, grassy lawn: opt for a bristle and you will not have unnecessary worries in the garden.
Virtues of irish moss
Most of the landscape designers involved in ennobling garden and dacha plots, stop at the awl shaped bristle. The reason for this love of Irish moss is as follows:
- It does not need to be cut, because its height reaches a maximum of 80 mm.
- The moss does not wrinkle if children play on a carpet from bryozoans — run, jump and walk.
- It does not need to weed, because the weeds can not get through the dense interweaving of roots and twigs.
- It does not need frequent watering: it is watered only during prolonged droughts.
- It quickly restores integrity in the event of careless damage or digging out a part of the lawn.
- Its decorativeness increases during flowering: blooming Irish moss creates a spring mood.
- From its flowers comes a magical honey aroma.
That is why bryozoans are so often used to form lawns. The main thing is to choose a styloid bryozoa, and not recumbent, which is a simple weed grass.
Mshanka styloid (Irish moss), how to plant at home
Preparing a landing site
Before sowing or planting biceps moths, select and prepare a place for a lawn that meets the following criteria:
- It should be well illuminated by the sun: only light shade is permissible.
- It should be light, well-drained soil: if it is heavy, dilute it with sand and compost.
Having chosen a suitable site, we clean it from extraneous grasses, loosen the ground ten centimeters deep and level the place.
Getting Irish Moss from seedlings
By planting a bryo sapling, you can create excellent lawns in a short time. Late in the fall or in the spring we plant on a loosened, watered and slightly trampled-up plot of medium-sized turf, pre-cut from the finished lawn. Avoid November landings: the material will not have time to settle down and die. We water the planting occasionally: frequent watering of the plant rot.
If the plot for planting is large, and you do not have enough seedlings, plant them in a checkerboard pattern. Empty “cells” already after 2 months will be overgrown with young shoots, since Irish moss reproduces very quickly.
Planting seed breds involves the cultivation of seedlings:
- Choose the appropriate seeds.
- In early April, fertile moist soil is poured into seedling containers.
- We sow seeds, sprinkle them a little with earth, sprinkle them with snow (it will provide hardening and moistening of seeds) and cover with polyethylene.
- After the emergence of needle sprouts remove the film.
- When the seedlings turn into bunches of several needles, we pick the seedlings.
We plant ready-made seedlings on the prepared site in the first days of May every five to ten centimeters. Seedlings grow quickly and turn the landing site into a chic carpet. In the future, the lawn will expand independently - scattering seeds.
How to plant a bryo
How to water a styloid bryozoa
The main care for this plant is concluded in competent watering.
After planting, the seedlings are watered every day for 14 days, so that they will take root and get enough nutrients from the soil.
As soon as the height of the seedlings reaches 50 mm, we reduce watering to 2-3 times in 7 days, even if the weather is hot. Ideally, it is better to use a lower watering system: it will prevent the roots and the upper part of the plants from rotting.
How to feed Irish moss
Top dressing bryoshka for rooting seedlings
For the best rooting of the planted seedlings we feed them with special fertilizers containing boric and succinic acid, potassium humate, potassium salt, urea, yeast and potassium sulfate.
We breed a means, being guided by the instruction, and we spray young escapes.
Top dressing moss to accelerate growth
If you want the lawn to grow quickly, once a month - one and a half, we feed it with complex mineral fertilizers. It is not necessary to fertilize the lawn more often: this unpretentious plant grows well even on poor soils.
How to prepare a bryo for wintering
When the cold comes, we reduce watering, otherwise the root system of plants will freeze over in winter.
Irish moss is not afraid of frost, but it can freeze out with insufficient snow cover, so we make sure that there is a lot of snow on the lawn (you cannot ram).
If the bryozoan grows in a region with very cold winters with little snow, be sure to cover the lawn with dry foliage or other means.
Pest of a styloid bryozoa
This unpretentious plant is rarely affected by diseases and pests, unless occasionally attacked by green aphids. Having found a pest, we immediately buy a special insecticide suitable for bryozoans and treat the lawn.
Now the topic of planting and caring for the styloid bryozoa (Irish moss) is not a mystery to you, and you can easily cope with the cultivation of this plant, which does not require special conditions. It is ideal for rockeries, lawns, alpine slides, rocky gardens and grass sculpture.
There are more than 50 species of bryozoans that can be found on any continent. However, in Russia there are only 12 varieties. Of these, the following are particularly noteworthy:
- Mshankovaya. The shoots of this plant are littered with small needle-shaped leaves, which have a green color. This variety grows extremely slowly, forming a very thick and dense green carpet. This mshanka begins to bloom around June.
- Lying down. Homeland of this variety - Eurasia. Характерной особенностью являются маленькие листики и скромные цветки. Может расти и под открытым солнцем, и на затененном участке.It is noteworthy that the recumbent bruise type is considered a weed plant, which is highly resistant to weather cataclysms and temperature changes.
- Awl (sagin). For the first time this variety appeared in Western Europe. It has a moss shape and refers to perennials. It blooms from July to late September.
On sale you can find different varieties, for example, brisket crisps. One way or another, they all belong to the groups mentioned above. And the most popular culture is considered to be styloid mshanka, so it deserves special attention.
Once every few years it is worth rejuvenating the plant, because with time the sagin loses its decorative appearance, as evidenced by the bare patches on the sod. Separating old sod is a great way to propagate and extend the life of a culture. The procedure can be carried out throughout the growing season, but it is best to do this in the spring or early autumn. Planting delenok carried out with an interval of 20-30 cm on a previously prepared loose soil.
The bristle pod is propagated by seeds. Sowing can be carried out directly in open ground in April-May, and to obtain seedlings, bryozoa seeds are sown in early spring in trays with moist nutrient soil. It is not necessary to sprinkle the seeds - just enough to push into the ground. For good germination it is necessary to create greenhouse conditions. To do this, put the trays in a well-lit place, cover with glass or film and keep the soil moderately wet.
As soon as shoots seem, the film is removed. Grown seedlings dive and transplanted into separate pots. Planting bryozoans in open ground is carried out in May. The distance between the plants is 7-10 cm. To get a dense beautiful carpet, about 17-20 seedlings are planted on one square meter, and they quickly grow. The culture also reproduces well by self-sowing.
Application in landscape design
Sagina is a universal plant that perfectly and harmoniously fits into almost any landscape style, creating a bright green-yellow accent in the garden. A ground cover is often used to create a decorative lawn that you do not need to mow, as its height is always maintained at the same level.
The culture is used to decorate less visited places in the garden, on alpine hills, in combination with coniferous cultures, as an imitation of moss in Japanese gardens. Sagina fills the voids and cracks of stony paths and steps. This plant is used for planting on slopes and uneven surfaces. With proper care, the awl-shaped brat creates in the garden a magnificent green contrasting background for crops with bright flowering.
Irish moss is also an ideal natural mulch for perennial flowers and shrubs, suppressing the growth of weeds and maintaining a comfortable humidity and temperature of the substrate.