Hello, dear friends!
Practically in each first-aid kit there is a vial with an alcohol solution of iodine (5%). This powerful antiseptic is necessary for the treatment of minor damage to the skin, and without it you can not do neither at home nor on vacation. But not everyone knows that the solution of this drug is an excellent therapeutic and prophylactic agent against fungal diseases of cultivated plants, effective protection against harmful insects and effective feeding of berry, vegetable, fruit and ornamental crops. So, about the effective use of iodine in the garden, I will tell you today.
Apply iodine for plant nutrition
Iodine deficiency in the soil provokes the rotting of the fruit of zucchini. To eliminate the problem, it is enough to spill each squash bush once on the garden with a solution prepared by adding 10 ml of iodine tincture to a standard bucket of water.
The root dressing of cabbage at the beginning of the formation of the head of cabbage strengthens the plant and increases its resilience to adverse external factors. Under each cabbage shrub pour 1 liter of the solution, obtained by adding 40 drops of iodine from a vial to 10 liters of distilled water.
Watering geraniums grown in open or closed ground, a weak infusion of iodine helps to intensify the flowering processes. After such a “treat” at the beginning of summer, pelargonium throws out a huge amount of lush peduncles. For every 3 liters of water, add 3 drops of tincture of iodine. Water the plant along the contour of the flowerpots (pots) or around each bush in a flower bed.
The use of root feeding at the stage of growing seedlings of tomatoes with a weak solution of iodine (1 drop for every 3.5 liters of water) contributes to the harmonious development of the fruiting organs. According to reviews of experienced gardeners, the introduction of this composition leads to the rapid development of floral brushes after transplanting seedlings to the beds or in greenhouses and an increase in the number of future ovaries.
Iodine dressing during the active fruiting of tomato bushes speeds up the process of fruit loading and improves plant immunity. Under each seedling use 1 liter of water with the addition of 2 drops of iodine. It is useful to shed this solution and other solanaceous crops - vegetable peppers and eggplants, which are at the stage of fruit ripening.
The use of iodine for the prevention and treatment of diseases of garden crops and garden crops
Irrigation of the leaves and ovaries for a month before harvesting stone fruit and pome crops with a solution made from a bucket of water with the addition of 10 ml of iodine alcohol tincture protects trees from fruit rot. The treatment is repeated after three days.
Spraying tomato tops with milky iodine solution is an effective prevention of late blight. For each liter of skim milk taken 1 ml of tincture. Irrigation is performed, after 2 weeks from the moment of transplanting seedlings to a permanent place, with an interval of 10-12 days, until the end of the growing season of the bushes.
Before flowering, experienced gardeners advise treating bushes of garden strawberries from all sides with iodine infusion (40 drops to a standard bucket of soft water). Spraying protects planting from the development of sulfur and other types of rot and prevents the invasion of the raspberry-strawberry weevil.
Iodine is also indispensable for cucumber plants, more often than other plants suffering from fungal and bacterial diseases. After appearing on plants 4 full leaves for prevention once in 2 weeks, experts advise to spray the entire aboveground part of plants (whips, stems, leaf plates on both sides, peduncles and ovary) with the following solution: dilute 20 ml of liquid soap in a liter of whey or low-fat kefir and 30 drops of iodine tincture, add the resulting suspension to a bucket of water and use through a spray bottle. The treatment is effective against powdery and downy mildew, gray rot, root rot, as well as from aphids and spider mites.
And how do you use iodine in the garden and in the garden? Share your invaluable experience with iodine in your garden with blog readers in the comments. Excellent yields every summer at your summer cottage! See you again!
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Seed treatment before planting
This disinfector helps to hold fungal disease prevention plants before planting. Etching can help in the destruction of not only external infections, but also infections inside the seed. Also, treating the seeds with this tool, you can increase the germination of seedlings. All that is needed is to soak the seeds in iodine solution (1 drop of iodine per 1 liter of water) for 5–6 hours.
Abundant flowering indoor plants can also be obtained through this tool. Iodine is especially effective as a plant food. during the active growth phase. Fertilizing flowers should be started from February and continue until the end of autumn.
