Chufa - This is a plant belonging to the sedge family. They call it differently: eat edible peanuts and even ground almonds because of the similar taste. In fact, this is not a nut. The edible part of the chufy are nodules that are formed underground on its roots. The homeland of this plant is North Africa and the Mediterranean. Once it was actively cultivated for food purposes. For example, the inhabitants of ancient Egypt grew quite a few chufy and cooked various dishes from it. This is confirmed by the findings of archaeologists who discovered the nodules of this plant in Egyptian tombs and dated them to the II-III millennium BC.
What caused chufa popularity
Of course, the fact that the chuf nut has many useful properties. Today, this plant is regaining popularity, especially since it is unpretentious and can grow not only in warm countries. Nodules have a pleasant taste, they can be used in food, as well as for medicinal purposes. In folk medicine, chufa leaves are also used.
What is useful ground almonds
The properties of earthen almonds are explained by the composition of nodules. They are very nutritious, calorie chufy is 609 Kcal per 100 grams. Nuts are rich in protein, trace elements and vitamins.
The composition of peanuts groundnut:
- Oleic acid,
- Vitamins, especially group B.
The benefits and harms of chufa are also explained by its composition. On the one hand, it is a source of vitamins necessary for normal functioning of the heart, gastrointestinal tract, and nervous system. On the other hand, due to the high calorie content of chufa and a large proportion of fat, it is hardly necessary to lean on peanuts for people with liver problems and overweight.
How to use chufu
Tubers, which we call nuts, taste and smell like almonds, they are quite dense. The plant can be considered universal in terms of consumption, because chufu is eaten both raw, dried, boiled and fried. As a substitute for almond tubers can be added to confectionery, and oil from syty is used in the manufacture of sweets, chocolate and other sweets. But this is not all: from Chufa in Spain they make an orshad - one of the national drinks. It is the so-called almond milk. In honor of this drink in the country even hold an annual holiday.
So, how to eat this exotic product? The simplest way - just eat nuts, that is, nodules. This can be done while they are fresh, you can fry them slightly. If they have already dried up, then before use, the nuts are soaked in ordinary water. Do this day or even two, changing the water.
Ground chufu is often added to salads and main dishes, it gives a pleasant almond flavor and nutty flavor, and, of course, adds nutritional value to cooked dishes. Both dried and ground ground almonds are added, as well as whole nuts, which have been stewed or roasted. By the way, you can throw a handful of raw nodules into meat or vegetable dishes and cook everything together.
Chufy and semolina pie
To make a cake, you will need:
chufa - 150 grams of nodules,
dried fruits - 150 grams,
semolina - 200 grams,
granulated sugar - 300 grams,
kefir - 400 ml,
butter - 100 grams,
flour - about 100 grams,
eggs - 3 pieces,
soda - 1 teaspoon,
vinegar for baking soda,
Vanillin to taste.
First, chufy nuts and semolina are poured with kefir for about 2 hours. At this time, beat the eggs, adding to the mass of sugar and vanilla. When kefir-semolina is infused, it adds butter, beaten eggs, soda, previously quenched with vinegar. Everything is mixed. After this, a little dried fruits and flour are added to get a very thick sour cream consistency. Cake is baked in any form for about 45 minutes at a temperature of 1700C.
It is very easy to make a drink from roasted ground almond nuts, which can be considered a natural energy drink. They are simply ground in a coffee grinder and boiled for 3-4 minutes. It turns out a pleasant tasting drink, in which you can optionally add milk, sugar, vanilla or cinnamon.
For the preparation of the national Spanish drink Ordash (or Orchad), both fresh and dried nodules of chufa are suitable. Dried nuts first need to soak in water for a day to make them softer. Nuts are crushed using a meat grinder and all poured boiled water in a ratio of 1: 4. Insist a lot of the day, then rub it through a sieve with a small cell. It turns out a refreshing drink, similar to milk, which is drunk cold, adding sugar, vanilla or cinnamon if desired.
Medicinal use of earthen almonds
Tubers and chufa leaves are used to maintain health and prevent certain diseases, as well as in complex treatment of various problems. This is due to the rich chemical composition of this plant.
Effects of chufa treatment:
Strengthening the body's defenses
Stimulation of the brain,
Lowering blood sugar
Cleansing the body of toxins.
Chufa extracts from tubers are good adaptogens and help the body to withstand adverse effects, this effect increases the emotional background, the body becomes more resilient. The action of leaves or tubers is similar to the action of ginseng preparations, that is, chufa increases the energy resources of a person. Through a combination of antibacterial and adaptogenic properties, this plant helps to cope with streptococcus and staphylococcus. This means that it is useful to use it in any form for diseases caused by this microflora, it can be sore throats, pneumonia and other problems.
