General information

Types of nasturtium used to decorate homestead plots

I love nasturtium! Thanks to its bright flowers, flowerbeds, garden paths and gazebos take on an unusually fabulous look. Every corner of the garden just glows with fiery red, yellow and orange colors.

And in the garden of her only use.

Planted next to the pumpkin nasturtium repels bedbugs that damage the leaves.

Climbing varieties of plants feel great in the warm company of cucumbers, corn and beans. Its stems, effectively intertwined with long whips of plants, scare leaf beetles and whiteflies. Nasturtium blooms all summer, does not require special care, serves as a lively mulch.

Nasturtium Properties

But this does not exhaust its merits. Nasturtium is famous for its healing properties. for heart and blood vessels

Infusions and decoctions of nasturtium flowers help with diseases of the cardiovascular system and hypertension.

3 tbsp. l crushed fresh flowers pour 1 cup boiling water, insist 1 hour, filter. Drink 2 tbsp. l Infusion 3-4 times a day 15 minutes before meals.

The course of treatment is 1 month, a week - a break, then the treatment can be repeated.

Natural laxative

Flowers and leaves of the plant are useful in metabolic disorders associated with age-related changes.

Leaf Infusion acts as a laxative. 10 g of raw materials are brewed with 1 liter of boiling water, drawn for 10 minutes and filtered. Take 3-4 times a day for 0.5 cups.

Nasturtium vs bronchitis

In chronic bronchitis, an infusion of 10 g of crushed leaves per 1 liter of boiling water is effective. He insist for 10 minutes, filter and squeeze the raw material. Take 0.5 cups during the day before meals in the form of heat.

After 3-5 days, the cough usually stops.

Heals burns

For burns 1 tbsp. l crushed leaves of nasturtium mixed with 50 g of vegetable oil.

This composition moistened tampons and applied to the affected places.

Every year with nasturtium

I always try to prepare nasturtium flowers and leaves for the winter. For this summer I collect raw materials and dry it in the shade. Then folded in paper bags, stored in a dry place.

Soot nasturtium every year. It grows well in the sun and in light partial shade. The soil of the nasturtium is undemanding, does not need frequent watering, it blooms all summer, delighting with its openwork greens and fiery flowers. And, as you can see, the benefits of it are considerable!

NASTURTION IS NOT ONLY A BRIGHT DECORATION OF A FLOWER

Every year in May I plant annual nasturtiums of bright colors with climbing stems in seeds in open ground, and then all summer I enjoy a dazzling beauty flower carpet of bright yellow and orange-red shades reaching 5 cm in diameter until frosts. , light-requiring, non-drought-resistant, so I water it as needed (especially in a dry summer), remove weeds and dried flowers (leave only a few for seeds), loosen the soil around the plants, do not add fertilizer.

At the first frost nasturtium dies. In mid-October, I collect small balls that, after they dry out, break open and release ripe seeds from them. They will come in handy next year for planting.

Nasturtium is not only beautiful, but also very useful. It discourages Colorado beetles, aphids and other insect pests.

It can be used in cooking and traditional medicine.

For example, I add leaves as a seasoning to various salads, vegetable, meat dishes and as decoration. 100 g of fresh leaves of nasturtium, finely chopped, mixed with 100 g of boiled potatoes, diced. Add 30 g of dill, 2 chopped eggs, salt and pepper to taste. I fill with sour cream or mayonnaise and serve to the table. Nasturtium leaves contain a lot of vitamin C, and they contribute to normal digestion.

Juice nasturtium lubricates the skin on the bite of an insect, which significantly reduces itching.

If I see that the hair began to fall out strongly, then to prevent this process, I rub nasturtium juice into the hair part of the head.

It is also effective in burns. From the dry leaves of nasturtium I make an infusion for gargling. For this, 1 tbsp. l nasturtium leaves pour a glass of boiling water, insist 30 minutes, filter and drink 1/3 tbsp. 3 times a day for sore throat and cough. The fact is that nasturtium has anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antiseptic, tonic properties.

Nasturtium does not require special care, but how many positive emotions and benefits from such a flower!

Features of the numerous genus Tropaeolum

In nature, there are about nine dozen types of nasturtiums. And with all the diversity, whether it is multimeter creeping or climbing vines, shrubs or modest plants with a height of no more than 30 cm, all nasturtiums have common features, thanks to which they received their generic name Tropaeolum.

When describing plants, it was noted that the dense leaves on long petioles resemble shields, and the shape of the rims resembles fancy helmets. Since the flowers were foreign, their comparison with trophae, a small trophy, appeared. You can hear what nasturtium is called capuchin, painfully bright, decorated with spurs cups of flowers look like deep monastic hoods.

In all species, whether curly nasturtium or upright:

  • very juicy, fleshy stems,
  • single flowers on the long peduncles emanating from the axils,
  • alternately located thyroid or rounded fleshy leaves,
  • long elastic petioles, like leaves, often covered with a waxy coating,
  • after ripening, prefabricated fruits are divided into three rounded, wrinkled seeds.

In countries of South and Central America, where the climate allows, the nasturtium is a perennial plant. In the middle lane it is impossible to achieve this, but it is not difficult to get a plant that blooms spectacularly throughout the summer with the help of seeds. The two-week old nasturtium fruits that mature for a season and remain viable for up to five years produce powerful shoots, from which not only decorative types of nasturtium are obtained, but also nasturtiums that give usable leaves, fruits, flowers, and even tubers.

Therefore, when planting and caring for nasturtium, it is important to consider the purpose and characteristics of the cultivated species and variety.

Curly Nasturtium Foreign (T. peregrinum)

Nasturtium foreign, in comparison with other species, has, probably, the most original and memorable appearance.

The foreign nasturtium has medium-sized, divided into seven parts leaves of a light green shade and yellow, with petals cut along the edge. Flowering of winding nasturtium in the open field begins in mid-summer and ends only with the arrival of frosts. Under favorable conditions, over the summer, the vine will have time to give climbing stems up to 3.5 meters high.

Such a volume of green mass can not do without reliable support, a sufficient amount of sun and abundant watering. The best place for planting is a wall, a terrace, a garden fence or a sturdy trellis fence protecting from nasturtium. To bring flowering closer and improve the quality of seeds, foreign nasturtium is better to plant seedlings in the ground.

Small nasturtium (T. minus)

The stalks at the smallest type of nasturtium are thin, strongly branched and reaching a length of 25–35 cm. On the lashes there are a lot of medium-sized leaves of rounded shape on elegant long petioles. The flowers of small nasturtium, with a diameter of only 3 cm, also have yellow flowers with spots on the petals. The spurs of this species are short and slightly curved.

This is one of the most unpretentious nasturtiums, the landing and care of which will not be difficult even for a gardener with little experience. The plant is successfully grown in containers and in open ground. Flowering begins in June, and the seeds ripen well in the middle band.

