Medicinal raw material is the aerial part - grass passiflora (Herba Passiflorae). It is established that the plant contains alkaloids (garman, garmil and harmol), phenolic compounds, flavonoids, cumarins, quinones, protein and pectin substances, cyanogenic glycoside, phytosterols, mineral salts, ascorbic acid. Among the biologically active substances of this drug liana, passiflorin is especially distinguished.
In the seeds of the presence of alkaloids, glycosides, trace elements, fatty oils. In the rhizomes marked the presence of glycosides of the flavone group. The whole aboveground part has medicinal properties.
Although the chemical composition of medicinal raw materials has not yet been fully studied, the healing properties of the plant have been noticed and evaluated in antiquity. The Incas, for example, brewed soothing tea from it. Passiflora finished products have long been widely recognized in Latin America, the United States and in Western Europe. The main thing for which this plant is valued is its pronounced sedative (sedative) effect. Passiflora preparations are included in many pharmacopoeias of the world and in the homeopathic pharmacopoeia as a natural tranquilizer. Forms of use: in the form of infusions, decoctions, tea, alcohol extracts, dietary supplements, soothing chewing gums. Often, passionflower is part of complex formulas (tinctures and fees) along with valerian, hawthorn and other medicinal plants - friends of our nervous system.
For the first time, passiflora as a pharmacological agent was introduced to his colleagues by Dr. L. S. Fares in 1839 after he tested a new herbal preparation on his epileptic patients. Passiflora preparations are also used in modern psychiatric practice in the treatment of manic-depressive psychosis and epilepsy (as additional agents in the general scheme of treatment).
The American doctor E. D. Stapleton in 1904 in the Medical Journal, published in Detroit, noted the good results he received when using passionflower for treating insomnia. It improves the quality of sleep, regulates its duration and also does not cause unpleasant and heavy sensations on waking up.
The soothing effect of the list of healing properties of the plant is not limited to: it also has analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, anticonvulsant action. In addition, passionflower improves overall performance, improves memory, helps the body to withstand excessive stress and chronic fatigue, to cope with physical and emotional overload. It protects the cells of the central nervous system from the damaging effects of free radicals.
And, very importantly, the intake of passiflora preparations does not give side effects and does not cause addiction, psychological and physical dependence with prolonged use - both children and adults. This is its great advantage over synthetic psychotropic drugs.
What diseases and disorders helps passiflora
Modern physicians use it most often for neurasthenic states, in violation of cardiac activity under the influence of emotional overload, for mild seizures caused by disorders of the central nervous system, and also as an aid in spasms of the intestine and coronary vessels. Effectively acts with the frequent attacks of asthma arising in connection with nervous tension.
Effective use of passiflora drugs in vegetative disorders against the background of various diseases of the nervous and cardiovascular systems. They are prescribed to patients with hypertension, during the recovery period after cerebral vascular crises, injuries and inflammatory diseases of the brain (encephalitis and arachnoiditis), in asthenic conditions after past infectious diseases, etc. In these cases, the effect of the plant weakens and eliminates such unpleasant symptoms as fatigue, deterioration of intellectual functions, irritability, weakness, nervousness, weakening of inhibitory reactions, sleep disturbances, palpitations, sweating.
Painkillers and antispasmodic properties of passionflower help with headaches, migraine attacks, with spasms of smooth muscles. It weakens and eliminates the pain of a neuralgic nature and even a toothache.
Thanks to its soothing action, passionflower has proven itself as one of the means of help in the pathological course of menopause. Indeed, during the period of hormonal changes, our nervous system is especially vulnerable and needs mild, but reliable support. Acceptance of passionflower medications helps to cope with the phenomena that give women a lot of trouble: arterial hypertension, hot flashes, increased nervousness, sharp mood swings, decreased performance, and sleep disorders. In the premenopausal period, with the help of passiflora, it is possible to return the regularity to the disturbed menstrual cycle - after all, these disorders are also connected with the state of the nervous system. Perfectly helps healing vine and patients are not elderly. Many girls and women are familiar with painful symptoms that occur shortly before the arrival of the next menstrual period. Doctors call this condition "premenstrual syndrome." Passion flower will help prevent the occurrence of headaches and other pains, a sharp decrease in the emotional background or, on the contrary, irritability unusual in usual time, fast fatigue, etc.
