In this material we will tell how to get rid of blackflies in room flowers by folk and special means, namely from the following 3 types:
- Drosophilus, which are also called fruit or fruit flies. They look more like small flies.
- Sciarid, other names are flower midges or mushroom mosquitoes, and they are really very similar to small black mosquitoes.
- Whitefly or Aleroydid that look like small white or light gray small aphids. They settle mainly under the leaves.
We will look at ways to combat fruit and flower flies in the first chapter, but if white flies have settled in your plants, then you can learn how to get rid of them in the second part of the material.
How to get rid of fruit and flower midges (fruit fly and sciaride)
Blackflies in flowers are not only flying small flies, but also their larvae that live in the ground. In one pot, several generations of insects can develop simultaneously, from eggs to adults. Also, keep in mind that mushroom mosquitoes can spread quite quickly from one plant to another. Therefore, to remove insects forever, it is necessary to deal with them in a complex and often repeatedly.
This is why the blackflies appear in room flowers: a common cause is that they could appear when a plant was transplanted into purchased land that was already infected with eggs and larvae. In addition, the midges could just fly into the summer or autumn period from the window and settle in your colors. Anyway, the main factor in the occurrence and reproduction of stsiarid and fruit flies is a moist, transfused soil, which attracts midges and creates favorable conditions for the transformation of dormant eggs into larvae. By the way, Drosophila could get into your apartment along with purchased vegetables, fruits, or fly to the smell of a stale product, and then choose your flower pots.
Damage caused: the adults are harmless themselves, but their larvae, feeding on the sap of the roots, destroy the plant. Particularly dangerous flower midges for seedlings and young plants.
Prevention: watering the plants as they dry 2 cm of the top layer of the earth, as well as periodic loosening and timely removal of diseased leaves. Moderate watering will make the soil less attractive for egg-laying adult midges and less fertile for the development of the larvae.
Methods of struggle
Instructions 1. With the help of folk remedies
Step 1. Let the ground dry after the last watering so that at least 2 cm of the top layer is dry.
Step 2. Catch all adults. This can be done using:
- Pitfalls: special (eg, a regular ribbon for catching flies) or self-made ones. To make your own black fly trap, you need yellow cardboard (or cardboard painted with yellow paint), as well as honey. Yellow cards need to coat with a thin layer of honey and hang (arrange) near the pots. Do not forget to change the traps as needed.
Homemade flower fly trap
- Vacuum cleaner: remove the nozzle or put a small nozzle without a brush on the hose and simply treat the ground and the window sill. The vacuum cleaner will easily tighten insects even in flight. After that, the bag must be discarded (if it is disposable) or emptied outside the apartment, and then treated with dichlorvos.
Step 3. So, we got rid of adult oviparous midges, now we need to cultivate the ground to get rid of the larvae. To do this, loosen the dried soil and water the plant with one of the following folk remedies:
- Garlic infusion: make garlic infusion at the rate of: 1 grated garlic head + 600 ml of boiling water per 1 flower pot. Let the medium stand for 2-4 hours, then pour and spray the plant with it, and deepen the remaining pulp into the ground. You can also stick 1 head cut into three parts into the soil of each infected plant. Do not worry, the smell of garlic in the apartment will not appear.
Garlic as a natural insecticide for flower midges
- A solution of potassium permanganate: it must be so weak that it appears colorless in the palm of your hand. Water and spray the plant with a solution no more than 1 time per week during the month.
- Soap solution: grate 20 g of soap and dissolve it in a liter of warm water, then pour and spray the plant with the resulting solution.
- Sulfur: stick 4 matches in the ground with the heads at the same interval and water the plant a little. During the week, change the matches every other day.
- Antiparasitic solution for pets: buy in the pet store antihelminthic drugs, for example, Drontal. Means in a dosage that is suitable for cats or puppies, dilute in water and water the plant as usual. After a week, the procedure is desirable to repeat.
Instruction 2. Using insecticides and creating a "toxic greenhouse"
This method is effective, economical and, if done correctly, is safe for humans and plants. With it, you can kill the larvae and adults.
Step 1. Wait until the soil is dry after the last watering.
Step 2. Gently loosen the ground.
Step 3. Put the plant pot in an ordinary bag, spray a little “Dichlorvos” into the soil and tightly tie the bag so that only the pot is completely closed. After 4-5 hours, the midges in the ground should die.