Perennial thyroid nasturtium (T. peltophorum)

In Ecuador and Colombia, where the plant was originally discovered, this type of nasturtium is known as unpretentious perennial. Even in the conditions of a mild European winter, for example, in the UK, four-meter thick nesturtium thickets does not freeze, but only stops flowering.

In Russia, the fleshy rhizome of this light-loving culture does not withstand the freezing of the soil, therefore, like other nasturtiums, it is planted in the spring with seeds or seedlings. For the landing of the shield-bearing nasturtium, the following areas are protected from drafts:

  • with loose fertile soil with a weak alkaline reaction,
  • lit in the upper tier and shaded at root level.

A plant with four-meter creeping stems can be used as a groundcover or grown on poles, creating, thanks to dark green leaves and large, 6-centimeter flowers, magnificent living decorations for the garden.

Nasturtium large (T. majus)

A large nasturtium exists in cluster form with a height of up to 60 cm, and also in the form of an ampelous plant with a length of stems up to 2.5 meters. Succulent stems have strong branching and are quite fragile. Rounded, thyroid, leaves in diameter reach 8 cm and are covered with a noticeable bluish bloom on the underside.

Today, gardeners are well known for both simple and terry nasturtiums of this species with spectacular fragrant flowers of yellow, cream, orange and red colors. There are varieties with variegated flowers in red-orange or yellow colors. A characteristic feature of the species is early and long flowering, as well as abundant self-seeding at the end of the season. At the same time the plant is damaged by abundant food. Nasturtium zhiruet, creating thick greens, but reducing flowering.

Simple and terry nasturtium cultural (T. cultorum)

On the basis of the nasturtium, the large and the thyroid, many original hybrids are now displayed, united under the common name Tropaeolum cultorum. Plants with a height of 40 cm to 3 m in Russia are grown as annuals. Thyroid leaves of this species can have not only the usual green color, but also be a thick purple hue. Flowers in the characteristic range of nasturtium come from the sinuses of leaves, have a diameter of 5 cm, and are simple and terry.

Mass flowering and tiny forms no higher than 30 cm, and huge curly nasturtiums runs from June until late autumn. During this time, the seeds ripen well and can be used when sowing next spring.

Planting and caring for nasturtium tuberosum (T. tuberosum)

Herbaceous, climbing plant with shoots of three or four meters in length is covered with five-fingered small leaves. Funnel-shaped flowers with orange-red or pink sepals open in July, and their number does not decrease until October.

Tuberiferous nasturtium or Mashua for thousands of years included in the diet of the local population of Colombia, Ecuador and Peru. However, in Europe for a long time was known only as an ornamental plant with powerful stems, capable of climbing to a great height, fixed on the walls with leaf stalks and lateral shoots.

This type of nasturtium, as in its homeland, in the mountainous regions of the Andes, prefers coolness and abundance of moisture. The glossy, waxy skin of tubers forming in the soil reaches a length of 20 cm. And, besides the white ones, some varieties of nasturtium produce a pink, yellow and purple crop up to 1.5 kg per bush.

All parts of the plant are edible. Tubers are boiled, frozen, baked or eaten raw. And the leaves and flowers go to salads and marinades. Planting and caring for the nasturtium of this species differ little from potato cultivation. Seeding is possible, but spring planting of seed tubers gives the best result.

Nasturtium five-leaf (T. pentaphyllum)

Perennial herbaceous curly nasturtium forms creepers about 6 meters long, seated with soft green palmate, like clover, leaves. Shoots easily climb mountain slopes, rocky fences and even walls of buildings.

For an amazing shape, as in the photo, the nasturtium flowers in English-speaking countries, the plant was called the "lady's shoe" or "lady's foot." Indeed, pinkish-red single flowers, the size of a little more than a centimeter, amaze with grace. When the flowering is completed, bright blue rounded seeds appear on the spot of tiny corollas.

Nasturtium polyvalent (T. polyphyllum)

A liana up to 3 meters long, covered with small felted leaves of a silvery-green tint, is capable of forming large underground tubers that successfully hibernate in the soil in favorable conditions.

New shoots and bright yellow flowers nasturtium gives throughout the season, and with the onset of cold weather, all the aboveground parts die off. After a mild winter, the tubers remaining underground give birth to a new plant. In Russia, it is easier to propagate and grow this species through seeds.

Nasturtium beautiful (T. speciosum)

Perennial nasturtium with three-meter-long vine stalks. The leaves are bright green with five lobes and clearly visible longitudinal veins. When the openwork flowers, which have a rich red color, bloom, blue fruits appear in their place, containing small seeds.

Nasturtium prefers a sour loose soil, where it forms succulent fleshy tubers. When the soil dries out, the plant quickly loses its decorative effect; therefore, the soil is mulched and provides shading to the roots and the lower part of the stems.

Tricolor nasturtium (T. tricolorum)

A perennial South American liana with shoots not less than 2 meters long is covered with small five- or seven-fingered leaves. Flowering lasts about three months and is accompanied by a massive appearance of orange-scarlet with black border and bright yellow heart of flowers on long thin burgundy peduncles. This type of climbing nasturtium, unfortunately, does not tolerate frosts extremely well, therefore, in the middle zone it is grown only in protected ground or with the help of seedlings.

Nasturtium Azure (T. azureum)

This perennial nasturtium from Chile is distinguished not only by the unusual blue color of the flowers, but also by their surprisingly elegant shape. The appearance of small flowers with five rounded petals, short spurs and a white and yellow middle begins in May and lasts for a month. The height of the plant, which represents a shrub in the homeland, is from 60 to 100 cm. At the same time, the stems are covered with 2-centimeter palmar leaves of pale green color.

Short-Nasturtium (T. brachyceras)

Bright yellow flowers with short, wide spurs of pinkish color appear on thin peduncles and densely cover the curly stems of this type of nasturtium. The leaves are tiny, five-fingered, very tender.

In order to speed up germination and bring flowering closer, resorting to a seedling method of nasturtium planting, which will take care of at home for up to 2 months, is resorted to. Seeds to a depth of a centimeter are sown in fine sand mixed with compost and kept at a temperature of 15 to 20 degrees. Shoots appear only after 4-6 weeks or later. Emerging seedlings are distributed into individual peat pots, and when the plants are strengthened, they are planted in a sunny place with well-drained soil.

Varieties and varieties of nasturtium

The following types are most popular with gardeners:Canary Nasturtiumlooks like a vine, has stems up to four meters in length. The plant blooms in June and blooms until December. Its flowers are bright yellow in color, resembling a bird.

Big nasturtium- It is a shrub with large leaves in the form of a shield, with long stems growing to three meters. It blooms from mid-summer to November.

Small nasturtium. The name speaks for itself - the diameter of flowers is no more than 3 cm, the stems grow to 35 cm.

Shield view. Shoots of this species grow to 4 m. This nasturtium blooms in June with purple-red flowers.