Consider feeding iodine on the example of geranium. For abundant blooming of home flowers, it is worth preparing such a fertilizer: dissolve one drop of iodine per liter of water and pour the soil near the walls of the pot so as not to burn the root. Water the geranium with the solution no more than once every three weeks.
Iodine not only fights with pests and helps plants to bloom, but is also indispensable for a vegetable garden. Spray and water iodine solutions can be trees, bushes, beds and flower beds. Apricots, currants, gooseberries, tomatoes, cucumbers and grapes take such top dressing well.
Instructions for use of the iodine solution are as follows:
- Use 5% iodine solution for foliar and root fertilizer (10 drops - 40 drops of the drug),
- Spray the plants abundantly so that the liquid drips from the leaves,
- For root fertilizer, apply the solution to a moist soil.
Against fungal diseases
Iodine is good for plants not only as a fertilizer, it is also a great helper in the fight against phytophtora. The composition of such an antiseptic is the following: 40–50 drops of a product are added to 10 liters of water, a tablespoon of hydrogen peroxide is mixed with one liter of skimmed milk or milk whey.
Spraying diseased plants is worth in the evening every ten days. For the treatment of powdery mildew, a mixture of 10 liters of water, 10 drops of iodine solution and a liter of milk is suitable.
As you can see, recipes for iodine solutions are universal for all plant species, the only difference is in the method and frequency of application. If you have not previously resorted to using this drug on your site, then try it, it will become your indispensable assistant.
1. Tomato plant from pests
Cut the tops of tomatoes (stepchildren, lower leaves) with water. Insist day. It is possible to spray crucifers (for example, cabbage, radish, radishes, etc.) and pumpkin (cucumbers, squash, pumpkins) from various pests with this composition. Another secret - if you give this leaf to sour, then you get a great feeding for any crops.
2. How to water the onions sown with seeds so that it is healthy
The chernushka onions should be watered not only with water, but alternately, with a weak ash solution (1 cup of ash in a bucket of water), then with a very weak solution of potassium permanganate - all pests disappear - the onion becomes strong, healthy.
4. How to get rid of moles - the secrets and tips of gardeners
- Pour balls of fresh goat or pork manure into moles, as well as pour brine from herring or a mixture of kerosene and water.
- Cut the gooseberry branches chopped, buried in the ground with manure.
- Sticks of bird cherry stick in mole piles or near them.
- The noise from the ratchets (metal turntables), transmitted to the soil by the stick on which they are fixed, will drive the moles away.
- Moles do not like the smell of onions and garlic. Chop them finely and place them in mole passages. The more mole passages you fill with this mixture, the faster the moles will leave your site.
5. Parsley emergence will appear in three hours.
Many of us grow greens to the table on the window or balcony. It is very convenient. Parsley seeds germinate very slowly, but there is one trick to “make” them germinate very quickly. Prepare a container with the earth, moisten it, sprinkle the earth with quicklime three times every 10-15 minutes. Sow parsley seeds pre-soaked in milk. Seeds will sprout in three hours. The room should be warm, not lower than 20 ° C.
6. Iodine for the garden
a) If, when growing seedlings, tomatoes are poured once with a weak iodine solution (one drop of iodine per three liters of water), flower brushes will form faster, become more branched, the number of ovaries will increase. Fruits on such tomatoes will be 10-15% larger, ripen earlier in a few days. When the seedlings are planted in the ground, then after two weeks you can again pour 1 liter of iodine water under each root (three drops of iodine on a bucket of water).
b) To protect strawberries from gray rot it is useful to sprinkle the bushes 2-3 times with iodine solution (10 ml per 10 liters of water) with an interval of 10 days.
7. Pine needles in pest control
Pine needles can be effectively used in the fight against pests of the garden. To do this, take 1 kg of needles in 5 liters of water, put in a dark place for a week. Daily stir the infusion in order to extract the necessary substances from pine needles. Then strain the infusion. Before spraying add water to the original volume. Adding 20 g of liquid soap to 5 liters of infusion increases its effectiveness. Apply an infusion of pine needles should be against aphids, sucker.
When you need to urgently prepare an infusion, you can take pine needles, pour them with boiling water in a ratio of 1: 1, and insist for 24 hours. Strain, add liquid soap - the drug is ready. Such a strong infusion should be diluted with water 1: 5 before use. The experience of gardeners has shown that spraying should be carried out in the late afternoon. The effect increases many times.
