This article provides brief information on the use of organic fertilizer such as cattle manure or mullein. Questions will be raised about using fertilizer at home and in the field, the value of mullein, its composition and properties, how to prepare the solution.
Composition and purpose of mullein
As part of the mullein are all nutrient macronutrients that are necessary for the normal development and growth of plants and soil. These elements include potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen. In this case, the nitrogen is in organic form. In addition to these three elements, fertilizer will depend entirely on what fed the cows and how many vitamins they got from food.Korovyak - the natural organic fertilizer received as a result of waste of large animals
Designed to fertilize the soil, enriching it with important elements. All this is necessary for normal growth of plants and various fruit and field crops.
Anyone needs food that contains vitamins and various elements. For normal development and growth. Also, plants need their vitamins for good functioning and benefit for people.
There is also a synthetic mullein, that is, in packs, in case there is no cattle. This fertilizer is called cattle compost.
Mechanism of action
This fertilizer is produced in three consistencies:
Litter implies a mixture of straw, hay, peat with cattle manure. It is used as bedding. Peat in turn serves as a source of ammonium nitrogen, absorbed by plants.Litter mullein
The best and most important elements in soil fertilizer are:
The content of these elements will contribute to good nutrition of the soil. The straw mixture contains potassium and phosphorus, peat, unfortunately, they are not.
Layerless consistency is a kind of suspension, which contains a sufficient amount of ammonium nitrogen. It is this texture that will enrich the soil many times more than the litter, as it contains about 60% of nitrogen.Fresh Litter Mullein
Liquid manure also contains large amounts of potassium and nitrogen, necessary to improve the quality of the soil before planting. This consistency should be diluted.Manure
The mechanism of action of fertilizer is the reproduction of microorganisms, because those elements nourish and give energy to the soil. There is an improvement in the physicochemical properties of the soil. The structure of the earth is created, which contributes to the formation of lumps. Lumps are resistant and the plant will grow harmoniously.
Before making it is necessary to withstand at least six months. Then make by technology:
- Direct-flow (farm field)
- Transshipment (farm-burt field)
- Two phase
Depending on the area to which the feeding will be made, its amount will be different. Solid fertilizer on the plot for sowing field plants should be 1 ton. As for liquid manure, it is introduced using two technologies:
- Direct flow (with a distance of transportation up to 3 km)
- Reloading (with a distance of more than 3 km)
Advantages and disadvantages
Disadvantage is only that not everyone has the opportunity to have cattle, the excrement of which is useful for crop production, but for this even there are purchased fertilizers.
Benefits - Milk production + garden fertilizer for planting various plants and field crops, high efficiency, low cost, protection from diseases and harmful organisms.
Microbiological activity after fertilizer increases many times, the processes of replenishment of stocks of important components are launched. In the process of decomposition of raw materials, carbonic acid is released, it is necessary for photosynthesis, and additionally heats the soil. During the first year of decomposition, only 25% of the nitrogen reserves are consumed, and the rest will be gradually released into the soil in the future.
Korovyak is distinguished by cheapness and availability, under which it is possible to achieve a significant increase in yield, but only if the rules are followed. Proper use is a guarantee of the best effect.