Cultural Nasturtium obtained by crossing large and shield-bearing, sometimes creeping and dwarf.

The most unusual varieties in color and brightness:

"Vesuvius" - shrub variety, bright coral flowers, sometimes the color turns to orange, with bright red splashes on the petals.

"Day and night" - low shrub. The flowers are cream and red, especially look beautiful against the background of lush green foliage.

"Cherry Rose". Terry flowers, painted in a bright pink color, turning into a crimson hue.

"Terry mix". Flowers terry, have all shades of yellow and red and delicate delicate aroma. Shrub grows up to half a meter tall.

"Alaska". The foliage of this nasturtium marble color is white-green. The color of the petals is yellow, orange and red.

"Yeti". Shoots of this nasturtium grow up to two meters in length. The flowers are creamy white with yellow splashes in the center of the petal.

Did you know?In America of the pre-Columbian period, the tribes of the Indians of Peru and Chile used and raised nasturtium for food. These were types of perennial tuber-bearing and thin-leaf nasturtium.

The choice of a place for landing nasturtium and illumination area

Nasturtium loves light, heat and does not tolerate temperature extremes. Therefore, choose a plot under the sun or light penumbra, with shelter from drafts - this will be the place where it is better to plant a nasturtium in the country. For a climbing vine there is a need for support, for which it will cling, for example, a fence, a fence, a wall of an arbor.

Preparing the soil for planting

For nasturtium, the presence in the ground of an excess of organic fertilizers, especially fresh manure, is undesirable. On the poor, non-cultivated soils of nasturtium flowering, we can not wait, even the leaf cover will be plain and rare. Heavy clay soil is also not suitable. У настурции поверхностная корневая система, поэтому оптимальный вариант для неё — лёгкая, слабокислая почва с хорошим дренажом. To improve the granulometric characteristics of the soil, add sand to it.

Top dressing, watering and weeding

Watering and feeding nasturtiums do not have any particularly complex recipes. For feeding plants are best suited feed with potassium and phosphorus. Ideal - superphosphate, diluted in water. Although this fertilizer is difficult to dilute, but in this form the nasturtium takes it better. Fertilizers containing a small amount of nitrogen are well suited. Fertilizing nasturtium is recommended once a month.

An adult plant prefers moderate watering, and young shoots - more frequent. After the nasturtium blooms, it needs to be watered only when the soil is completely dry. Be sure to weed around the plant, so you loosen the soil, saturating it with oxygen, and free nasturtium from weeds.

Interesting!In the XVI century, European cooks, not really understanding what nasturtium is, gave it a name - “Indian watercress”, because they are similar in taste.

Reproduction seedlings

To achieve early flowering, nasturtium grow seedling method. For this they use peat cups. In the cups sown seeds a couple of peas in one glass, to a small depth. The temperature at which the seedlings are waiting for planting is + 20-22 ºC.

Seed dates

Seeds are sown in early May. Shoots appear within two weeks. A prerequisite is good lighting.

Terms of planting seedlings in the ground

In the ground grown seedlings are planted in early June.

Important!Given the weak root system of the plant, planted together with the earthy clod, not diving.

Seed propagation

Consider how to grow nasturtium from seed. Before planting seeds need to soak. After they have swelled, plant them in a nesting way: several seeds in a hole, at a distance of 30 cm. In two weeks, the first shoots should appear. While the seedlings have not given the first flowering, they need to be fed at least three times a month.

In the open soil, seeds can be sown in May. If you want flowers to bloom before planting, pour hot water over the soil.

Reproduction by cuttings

The cutting of the nasturtium is also not difficult. Cuttings root equally well in water and in soil. Gardeners use this method when breeding terry plant varieties. Nasturtium will be perennial, subject to wintering at home in a pot. In the spring you can scribble it. Cut off the stalk at an angle and place it in water or in a mixture of sand and peat. When the roots, if the weather permits, the cuttings are planted on open ground.

How and when to collect seeds

Seeds of nasturtium ripen finally in a month and a half, after shedding the petals. Seeds are surrounded by a protective sheath. If you do not need a large number of seeds for planting nasturtium, then fade the flowers just pick off, so you extend the flowering time of the plant.

Attention!It is undesirable for seeds to crumble on the ground. As soon as their color from green becomes whitish, they are removed from the pedicle.

The collected seeds are laid out on a sheet of paper for drying at room temperature. The only type of nasturtium, the seeds of which are harvested still green, is curly nasturtium. Her seeds are dried in cool conditions.

Diseases, pests and ways to combat them

The specific flavor deters most pests from nasturtium, but sometimes they still attack the plant. To combat cabbage moths and aphids, you can sprinkle the plant with ordinary ash. Since the nasturtium ash does not harm, the procedure can be repeated for prevention. Spraying with alcohol 96% helps from a spider mite, you need to spray the soil and the pot if the plant is suspended.

In addition to pests, nasturtium and diseases are not insured. If you notice that the leaves wither and become covered with suspicious spots, the plant is sick.

To combat viruses, it is necessary to remove the affected leaves, to process various solutions. Drugs can be chemical and bacteriological type in composition. The latter are preferable because they do not harm people and domestic animals, as well as beneficial insects (bees).

Useful properties of nasturtium

Nasturtium contains a large amount of ascorbic acid, which makes it useful in combating and preventing colds. The plant contains sulfur and carotene, useful for aging diseases such as sclerosis. Potassium, iodine and phosphorus stimulate metabolic processes, strengthen the body's immune system, and kill bacteria. Due to the content of plant antibiotics, nasturtium helps with influenza, bronchitis and other diseases of the upper respiratory tract and lungs.

Nasturtium is used for the formation of stones in the kidneys and gallbladder, with inflammation of the lymph nodes, depression, female and male climax. Decoction helps with stomatitis and sore throat. Lotions of juice for skin diseases. In cosmetology against hair loss use leaf juice and alcohol tincture with nasturtium and nettle.

All types and varieties of nasturtium, except for decorating the garden with a colored carpet, have useful properties. The special scent scares off insect pests and attracts insects that pollinate garden and garden crops.

Flowers nasturtium planting and care, plant reproduction and disease

Nasturtium flowers: planting and care, plant reproduction and disease

This is an annual plant, it is found in a handicraft form as well as a grassy one. Fragrant and bright, does not tolerate transplants, after them often dries and disappears.

The people call it Capuchin, and the birthplace of the flower is South and Central America. There it is grown as a perennial plant, and we have not yet taken root for these species.

Nasturtium is rich in vitamin C, carotene, many useful minerals and trace elements. Eating its leaflets and flowers, most often for confectionery purposes. And also they make salads, pickles, decorate various dishes with flowers.

The plant is perfect for growing on a balcony, has a shallow root system. Blooms magnificently, amazingly beautiful. Decorative curly varieties reach a height of 2 meters. Turn a corner of the house into a blossoming front garden.