The sedative properties of the plant have also proven themselves in the treatment of addiction to psychoactive substances. Experiments on animals have shown that passionflower compensates for the stimulant effect of amphetamine (a substance contained in psychoactive substances - alcohol and drugs). Therefore, it is used in the treatment of drug addiction and chronic alcoholism. It has a calming effect on patients in the period of abstinence (hangover), eliminates neurotic disorders, improves mood, sleep, increases the ability to work.
Passiflora extract gives positive results in the treatment of Meniere's disease. This disease is described by the French doctor P. Men-er in 1861. It is manifested by dizzy spells with nausea, vomiting, noise in the ear, a gradual decrease in hearing on the affected ear, caused by changes in the inner ear (labyrinth). Taking passiflora medication helps patients reduce the frequency and duration of dizziness or even get rid of them, as well as noise in the ears. For this purpose, passiflora extract is prescribed in combination with intravenous injections of novocaine (6 injections every other day).
The mild effect of biologically active substances of passiflora makes it possible to use its preparations in the treatment of neuroses in children. In young patients, it is thus possible to reduce increased irritability, reduce motor anxiety, stabilize the emotional background, increase the ability to concentrate. And also to eliminate neurotic symptoms (causeless fears, nausea, headaches, gastrointestinal spasms, etc.). Children up to 12 years are usually prescribed 10 drops 3 times a day for 3-8 weeks (specify the dosage with your doctor). There is information about the successful use of passiflora drugs in the treatment of small chorea in children (chorea, or Witt's dance - fast involuntary uncoordinated movements, mainly limb twitching, type of hyperkinesis, can be a sign of organic brain damage in rheumatism - then they talk about rheumatic, or small, chorea, but this disorder may be a manifestation of an independent hereditary disease).
In general, the range of application of passiflora is very wide, it is used in its practice by doctors of many specialties, and not just by neurologists or gynecologists. A dermatologist may prescribe its drugs to patients with various dermatoses, i.e. skin diseases accompanied by severe itching, including with neurodermatitis. Allergists include passiflora in a comprehensive scheme.
treatment of bronchial asthma - it helps to reduce the frequency of attacks and facilitate their flow, reduces the body's hypersensitivity to various allergens. They also use the sedative effect of the plant in endocrine disorders - for example, dysfunction of the thyroid gland - hyperthyroidism, thyrotoxicosis, etc. Gerontologist, a specialist working with people of old age, recommends passiflora to patients with sleep disturbances, increased irritability.
The International Olympic Committee authorizes the use of passiflora preparations for athletes to prepare athletes for competitions - they reduce the level of anxiety, have a tonic effect on the nervous system, help maintain psychological balance, and this is an excellent alternative to chemical sedatives.
Blue passionflower - a perennial grassy vine, the stem of which can be up to 9 meters long. It is one of the representatives of the family Passion Flowers, which includes about 500 species.
It got its name for the shade of flowers, which by their appearance resemble a star, as they consist of five petals and the same number of sepals. It blooms in the summer months, and the decorativeness of the flower lasts no more than 1 day.
The plant is attached to the selected support with the help of special tenacious tendrils that appear in the leaf axil as it grows. The foliage of passiflora is a rich green color and palmate-lobed shape.
After flowering, it forms ovoid orange fruits, the length of which is about 6-7 cm. In the wild, it can be found in the tropical forests of South Africa, the Mediterranean countries, and Australia.
Conducted scientific studies of the properties of passiflora prove that the plant continues to improve as the outside world changes.
The chemical composition of passiflora is very rich, it is distinguished by the high content of vitamins (A, B, C, E, PP) and minerals (magnesium, iodine, iron, calcium, fluorine and others), and also includes saponins, quinones, flavonoids.
Fruits of blue passionflower are also beneficial to the human body due to the content of vitamin C, mineral salts and fiber. Passiflora preparations help:
- calm the nervous system, thereby eliminating the negative effects of stress (headache, insomnia, various types of neurosis),
- stabilize the level of hormonal levels during menopause and menopause,
- prevent asthmatic choking attacks and involuntary muscle cramps,
- eliminate craving for alcohol and smoking.
Fruits of passion fruit have an antipyretic effect, have a beneficial effect on digestion and improve metabolic processes in the body.
With regular insomnia or nervous exhaustion, it is recommended to brew medicinal tea from passionflower, which has a sedative effect and reduces the negative effects of stress. The sequence of its preparation and use:
- Pour into a container of 20 g of dried foliage plants.