- If the midges bred not only in the ground, but also settled under or above the leaves, then you need to do all the same steps, but pick up a package of such size that it fits into the whole plant "in full growth", and spray Dichlorvos not only in soil, but also on the package (!). In order not to damage the plant, it is important that the product does not fall on the leaves, and that they do not stick, you should fix the package with tape at the desired height to the furniture, the door or the lamp. Another way to create a "greenhouse" is shown in the picture on the right. The tool will destroy insects in the ground and on the leaves in 7-10 hours.
- Dichlorvos can replace Raptor, Neo or Raid. In addition, instead of sprays, you can use solutions from special insecticides for plants, for example, the Thunder-2, Aktar, Basudin, Aktellik and Karbofos. In this case, before wrapping the plant in polyethylene, it needs to be watered and sprayed with the product.
Step 4. Hang up on the windowsill special or homemade traps, so that the remaining midges that did not fall under the package sat on them.
Step 5. Repeat the procedure after 8 days to eliminate the possibility of the occurrence of blackflies.
If there are a lot of larvae in the soil, and you are sure that the plant will survive the transplant, then it is best to do this by transplanting a flower into a new, previously treated soil. To do this: loosen the ground and gently pull it out, then manually or with a small brush clean the roots of contaminated soil, then quickly rinse the roots with water or one of the above household tools and finally transplant the plant into a clean pot with uninfected soil. To prepare the earth, it must be calcined in the oven at a temperature of 100-120 degrees for 1 hour, and then the microflora must be restored with some fertilizer.
How to get rid of the whitefly
To get rid of the whitefly, you also need to carry out comprehensive measures for the destruction of adult insects and larvae 3-4 times with an interval of one week.
Damage caused: the whiteflies themselves do not harm the plant, but because of their excrements, black mushrooms may appear on the lower leaves, which can severely damage the flower. In addition, white midges can infect a plant with a viral infection. On the right is a photo of a leaf affected by white-winged.
Reason of appearance
Blackflies in flowers. What to do? Before analyzing in detail all sorts of ways and tips, let's first understand why this problem arises.
There are several reasons why midges appear on the plant. They need to know to care for flowers, observing all methods of precaution.
The first reason is that the soil was infected from the outset by the midge larvae. Of course, you can’t change the past, but next time you need to remember that before planting plants in the ground it must be disinfected. In addition, regular preventive tillage of pests will prevent the occurrence of parasitic colonies.
The next reason why midges are bred in room flowers may be excessive waterlogging. This may occur due to frequent and heavy irrigation. If the weather is hot and dry, there is a temptation to moisten the flowers more than they need. Because of this, the water in the pot can stagnate and contribute to the appearance of unwanted insects.
Also, the midges in home colors can appear because of the constantly open window through which they can fly and settle in damp ground, or because of loose leaves that start to rot in the pot itself, thereby creating a favorable sphere for the appearance of harmful insects.
As you can see, if you follow all the rules for growing indoor plants and regularly disinfect the soil, then you will never have a question: how to remove black flies from flowers in a pot?
What are the pests?
Before you think about how to remove black flies from flowers, let's briefly get acquainted with the insects themselves.
The most frequent guests of indoor plants are ponds - small white midges, no larger than one millimeter in size. They can be noticed on the surface of newly watered soil or at the foot of a flowerpot. Ponds, which appear mainly in the cool season, actively fly from leaf to leaf, and their larvae in the ground have a negative effect on the root system of the whole plant.
Sciarides are small black insects that look like mosquitoes, abundantly flying not only around the flower itself, but throughout the whole living space. The larvae of these pests are translucent worms up to half a centimeter long. They make the soil dense, inaccessible for life-giving oxygen, and also affect the root of the plant itself. Sciarides can appear as a result of the use of household organic fertilizers (tea leaves, humus, etc.).
Drosophila - red small midges, very similar to flies, can also cause irreparable harm to your green pet.
What plants are most susceptible to pests?
The most "delicious" flowers
It also depends on the type of pests. For example, ponds are very fond of fuchsias and begonias, because their leaves are soft and tender to the touch. Sciarides prefer plants with more dense leaves - violets, rubber plants, azaleas.
So, how to remove black flies from flowers in a pot? First, let's briefly discuss the chemical pest control agents, and then we will talk about more harmless to humans drugs made with the help of available ingredients.