With proper care, nasturtium will decorate any garden.

Main species and varieties

The flower has numerous varietal and species composition:

The most famous plant type is nasturtium. Large, it is bush and curly, according to the structure of the flower, terry and simple heads are distinguished. Bush varieties are used for decoration of flower beds and droshki in the garden, and from climbing plants create whole blooming screens that can protect the tent from the wind and the sultry heat. Dwarf Nasturtium has thin stems and small flowers, mostly yellow. Creeps on the ground and envelops the soil. Canary view flower is very different from previous plants, its stems form lianas, need support. Characterized by increased requirements for lighting, moisture and heat. Suitable for sowing near the gazebo, fence or shed. Performs the role of decorative ornaments. Nasturtium Cultural combines hybrids of two varieties - large and shield-bearing. This is a large plant with purple flowers. The stems are tall and thick, surprising with its grace and shape of the bush itself.

In the photo nasturtium large

Among the most common varieties of plants include:

Vesuvius. Bushes are small, stems with large leaves. Color pink with an orange tint. Cherry rose. Grows in height up to 30 cm, the flowers are raspberry-pink. Day and night. Erect shoots. Red-cream color of the plant, the flowers look especially and attractive. Terry mix. The name comes from the appearance of flowers, they are fragrant, with terry color, large and bright.

Nasturtium "Cherry Rose"

All types and varieties of capuchins are useful for the garden. The smell repels insects, and the appearance of the plant during flowering gives energy and good mood for every day.

Choosing a place for planting and soil preparation

For planting nasturtium need moderately fertile and loose soil, with a preliminary seasonal fertilizer. In order for flowers to quickly grow, you need to thoroughly water the ground before laying the seeds in the ground, do not use the soil with a heavy structure.

It is best to fill it with potash-californian fertilizer. The place should be sunny, windless.

Nasturtium planting and care in the open field, photos and color properties

Nasturtium planting and care in the open field, photos and color properties

The nasturtium is unique in that it is capable of scaring off such omnivorous pests as whiteflies, aphids and Colorado beetles. That is why it is recommended to plant flowers next to the beds where potatoes, peppers or cabbage are planted. This will not only decorate the garden, but will also bring tangible benefits: there will be fewer pests and the crop will be preserved better. However, the nasturtium still has its enemies:

    bacterial wilt. In the affected plant, the lower leaves first disappear, after which the whole plant dies, gray mold. The disease can be recognized by dry gray-brown spots on the shoots and leaves, rust. A plant that has undergone this disease has small dark spots that eventually turn into brown or black tubercles, a mosaic. The disease is manifested in the leaves of a mosaic pattern, ring spot. In this disease, the leaves of the plant are covered with small dots surrounded by a dark red border.

If the plant is affected by the above diseases, the affected areas should be immediately removed and burned. Treat the remaining specimens with insecticides.

Nasturtium Reproduction

Nasturtium propagated by seeds and seedlings.

Annual and perennial nasturtium, as a rule, propagated by seeds and seedlings. Breeders and flower growers who want to grow new varieties, choose a more difficult path - grafting. In this case, experienced specialists rooted young cuttings of nasturtium.

Nasturtium in landscape design

However, in landscape design, not only the bright and variegated colors of nasturtium flowers are appreciated, but also the lush green of its succulent leaves that resemble the foliage of a water lily. In order to create the effect of beautiful thickets, nasturtium is actively watered during and after flowering - in this case there are few flowers, but a lot of greens. Against the background of this green screen, such tall blue-violet flowers as bells, delphinium or ageratum look well.

How to transplant nasturtium?

Our plant is considered quite gentle, and therefore its transplant requires special attention. The surface root system is very sensitive to all sorts of anxieties, and therefore the transplant takes place along with an earthy clod that cannot be disturbed.

After transplantation, the plant must adapt, but this takes time. You should not be upset if the nasturtium looks sluggish at first, you just need to continue regular watering and wait.

We propagate the flower with seeds

You can try and the cultivation of nasturtium seeds, which is not difficult. Seeds are prepared in water or a special nutrient solution, and are planted on a warm ground after the night frosts have ended in the spring. A few seeds per well depth of a couple of centimeters will be enough to get the shoots of the plant after 2 weeks.

Nasturtium - planting and care of capuchin flowers in the garden and at home

Nasturtium - planting and care of capuchin flowers in the garden and at home

Modest, but at the same time bright and decorative - nasturtium in the garden. And although now many flower growers, spoiled by the tendencies of the floral “fashion”, prefer more exotic species, this culture does not lose its popularity. And it is not surprising, because apart from a large variety of colors and an extraordinary look, the nasturtium is not whimsical and at the same time resistant. And how the planting of such magnificent flowers takes place at the site, as well as what kind of care they need, this article will tell.

For planting nasturtium enough to sow its seeds. And soon the flower beds will decorate the radiant flowers, which will be a great addition to the garden.

    Description of Nasturtium Landing Requirements

How to plant on the site How to care for plants

Description of nasturtium

Nasturtium came to us, or as it is also called - Capuchin, from South America. And, despite the difference in climatic conditions, she perfectly got accustomed and adapted. In nature, these plants differ in structure (for example, curly nasturtium), height and strength of growth. There are specimens reaching 2 m, but there are those that grow only 20 cm. In the middle lane, nasturtium is more often grown as an annual, which blooms with single flowers with colors of various shades, which can be seen in the photo on packages with seeds.

Landing requirements

Nasturtium is not whimsical enough, but for better development and lush flowering, it needs to create optimal conditions for planting and further care. So, what are the requirements of the nasturtium.

These flowers will grow better on light and moderately fertile soils, with good drainage and slightly acidic environment. If you plant such a flower culture on the site enriched with organic fertilizers, it will not please with flowering, as it will become “fatten”. When grown on very poor soils, the flowers will completely lose their decorative effect: the stems will be more bare, and the leaves will not grow large. At the same time, having planted nasturtium in heavy soil, the risk of plant disease (root decay) will increase, which can lead to the death of flowers. Therefore, planting, as well as care, should be carried out on the basis of cultural preferences.

Since the nasturtium flowers are warm and light-loving, it is better to plant them in a well-lit place. If the cultivation of the plant will be planned on the site in the penumbra, you can expect a more lush green mass, instead of violent flowering. It is necessary to protect the flowers from drafts, so that it does not interfere with the normal development of flowers.

It is also worth noting that any decrease in temperature will adversely affect plants. Besides the fact that frosts can destroy the plant, any cold will affect its appearance.

How to plant on the site

In nature, nasturtiums are found in the form of perennials. In our area, such a culture is cultivated as an annual plant, the care for which is appropriate. There are hybrid forms and terry varieties, for reproduction of which use cuttings. But basically, almost all representatives of this plant species multiply with the help of seeds. These plants include nasturtium large, bush and curly.