According to the norms, the advice is: for a currant bush - 1.5 l, for a gooseberry bush - 1 l, for a raspberry bush - 2 l, for a square meter of strawberry - 0.2 l, for an adult tree - 10 l. Currants and gooseberries are sprayed at the very beginning of flowering, in order to prevent the occurrence of moth. Repeat the operation with an interval of 5 days.
An infusion of pine needles helps strawberries against gray rot - this is very important for preserving the harvest. Pine suppresses gray rot during the ripening of berries, so it is good to mulch the planting of strawberries with pine needles.
8. To keep strawberries from birds
Immediately after flowering, place various small objects like ripe berries (for example, walnuts, round pebbles) between the plants painted in bright red color. By the time the berries are ripe, curious birds will already understand that they have nothing to do here.
9. How to apply bird (chicken, pigeon) droppings?
It should be remembered that bird droppings are a very concentrated fertilizer, it is impossible to overestimate the doses of its use. When digging the soil on 1 square. m make 500 g of dry bird droppings. When planting it contribute to the hole, the nest of not more than 8-10 g per plant. Liquid dressings are effective: fresh bird droppings are diluted with water in this ratio - if the bird droppings are fresh - then 1 kg per 10 liters of water, and if dry, then 1 kg per 20 liters of water. As soon as the bird droppings get wet, it is well mixed and brought under the plants, without leaving it to ferment. The solution of bird droppings spend 2 liters per 1 square. After pouring this solution on the soil around the plant, it should be covered with a layer of dry soil of 1 cm and watered with clean water.
10. We burn garbage
To burn garbage in the spring or late fall is a difficult task for many gardeners. Wet remains do not want to flare up. In this difficult matter will help ... brick. Clean it first in a dry place so that it dries well. Completely immerse the dry brick for three hours in kerosene. When it is soaked, wrap it in plastic wrap. Firstly, so that it does not “flavor” the air, and secondly, it will preserve its combustible properties longer. When it is necessary to burn the garbage, it is placed inside the prepared heap and set on fire. It burns for a long time and evenly. In order to extinguish the flames, a brick is pulled out of the fire with a stick, covered with a wet thick rag.
11. How to sow carrots without hassle?
Carrots have very small seeds. It is very inconvenient to sow them - that much, then little gets into the groove of the bed. There is an exit! Take a small bottle from under the medication. Make a small hole in the cap a little larger than the seed of the carrot. Pour the seeds into the bottle and, closing the lid, sow on the bed, like salt. Get a very economical option.
12. About sharpening tools
We, gardeners and gardeners, need a good cutting tool: garden knives, shovels, pruners, axes, choppers, flat-cutters, saws. But, alas, very rarely you can now buy a quality tool. Choppers quickly become blunt and churning. Shovels bend and break. Our heavy black soil is not all modern tools withstand. But these disadvantages are easily eliminated by treating them with a weak solution of table salt.
Hardening and point cutting tools in a solution of salt, gardeners used a long time. I learned about such a trick, about this method of sharpening from my father.
The solution is prepared simply: 1 glass of water + 1 tablespoon of salt. Water temperature does matter. If the tool is made of hard and brittle (brittle) steel, then it should be slightly warm - + 28-35 ° С. And if the steel is soft, then the water of the salt solution should be even warmer - + 35-40 ° C. Of course, the volume of the solution depends on the size of the tool that you will be preparing for sharpening. The tool must be completely submerged in water.
If you are going to harden a new instrument with salt, then you first need to grind it, and then put it in a salt solution for half an hour. After that, it can already finally sharpen and send. Periodically rinse the instrument in salt water during sharpening. The father is sure that with such a sharpening tool will not break - fragility will disappear, hard steel will become more elastic. Moreover, this tool does not blunt longer and does not grind as fast as when sharpening without using salt water.
13. Seed treatment before sowing
Seed treatment with hydrogen peroxide is not entirely new, but a fairly promising method of disinfection and preparation of seed material for sowing, especially in the absence of commercial potassium permanganate. At the same time, hydrogen peroxide increases the sowing qualities of seeds, plant immunity, growth and development rates, and the yield increases.