- Pour boiling water over the mixture (200 ml).
- Insist 15 minutes.
- Strain and drink tea warm.
The procedure is carried out immediately before bedtime.
The healing infusion of this herb has a tonic effect on the body as a whole and significantly reduces pressure. For its preparation, 70 g of dried leaves of passiflora and 1000 ml of boiled water are needed.
Combine both components and infuse the mixture for 7 hours in a closed container. Means to store in the refrigerator. Eat after every meal 2 tablespoons.
In case of nervous disorders, therapeutic bathing will be effective. For this fit the leaves, stalks and withered flowers of blue passionflower. Pour 3 tablespoons of chopped raw material with boiling water (1 l), leave for 25 minutes in a closed container. After the time, strain the infusion and add to the bath. If necessary, therapy is recommended every 2 weeks.
To stabilize the hormonal background of women in menopause, it is recommended to take an infusion of passionflower blue. To cook it, you need:
- young leaves of the plant (70 g), pour vodka (220 g),
- stand the infusion for 14 days in a closed container,
- for receiving dilute 1 teaspoon of infusion in 100 ml of boiled water,
- take only in the evening just before bedtime.
Action of passiflora in cosmetics
Passiflora oil obtained from the seeds of the fruit of this plant has a unique nutritional value, which distinguishes it from other vegetable oils.
The proportions of fatty acids of cold pressed oil are distributed in the direction of a high content of linoleic acid (72.6%), which belongs to omega - 6.
Undoubtedly, it is one of the richest sources of linoleic acid, which are used for the production of cosmetics. The extracts and passiflora oil are said to be potent antioxidants, since they are in addition to healthy fats.
Passionflower also contains lycopene, carotenoids and phenolic compounds - they are very useful for the skin, especially when it comes to protecting it from ultraviolet damage. The antioxidant effect of passiflora helps to protect the skin from damage by environmental pollutants.
As part of cosmetics, passionflower can exhibit several therapeutic properties: it is considered an excellent moisturizer for the skin, has a softening effect. Used as an anti-inflammatory agent - Passiflora oil and extracts of various parts of the plant reduce inflammation and irritation on the skin of any nature.
The antipruritic action of this plant is appreciated: passionflower helps in combating allergy manifestations by relieving itching on the skin.
According to a number of studies, passionflower can reduce the synthesis of melanin (skin pigment), which makes it a useful ingredient in brightening cosmetics. Also found that passiflora extract helps stimulate the production of fibroblasts, the cells from which collagen is synthesized.
Who is shown passionflower
- Passiflora oil is primarily indicated for dry chapped skin: it has a pronounced softening effect, prevents dehydration.
- Passionflower helps to remove redness and relieve itchy skin, first of all, it then arose due to insect bites.
- Passiflora-based cosmetics help to cure UV damage. Prolonged exposure to direct sunlight, especially the spectrum of GMI, over time leads to permanent damage to the skin, even accelerates its aging, causing signs such as fine wrinkles and age spots. Using cosmetics with passiflora directly on these areas helps reverse the photo-aging process.
- Massage with passiflora oil is useful for soothing painful and tired muscles: in combination with olive oil, it exhibits a fast anti-inflammatory effect, which relieves pain and tension in the muscles. For small dry areas on the skin, you can rub a few drops of oil on your palm and gently rub it into the skin: it moisturizes and even somewhat brightens it. When treating large areas of skin, you can dilute the oil of passionflower with its carrier, such as coconut oil or olive oil in any ratio: a massage with this combination will provide all the therapeutic benefits of passionflower. One of the advantages of the product - oil of passionflower leaves her feeling greasy after application.
To whom passiflora is contraindicated
A strict contraindication is the individual hypersensitivity reaction. When applied topically, it is known that in some people the oil can cause skin irritation. Some people may be allergic to plants of the genus Passiflora, so they should avoid such products in any way.
In general, relatively little information is available on the safety of passiflora as a cosmetic ingredient. Its oil should not be taken orally, as it can be toxic even in low concentrations.
Before applying this oil, a patch test should be performed on a small area on the skin. If irritation does not occur, it is safe to apply this oil directly to the skin, even in undiluted form. However, for such problems as psoriasis and eczema, this product is not recommended for use.