The seeds of these flowers have a very good germination. They can retain such properties for 4 years. Seedlings of culture are quite large, as can be seen in the following photo.

Planting these flowers in the garden can be carried out in one of the options:

    seedless - when sowing seeds in a garden, seedling - when seedlings are sown at home with subsequent transplanting.

The first option involves sowing seeds in the garden at the end of May, and for areas with a cooler climate - at the beginning of June. But do not forget that this flower culture is afraid of frost, and therefore for reinsurance and protection of seedlings, you can cover the plot with planting covering material.

Before planting, seedlings should be processed by immersing them first in hot water for about 10-15 minutes, and then soaking them for a day at room temperature. The nasturtium landing holes should be 2 cm deep and 25–30 cm apart.

The use of the second variant of planting provides for the cultivation of seedlings of nasturtium from seeds at home with the sowing of seeds in late April and May. This will provide you with quality planting material in a month. Sowing seedlings is best done in special peat cups to avoid damaging the delicate roots of the seedlings when transplanting them to a permanent place in the garden. Planting can be carried out in the same way as with the non-seedling method, with embedding of seeds into holes 2 cm deep. At a temperature of about +2 degrees, the first shoots will appear in 1.5-2 weeks, after which the temperature should be lowered to +18. Thus, after another couple of weeks, of course, if the care for them is good, the shoots will look like in the next photo.

The most popular among gardeners is the first option of planting. Since in addition to the practicality and convenience of this method, you can also get more disease resistant plants. But at the same time, providing proper care to the crop, flowering of plants will come later than that of seedlings.

How to care for plants

Caring for a nasturtium in the garden should include watering and weeding.

Nasturtium especially needs watering when it is in the stage of active growth. As a rule, this phase ends when the flowering of plants begins. Then reduce watering, focusing on the condition of the top layer of soil - if the earth is dry. Do not forget that abundant watering is fraught with poor flowering of nasturtium.

Weeding must be carried out in order to retain moisture in the soil and to provide air access to the roots. By the way, if it is not possible to carry out regular weeding, you can apply mulching.

Чтобы ваш садовый обитатель был красивым и выглядел ухоженным, как на фото, обязательно стоит регулярно удалять цветы, которые уже завяли (если не планируется сбор семян). Проводя такие процедуры, можно стимулировать и обильное цветение настурции.

The collection of nasturtium seeds can be done by yourself. To do this, follow the fruits of flowers that are formed in flowers and become whitish in color as they mature. Seedlings need to be collected before they fall off, so that there is no self seeding. It would be appropriate to note that the only variety in which the seeds do not fully ripen is nasturtium curling.

As you can see, planting and caring for nasturtium - simple classes. Well, the right place and excellent conditions will be the key to lush blooming plants.

Growing and nasturtium care for it for lush flowering

Growing and nasturtium care for it for lush flowering

Hello, dear readers! Today I will continue the “capuchin” theme with a story about growing nasturtium and caring for it from planting to seed harvesting. Also reveal the little secret of the lush and abundant flowering of this beauty. You already know what nasturtium is useful for, and growing it will become an easier exercise after reading this article.

I'll start with the requirements of the nasturtium. This plant prefers moderately fertile, light in texture, drained soil with a weakly acidic environment. On soils rich in organic plants “fatten”, as a rule, to the detriment of flowering. When grown on poor soils, the nasturtium loses its decorative effect, the leaves become small, and the stems become bare. On heavy and overmoistened soils, roots rot, which leads to the death of plants.

Nasturtium light-requiring. For the cultivation of this culture choose a well-lit, sunny place, protected from the wind. In the penumbra and shade of the plant produce significantly more leaves than flowers. She is also very thermophilic and does not tolerate frost.

Planting nasturtium

These flowers are perennials in nature, but are cultivated as annual crops. Most types of nasturtium are propagated by seed. Terry varieties, as well as new varieties propagate vegetatively by grafting. You can learn about some types and varieties of nasturtium from the previous article.

Capuchin seeds remain viable for 4 years. Before sowing, nasturtium seeds are placed in hot water (+ 40 ... + 50 ° C) for 15-20 minutes, and then soaked for 24 hours.

When growing nasturtium seeds, two methods of planting are used: seedless and seedling.

With a non-seedling method of growing nasturtium, 2-3 seeds are lowered into the wells to a depth of 2 cm in increments of 20-30 cm. Sowing time in open ground - the end of May. The shoots of this culture are afraid of May frosts and perish when the air temperature drops to 0 ° C.

In those regions where return frosts are possible, it is not necessary to hurry with the landing of nasturtium. Or you can use the following technique. So, in order to speed up the emergence of shoots and the onset of flowering before sowing seeds, the soil is shed with water (+ 40 ... + 50 ° C). The sown area of ​​land is covered with non-woven material, and at night additionally with plastic wrap. Watered moderately, only with warm water. Finally, young plants are opened in the first decade of June.

Growing nasturtium in a non-seedling way has its advantages. Growing plants in a permanent place allows you to avoid their disease, which often happens with seedlings. However, bloom in this case comes later.

How to grow a nasturtium to get an earlier bloom

For earlier flowering it is better to use the seedling method. When growing seedlings, it is necessary to take into account that the nasturtium has a relatively weak root system with a large leaf surface. Therefore, these plants suffer any damage to the roots very painfully.

In order to avoid injury to the root system, seedlings are grown in separate tanks without picking and planted together with an earthy clod.

In peat pots, seeds are sown similarly: 2-3 pieces to a depth of 2 cm. The term for sowing seeds for seedlings is April-May. At + 20 ... + 22 ° C, the seeds germinate for 10-15 days. Then the air temperature in the room is reduced to + 18 ° C.

To obtain high-quality seedlings it is necessary to provide a good light mode. Since the lack of light leads to a strong stretching of the seedlings, which, when disembarking on a flower bed, is sick for a long time and does not bloom.

On a flower bed or garden seedlings nasturtiums are planted when frosts stop. In some regions this is the first decade of June. The distance between plants depends on the variety and averages 20-40 cm.

With a cold snap before planting planted seedlings at night, it is recommended to use covering material.

Flowering plants occurs after 1-1.5 months and lasts until the first autumn frosts.

Nasturtium care

Flower care is watering and weeding. Although weeding can be eliminated if you use mulching.

Watering is needed at the beginning of plant growth. When flowering occurs, the nasturtium needs moderate watering, which is carried out only when the soil dries out. Remember that with excessive moisture these plants form few flowers and a lot of leaves.

In order for your beauty to look well-groomed, you must regularly remove faded flowers and ovaries. Of course, this is if you do not need seeds. This technique contributes to the formation of new flowers and lush bloom.

Planting and care of nasturtium description, rules of cultivation, photo of flowers

Planting and care of nasturtium: description, rules of cultivation, photo of flowers

Seeds obtained from these flowers remain viable for a long time. Therefore, by sowing seeds even after 4 years, you can be sure that they will sprout.