To improve sowing qualities and stimulate germination, seeds are soaked in 0.4% hydrogen peroxide solution for 12 hours, and difficult to germinate, for example, beet seeds, parsley - 24 hours.
For disinfection, the seed is treated in 10% hydrogen peroxide solution for 20 minutes at a 1: 1 ratio of seed mass to solution. Then the seeds are washed with water and dried to flowability, necessary for sowing.
Namachivanie seeds in 0.4% hydrogen peroxide solution increases the germination energy, accelerates the emergence of seedlings for 2-4 days, increases yield, reduces the nitrate content in products. Processing the seed with 10% hydrogen peroxide solution reduces the infection of seeds with pathogens.
Do not be lazy! Carry out the treatment and disinfection of seeds before sowing with hydrogen peroxide, and the result will not be long in coming.
14. How to protect trees in the winter from hares and mice
It turns out that you can do without such time-consuming work as tying the shtambs of young trees with film, spruce branches and other materials. The trick is that the hares can not tolerate some odors. For example, the smell of fish oil or stale fat. Lubricate one of these "drugs" trunks. There is another way: hang bags of mothballs on the lower branches of the tree.
Adding an article to a new collection
Iodine is a universal antiseptic and bactericidal agent. And at the summer cottage, iodine not only saves the broken knees, but is able to save plants from blight and powdery mildew, protect them from root and fruit rot, feed the seedlings ... Don't you believe? Let's prove it!
First, let's figure out why plants need iodine in general, and then consider the most popular folk methods of its use in the country.
What plants iodine is useful
Of course, everyone! Ведь этот микроэлемент играет важную роль в жизнедеятельности растений, нормальном протекании их физиологических процессов. Он принимает участие в синтезе отдельных аминокислот и белков (входит в их состав), является естественным антисептиком, участвует в дыхании и фотосинтезе, а также в азотном и водном обменах.Also, this trace element is active against most fungi, viruses and bacteria - it is especially effective in combating late blight, various rot and powdery mildew. And still iodine is necessary for plants for normal development, budding and fruit set.
Best of all "respond" to feeding with iodine:
- flower cultures
- strawberry (garden strawberry),
- herbs and greens.
Iodine solution is used in early spring to germinate and stimulate seed, at the seedling stage to increase its immunity, during the growing season to treat certain diseases, to bookmark a larger number of ovaries and fruits.
Signs of iodine deficiency in plants
A lack of iodine in plants can lead to a decrease in their immunity to various diseases. The reason for the iodine deficiency is usually an insufficient amount of this element in the soil (especially for peat and podzolic soils, light sandy loams, as well as substrates with a deficiency of organic matter). Unfavorable for iodine and too acidic soil - iodine instantly goes to the lower layers, becoming inaccessible to plants. Most of the natural iodine in fertile black soil, in lowlands and, especially, in coastal areas.
Look carefully at your plants. Signs of iodine deficiency they may have:
- poor fruit set, rotting of the ovaries,
- red and yellow fruits of plants (tomatoes, peppers, etc.) are not bright enough and large,
- lack of starch in the fruit,
- lack and pallor of the vegetative mass,
- delay in growth, flowering, the formation of fruits and seeds,
- decrease in resistance to nematodes, wireworm, fungal diseases.
In general, it is rather difficult to visually determine the lack of this trace element in plants, since the signs of its lack are rather conditional, and some coincide with the signs of various diseases, the action of pests, freezing of plants, and so on.
Therefore, we recommend at least preventive feeding of plants with iodine - at least, it will be useful at any summer cottage and certainly will not harm the plants.
Iodine instead of potassium permanganate
Presowing treatment of seeds and tubers with iodine solution is one of the most effective methods of using this drug. In this regard, iodine perfectly replaces the usual potassium permanganate, which gardeners most often used to disinfect the seed. In addition, iodine contributes to the speedy emergence of seeds. Check for yourself!
Preparation of iodine solution is easy. For seeds, a 5% alcohol solution of iodine (pharmaceutical preparation) is diluted in a ratio of 1 drop per 1 liter of water. In this solution, seeds are soaked for 2-4 hours immediately before sowing. Then, without rinsing them, lightly dry and sow.
