Chickens, like all other types of poultry, are prone to infection. But during breeding it is important to know the types of diseases of chickens and how they should be properly treated. Particularly relevant is the disease coccidiosis in chickens and chickens. It can in a few days lead to the death of a large number of bird stock.
Therefore, to avoid these troubles, the poultry farmer needs to know the symptoms of coccidiosis in chickens, turkey poults, broilers and adult chickens, treatment rules, and most importantly drugs that can cure birds from infection. But first things first.
Signs and symptoms of coccidiosis
To begin with, let's look at what coccidosis is in birds. This is an infectious disease that is often found in the poultry industry. The causative agents of infection are coccidia. They enter the body of birds through food, water, equipment. There are several types of pathogens for this infection. In chickens, coccidiosis causes one type of bacterium, Eimeria Tenella.
But you should pay attention to the following signs and symptoms of coccidosis in chickens:
- Poor appetite or no appetite.,
- Modification of plumage,
- Laying hens begin to carry less eggs or completely cease to nest,
- Fecal masses acquire a liquid consistency, foam and blood impurities appear,
- Carcasses of birds acquire a bluish tint.
These symptoms last 4 days, and then the birds die. In chickens, the stomach is in a swollen state and is filled with liquid feces with red dots. It is worth paying attention to another symptom - the processes in the intestine. They look like an inflated glove.Coccidiosis Chicken
How to treat
If chickens have these symptoms, then it is safe to say that individuals have coccidiosis. In this case immediately start treating coccidosis in chickens and chickens. Treat coccidiosis can be different drugs, each of them affects the infectious agents and as a result leads to their death.
Consider the types of drugs that treat coccidiosis.
Koktsidiovit: instructions for use
We analyze the instructions to the drug. This drug is suitable for treating juveniles and for chickens. With coccidiosis, the drug is highly effective. The main components of the product are 120 mg of amprolium hydrochloride., 10,000 E of vitamin A and 2 mg of vitamin K affect the infectious agents, stop their development and eventually die.
When signs of coccidiosis appear, the drug is used according to the following scheme:
- For prophylaxis - 1.25 grams of the drug is added to 1 kilogram of pure feed. Everything mixes up
- For treatment 2.5 grams of the medicine is added to 1 kilogram of feed. Everything mixes well
The duration of prevention and treatment is 7 days. Slaughter of birds is carried out on the 7th day after the last dose of the medicineTreatment of adult coccidiosis
Coccidiostatics: treatment for poultry and broilers
Coccidiostatics are medicines used to treat coccidiosis in poultry. These funds are added to the feed of chickens and chickens. When drugs enter the body of birds, the active ingredients have a suppressive effect on the pathogens of the disease and, as a result, stop their development.
The following drugs are considered to be coccidiostatics:
- Avatek 15%,
- Aviaks 5%
- Koktsisan 12%,
- Nicarmyx 25%.
This agent has a broad effect on coccidia. The composition contains the active ingredient lasalocid sodium 15%. It is used for the treatment and prevention of coccidiosis.
How to apply:
- 0.5 grams of powder per kilogram of feed. Everything is mixed and given for preventive purposes,
- 1 gram per kilogram of food during coccidiosis treatments.
The course of treatment and prevention is 5 days.
This tool refers to ionophoric glucoside coccidiostats with a broad spectrum of action on coccidia coccidiosis in poultry. The active ingredient means - Semduramycin 5%. It is used to prevent and treat coccidiosis in chickens and chickens.
Mode of application:
- For prophylaxis - 0.5 gram of the preparation is added to 1 kg of feed,
- During treatment - per 1 kg of feed is added 1 gram of the product.
The course of prevention and treatment is 5 days.Adding Medicines for Coccidiosis to Birds Food
The tool has a wide impact on coccidia. It is used for the treatment and prevention of coccidiosis in adult chickens and chickens. The active ingredient - toluamide has a suppressive effect on coccidiosis pathogens.
How to apply to chickens and chickens:
- During prophylaxis - 0.5 gram of the product is added to 1 kg of feed and mixed. Feed the bird with this mixture throughout the day,
- During treatment - 1 gram of the preparation is added to 1 kilogram of feed. Everything is well mixed, the mixture is given throughout the day.
The course of treatment from 5 to 7 days.