Although passiflora oil is sometimes marketed as a remedy for acne, there is evidence that this oil leads to the formation of acne.
It is also believed that passiflora oil can be comedogenic. Therefore, people with acne or problem skin should look for alternative skin care products.
Cosmetics containing passiflora
The ingredients of passiflora-based cosmetics can currently be useful in many skin care products, both in cosmetic and dermatological lines. However, mainly cosmetics based on passiflora is intended for the care of the skin of the face and the area around the eyes, as it is a rather expensive raw material.
Sources of Passiflora
Масло пассифлоры – это относительно дорогой продукт, который изготавливается из различных сортов пассифлоры (в основном из Passiflora edulis или Passiflora incarnata) и поставляется на рынок в основном из Бразилии.
This product can be used as an emollient and moisturizing both in the form of an emulsion and in anhydrous formulas.
The omega complex from this oil, which is a mixture of refined clarified and deodorized oils from specially selected grades of passionflower, is most appreciated - they were selected so that an optimized amount of polyunsaturated fatty acids with respect to oxidation resistance can be obtained.
What benefits will passion fruit oil bring to our appearance?
Natural organic passion fruit oil squeezed from the passion fruit seeds (passionflower - this is also called this plant) contains:
- omega-6 unsaturated acids,
- vitamins A, C (brightens the skin),
- vitamin K (stimulates blood clotting - recommended for people with dilated capillaries and a tendency to pigmentation),
- vitamin E ("youth vitamin"),
Passion Fruit Oil: Properties
Regularly used for daily care of the skin of the face, body and hair from passionflower has the following effects on our body:
- cleans- removes dead cells and accelerates skin renewal,
- demonstrates anti-aging and rejuvenatingproperties. This is due to the fact that cold pressed organic passion fruit oil has very strong antioxidant properties - twice as large as the recognized favorite in the fight against wrinkles, nutrition, and care - argan oil,
- regenerates and nourishes, without an increase in fat content, restores the natural lipid layer of the skin,
- regulates blood circulationskin,
- increases the level of skin hydration, tightens and nourishes it with vitamins and nutrients,
- anti-inflammatory and soothingact. Passiflora oil is perfect for performing sports massage: relieves and soothes muscle pain, reduces swelling,
- anti-cellulite- The properties of passion fruit oil are successfully used for anti-cellulite massage. Rubbed into the skin with orange oil, it facilitates the removal of skin blemishes. Can be used for a restorative body mask with fruit (recipe below).
How to use passion fruit oil?
One of the significant advantages of this tool is its lightness, not such fatness as many of his other "colleagues."
Passion fruit oil for the face
- A small amount of the product in its pure form is rubbed on the fingertips and distributed over the skin, slightly hammering it.
- For additional moisturizing, you can also stir the passionflower oil (2 drops is enough) in the palm of your hand with floral water or a drop of your favorite cream - their combination will smooth the face. In addition, the cosmetic base will be distributed and absorbed much easier.
- The oil is absorbed quite quickly and easily, leaves a delicate protective coating for a long time, evens out skin tone, gives it tone and “energy”, does not clog pores.
Passion fruit oil for hair
- Passion fruit oil gives shine and silkiness to dry and damaged hair without weighing it down.
- You can care for the scalp and strands along the entire length. And you can apply only on the tips. This is a preventive measure against their split.
- A small amount of the product can be applied to facilitate styling, fixing hairstyle.
- To take advantage of the amazing properties of the product, it is worth mixing a small amount of it with ready-made medical preparations and means to enhance their effect.
Passion Fruit Oil
- With this product, you can prepare a homemade mask for the whole body: beat a banana in the mixer, 1 avocado pulp, add 5 tablespoons of sour cream and 2 teaspoons of passion fruit oil, apply to the skin and wash it off with warm water after a quarter of an hour.
- It is good to put oil on clean lips instead of balsam, heels, elbows, feet, and the back of the hand - places with hardened, unsightly areas. You can also capture the nails: such a procedure will also benefit them.
- The product from passiflora will save, soothe, moisturize the skin, in summer irritated by ultraviolet (tanning), in winter - by cold and winds.
When taking extract of passiflora and other products from the plant, the dosage specified in the instructions for use should be observed. Otherwise, there may be side effects such as drowsiness, confusion, flatulence, diarrhea, and allergies.