To disinfect potatoes, dilute the pharmaceutical preparation of iodine at the rate of 2 ml per 10 liters of water and sprinkle them abundantly with tubers, after spreading them onto the film in one layer. When one side of the tubers dries, they are turned over and the procedure is repeated. Immediately after this, the potatoes can be planted - the tubers will germinate faster, give more lush bushes and will be more resistant to adverse weather conditions.
Watering seedlings with iodine helps her to climb faster and more friendly, and also accelerates growth. At early stages of development, the use of this trace element also serves as the key to the formation of high resistance to adverse environmental factors and various diseases.
Top dressing with iodine solution is shown for seedlings of tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers, eggplants, cabbage.
To create a working solution, 1 drop of iodine is diluted in 3 liters of water. Thoroughly mixed, the solution is poured over the seedlings under the root. To enrich the seedlings with iodine such a single watering will be enough.
Alcohol solution even in such a low concentration is able to burn the plant, especially the young. Therefore, with all the manipulations with iodine preparations, be careful that the solution does not fall on the stems and leaves. If it is a spraying - carefully follow the dosage of iodine preparations.
Later, during transplantation of young seedlings in a closed or open ground, the prepared soil can be shed with iodine solution at the rate of 3 drops of iodine preparation per 10 liters of water.
Iodine against late blight
For grown up seedlings, it will be useful to prevent fungal diseases and to stimulate further growth by spraying the same iodine solution. This is especially true for plants prone to late blight - tomato, eggplant, pepper.
About three weeks after the emergence of shoots, gently spray the young plants with a solution of 15 drops of iodine, 10 liters of water and 1 liter of skimmed milk. This treatment can be repeated 2-3 more times with an interval of spraying at least two weeks.
Iodine solution is successfully used not only for the prevention of diseases, but also for the treatment of plants in the initial stage of infection.
There is another popular way of processing tomatoes and potatoes iodine from phytophthora. 4 drops of iodine are diluted in 10 liters of water and the plants are watered at the root with this solution at the rate of no more than 2 liters of solution per bush.
To combat late blight, instead of an alcohol solution of iodine, you can also use a 0.02% solution of potassium iodide at the rate of 2 g per 10 l of water, as well as water-soluble iodine preparations (for example, Iodopirone) according to the instructions.
Iodine against powdery mildew
Iodine solution has proven itself in the fight against powdery mildew, which in inclement weather is most often picked up zucchini and cucumbers.
These cultures should be plentifully sprayed with a solution of 1 ml iodine and 1 liter of skimmed milk or whey in 9 liters of water (1 tablespoon of liquid soap can be added to the solution). Spraying can be repeated every two weeks until the disease completely disappears.
A bright green vegetative mass and increased fructification will also become a side effect of such iodine treatments, so that without powdery mildew, it is possible after the first wave of fruiting with an interval of 10-14 days to spray cucumbers and squash with the solution described above.
Will help iodine fight with powdery mildew and ornamental shrubs. However, in this case, the concentration of the solution should be increased and 5 ml of iodine should be taken for 10 liters of water.
Iodine against plant rot
Plants treated with iodine solution, also successfully struggling with various types of rot.
So all berry crops (and especially strawberries and grapes) you will be grateful for the help in resisting gray rot. To do this, a solution of 10 ml of the drug in 10 liters of water is carried out by spraying plants in the spring, during the formation of the ovary and buds. The treatment is repeated twice more, with an interval of 10 days.
Iodine will help in the prevention of root rot in cucumbers and keels cabbage. The composition of the solution and the spray schedule is the same as described above.
For fruit trees Iodine is an excellent prevention of apical and fruit rot. 10 ml of the preparation is diluted in 10 liters of water and this solution is abundantly sprayed with trees about a month before the intended harvest (if we are talking about young seedlings, such spraying is carried out in the spring). The procedure can be repeated again after 3-4 days.
A solution of 10 ml of iodine in 10 liters of milk is an excellent remedy for aphids on fruit trees.
Iodine as a top dressing and fertilizer for plants
Iodine is successfully used for plants not only as an antiseptic and bactericidal agent, but also as an additional universal fertilizer. Such feedings are gratefully answered. cabbage, cucumbers, tomatoes, peppers, garden strawberries.