For planting nasturtium in the garden can Choose one of the following methods:

    bezrassadny Prepared seeds are sown in the garden. rassadny. First, seedlings are grown at home, and when favorable conditions occur, they are transplanted to a permanent place in the garden.

In the first case, the sowing of seeds is recommended at the end of May. In places with more severe conditions, landing is postponed until the beginning of June. It should be borne in mind that the nasturtium does not tolerate frost, so it is advisable to provide such a risk and cover the area with planting covering material.

    before planting the seedlings in a permanent place, it is treated with hot water for 10-15 minutes, after which they are soaked in room water for a day, 2 cm deep pits are prepared for planting flowers, which are placed no closer than 25-30 cm from each other.

In the second case, sowing seeds for seedlings is carried out In late April and May. It usually takes one month for the seedlings to reach a state sufficient for transplanting to a bed. It is advisable to grow seedlings in special peat cups, as this will help avoid injury to the tender roots of seedlings during their transplant to a permanent place in the garden.

Planting seedlings in the same way as in the case of seedless way. Seeds should be deepened by 2 cm. If the temperature is kept at + 2 degrees, then the appearance of the first shoots should be expected no earlier than 1.5-2 weeks. Subsequently, it is necessary to lower the temperature to + 18 degrees. As a result, with the provision of appropriate care in two to three weeks, the shoots will take root and grow.

Most gardeners prefer the first method of planting. This is explained not only by the practicality and convenience of this option, but also by the ability to make plants less susceptible to diseases. However, keep in mind that with proper care plants grown in the first way, Begins to bloom later than seedlings..

Nasturtium - growing nasturtium - nasturtium nursing and transplanting -

Nasturtium - growing nasturtium - nasturtium nursing and transplanting -

Rod Nasturtium (Tropaeolum) from the family Capuchin, or nasturtium (Tropaeolaceae) has about 50 species that originate from South and Central America.

The most famous of these is the large nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus). In the summer, its bright flower-caps, peeping out of the thyroid leaves, can be seen in almost every yard.

The nasturtium culture (Tropaeolum x cultorum) is also widespread, with creeping, strongly branched stems and large flowers, which can be simple and double, with a bright orange, rich yellow or red color.

The unpretentiousness of nasturtium and its long flowering, which, starting in June, lasts until frost, for many years allows it to be one of the most popular plants in decorative floriculture. Low-growing species and varieties of nasturtiums are widely used in borders, flower gardens, tall species are very good as ampelous plants and are used in vertical gardening, as well as ground cover plants.

Nasturtium - growing and care

For the cultivation of nasturtium you need to choose a bright place, in the sun or in light penumbra under the trees, because with a lack of light, its shoots become stunted and flowering almost does not happen.

The soil for nasturtium should be moderately fertile, with good drainage. You should know that fertile and fertilized soil contributes to the development of a large amount of green mass in nasturtium, but in this case it blooms very badly. Fresh organically fertilizers do not tolerate a plant at all, but respond well to supplements with potash and phosphate fertilizers, responding to them with abundant flowering. Feed should be carried out once a month during the growing season.

Nasturtium needs moderate watering. Especially important is regular watering for young plants, as it contributes to their good growth. When the nasturtium begins to bloom, it should be cut and watered only if the soil is very dry, otherwise it will have few flowers and many leaves. Heavy soils with excessive moisture can cause nasturtium rotting.

With proper care, the nasturtium begins to bloom about a month and a half after the shoots appear. To prolong flowering, it is recommended to regularly remove flowers that have faded.

Nasturtium - replanting and reproduction

Nasturtium is very sensitive to transplantation, as it has a superficial and very gentle root system. Therefore, it should be carried out very carefully, trying not to disturb the earth lump. After transplantation, the plant may follow, however, in order to understand how well it tolerated the transplant, it is necessary to give it time to adapt to a new place, while ensuring regular watering.

Nasturtium is propagated by growing seedlings or sowing seeds immediately in open ground. For the cultivation of seedlings are most suitable peat cups or cups with a retractable bottom. Seeds are sown in April, 2-3 pieces per cup, and after 2 weeks shoots should appear. Planting seedlings in the ground should be made with an earthy ball in early June.

Sowing nasturtium in open ground is also not difficult. In order to check the germination of seeds, you can pre-soak them for a day in water, and then sow 3-4 seeds per well in the ground, making sure that the distance between the holes is from 25 to 30 cm. Germination in open ground also occurs in about 2 weeks. However, it should be remembered that the nasturtium is a very heat-loving plant, so you should not rush to sow the seeds in the ground, as seedlings that fall under the spring frosts, will inevitably die. If you want to achieve early flowering plants, it is best to use the seedling method of reproduction. Favorable conditions of cultivation contribute to the sticking of a large number of seeds at nasturtium, which fall off and can winter in the soil, forming young plants in spring. Nasturtium seeds have a thick protective shell and ripen about 40-50 days after the petals wilt, and then fall off. They can survive up to 4 years.

Also for propagation of nasturtiums, cuttings that rooted in water and in wet sand can be used. This method is used mainly for the reproduction of new varieties, especially terry.

Nasturtium - diseases and pests

Nasturtium is not only beautiful, but also very useful for the garden plant, which is very afraid of various kinds of pests: Colorado potato beetle, whitefly, cabbage soup, aphid. However, the nasturtium itself may also suffer from certain diseases.

Most often, it can be affected by bacterial wilt, gray mold, leaf spot, rust, nasturtium mosaic and ring spot viruses.

Bacterial wilt is manifested by weakening of the lower leaves, followed by wilting of the whole plant. Gray rot can be recognized by the dry gray-brown spots formed on the parts of the plant. Leaf spot causes small dots with reddish brown edges that grow and seize the entire leaf. The rust appears small brown and black specks, gradually developing into convex pads of irregular shape. The nasturtium mosaic has the appearance of a mosaic pattern of light green spots on the leaves of a plant, because of which it loses its decorative effect and slows growth.

In the case of a plant disease, it is necessary to remove and burn its damaged parts, and then treat it with special preparations, which may be of a chemical or bacteriological nature. If possible, it is recommended to give preference to the latter, since they are more harmless to plants, people and animals.

The composition and calorie colors of nasturtium

Cooks call the nasturtium an Indian or Capuchin cress, a colored salad. Nutritional value - 32 kcal, was estimated by biomass, that is, relative to all parts of the plant - open buds, leaves, seeds and stems. When calculating the caloric content of flowers, it is advised to focus on this value, since the funnel tube contains a large amount of nectar.

The calorie content of the nasturtium petals is 19-22 kcal, of which:

  • Protein - 2.6 g,
  • Fat - 0.6-0.7 g,
  • Carbohydrates - 5.5 g,
  • Dietary fiber - 1.1 g,
  • Water - 89.4 g,
  • Ash - 1.8 g.