In addition to the beneficial properties of the plant, there are certain contraindications that should be considered when conducting therapy:
- When taking drugs from passiflora, it is recommended to refuse to drive a car and work that requires increased attention.
- It is unacceptable to use drugs for people suffering from atherosclerosis, low blood pressure or myocardial infarction.
- You can not take funds on the basis of passiflora with angina.
- In the case of idiosyncrasy, you should refuse to receive treatment based on this plant, as this may cause an allergic reaction.
Conditions of the plant
At the beginning of our century, the blue passion fruit reached its peak of popularity. Many flower growers, preferring exotic plants, began to grow this culture, not only as a indoor flower, but also as one of the elements of garden design.
Blue passionflower prefers sunny areas, so the pot with it should be put on the south or east window, but in the hot period the plant needs light shading.
When growing crops in open ground, it is necessary to take into account the preferences of passionflower and plant it in open places. Sufficient air humidity is also important for the full growth and development of shoots, therefore it is recommended to spray the leaves at least once every 3 days.
In case of lack of moisture at home, the pot is placed in a container with expanded clay filled with 1.5-2 cm of water so that the roots of the plant are not constantly in the water.
The plant needs regular watering and prefers that the substrate in the pot is always slightly moist, so it should be watered once every 3-4 days.
Feeding should be carried out regularly: 1 time in 10 days during the whole growing season. From May to the end of June, fertilizers with a high nitrogen content should be selected, which helps the plant to increase its green mass.
From July to September, preference should be given to feeding with a large amount of potassium - this contributes to abundant flowering and fruit set. Fruits of passionflower at home forms rarely.
The optimum temperature of maintenance in the summer months is considered to be 26-29 degrees, in the winter for a full rest period - not higher than 19 degrees.
The plant should be dug out of open ground before the onset of cold nights, while leaving shoots no more than 20 cm high. For winter storage, it is better to place it in the basement. For indoor maintenance, autumn pruning should not be carried out.
Growing from seed
The process of growing from seeds for passiflora blue is the most time-consuming method of reproduction, but allows you to immediately grow a large number of young seedlings.
For these purposes, use seeds collected from the fruit of the plant. For growing it is necessary to prepare the container and the soil. A container will be required with drainage holes to drain excess water. Soil is better to buy special for seedlings, which is sold in flower shops.
If necessary, landing in open ground should make sure that the threat of frost has passed.
Blue passionflower is a beautiful exotic plant with unique healing properties. If desired, this flower can be grown at home or in the garden, subject to certain requirements of care. Then this healing ingredient will always be at hand.
Passionflower - General Description
Passionflower (passionflower, cavalier star) - a plant with curly smooth stems, reaches 10 meters, green leaves above and gray below, flowers of light violet, white or red shade. Fruits reach the size of a chicken egg. Flowering continues throughout the summer months and ends in the fall.
Passionflower - species and habitats
For the first time, passionflower was discovered on the territory of North America, it is this area that is considered the original homeland of the plant. Currently, passionflower is distributed in countries with warm climates, for example, on the Asian and Australian continents, as well as in Polynesia. The plant loves heat and moisture.
Passionflower - medicinal properties
Passionflower has a noticeable medicinal effect, with its help it relieves a person from nervous disorders, insomnia, relieves rheumatic pains and cramps, and the plant also normalizes hormonal balance. Passiflora extract is taken at elevated blood pressure. Cavalier star helps to restore the work of the heart in violation of the activity of the cardiovascular system. Often the plant is used for frequent attacks of asthma.
The most pronounced effect of passionflower is in combination with hops, valerian and St. John's wort.
With the help of passionflower extract, alcoholism is treated; however, it is necessary to be prepared for the fact that this process will take a long time (from 4 months to a year).
Passionflower - dosage forms
For medicinal purposes, all above-ground parts of the plant, collected during flowering and thoroughly dried in fresh air, are used.
Passionflower is used both in official medicine and in folk medicine. In the pharmacy, you can always buy passiflora extract, it is used as a homeopathic tincture and is extracted from plants of cultural plantings. Drugstore use in undiluted form, patients take it 20-40 drops three times a day. In folk medicine, a healing tea is made from the dried plant.
Medicinal Passion Tea
One teaspoon of dried and chopped passionflower grass should be poured with 100-150 milliliters of boiling water, let the drug brew for 10 minutes, then strain through cheesecloth and drink passionflower tea daily, one cup for half an hour before sleep in case of nervousness, insomnia or disturbances in the gastrointestinal tract (if it originated on the basis of a nervous breakdown).