For feeding tomatoes, cucumbers and peppers iodine (both in the greenhouse and in the open field) use a solution of 40 drops of the drug per 10 liters of water. 0.5 l of this solution is applied to each plant after the appearance of the first flowers. Feeding with iodine is repeated no earlier than in three to four weeks.
The same solution is watered. cabbage during the very beginning of the formation of heads at the rate of 1 l per plant (dressing is carried out after abundant watering).
For foliar application strawberries iodine solution is made less concentrated - 10 drops per 10 liters of water. Spraying is carried out three times per season, with an interval of 10 days.
For the prevention of rotting young ovaries in zucchini and pumpkins also use the above iodine solution. They are fed plants two weeks after planting, as well as during the formation of the fruit.
Iodine for indoor plants
Is it possible to use iodine not only for vegetables and herbs, but also for indoor plants? Of course!
Particularly pleased with this dressing weakened plants and those who lack the strength to bloom. Watering flowers with iodine is carried out only on moist soil and, preferably, along the wall of the pot, so as not to burn the roots of the plant.
The composition of the iodine solution depends on the type of potted flowers. For example, geranium (pelargonium) It treats iodine very favorably, for it you can make a solution at the rate of 1 drop of the drug per 1 liter of water. Violets more capricious, it will be necessary to dilute 1 drop of iodine in 3 liters of water. This solution flowers watered 2-4 times with an interval of 10 days.
It is highly desirable for watering houseplants with iodine solution to use only rain or settled water.
By the way, iodine is not the only remedy in the home first aid kit that will be useful in the garden. Read about it in our material.
As you can see, in reasonable dosages iodine is useful not only to humans, but also to indoor and garden plants. This medicine has proven itself as a fertilizer, as well as a preventive and therapeutic agent. It is only important not to exceed the dosage and follow the rules of its application.
"Trichopol" will not save from late blight
Soils manifest toxic effects and they are oppressed (this phenomenon is rare). There are examples of positive effects of iodine on plant development, which can be explained by the effect on enzyme systems (however, this has not yet been precisely determined). Pre-sowing seed treatment and foliar nutrition of a number of vegetable and field crops proved to be effective. The yield increased, the starch content in potatoes increased, sugar in sugar beets, carotene in carrots.
This element is very important for the human body, so in the last century, experiments were carried out on the enrichment of food with iodine, and pre-sowing treatment of seeds had a positive effect.
It is possible to use iodine as a top dressing, but you should pay attention to the available fertilizers that already contain this element. For example, "Humate + 7 Iodine" contains humic acids and a complex of trace elements, including iodine. Following the instructions, you can soak the seeds in the preparation solution before sowing (soaking periods from 1 day - cucumbers up to 3 days - tomatoes). Also feed (root and foliar way) seedlings of vegetables, fruit and berry plants.
With the help of a solution of iodine, gardeners are trying to cure plants from diseases and get rid of pests. Such advice from experienced gardeners is based on the well-known antiseptic effect of iodine. However, the methods for preparing the working solution vary quite arbitrarily (from 2 drops to 2 ml per 10 liters of water), which at best will not have any effect, and at worst will cause a burn in plants. In passing, we note that the mass of 1 drop of an alcoholic solution of potassium iodide (pharmaceutical preparation) depends on the concentration of the solution, for example, 1 ml of a 5% solution contains 48 drops, and 1 ml of a 10% solution contains 56 drops. Accurate, scientifically proven recommendations for the use of pharmaceutical alcohol solution of iodine, we could not find.
Iodine is indeed a strong antiseptic; in agriculture and garden gardening, a preparation based on it is used for disinfection. The drug "Farmod" is recommended for the treatment of premises (including
Harmful advice: salt at the dacha
glass and greenhouse structures), vehicles and equipment. It is effective against a number of bacteria, phytopathogenic viruses, and also at high concentrations against pathogens of fungal diseases. A side effect is also noted - it inhibits the development of certain types of pests (mites, thrips, nematodes). The premises are treated with 1% -3% working solution.
If during disinfection of the greenhouse the drug "Farmaiod" got into the ground, then after a few days it is desirable to introduce into the soil microbial preparations containing beneficial microorganisms. Iodine is an antiseptic of continuous action and, by destroying harmful organisms, it also destroys the microflora, which is important for plant nutrition and development.