The benefits of nasturtium flowers are due to the rich chemical composition:

    Vitamin C - 130 mg / 100 g - participates in all redox processes, in respiration and blood formation, helps to absorb the gland, protects the walls of blood vessels from cholesterol deposits. Even in orange, ascorbic acid is less.

Beta carotene - 4.15 mg / 100 g - with its deficiency nails exfoliate and hair fall out, skin peels off, acne appears, vision weakens. Lutein (coloring pigment) is more than any edible plant.

Vitamin A - if this substance is not enough, "night blindness" and rapid aging develop.

Choline - without it, brain function is impaired, memory deteriorates, dementia develops.

Folic acid - deficiency leads to depression, impaired fertility in women and reduced quality of sperm in men, problems with digestion.

Vitamin PP (B3) - stimulates the production of hormones and the breakdown of complex protein compounds.

Potassium - it is necessary for the operation of nerve fibers and stabilization of the heart rhythm, controls the water-electrolyte balance.

Calcium - participates in metabolic processes and prevents the development of obesity, is a building material for bones, teeth, nails and hair.

Magnesium - if it is not enough, frequent headaches, muscle and intestinal spasms appear.

Phosphorus - with a lack of mood spoils, endocrine system function is disturbed, the kidneys work, microelements are not absorbed.

Iron - thanks to this trace element, hemoglobin is produced and oxygen is distributed throughout the body.

Copper - if it is not enough, diabetes and coronary disease, skin cancer develop.

Linoleic acid or omega-6 - increases the digestibility of vitamins of group B, normalizes the production of sex hormones and the endocrine system.

Linolenic acid - stimulates the regenerative properties of the epithelium.

Oleic acid or omega-9 - normalizes blood clotting, increases the body's defenses.

Palmitic acid - A source of energy, increases the strength of cell membranes.

  • Stearic acid - necessary for the formation of brain cells and stabilization of impulse conductivity.

  • Also nasturtium flowers contain alkaloids and natural antibiotics - salonin and gluconasturin.

    Useful properties of nasturtium flowers

    The healing effect of nasturtium flowers was first noticed by folk healers.

    The benefits of plants for the body:

      Improves immunity, prevents colds and inhibits viruses, has a bactericidal effect.

    Improves the hematopoietic system, prevents the development of anemia and varicose veins.

    Dissolves harmful cholesterol and lipid deposits, removes from the body naturally.

    Increases the production of digestive enzymes by stimulating the work of the stomach, pancreas and gall bladder.

    It has a tonic effect.

    It supports the functions of the respiratory system, stimulates the regenerative properties of the oral mucosa.

    Normalizes myocardial work and impulse conductivity, improves the function of mastering information and memory.

    Strengthens the optic nerve, improves twilight vision.

    It helps women to transfer menopause easier, eliminates the painful symptoms - nausea, dizziness, "hot flashes".

    It has a mild diuretic and choleretic effect.

    Предупреждает возрастные изменения, отдаляет формирование морщин, улучшает качество кожи и волос.

  • Устраняет симптомы кожных заболеваний при наружном применении. Компрессы из соцветий удаляют папилломы, останавливают гнойно-воспалительные процессы при акне.

  • Nasturtium flowers support a good mood not only due to the original savory taste, which gives pleasure to the receptors of the tongue, but also to healing properties. Introduction to the day menu normalizes the nervous system, which prevents the development of depression. In addition, women who inject inflorescences into cosmetic products - masks, can boast of even healthy skin.

    Contraindications and harm to nasturtium flowers

    Nasturtium flowers belong to sokogonnye products: stimulate the enzymatic activity of the stomach, gallbladder and pancreas, increasing the load on the digestive tract. You can not use this product for pancreatitis, gastric ulcer, erosive gastritis, chronic diarrhea.

    The harm of nasturtium flowers for cores is caused by erucic acid, which is also contained in the composition. It disrupts the heart muscle, increases the likelihood of heart attack and stroke.

    Do not enter into the recipes of dishes bright petals:

      With stomatitis - irritation of the oral mucosa increases,

    In gallstone disease - so as not to provoke the exit of calculus into the bile ducts,

    With frequent heartburn, reflux disease can develop,

  • During pregnancy and lactation - so as not to provoke the development of an allergic reaction. In the first case in women because of the hypertrophic reaction of the body in a special state, in the second - in infants.

  • No need to acquaint with the new taste of young children. The intestines of babies under 3 years old are not yet ready to meet with a new product, there are not enough good microorganisms in it so that all nutrients are completely absorbed. Too much risk - diarrhea may appear, getting rid of which will become difficult.

    How nasturtium flowers are used in cooking

    Bright culinary inflorescences are added to salads in their raw form, stuffed with various fillings, various drinks are drawn onto them and seasoned with sauces. They can diversify your own diet, improve your health and enjoy your meal - rich colors of the petals are used as decoration of dishes. Herbal product is added to the stuffing and desserts.

    You can not think about how to eat nasturtium flowers. The inflorescences give classic dishes - vinaigrette, pasta or summer salad - a new taste.

    In dietary nutrition, such an additive is invaluable: thanks to it, metabolic processes are accelerated, the fat layer dissolves.

    Drinks with petals increase body tone, help to cope with colds in the epidemic season and quench thirst.

    Nasturtium Flower Recipes

    Inflorescences can be added not only to summer recipes, but also to enjoy your favorite bitter-tart taste all year round. It is best to freeze the greens - all the useful properties will be preserved, and the petals will remain as bright.

    Recipes with nasturtium flowers:

      Spicy oil. Inflorescences finely chopped, mixed with butter and add lemon juice. The proportions of colors and oils do not play a role. The main thing - to get a texture that resembles a dense homogeneous dough in structure. Then form small cue pills, freeze in the freezer. In the future, you can smear on bread, add to mashed potatoes or porridge.

    Summer salad. 200 g of radish, 80 g of nasturtium flowers, a few feathers of green onions. Season with mayonnaise or olive oil with mustard powder. Another option: instead of radish - fresh cucumbers, additionally 1-2 hard boiled eggs.

    Nut salad. Two fleshy tomatoes rubbed, finely chopped fresh cucumber. Salad dressing: rubbed 2 tablespoons of a mixture of walnut and cashew nuts, or cedar nuts with hazelnuts, mixed with honey and vegetable oil to a pasty state.

    Spicy Seasoning. In equal parts mix the buds, crushed garlic and red currant puree. Store in the refrigerator, used as a sauce for fish and meat.

    Pickled buds. Choose unblown buds that are still green. They are washed and laid out in a single layer on a paper towel to remove excess moisture. Cook the marinade: for 1 liter of water, a tablespoon of salt and sugar, 2 peas allspice and cloves, 1 bay leaf. When the marinade boils, pour 3 tablespoons of 9% vinegar into it. The jars are tightly filled with buds (it is not necessary to sterilize beforehand), pour hot marinade and immediately cover with a lid. In the marinated form they add nasturtium flowers to the dishes - fish and meat.