The drug is used for the treatment and prevention of coccidiosis in poultry. Available in powder form with fine-grained structure. The color of the powder is light brown. The active ingredient is salinomycin sodium. The main component suppresses and stops the development of coccidia.
How to apply:
- For prophylaxis - 60-120 mg of the drug should be added to 1 kg of the feed mixture,
- During treatment - 120 mg of the drug is added per kilogram of feed.
Feed mixture with medication is given throughout the day. The next day, the medicine feed is not used, a new one is being prepared.
The course of treatment and prevention - 5-7 days.
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This tool has the appearance of powder, it is poorly soluble in water. The color of the powder is grayish white or grayish brown. The active substance is ammonium muduramycin. The main component has a suppressive effect on the development of coccidia. It has a wide effect on coccdiose pathogens at different stages. Used for the prevention and treatment of coccidiosis in chickens and chickens.
How to apply:
- During prophylaxis - 0.5 gram of the drug is added to 1 kg of feed. Food mixed with medicine and given during the day.
- During the treatment period - 0.5-1 gram of the product is added to 1 kg of feed. All components are thoroughly mixed. The mixture is given throughout the day.
The course of treatment and prevention lasts from 5 days to 7 days.
Nicarmyx 25% is a chemical coccidiostatic with a wide range of effects. Available in the form of granules with a yellow color with a faint odor. The active ingredient is nicarbazine 25%. The active ingredient acts on the causative agents of coccidiosis and causes their death. The drug is used to treat coccidiosis in chickens and chickens.
How to apply:
- During prophylaxis - 0.5 gram of the drug is added to 1 kg of feed. Everything is mixed up and given throughout the day,
- During treatment - 0.5-1 gram of the drug is added to 1 kilogram of feed. Everything is mixed and given throughout the day.
For chickens, a remedy is given for prophylaxis, starting from the first day of life and in the subsequent period of cultivation. In addition to the treatment of coccidiosis, the drug enhances the immune system and the protective properties of the body of chicks.
The course of treatment and prevention - 4-7 days.
Koktsiprodin: use at home
Coccidrodine is used to prevent and treat coccidiosis in poultry. The drug, entering the body of the bird, affects coccidia and leads to a change in the microstructure of the organism of the pathogens. The drug is used at different stages., while it kills bacteria and does not adversely affect the immunity of the bird.
Available in clear solution with a light yellow or dark yellow color. Has a peculiar smell. During the treatment of coccidiosis in chickens and chickens, medicine is given along with the water. At 1 liter of water is added 1 ml of pure solution. Water with a solution watered during the day. The course of treatment is 2 days; in severe conditions, treatment is recommended to be increased to 5 days.
The drug is widely used for the prevention and treatment of coccidiosis in chickens, chickens and broilers. During treatment and prophylaxis, the remedy is given with water.
The drug is diluted in water in the following dosages - 1 ml of 2.5% of the drug is added to 1 liter of water and mixed. The solution is given to a sick bird for 2 days. In severe forms, treatment is extended to 5 days.
What is coccidiosis
TOoccidiosis (second name ameriosis) - parasitic disease caused by protozoan ameri (coccidia). They actively reproduce in the intestinal tract of chickens and lead to damage and damage to its mucous membrane.
As a result, inflammation and intestinal bleeding develop. Poultry digestion is impaired, and immunity falls, which often results in bacterial bowel damage.In coccidiosis, chickens have diarrhea mixed with blood.
The parasite for a week gives up to 2 million new protozoa, and the usual antiseptic preparations against it are ineffective. Simple means of disinfecting the house do not cope with the pathogen, and its oocysts are stored on the floor and bedding. You can bring coccidia to the chicken coop on shoes, inventory, or with hay used for nests.
The most sensitive to the parasite are chickens between the ages of 10 and 90 days.
Pathogens in the intestines first multiply asexually. When their number becomes significant, and the asexual reproduction limit is exhausted, they multiply sexually.The parasite gives up to 2 million new protozoa per week, and the usual antiseptic preparations against it are ineffective.
With the litter of chickens, pathogen oocysts are released into the environment. They are infected for the second time. If we exclude re-infection with a parasite, then the chances for recovery of the chicken increase. Irreversible destruction in the tissues does not occur when the parasite is first infected.