The main chemical agent for blackflies in flowers is ordinary dichlorvos. It can be Raptor, Raid or others.
You can also use special solutions, such as "Thunder-2", "Agravertin", "Basudin", "Mokhoed", "Karbofos", "Aktara" and so on.
When using these drugs, you should not forget about personal safety - use rubber gloves, goggles, a respirator. Also, before use, you should read the instructions to carefully follow the recommendations and advice set out in it.
But how to remove black flies from flowers in a pot with folk remedies? About this - below.
What you need to take in order to prepare a potent means of harmful insects? First of all, you will need:
- potassium permanganate,
- wood ash,
- and even oranges.
All of these ingredients are part of effective recipes, how to remove black flies from flowers in a pot. How to use them?
The first way. Garlic
According to the reviews, the most effective means is an infusion of garlic. How to cook it? To do this, take three or four medium teeth, clean them, cut them in half and put them on top of the soil, you can even deepen a little. Sometimes it is recommended to prepare a saturated garlic solution. To do this, take a few heads of garlic (two or three), peel, cut into small slices and pour a liter of boiling water. After a few hours the solution is ready. It should be drained, poured into a spray bottle and irrigated with the entire affected plant, and also poured over the soil with the prepared composition.
Blackflies in flowers. Folk remedies and recipes
A weak solution of potassium permanganate, which is recommended to be watered as it dries, can be used as the next means to control the midges.
An interesting recipe for how to get rid of black flies in home flowers is the use of orange peels. They must be cut into wide strips, dried and stuck in the ground.
What else can be used to combat unwanted insects? According to reviews of experienced florists, pests are afraid of laundry soap. To do this, twenty grams of detergent should be finely chopped or grated on a large grater, pour a liter of warm water and dissolve. The resulting composition spray both the flowers themselves and the soil in which they grow.
Ash is also considered an effective method for pesky midges and their larvae. Just sprinkle the earth with it in the pot, lightly fluff the top layer and wait. Pests will disappear in a few days.
What else can help? Tobacco. Twenty grams of smoke potion pour a half-liter can of water, let it stand for a couple of days, and then add another liter of water. The resulting solution is recommended to spray the ground part of the plant.
Dill is also an effective method against flying insects. It should be laid out over the ground and left for two days. Then change to a new one. This should be done until the midges disappear.
Matches What is the essence of this method? Uninvited guests are very afraid of sulfur. Therefore, matches should be deepened into the soil head down, pour water and leave for two or three days, then pull out and stick new ones. According to numerous reviews, the midges and their larvae should die in seven days.
The advantages of folk remedies
As you can see, there are many effective and existing folk recipes that can help in the fight against unwanted insects. They are accessible, easy to prepare, convenient to use, and most importantly, practically safe for people and animals. Which of the methods you apply is up to you, based on your own experience, attitudes and preferences.
We devoted enough time to what should be done to get rid of the midges in flower pots. Let us briefly talk about how to avoid this difficulty.
Since it is easier to prevent a problem than to fix it, below we will sort out the main tips and recommendations for proper and faultless care for your green favorites.
First of all, remember that before you start to care for a flower purchased in the store, it should be transplanted into a new soil, treated and disinfected with special means. To do this, you can use the fertilizer or hand-made fertilizers, or to calcine the earth in the oven at one hundred degrees.
Before planting any plants (even seeds) they should be thoroughly treated with soapy water.
It is recommended to loosen the ground in the flowerpots so that it breathes.
Be careful with watering. As mentioned above, flowers do not like excessive moisture. To prevent water from accumulating in the pot, drainage should be installed. If you water the plant from below, it will take only the amount of moisture that it needs.
For high-quality cultivation of beautiful and healthy flowers, the room in which they are located should be regularly aired.
An important factor is the prevention of midges in the form of a weak solution of manganese. They can water the plant once every two weeks.
And the most important thing. On the windowsills and in the living corners grow different flowers, differing from each other not only in color and shape, but also in the way of growth and nutrition. So, care for them, too, will be different. Therefore, before planting a particular type of flowering plant, information about it should be studied in detail: how often to water, how to fertilize, whether to prune and so on.
Let's sum up
As you can see, midges are a very unpleasant, pathogenic phenomenon for both the roots of the plant and the flower itself. Therefore, it is necessary to deal with them purposefully and seriously. How? This is what we talked about in this article.