  • Stuffed Tomatoes. Fresh meaty tomatoes are cut in half and removed in the middle. Spread equally in the bowl of the blender: boiled beets, a core of tomatoes, pickled buds, green peas - can be fresh (sugar) or canned. Mix everything and add a little butter. Stuffed tomatoes, smeared with mayonnaise on top.

  • Nasturtium Flower Drink Recipes

    On the basis of inflorescences it is possible to prepare not only dishes, but also drinks.

      Tea. The buds are torn off before they open, dried at room temperature in a ventilated room, spread out in 1 layer. You can not turn it over. Then make boiling water.

    Pouring. Dried buds are ground into powder and added to homemade berry liqueurs for 3-4 days before possible tasting in the proportion of 1 tablespoon per 1 liter.

    Flower Vinegar. Used fresh inflorescences. 100 g of flowering buds pour 0.5 liters of licorice 9% vinegar, pour 2 peas allspice and black pepper into the bottle, 1 clove, 1 crushed garlic clove and half a shallot. Insist 12 days in a dark place at room temperature, then the liquid is decanted. Used as an addition to fatty meat and fish dishes.

  • Tonic cocktail. 40 g of horseradish root rubbed on a grater, add 100 g of shredded unopened buds, stir. Pour 2 liters of boiled cool water in a container that can be tightly closed with a lid, pour a little more than half a glass of sugar. Filter in 12 hours. Keep refrigerated.

  • Interesting facts about nasturtium flowers

    The nasturtium received the name "Capuchin" in honor of monks. In the Portuguese city of Syntro, a monastery of the Order of the Capuchins was founded, whose members wore hoods-hoods resembling nasturtium flowers.

    But the botanical name of the plant "deserved" thanks to the rich bright color of the petals. Karl Linney gave the name Tropaeolum in honor of the triumphal columns on which the soldiers of Rome hung the helmets of their enemies, which were stained with blood.

    The seeds of bright flowers were taken from America not by conquistadors, like most spices and seasonings, but by merchants. Therefore, the plant in Europe came from India. There it gained immense popularity. Bright flowers replaced the poor saffron - a must-have ingredient in national cuisine.

    Large flowers of nasturtium, blooming on plants of tropical countries, are not pollinated by insects, but by hummingbirds. Their nectar is food for these bright little birds.

    During the flowering of nasturtium, any plants planted near the flower garden are protected from cabbage plants, aphids, whiteflies, and even the Colorado beetles. They are repelled by a sharp smell. Also, this neighborhood protects against many diseases.

    Claude Monet, a French artist, preferred bright colors — almost all of his backyard plot was planted with nasturtiums.

    Flowering begins in May and ends in late autumn. You can pick up varieties in such a way that the flowerbed will delight your eyes all this time. Most popular nasturtiums:

      Shchitonosnaya - with four-meter shoots, with red and yellow flowers, "Lucifer",

    Small - with short stems, no longer than 35 cm, red, orange, yellow, with highlights and stripes on the petals, "Black Velveteen", "Cherry Rose",

    Thyroid - large dense leaves and stem up to 2.5 m, “Ladybug”, “King Theodore”,

  • Liana (canarian) - Liana with small colorful flowers.

  • Work on new varieties is still ongoing. You can grow on the garden, on the lawn, in the winter garden and on your own windowsill. The plant is so unpretentious that for growth and flowering is enough to ensure stable watering.

    Watch the video about nasturtium flowers:

    Little about nasturtiums

    An amazing flower will be able to conquer your imagination - Nasturtium. Nasturtium homeland is Central and South America. Once this flower was brought to Russia from Holland, and now, Nasturtium adorns the flower beds, gardens, and private plots.

    Nasturtium flower

    Beautiful flowers in the shape of a hood, for which Nasturtium was endowed with a second name - Capuchin (hood) - thin the pleasant aroma and give the look a rich palette of bright, saturated colors. Flowers can be terry, simple, semi-double, depending on the type of plant, there are more than 90.

    Nasturtium flowers are presented in the form of bouquets and even eaten.

    Nasturtium is a perennial plant for the southern regions, and an annual plant in the Russian climate. Since the form of the nasturtium is similar to liana, it is used for the decoration of fences, walls, sidewalks, porches and gazebos. Nasturtia inspires poets and artists to create with their delicate, fragrant blooms.

    Useful properties of the plant

    If you list the medicinal properties of this unique flower, then you can get lost among the various beneficial effects: infusion and decoctions of nasturtium treat bronchitis, kidneys, sclerosis, gallstone disease. Nasturtium kills pathogenic microbes, improves the metabolic processes in the body, immunity. Essential oils of nasturtium normalize blood circulation in the veins.

    Even at your dacha, nasturtium will protect the planting of tomatoes, cabbage, cucumbers, potatoes, beans, and pumpkins from pests: whitefly, aphids, the Colorado potato beetle, and cabbage whitefish. Nastar nectar will attract beneficial insects to the garden. In addition, nasturtium has a good effect on the soil.

    Planting and nasturtium care

    Planting this beautiful plant is possible by spring sowing in open ground, and, also, through seedlings and by grafting.

    Mid-May is a great time to plant a nasturtium. Quite large nasturtium seeds are laid out in wells about 20 mm deep, between which a distance of 0.25-0.3 m is observed. 3 or 4 seeds are placed in a well. Watered nasturtium warm water. After 7-15 days, the first seedlings emerge.

    Nasturtium Seeds

    If you grow nasturtium through seedlings, the main thing is to provide it with good lighting and sow the seeds in peat pots to immediately transplant the plant into the open ground. After disembarking in the open ground, the nasturtium should be watered systematically with abundant. In the future, the frequency of irrigation is reduced.

    Proper care of nasturtium involves the introduction into the soil of natural, organic fertilizers. Remember that nasturtium cannot be fertilized with nitrogen, because in this case the growth of leaves is activated despite the development of buds. To ensure healthy flowering buds, you need to make special fertilizers. And for the soil and plants to be healthy - use only environmentally friendly fertilizers!

    Complex organic fertilizer “Reasil®” for flowering plants with natural humic acid content will increase the brightness of flowers, stimulate the active development of leaves and buds, enhance photosynthesis and respiration. For better education of fruits and seeds, the preparation Florist “Bud” is perfect - this is a special liquid fertilizer with macro- and microelements for abundant flowering of ornamental plants.

    Complex organic fertilizer "Reasil®" for flowering plants Special liquid fertilizer to stimulate flowering in plants Florist "Bud"

    Let the nasturtium decorate your garden and garden with beautiful inflorescences of bright, healthy, healing flowers!

    Nasturtiums

    Enjoy your harvest days!

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