The manufacturer of the drug indicates antiviral and antibacterial activity of the drug when spraying plants. However, we cannot recommend its use, especially at the dacha or in a personal subsidiary farm. Pharmacide is not approved as an insecticide or an agent for controlling various plant diseases, it is not on the list of permitted pesticides and no regulations have been developed for its use.
Iodine for plants
In agricultural use root and foliar feeding with iodine.
Iodine deficiency affects the growth and development of all plants. Iodine has a good effect on the yield, weight, color and taste of the fruit. Promotes better absorption of nitrogen compounds.
Iodine is also used to raise the immunity of home flowers by pouring a solution of 3 drops of iodine on 3 liters of water. Water this solution 3 times during the summer with the same interval between waterings.
Plants will be healthy, beautiful and blooming. Do not increase the proportion, it will lead to yellowing of leaves and flowers - an excess of iodine.
Iodine application in the garden
Iodine is very useful for all garden crops. To increase the immunity of vegetable crops and prevent the appearance of pests and various diseases, 2 types of iodine solutions are used.
This solution should be made before the formation of ovaries on plants. 20 drops of iodine are added to 10 liters of water; this solution can be used every 2 weeks.
This solution is used during the formation of ovaries. For 10 liters of water add 20 drops of iodine, 15 tablespoons. l hydrogen peroxide 3%, 1 liter whey. Can be used 1 time in 3 days.
Thanks to such solutions, the plants will be healthy, harmful microorganisms will die, the plants will give a good harvest.
When growing seedlings of vegetable crops before transplanting into the ground, spend watering with a solution: 1 drop of iodine per 3 liters of water.
When watering seedlings of tomatoes in this way, flower brushes develop faster and are more branched, with a large number of ovaries. Fruits form larger and ripen earlier for several days.
After planting the seedlings in the ground, it is recommended to water the solution: 3 drops of iodine per 10 liters of water - 1 liter per plant.
Iodine for cabbage
When forming a cabbage head, you need to prepare such a solution: 40 drops of iodine per 10 liters of water. Water the cabbage under the root - 1 liter of iodine solution per plant. To sprinkle cabbage, mix 10 liters of water and 5 drops of iodine - prevention of aphids and fight against rot.
If the young ovaries of zucchini begin to rot, there is a lack of iodine in the soil. For 10 liters of water dilute 10 drops of iodine and water the bushes.
Iodine use against diseases
Mealy dew on cucumbers
Powdery mildew on cucumbers can kill plants. To avoid this, it is necessary to process the cucumbers with a solution of iodine. For 1 liter of milk, add 1 drop of iodine. This solution is sprayed cucumber leaves 1 time in 7 days.
For prophylaxis phytophthora and to get rid of top rot, use a solution: 10 ml iodine per 10 liters of water. Spray tomatoes, peppers, eggplants.
Iodine use against pests
Such pests as weevil and beetle larva are afraid of treatment with iodine solution.
As prevention of fighting with the grubs prepare a solution: 20 ml of iodine per 10 liters of water, water 1 liter per bush (when watering, for example, strawberries, perennial flowers).
If the larvae cause harm to young currant bushes - pour 5 liters under the bush with the same solution. This solution is watered 2 times per season in spring and autumn (August).
If you see that the plant dies, fade - spill 3 times with an interval of 5 days with iodine solution: 20 ml per 10 liters of water. Watering spend the evening, trying not to fall on the leaves.
Prevention against occurrence weevil - treatment of the strawberry site in early spring (when the soil is still covered with snow) with a solution of 1 tsp. iodine per 10 liters of water.
Strawberries are treated with a solution of iodine after flowering to fight against the weevil and larvae of the May beetle, the appearance of rot on plants.
Prepare a solution 10 ml iodine per 10 liters of water, for sticking add 2 tbsp. l liquid soap. Stir and spray the bushes and berries, and pour under the plants.
With the same solution, as a preventive measure, you can water a plot of land where strawberries grow, in early spring.
To get rid of aphids on the leaves of bushes and trees, use the following solution: 1 ml iodine per 1 liter of milk, spray once every 10 days.