Passionflower - contraindications and side effects
Despite the fact that in many reference books it is written that the plant does not cause side effects and its reception is quite acceptable for both adults and children, some points should still be taken into account. For example, using this drug without a doctor's prescription for people who suffer from serious diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (chronic gastritis, ulcers, etc.), as well as arrhythmias and angina, is strictly contraindicated, otherwise health problems may occur.
People with low blood pressure should not get involved in taking tea from passiflora, because the medicine tends to lower it, and you should be especially careful when treating children with a cavalier star.
Pregnant women can drink medicinal tea, but in small quantities, but, again, it is better to consult a doctor.
A 100% contraindication for receiving a passion flower is atherosclerosis of cerebral vessels, the presence of uric acid salts in the body, myocardial infarction and individual intolerance.
Interesting facts about passiflora
- Passionflower has healing qualities that are known for a very long time. They learned to use themselves for the benefit of even the Indians. They used the plant as a laxative, treated for diseases of the liver and eyes.
- In the 16th century, passionflower was one of the first flowers to come to Europe from South America.
- The drugs “Central-B” and “Novo-Passit” are made on the basis of passiflora extract.
- Edible fruits give about 60 types of passiflora. Among them are popular passion fruit, passionflower blue, banana passion fruit, sweet granadilla, giant granadilla.
- The leaves and roots of passiflora are used to treat hysteria, epilepsy and insomnia.
- Passionflower is used in the form of tea.
- Dried leaves of passiflora can be used as cigarettes.
Popular types of passiflor for growing indoors
Growing passionflower at home is practiced very successfully. Virtually all types are suitable for this. But most often houses are grown with blue passionflora and winged passionflora. The plant is bred for decorative purposes, and some tend to get the fruit.
If you are thinking how to plant a passion fruit at home, then You can purchase the seeds of the popular winged passionflower. Its other name is Brazilian Passion Fruit. Its flowers are orange, stamens are elongated. The fruits are large and fragrant.
Also popular varieties of passion fruit are granadilla sweet and giant granadilla. The fruits of these plants have different sizes and color.
Another popular species are bay leafifaceae and banana passionflower. Gardeners have where to go in choosing a fruit exotic flower.
Important!Passiflora found a variety of colors. The most popular ones are blue and white, yellow and scarlet. But is it true flowers have this color, it will be possible to find out only after a year and a half.
Care for passiflora at home
At home, passionflower grows very quickly. Vines require certain environmental conditions in which it will feel good.
It is worth getting acquainted with the recommendations on how to care for passiflora at home, so that it grows healthy and brings sweet fruits.
When caring for passiflora, it is important to protect the plant from the cold. From the cold, the leaves of the plant become soft, turn yellow and fall off. The same happens with a lack of moisture.
Did you know?In the first year of passionflower forms its structure, increases the main shoots. Therefore, it is necessary for it to build a support to which the strongest shoots of the plant are attached. Secondary shoots are shortened annually by a third.
Lighting and temperature
To grow a passion fruit at home, it is necessary place in bright direct light. There is no need to prune the plant, but only on condition of sufficient moisture of the soil and air.
If the plant lives on a summer window, then on the hottest days it still needs a little pritenyat. If the passion fruit lives without the necessary light, in a light shade, it will blossom less actively.
In summer, the plant can be taken out into the open air. Only accustom to a different amount of light must be carefully.
In the cold season, there is less light, and so that passionflower does not get burns, it is gradually taught to increase the illumination. And in winter you can add light with fluorescent lights.
In the warm season, in spring and summer, passionflower should be in temperature conditions of 20-26 ° C. During the rest, in winter, the temperature should be cooler - 14-18 ° C.
Often the answer to the question why passiflora does not bloom is the wrong place for a plant — too shaded and cool.
Watering and humidity
Liana loves water, this is due to the fact that the large leaves of the plant actively evaporate moisture in the summer season. The plant will be grateful for frequent watering with warm settled water.
The substrate in which passionflower grows should always be wet, it should not be dragged before drying out the soil.
Since autumn, watering is reduced to moderate, but not dramatically, but gradually. We must not forget about the humidification of the air. To do this, you need to spray water twice a day, or put a plant pot on a tray with pebbles, the lower pebbles should be in the water.
