The guinea fowl is a bird, beneficial in terms of breeding. She has a well-developed immune system, thanks to which she is excellent against many diseases. But due to improper diet, poor quality care for guinea fowls, a number of troubles arise. Some diseases of guinea fowl lead to the death of the entire livestock, others (non-infectious) do not affect other individuals. In any case, it is important to take timely measures, and for this, every farmer should be familiar with possible diseases.
This disease, the development of which is influenced by a single-celled parasite - Trichomonas. The source of infection is dirty water in drinking bowls or contaminated feed. Most often young people suffer from trichomoniasis (from 10 days to 3 months).
The following symptoms are characteristic of the disease:
- the birds are sluggish, sluggish, weak, "restless," with loose wings,
- diarrhea yellow
- loss of appetite,
- constant thirst due to dehydration,
- sore throats and goiter, covered with yellow bloom.
As a result, the birds die from paralysis of exhaustion.
For the treatment using drugs Ipronidazole and Cardinosol. The dosage and duration of admission is determined by the veterinarian. Very often, the disease is complicated by worms, so that in addition to the main therapy, anthelmintic drugs are prescribed.
Prevention of the disease leads to the regular processing of feeders and drinking water with boiling water with the addition of baking soda.
The causative agent of the disease is Pasteurella. This is a gram-negative bacterium. Juveniles undergo disease more often than adults.
Characterized by pasteurellosis such symptoms:
- the birds are lethargic, the temperature rises,
- there is liquid green diarrhea,
- liquid mucus flows from the nostrils.
In the acute form of guinea fowl immediately die, and in chronic disease, the following complications join: inflammation of the beard, earrings and joints. Those individuals that have been ill get immunity, but until the end of their days they will be lethargic.
There is no treatment for pasteurellosis, the affected birds must be destroyed.. Prevention comes down to the fact that you need to regularly clean the room, monitor the cleanliness and freshness of the water in the drinking troughs, feed them with complete food.
This disease is not so dangerous for the pack. The infectious process damages the respiratory tract. Poor ventilation and cramped rooms can affect the development of pathology.
Mycoplasmosis has the following symptoms:
Treatment is reduced to the use of drugs such as Biomitsin, Streptomycin. The dosage is prescribed by a veterinarian. Prevention consists in feeding the young with a solution of the drug Baytril or Enroksil. The dosage is 1 ml per 1 liter of water.
This disease is characterized by the massive prevalence of the infectious process. Has another name - bacillary white diarrhea.
The disease is characterized by the following symptoms:
- weakened birds are motionless, if they still have strength, then there is discoordination,
- diarrhea yellow or white
- in chronic form, severe exhaustion is observed,
- in young animals, the disease is complicated by peritonitis.
Therapy is reduced to the fact that the affected individuals are culled, and the rest are evaporated with antibacterial drugs diluted in water. Penicillin, Biomitsin (5-10 mg per 1 kg of weight) is used for this. Give in 14 days.
In the prevention of pullorosis, the quality of the feed and the compliance with the feeding regimen are particularly important.. Juveniles need to be fed ABA, PABK, cottage cheese, fresh yogurt, acidophilic dry preparations.
This is a dangerous disease, the causative agent of which is the herpes virus of group B. There is paralysis and paresis of the limbs in chickens. With the droppings, infection and secretory substances are released, and then the infection is transmitted by aerogenic means to the rest of the birds.
The incubation period lasts from 35 days to 7 months. So to suspect it immediately will not work. With strong development, the following symptoms are observed:
- twisting fingers
- stretching the limbs, often the birds drag them along.
Dead bodies of Guinea fowls to give to the laboratory for research. The fact is that Marek's disease can be confused with leukemia.
The chance of recovery from infected stock is very low.. Even if the birds managed to survive, then after a while they still die. There is no special treatment for treatment. But sometimes veterinarians prescribe antiviral drugs, such as acyclovir. Infected carcasses must be destroyed. And prevention comes down to vaccination. To conduct it should an experienced specialist.
This disease of guinea fowl, like pasteurellosis, is not treated. Rejected from the flock of birds destroyed.
Parasites on the body
Guinea fowls are unpretentious and picky, in a well-equipped house they overwinter at low temperatures below –50 degrees Celsius, the only thing that they do not tolerate is dampness, overcrowding and the resulting insanitary conditions. Comfortably in unsanitary conditions, fleas in Guinea fowls multiply exponentially.
They themselves bring discomfort to the birds, but it is especially dangerous to move them in a confined space, transferring various diseases from one individual to another. Bringing fleas is more difficult than preventing their occurrence. It is enough to regularly change the litter in the house, adding wormwood and juniper to it.
Periodic chemical treatment, ash baths for birds are good ways to prevent the appearance of insect parasites.
Prevention is the way to health
A competent veterinarian will tell you how to cure guinea fowls and stop the mass death of the herd. To prevent infectious, invasive and other diseases, it is enough to follow the rules for the care and maintenance of birds:
- regularly change litter and air the room,
- to determine a sufficient place for walking and access of guinea fowls to digging in the ground,
- avoid crowding
- time to cull sick and contagious individuals,
- to water and feed the herd in compliance with not only a balanced diet, but also hygienic and sanitary standards.
Breeding guinea fowls is not as difficult as it seems to those who have not yet decided to settle them in their bird farm.
They should be started, if not for the dietary meat, which resembles game to the taste, but at least because of the unique property of the eggs - thanks to the thick shell they can be stored for almost a year without compromising quality.
You can read the article: What you need to know about the disease of broiler chickens, their symptoms and treatment?
Diseases of guinea fowls and their treatment
Guinea fowls are famous for their low susceptibility to disease, but they may be susceptible to them. Some diseases are slightly dangerous, others - can harm the livestock. Diseases of guinea fowls and their treatment are processes that depend on timely diagnosis and competent appointment.