Characteristic of the disease
Coccidiosis - a parasitic infectious disease of an epidemic nature caused by coccidia. The most common type of coccidia is Eimeria Tenella. Outside of a living organism, eimeria is located in a capsule, which is called an oocysts, it protects it from adverse environmental conditions. Therefore, we can assume that the parasite is very tenacious. Being in such conditions, the parasite can not multiply. Oocysts enter the body through feed and water. His habitat is intestines. Once there, the oocysts collapse and release Eimeria, which begins to multiply and release toxins that traumatize the intestinal mucosa. The disease spreads rapidly among other chickens, as the infected chicken, along with the feces, exudes the Nazis to the external environment.
The course of the disease and symptoms
Coccidiosis occurs in two forms:
Characteristic symptoms for the acute form:
- decrease or lack of appetite
- mucus in its beak,
- first, frothy diarrhea, then blood streaks appear.
If you do not resort to treatment, the bird is subject to the following conditions:
- rapid weight loss
- anemia and as a result cyanosis of the skin,
Most often, in order to make a diagnosis, it is sufficient to evaluate the external manifestations in the stools and the behavior of the bird. Also for the diagnosis using a bacterioscopic method that detects the presence of eimeria in the biological fluid of a bird using a microscope. It is necessary to know that the presence of a small amount of ameri is normal for chickens.
Apply cocdiostatic drugs. They inhibit the reproduction of the virus in the body. Examples of effective drugs today:
- Solicox - solution is active against various types of coccidia. Dosage: 2 ml of the substance to 1 liter of water.
- Salinopharm 12% is an antibiotic, the release form is granulated powder. Active against all types of coccidia.
- Baykoks 2,5% - transparent solution. Dosage: 1 ml per 1 l of water. Feed this volume for 2 days.
- Amprolium is a white, odorless powder. Dosage: 0.25 g per 1 kg of feed. Feed during the week.
- Koktsidiovit - used to treat chickens and layers. Dosage: 2.5 g of powder per 1 kg of feed, feed for 5-7 days.
Traditional methods of treatment
Chemicals are used to treat coccidiosis by folk methods. Such as iodine, sulfur, arsenic preparations. Consider the three most effective methods:
- Treatment with iodine. 0.01% iodine solution is given to the bird, 2 ml per day from birth to 40 days. And 5 ml from 40 days to 60.
- Treatment with sulfur. Within 14 days, 2% sulfur must be added to the feed.
Vaccination can be done both at the veterinary clinic and at home. Chickens can be vaccinated from 9 days of life. Today, the vaccine "Avioks" is popular. It is added to food or water, and fed to the chicken. Immunity from coccidiosis is developed for life.
Coccidiosis is otherwise called ameriosis. The causative agents are the simplest microorganisms of the genus Emeria. Most often, Eimeria tenella, known as Coccidia, contributes to protozoan infection. In chickens, the infection with Ameriya nekatriks, avervulin and maxim is also common.Coccidiosis is a leader among parasitic diseases in poultry farming.
Oocysts (infectious form of Eimeria) is a thick-walled zygote. In this regard, the microorganism is very tenacious, even in harsh conditions. The walls of the oocysts in the stomach are destroyed by bile. Liberated invasions colonize the intestines within the next 8 hours. Coccidia contribute to the destruction of the epithelium of the small and duodenum, which greatly reduces the body's immunity, making it vulnerable to other bacteria.
If there are few oocysts in the chicken’s body, it is more likely that a mild form of the disease, like poisoning, is likely. With an abundance of pathogens, an acute form develops, leading to gastrointestinal bleeding. In parallel, salmonellosis, colibacteriosis and clostridiosis occur. This option requires early treatment, as it threatens with serious anemia.
The complexity of the disease lies in the impossibility of completely destroying Ameria. In a week, one oocysts can produce up to 2 million babies. At the same time, the infection reacts quite firmly to most drugs.Infection with coccidiosis occurs through dirty feeders and drinkers.
Infection always happens unexpectedly. Parasites can live anywhere and enter the body without much difficulty. The chicken flock is mainly exposed to the disease through food, water, dirty inventory. Oocysts accumulate in the litter, the slits of the house. They can be brought into the room even on the sole of the shoe.