It has long been known about the anti-diabetic properties of chufa, which helps people control sugar levels. This effect is based on a patent for the production of appropriate drugs.
At the beginning of the article it was already mentioned that chufa properties, useful and necessary for some people, may be harmful to others. Contraindications for eating ground almonds are liver disease and overweight.
You should not treat lightly to herbal medicine, including treatment with chufa. Be sure to consult with a specialist to eliminate adverse effects or identify contraindications.
Composition and caloric content of ground almonds
Fruits edible are called nuts not only in view of the characteristic taste and aroma, but also because they are very nutritious.
Calorie nut chufa 609 kcal per 100 grams, of which:
- Proteins - 18.6 g,
- Fat - 53.7 g,
- Carbohydrates - 13 g,
- Ash - 2.91,
- Water - 2.77.
As you can see, the product contains a lot of fat, but you should not be afraid of them. We are talking about vegetable fats, which not only do not harm the figure (of course, in case of reasonable consumption), but on the contrary, will benefit the body, in particular, their beneficial effect will affect the condition of the skin and hair.
However, vegetable fats are not the only valuable component that provides the beneficial properties of chuf nuts. This fruit is rich in vitamins, especially group B, ascorbic acid, vitamins A and E are also present in large quantities.
In addition, the product contains minerals - iodine, sodium, potassium, copper, selenium, iron, phosphorus, magnesium, zinc, calcium. It should be noted and the presence in the composition of useful lipids, resins and oleic acid.
Useful properties of chufa nut
It is worth saying that there are currently no scientific studies and experiments that prove the therapeutic effect of the fruits, but the rich chemical composition leaves no doubt that they have a beneficial effect on the body. And the fact that traditional medicine has treated the product with great respect for many centuries already shows that the benefits of chuf nuts are expressed not only in preventive, but also in health-improving effect.
What are the beneficial properties attributed to this fruit? Let's understand in detail:
- Anti-inflammatory effect. In folk medicine in different countries, antibacterial properties are attributed to the nut, which means that the product is able to work as a natural antibiotic, fighting pathogenic flora, preventing or helping to cure one or another inflammation. The product is especially effective in case of colds - various drinks from chufa are highly recommended to use during the season of epidemics of influenza and ARVI.
Cleansing the body. Representatives of alternative medicine in the Mediterranean regions also note that earthen almonds help cleanse the body, removing various slags and toxins, including radionuclides. However, to achieve this effect, it is best to eat raw fruit as an independent product.
Tonic effect. Due to its nutritional value and various useful elements that make up the product, it is able to quickly restore strength and give a powerful burst of energy.
Prevention of diseases of the oral cavity, gums and teeth. Another important property of the product is a pronounced antiseptic effect, and therefore, when it is used, disinfection of the oral cavity occurs, which in turn prevents the development of one or another of its diseases.
Body rejuvenation. Since the product is rich in antioxidant components, it plays an important role in the fight against excessive levels of free radicals, which is the cause of rapid aging, as well as the formation of abnormal molecular compounds that provoke, among other things, the development of cancer processes.
Beneficial effects on the nervous system. It is believed that helping peanuts and people who are experiencing the effects of stress, suffer from insomnia for reasons of mental disorder, are depressed. The product is very soothing, but it does not have a side relaxing effect, typical of official pharmacy sedatives. Moreover, it improves memory and activates brain activity.
Normalization of the digestive tract. The product also has a positive effect on the activity of the digestive system; it stimulates intestinal peristalsis, thus accelerating metabolism and promoting more efficient and easy digestion of food. It is noteworthy that in Asia milk is prepared from the nut, which is used to treat even severe gastrointestinal diseases.
Beneficial effect on the cardiovascular system. The benefits of chufa peanuts are also to strengthen the vessels and prevent their diseases. For example, the product helps break down harmful cholesterol, which is an excellent prevention of atherosclerosis.
Diabetes prevention. It is worth noting the fact that with the regular use of the fruit the likelihood of developing diabetes is reduced many times, as they perfectly control the level of sugar.
In addition, it is worth noting that ground almonds in general have a positive effect on the body, improving immunity, restoring vitamin and mineral deficiency and increasing resistance to certain diseases. Due to the high nutritional value of the product is recommended to use for people whose diet is restricted for any reason, for example, vegetarians.
Chufa Nut Recipes
So, how is chufu as a separate independent product? The kernel either eats raw (in this case, we recommend pre-soaking the fruits in water so that they become softer and tastier), or it is pre-fried.
Peanuts can also be added to various dishes. Their taste is very reminiscent of almonds, which means that chufu can be added to all recipes that contain this more familiar nut. It can be chopped and put into a salad, porridge or light cream soup to enhance the nutritional value and benefit of these dishes. By the way, if you add nuts in raw form, you will get the maximum benefit.