There are several ways to get rid of uninvited guests and their larvae. You can use pesticides, and you can use inexpensive and low-risk for people folk remedies. According to reviews of experienced flower growers, they are also effective and efficient as purchased products.
In addition, we discussed how to prevent the appearance of blackflies, and what are the best ways to use prophylactic agents for this.
Как видим, существует много способов борьбы с мошками и другими вредителями. Какой вы изберете – зависит только от вас!
Причины появления вредителя
Мошки, появляющиеся в цветочных горшках, по сути являются вредителями. Ущерб растениям чаще всего наносят личинки, живущие в субстрате.
As it happens with pests, they usually appear because of violations in the care of the plant. Much less often, they can live in pots as a result of infection from newly acquired flowers.
In this case, the midges are quite harmless, except that they interfere with people. But the larvae living in the soil, can cause significant damage to the plant, because they feed on thin processes of roots.
Most midges appear in the winter time - due to the fact that the soil does not have time to dry properly between watering.
Fertilizing plants with “improvised” means - tea, coffee, sugar, water left over from washing the meat — create a favorable environment for their development.
The low air permeability of the soil also contributes to the appearance and prosperity of the midges. Much less often midges can fly through open windows or vents.
Types of midges, their description and photo
There are several species of midges that can live in room flowers. To successfully deal with them, you need to know exactly which midges attacked the plant.
Bison, or springtails, light midges (white, yellowish, brownish), small in size. They usually appear in winter or spring, when, due to the cool temperature, the rate of evaporation of moisture in pots decreases.
Sciarides, larger midges (up to 3 millimeters), with a black trunk. The midges themselves are safe, but their larvae gnaw the root system. Also, their appearance can lead to compaction of the substrate in pots, which impairs the air exchange of the root system.
What are dangerous midges
Danger to humans
The blackflies attacking houseplants do not present a danger to humans, in the sense that they completely ignore people, do not bite, and do not sit on the body. Accordingly, they cannot infect humans with diseases.
But a large number of midges digging over pots of flowers, irritating to the nerves:
- firstly, by the incessant blinking,
- secondly, their presence is a sign that problems have arisen with colors.
For plants, at first glance, a small number of black flies does not bring much harm. At first, their presence does not affect the flowers: they look healthy, continue to bloom.
However, for reproduction, midges need soil, and wet. It is there that they lay their eggs, and the larvae grow and develop in the ground. It is the larvae that cause damage to plants: they willingly feed on roots.
What plants are most often attacked by midges
Experienced growers noticed that not all houseplants are affected by the midge. Each species has its own preferences.
Horntails (poduras) often settle on plants whose leaves are soft - begonia, fuchsia, etc.
Sciarides, they are also called mushroom mosquitoes, more like plants with dense foliage - violets, azaleas, rubber plants.
Of course, if contaminated soil is caught, the midges will hatch in any case, regardless of their “gastronomic” preferences.
Folk control agents against midges
Little winged enemies of indoor plants have been known to people for a long time. Accordingly, the arsenal of folk methods is quite rich in simple means that will certainly be found in every home - in the kitchen or in the first-aid kit.
Potassium permanganate. A weak solution watered the plants once a week.
Important! The solution should be pale, almost colorless, so as not to burn the roots of flowers.
They are stuck in the ground in a pot with a sulfur head down. On the average pot will need 4 pieces. During watering sulfur dissolves and disinfects the soil. The midges fly out and never return, their larvae die. Periodically, matches need to replace fresh. Duration of treatment is 6-8 weeks.
Three options are possible. A clove of garlic is peeled, cut off the bottom and dropped in a pot. At the same time acts on adult individuals (expels them from the ground), and on the larvae, inhibiting their development.
The second option is an infusion of garlic, which is prepared from three heads, crushed into a mush and a liter of water. Aged for 3-4 days infusion sprayed the plants and shed the substrate.
You can also cut the cloves of garlic on the plate and put them on the ground in a pot. Of course, the fight against midges with garlic, accompanied by a specific smell, not everyone can like it.
It will help not only get rid of pests, but also feed plants, as well as reduce the substrate salinity. Wood ash can be replaced with activated charcoal.
Low concentration soap solution
Any soap will do, but if there is a special soap for four-legged pets, the positive effect will be achieved faster. The solution is watered with plants every 5-7 days.
Important! All methods are used repeatedly, until the complete disappearance of the midges. As a rule, this requires at least one and a half months.
Since during the use of folk remedies the midges leave the substrate, usually baits-traps are placed near the pots. So they will be easier to destroy. Fresh orange peels, sticky tapes of bright yellow or orange color serve as baits.
Pest Control Chemicals
Often, growers are reluctant to use chemistry because of toxicity, but with a large number of midges, it is necessary to resort to it.
Drugs such as Dichlorvos and liquid anti-mosquito drugs or plates are usually used to kill the midge on the surface of the substrate and around the pots. For watering they are not recommended.
As a fairly harmless tool, you can use crayons against cockroaches, either by setting them up and scattering chips on the ground surface, or by putting strokes on the surface of the pot.
For irrigation of the soil used solutions Aktellika, Thunder-2, Agrvertin, Karbofos, etc. So get rid of the larvae. After treatment with insecticide flowers do not water for 2-3 days.
Important! Prepare and apply solutions of insecticides strictly according to the instructions. Each drug has its own characteristics that must be considered when using, including safety measures.
To help get rid of the midges can and drug Spark +, although it is not positioned in this capacity. It works a little slower, but quite simple to use.
The essence of physical methods is reduced to the complete or partial replacement of soil in pots. When the substrate is completely replaced, the plants are gently removed from the containers, the substrate is shaken from the roots and the root systems are washed with lukewarm water.
Important! During this procedure, it is necessary to take into account the peculiarities of growing and caring for each particular plant.
All old substrate is usually destroyed. In extreme cases, it is shed with a solution of pink potassium permanganate, and then with water, or calcined in an oven for several hours.
If the flies are small, you can try to get rid of them by removing the top layer of the substrate and replace it with fresh, previously calcined in the oven or frozen in the freezer.
What is the danger of midges
Sciarides live mainly in the substrate. Moreover, an important factor is its composition: the presence of moss or peat increases the likelihood of the appearance of the mushroom mosquito.
The mosquito itself is harmless, but its larvae pose a threat to the root system of orchids. They gnaw it, causing rot.
Pods feed on young roots of orchids, which adversely affects the health of the plant. If there are many pests, the flower may die.
Thrips, sap sucking pests, settle in part of the orchid adjacent to the ground. At the same time, damages from them are found not only on the lower parts of plants - stems and roots, but also on buds and flowers. A large colony of pests on an orchid can cause irreparable harm to it. In addition, thrips very often carry pathogens of viral and fungal diseases.
Watch a video about fighting flower midge on orchids.
Knowing how to bring black flies in room flowers, you can slow down their reproduction. Many people first use folk remedies, with their inefficiency go to chemicals. But the main rule of successful struggle is the elimination of the main reason.
What is it and why does it appear?
Sciarides, popularly called flower midges, do not in themselves carry any danger to the plant they inhabit. but their larvae can cause irreparable damage to the root system, which further leads to a slow withering of the plant and its subsequent death.
The most likely are listed below. The causes of the appearance of the room midge in the home vases:
- Excessive soil moistening - as a rule, due to the fact that most housewives over-water their plants during the hot seasons, as they believe that they dry out. This leads to stagnation of moisture, and the presence of too wet soil is a favorable environment for the development of this pest.
- An open, unprotected mosquito net window, near which there are flowerpots, midges get through it into the indoor flowers, so that you break your head and then how to get rid of them.
- Contaminated, poorly disinfected soil is the most important factor in the development of this process, since all rotting processes are not fully completed in this soil. Accordingly, it is an excellent tool for laying eggs of this parasite, or the soil that already contains insect eggs has come to you.
The combination of all or some of the above factors and is the cause of the appearance of midges in flower pots, from which sometimes oh, how difficult it is to get rid of.
If you suspect that the cause of the appearance of blackflies in your indoor plant is contaminated soil, it is worth transplant plants immediatelyth. Moreover, it would be very good if the soil into which the transplantation will take place will have an increased acidity. The acidic environment is inherently hostile to any larvae, so this soil will contribute to a much faster healing of the plant.
When transplantation is necessary to pay special attention to the fact that so that the roots are as thoroughly as possible cleared of clods of earthin which the plant grew earlier, since with the old soil it is possible to transfer the larvae of the sciaride to the new one.