The young are most susceptible to coccidia from 10 days to 3 months of life. A growing organism is difficult to neutralize the pest inside of itself, nutrients go to the parasites, starvation deficiencies, edemas, necrosis appear.
The main risk factors for the emergence of the disease veterinarians include:
- Immunity disorders, genetic susceptibility to infections,
- Sanitation conditions, excess moisture in the house,
- Unsuitable food, stress in birds,
- The accumulation of litter on the territory of walking.
All of the above creates the most favorable conditions for the development of ameri.
How is coccidiosis manifested
The signs of the disease depend on the intensity of the flow.When coccidiosis in chickens is observed diarrhea mixed with blood.
Coccidiosis in adult chickens may take an acute or sub-acute form.
Coccidiosis: a description of the disease
So, if we talk about what is coccidiosis, first of all you need to get acquainted with its pathogen. it the simplest single-celled parasite, very quickly breeding and capable of covering a huge territory in a relatively short time and striking a very large number of birds.Coccidia enter the body of poultry with food or water, which, in turn, parasite eggs can get from the droppings of an infected animal. Further, coccidia penetrate the intestine, where, having freed themselves from the egg, they invade the cells (more often it occurs in the front part of the small section, less often in the rectum or cecum) and begin to actively proliferate, resulting in some time in poultry, digestion is completely impaired, nutrients are no longer absorbed by the body, dehydration occurs, severe blood loss and, especially scary, the immune system is seriously impaired.
Poultry coccidiosis is a very common disease, and there are quite objective reasons for this. The fact is that there are a huge number of types of pathogens of this disease, and if you identify and successfully cure your birds from one strain in time, this will in no way save them from being infected with any other.
From the above example, one can imagine that a disease such as coccidiosis, say, in broilers can actually be caused by a dozen different (albeit of the same type) pathogens, and the successful treatment of one type of coccidiosis in chickens does not ensure their resistance (immunity) to others species of parasite. But the pathogen itself has an excellent ability to adapt to various drugs aimed at combating it, and this is another danger of the disease.
The main symptoms of coccidiosis in chickens, diagnosis of the diseaseCoccidiosis in chickens has a very unpleasant feature for a long time without any external symptoms, which makes it difficult to diagnose it in time and, consequently, successful treatment. However, in the acute form of the disease, the incubation period passes rather quickly - from four days to a week.
The first signs that may indicate the presence of coccidiosis in chickens are rather vague and are mainly expressed in the behavior change in the bird. The chicken does not eat well, is sluggish, carries fewer eggs. Later you can see more vivid symptoms - change in plumage, weight loss (due to dehydration). The disease can be noticed by bird droppings - it becomes liquid, frothy, first greenish, later brown, and in the litter there are bloody discharges.In the acute course of the disease, chickens die a few days after the first signs appear, with chronic, they can suffer for up to two months, losing up to 70% of their weight, weakening and stopping to grow. Sometimes there is paralysis of the limbs, and, as was said, resistance to viral and bacterial infections weakens greatly.
An exact diagnosis to a bird can only be made by a veterinarian on the basis of laboratory tests of a litter, scrapings or a smear where it is possible to detect the eggs of a pathogen. In chickens who died of coccidiosis, the intestine resembles a swollen bladder filled with liquid feces with bloody patches.
Causes of the diseaseAs has been said, the transmission of infection occurs through the fecal-oral route, that is, the bird eats food or drinks the water in which the pathogen eggs are located there through the droppings of sick birds. In addition, infection can occur through grass, soil or litter, where the pathogen can be transmitted by wild birds, insects or rodents.
A person is susceptible to coccidiosis in the same way as other animals, therefore, taking care of the bird and not observing the rules of personal hygiene, we can bring the infection to the chicken coop.
Having picked up the bacteria, the chicken already on the fourth day becomes a source of infection, singling out coccidia in the litter.
How to cure coccidiosis in chickens
Coccidiosis in chickens involves two main methods of treatment: the first is aimed at preventing infection of the birds from the outside, the second - to fight the pathogen that has already entered the chicken's body.
The first way is called prevention in a simple language; we’ll dwell on it a bit later. Modern drugs for coccidiosis give a sufficiently high result and are aimed at suspending or completely suppress the reproduction of Eimeria in the chicken. Some of these medicines, however, have the ability to prevent the bird from developing its own immunity to the pathogen.
In the meantime, natural ways to deal with a peddler for most farmers are not available, we have to use traditional coccidiostats for treating coccidiosis in poultry. It is rather difficult to use such preparations, because coccidia very quickly get used to them, therefore it can be said that the procedure for treating coccidiosis in chickens is often associated with the use of trial and error.
For the treatment of coccidiosis in chickens, as well as broilers and adult birds, the prescribed drug is added to feed or water and, once ingested, blocks the development of the pathogen.
Among the most well-known drugs for the treatment of coccidiosis in chickens are the following:
- coccyprodin: the drug is indicated in coccidiosis in chickens and broilers, the treatment is that the active substance is introduced into the pathogen regardless of the stage of development, while the body’s own defense against the disease is not in any way suppressed. The disadvantage of this coccidiostatic is that it cannot be used for the treatment of layers,
- Avatek 15% SS kills coccidia at the ion level and is easily eliminated from the body,
- baycox effective when added to drinking in strict proportions, the chicken should drink such water for two days,
- coccidiovitis suitable for both chickens and adult birds, but such meat should not be eaten if the bird was slaughtered earlier than one week after the end of treatment.
In addition to medications, the diseased bird must be strengthened by adding iron sulfate, methionine and other mineral additives to the feed, as the body suffers a serious shortage of certain amino acids and other elements during this period.
How to prevent coccidiosis in chickens: preventive measures
Like any other dangerous disease, it is better to prevent coccidiosis in chickens than to cure.
Prevention of coccidiosis in chickens is a whole system of measures - from vaccination to disinfection.
Vaccination is carried out, as a rule, in respect of young animals that are not planned for slaughter in the first months of life. It is believed that it does not make sense to vaccinate against coccidiosis for broilers, since even a mild infection dramatically affects the growth of the chicken and the increase in weight, even though it is planned to slaughter the bird in a few months.
For laying hens, by contrast, vaccination is extremely effective.Because the external signs of the disease, as has been said, manifest themselves in a decrease in the number of eggs, and the effect persists for several months after the bird has fully recovered. Properly chosen vaccine, vaccinated to a bird in the first days of life, gives a stable immunity (but only to a specific type of pathogen). The second way to prevent coccidiosis is immunochemical prophylaxis. It consists in the fact that the young bird is fed the minimum number of the three most common strains of coccidia in order to develop immunity. The method allows in the future to seriously alleviate the course of the disease and drastically reduce the number of medicines needed for its treatment.
Disinfection is also a preventive measure.
It must be admitted that this method is not very effective against coccidiosis. due to the strong resistance of the pathogen to conventional disinfectant mixtures, such as formalin, alkali, potassium permanganate, soap solutions, etc.
Accordingly, the content of chickens in moisture and dirt is a direct way to infection.
As a preventive measure, it is also recommended to add shells and table salt to feed.
To summarize, the main rules of coccidiosis control in poultry are as follows:
- dryness and cleanliness in the hen house
- limiting contact of chickens with an adult bird,
- regular replacement of water in the drinker and feed in order to avoid droppings in them,
- balanced and high-quality food,
- heat treatment of equipment, poultry house and poultry walking place,
- regular cleaning of the litter room,
- the addition of coccidiostatics to food for prophylactic purposes with a constant change of drugs in order to avoid addiction.
Features of the disease in chickens and young
The course of the disease in young animals has its own characteristics.This is due to the lack of immunity of chicks and young birds. At the beginning of the disease, it is impossible to notice infection. Infected chicken appears to be completely healthy.
During the incubation period of the disease, it is a source of infection for the rest, and the parasite in the body actively reproduces. Symptoms appear in severe lesions, when treatment is not always effective.Coccidiosis - a leader among parasitic diseases in the poultry industry
The death of chickens occurs in 3-7 days. Separate individuals live 10-14 days. The disease progresses rapidly. Chickens do not eat or barely eat, they develop hungry edema. At the opening of the fallen chicks, they overflow the stomach with liquid manure mixed with blood.
Important! Broiler chickens with the disease begin to eat more actively, but rapidly lose weight.
Features of the disease in adult chickens
Adult chickens can become ill with coccidiosis only with inadequate maintenance or a particularly severe outbreak of the disease.The disease lasts longer than that of the chickens, and the bird's survival rate is higher. Without treatment, in the acute form of the lesion, about 80% of adult poultry die, and among chickens, the mortality rate is almost 100%.Infection with coccidiosis occurs through dirty feeders and drinkers
In adult chickens, the pathology may have a subacute course, and then the mortality rate is 10%. Coccidiosis with subacute course is characterized by a long course.
Important! For humans, chicken coccidia are not dangerous, and infection from sick birds cannot occur.
A bird with a strong immunity when it penetrates the body of the parasite does not become ill, but becomes its carrier and infects others. Chickens who have recovered from the disease are also carriers, and it is extremely undesirable to let them go into reproduction.
Symptoms and course of the disease
Symptoms of the disease depend on its shape and the age of the bird. They appear at a time when the chicken is already in a rather serious condition, and its treatment is difficult.
With subacute coccidiosis, the prognosis is better, the chicken is not so much depleted and her digestion is not catastrophically disturbed.
In the acute form of the disease symptoms are observed:
- loss of appetite before its complete loss,
- pen deterioration,
- excessive thirst
- drop in egg production until it stops,
- diarrhea with foam and blood
- mud on feathers near the cloaca,
- blue skin
- general lethargy
- impaired coordination in chickens.
If untreated, the chicken’s condition worsens. It ceases to be active, its movement is difficult. A sick bird mostly sits motionless in a corner, eyes closed.Due to diarrhea in chickens and chickens, feathers around the cloaca stick together or fall out.
Instead of litter, almost one blood is released. Changes in the intestine become irreversible, the tissues of the organ necrotic and completely cease to perform their functions. The treatment is no longer possible, and the chicken is sent to the slaughter.
In subacute form, it is more difficult to establish coccidiosis because of the wear of symptoms. The presence of pathology is indicated by such manifestations of a violation of the state of the bird:
- weight loss
- lack of weight gain with maximum calorie nutrition,
- bird untidy at clean house,
- lack of productivity improvement from the use of stimulants,
- Improving the condition of poultry when using drugs against coccidiosis.
Important! In adult hens, the disease can have a completely latent course, and only improvement in egg production after a course of premix with anti-coccidioid components indicates its presence.
The body of chickens is able to secrete antibodies against the parasite, which with a weak infection acts as a vaccine. The bird does not have symptoms and it, requisitions of the pathogen, no longer falls ill with this form of coccidiosis.
Sources of infection
The source of infection is a sick bird. Oocysts are brought from another poultry house to the henhouse or with poultry care equipment. The disease can be recorded after visiting the zoo markets and poultry farms.External signs for the diagnosis is not enough
Without complete disinfection, you cannot use drinkers and feeders for your bird, both new and used.
Before settling in the hen house, it is necessary to carry out full cleaning and disinfection of the premises and walking.
This is necessary to prevent infection, when in the old herd there were carriers of the parasite, which were isolated with oocyst droppings.
Parasite treatment is carried out by veterinary drugs or traditional methods. Special veterinary medicines for chickens possess the maximum efficiency, the action of which is directed specifically at the pathogen of pathology and does not lead to the appearance of severe side effects.Parasite treatment is carried out by veterinary drugs or traditional methods.
In the treatment of sick chickens are isolated. The house is maintained clean. The litter needs to be changed daily, and not just sprinkled on it. If possible, the coop is irradiated with an ultraviolet lamp.
Veterinary coccidiostatic drugs give quick pronounced results. Means do not violate the general condition of the bird, its development and further productivity. It is necessary to give veterinary drugs to sick pets in therapeutic doses, and to those at risk - in prophylactic.Baycox - an effective drug for the prevention and treatment of coccidiosis
Treat all chickens in the house.
List of commonly used drugs:
- Baikoks 2.5%. Use diluted with water. Therapeutic dose of 1 ml / 1l of water. This portion is soldered in two days. The prophylactic dose is reduced by 2 times. Water for chickens for prevention is necessary once a day.
- Amprolium. It is added to the feed. For medicinal purposes, 0.25 g of agent is added to 1 kg of feed. For prevention, the dose is reduced by half. The treatment course lasts 1 week. For the prevention of the disease, chickens are given medicine from birth to 4 months.
- Koktsidiovit. The drug is added to feed. For precautionary purposes, 1.25 g of the substance is added to 1 year old chicks for 1 kg of food. Treatment requires an increase in dosage of 2 times. Give the medicine for 1 week.
- Avatek 15% SS. It is added to food for the prevention of disease. Dosage 5 g per 10 kg of feed. In areas unfavorable for coccidiosis, the drug is given to chickens from day one. Stop using the product 5 days before slaughter chickens.
- Sulfadimezin. Therapeutic drug. For prevention is not used. Dose 1 mg per 1 kg of feed. Give medicine for 3 days.
To treat chickens in serious condition unnecessarily.Treat chickens in serious condition unnecessarily
Even if the chicken survives, it will be weak, with low productivity indicators.
Folk remedies are less effective than veterinary. They help in the very beginning of the disease and with strong immunity in chickens. Losing time to use them is undesirable.
List of popular tools:
- Iodine or iodinol. It is recommended to give an antiseptic solution with food to chickens and chickens in the morning. The concentration of the solution is 0.01%. The dose for chickens aged up to 40 days - 2 ml of solution per head, from the 40th day to 60 - 5 ml. After three months, iodine is no longer added to the feed. Used antiseptic equally for prevention and treatment.
- Osarol Means give with feed in the calculation of 10g / 1kg chicken weight. The dose is fed in 2 divided doses throughout the day. Treatment lasts 5 days, followed by a break of 3 days and a repetition of the course. In total, the medication will be repeated 4 times.
- Feed sulfur. It is added to the poultry food in the amount of 2% of the feed portion. Give no more than 2 weeks. Overdose causes rickets in chickens.
Important! Recommendations to feed chickens with vodka are erroneous. From alcohol, the bird will only get worse, and it will be impossible to save it.
Feed the bird at the beginning of the disease in small portions with the drug. When the chicken completely refuses to eat, the food mixes with the medicine, a small ball is made of it, and it is forced into the beak.
The causative agents of coccidiosis, that is, coccidia, are widespread.
There are several types of these protozoan parasites.
Their life cycle is quite complex.
Thus, infection occurs when the oocysts are ingested with water or feed.
In the gastrointestinal tract, the membrane is destroyed by the action of enzymes and bile, due to which sporozoites begin to actively proliferate in the intestinal epithelium.
The owners of some varieties of coccidia can only be certain species of birds, although exceptions are also found.
Although most pathogens are found in chickens, they are not well understood.
Eimeriatenella- This is the most common form that is resistant to negative external factors. It is capable of infecting a bird for a year.
When ingested, coccidia damages the mucous membrane and impairs digestive functions. Other species usually develop in the thick and thin intestine.
Course and symptoms
It is easy to notice coccidiosis in chickens.
This disease is indicated by such symptoms.:
- constant head pulling
- lack of appetite,
- ruffled feathers
- liquid dung of light brown or reddish tint,
- droppings mixed with blood.
These signs usually persist for 4-5 days, after which the sick bird dies.
Coccidiosis is acute and chronic. In the first case, the disease lasts about 2-3 weeks. And usually it is observed in chickens.
The main signs are ruffled feathers, lack of appetite, the presence of feathers around the cloaca in the litter mixed with blood. Young animals also suffer from anemia and thirst.
Coordination of movement is greatly impaired. Due to severe exhaustion, the bird dies already for 2-5 days. In acute cases, the mortality rate is 50-70%.
One of the most unpleasant diseases in chickens is omphalitis. In this article we have tried to describe omphalite completely, so that you have no questions left.
In chronic form, the above symptoms are mild. The disease is often observed in adults and chicks from 4-6 months. Cases of death practically do not happen, but chickens lose weight, and their egg production decreases.
The main changes in coccidiosis are exhaustion and pallor of the mucous membrane. The remaining changes are concentrated in the intestines.
Their character depends on the variety of coccidia:
- If it is Eimeriatenella, then catarrhal enteritis is noted in the cecum.
- Infection with Eimeriaacervulina appears as white spots and stripes in the duodenum.
- If the infection has occurred due to Eimeriamaxima, then viscous mucus is mixed with blood in the small intestines.
- Eimerianecatrix приводит к утолщению и некрозу стенок кишечника. Также тут могут находиться сгустки свернутой крови.