The upper pebbles must remain dry so that the roots do not rot due to excess water. To maintain the humidity of the air, you can turn on the humidifier, if there is one. It is better not to spray the plant under the bright sun, as burns can appear on the leaves.
Fertilizer and top dressing of the soil
Fertilizers and fertilizing are necessary for the plant, especially during the period of active growth. This period falls on the March-September months. Fertilizers need to be applied to the plant every 10-14 days. In winter, it is worth refraining from feeding.
The composition of the fertilizer is important. If nitrogen is predominant, and potassium and phosphorus is less, then this fertilizer will stimulate the growth of foliage and shoots. Potassium fertilizer is best suited for budding.
Important!You can not make fertilizer during periods of rest of the plant, when it is sick or is in unusual conditions for him.
Trimming and transplanting
Passiflora, like most plants, is transplanted before the green mass begins to grow. This is the period from March to April. For transplantation, you will need a ground consisting of 1 part of sod, 1 part of leafy land, 1 part of humus soil, and 1 part of river sand.
Before the passion fruit reaches the age of four, it must be transplanted once a year. After this age - once in 2-3 years. A new pot for a plant should be only 2-3 cm higher than the previous one.
At the same time as the transplant, it is good to prune the vines. Long branches that are longer than 50 cm are best cut by two thirds. Pruning is necessary to stimulate the growth and branching of young shoots.
Important!After transplanting the pot you can not fertilize the first 3 months!
Passiflora is propagated by several methods. It can be grown from seed and cutting method.
For the cultivation of passiflora from seeds, they are sown in moist soil, slightly deepen and organize greenhouse conditions. Всходы придется ждать долго, процесс может затянуться на от 1 до 10 месяцев. Часто проходит полгода до прорастания семян.
When propagating passiflora by cutting, it is recommended to take cuttings growing closer to the ground. The shoots of the plants are long, so they can be divided - the upper and lower parts take root. The cuttings should be 15-20 cm long, on each of them there should be 2-3 leaves.
To give the cutting roots, it must be put in a glass of water. In the water, you can add a little root, which stimulates the appearance of the roots of the germ. If rooting the stalk in the ground, it is better to cover it with polyethylene to create a greenhouse effect.
Precautions in the care of passiflora
Passionflower can bring both benefit and harm to human health. All parts of passiflora, except for its fruits, can cause paralysis and hallucinations.
Preparations containing elements of this plant can suppress the transmission of nerve impulses in the brain and spinal cord, increase the respiratory rate, and reduce the excitability of the nervous system.
For many insects, the leaves and shoots of the plant are poisonous.
Growing passionflower is accompanied by pest control of this plant. Most often, the plant is affected by mealybugs, aphids, shield, spider mites.
Prevention of spider mites and scutes is to ensure the required level of humidity. If pests appear, the plant must be treated with a special preparation. The treatment is carried out with an interval of 1-10 days.
At home, passionflower may also be affected by nematodes - small roundworms. They affect the aerial parts and roots. Fall into the pot with the ground.
When infected with nematodes, the leaves are deformed, twisted, and the plant itself stops growing. Getting rid of nematodes is hard. Therefore, if only the roots are affected, the plant is best cut and rooted again.
You can try to cure his pyrantel, a tablet which is diluted in 5 liters of water. The pot is carefully washed, but the ground must be completely replaced.
With proper care, passionflower is very rare.
Did you know?Passionflower is able to take care of itself when it comes to protecting against some insects. There are wasps that do not tolerate the pollen of the plant, but simply eat it. To protect themselves from this enemy, the leaves of passiflora secrete ants attracting juice. Ants, in turn, deal with the wasps.The caterpillars of the butterfly helicoid eat the leaves of the flower. The plant has a rule on them - on the leaves appear formations that are very similar to the eggs of this butterfly. The helicoid thinks that the plant is already taken, therefore flies around his side.
Healing and other beneficial properties of passiflora
The use of passionflower for treatment involves the use of the fruits and flowers of the plant. Preparations based on this plant have such qualities:
- Relieving spasms
- Reduced convulsions
- Removing headaches
- Treatment of Parkinson's disease.
But passiflora as a medicinal plant should be used only after consulting with a doctor who can make the right appointments about the dosage, and generally allow or prohibit the use of passiflora-based drugs.