Chufa is also, of course, simply an indispensable ingredient in the preparation of pastries and confectionery products - chocolate, candy, halva, etc. It is especially well combined with vanilla, cinnamon, cardamom and lemon zest.
We have collected for you several successful use cases in chufa recipes:
- Salad with red fish. Soak the raisins (30 grams) in hot water for 10-15 minutes. Peel a grapefruit (1 piece), only pulp is needed, all films are removed. Lightly fry chufu (30 grams) in a frying pan. Mix in a separate bowl lemon juice (half of the fruit), olive oil (50 ml), sugar (1 teaspoon), salt and pepper to taste. Beat the dressing - it should thicken. Peel the carrots (1 piece), cut into thin “ribbons” using a peeler, put marinated in a dressing for 15 minutes. Slice the red fish (100 grams) in thin pieces. Now you can collect the salad, first lay out the fish plates, then grapefruit on top - if you want, you can chop it, but in the original recipe it is just slices that are required. Put carrots, raisins, nuts, pour in the dressing, mix. Garnish with poppy seeds and a sprig of tarragon.
Homemade pasta with original sauce. Mix flour (3 cups), salt (pinch), butter (60 ml), eggs (3 pieces) and water (300 ml). Knead the dough for 7-10 minutes - if necessary, add flour or water, wrap in foil and leave for an hour. Divide the dough into six pieces and roll a thin sausage of each, about 5 mm thick. The sausages, in turn, cut into pieces of 5-7 centimeters. Finally, wrap each piece of it around the skewer to form a spiral and remove it. Boil the pasta in salted water for 8 minutes. In the meantime, get some sauce. Mix in a blender tomatoes (600 grams), basil (50 grams), grated parmesan (90 grams), oil (60 ml), raisins (2 tablespoons), capers (2 tablespoons), canned anchovies (3 pieces), chopped garlic (2 cloves) and chuf nuts (150 grams). Add salt to taste. Eat pasta with sauce - the cooked amount is enough for a few good servings.
Cinnamon brownies. Melt chocolate (220 grams) and butter (120 grams) in a water bath. Beat the eggs (3 pieces) with sugar (120 grams), mix them with flour (60 grams) and cinnamon (half a teaspoon). Pour into the dough chocolate-butter mixture and nuts (100 grams). Heat the oven to 180 degrees, grease the baking dish with butter, pour the dough into it. Cook the brownies for 20 minutes. Remove the mold from the oven and, when the dessert has cooled slightly, cut it and put it in the fridge until it cools completely.
It is worth noting that peanut chufa in Spanish cuisine is especially appreciated. Not only is it used everywhere, it is invented and not quite a standard application - light cream and ice cream, flour, cocoa substitute and coffee are made on the basis of the fruits.
How to make drinks from chufa? Very simple:
- Ground Almond Milk. Pour water over the nuts at night, rinse and shift into a blender in the morning, the approximate proportion is 1 part of nuts to 4 parts of water. Turn on the blender for 30-40 seconds. Strain the resulting mass, and you're done! This vegetable milk can also be used as an ordinary cow — boil cereals based on it, add it to coffee, but it is best to make a healthy smoothie cocktail from it, whipped in a blender with your favorite fruit.
It is funny that in Spain there is even a special holiday dedicated to the orshad, where fun reigns and a healthy drink flows like water.
Interesting facts about peanuts
A number of researchers argue that chuf nut was the basis of the diet of ancient people - Zinjanthropus, who inhabited our land about 2 million years ago.
In the West, culture was known in the times of ancient Egypt, and this is a proven fact, unlike the first, which is more of a conjecture. In Russia, the plant came only at the end of the XVIII century, and here it was known under the names of the "winte" and "syt".
In general, it is very curious that each nationality seeks to give a culture its own particular name. For example, in Portugal it is called “tuberous grass”, and in Arab countries - “sweet root”.
Земляному ореху приписывают мистические свойства, считается, что нечистая сила не переносит его на дух. Эзотерики рекомендуют с помощью растения чистить ауру помещения, а также рассаживать его вокруг дома, чтобы в нем всегда царили спокойствие, гармония и умиротворение.
Культура считается очень плодоносной — на одном растении находится от 300 до 1000 клубней.
From nuts make the most useful oil which in quality and safety for an organism surpasses olive and other healthy oils. True, it has found great use not in cooking, but in cosmetology, it is noted that it simply has an incredible effect on the skin.
It is noteworthy that the cultivation of chuf peanuts is not a tricky business. Culture is not fastidious and grows well in our climate.
Watch the video about chufa peanuts: