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Bells - varieties and cultivation features

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The nettle-bellflower, peachy, crowded, like other species of this tall herb, is very popular today among gardeners. Some of the bell species grow in both natural and cultural conditions. For example, such plants include a broadleaf bell, the cultivation of which has been known for several hundred years. What is attractive plant for gardeners? Did the cultivation of the plant affect the conservation of the species in nature? These are issues that concern not only environmental scientists, but also all those who are not indifferent to preserving the natural balance on the planet.

Description of the species

Broadlea bell, described below, is a herbaceous perennial, in some cases biennial or annual plant. Its height is between sixty and one hundred and twenty centimeters. The species is distinguished by thickened lateral roots, having the appearance of a spindle, as well as a powerful rhizome.

The stem of the plant is naked, shaped like a cylinder. At the top of the shoot has a form of obtuse angle.

The broadleaf bell is distinguished by oblong leaves, resembling an egg, jagged at the edges, pointed. On both sides of the leaves are covered with a rare soft fluff. The upper sheet plates are significantly different in appearance from the bottom.

Bell broadleaf has a racemose. The flowers are large, purple color. Rare white flowers.

The fruit has the form of a box with three pores at the base. The seeds are flattened, light brown in color, have an ovoid shape.

The bell growing in natural conditions is resistant to pests and diseases.

Plant propagation

The predominant method of propagation by seed. When ripe, they spill out of the box while swinging the stems in the wind. Shoots will appear next year in spring. Sometimes the seeds germinate only in the second or third year.

The ability of the plant to self-seeding allows to rank it as a category of weeds. Although young seedlings are easily removed from the soil and do not cause much hassle gardeners.

Locations, growing conditions

Broadleaf bell is found in Europe, the Caucasus, Asia Minor, the Himalayas, in the Altai.

Widely distributed in deciduous, dark coniferous, mixed forests. Often found on the banks of rivers. Bluegrass can be found among subalpine raznotravya.

The plant prefers shady areas with moist rich soils, but does not tolerate overmoistening. It suffers a lack of moisture painlessly, which is why it is often found in open sunny places.

Preservation of the form

Man's economic activity is not always considered. Grazing, gathering medicinal plants, cultivating virgin lands and many other human activities can lead to unpredictable consequences.

Like many other herbaceous plants, does not tolerate mechanical action and broad-leaved bell. The red book has pages where some species of this seemingly common plant are listed. Until recently, the Carpathian bell was widespread in the Carpathians. Today he is in danger of extinction. Breeding and environmental work gives hope for the preservation of this type of bell.

Where is used broadleaf

The plant is used by growers as an ornamental planting. Most often it can be seen in group plantings. Also used by florists to compose bouquets. As a cultivated plant grown since 1576.

The leaves and roots of a broadleaf bellflower contain carbohydrate inulin.

The leaves and roots are edible. For eating it is recommended to take the root of plants whose age does not exceed two years. Older roots are so hard that they are not suitable for cooking.

Variety and species diversity

Today, scientists know about three hundred species of bell. Most natural forms are successfully transferred to gardens, flower beds, parks. Plants are decorative, do not require much care. But they do not differ a great variety of colors.

For several centuries, the bell has been the object of research for breeders. One of its types was not an exception - it is a broad-leaved bell flower. Scientists have developed a large number of different varieties of this plant.

The most popular are such ones as “Alba”, “Brantwood”, “Makranta” and many others. These forms have large inflorescences, differing in various shades of color.

The broad-leaved bell “White Alba” has a rare white petal color for this species, which makes the plant surprisingly unusual. It can not go unnoticed in the landing sites.

The Macranta variety is distinguished by its unusually large inflorescence size and the rich, dark purple color of the petals.

Plants are easily propagated by dividing the bush. Natural plant forms prefer seed propagation.

Hand bell broadleaf Carpathian

Mountain bells are very popular. Broadleaf Carpathian - one of them. The plant is valued by short stature, compact bush. This makes it possible to grow a plant on alpine hills and stony soils.

There is a varietal diversity of the species - White Star, White Alba, Blue Celestine, Isabel and many others. The positive characteristics include the fact that the plant gives abundant self-seeding. In addition, it is easily propagated vegetatively.

Shrubs grow rapidly, forming dense thickets. Flowering is possible in the first year of sowing. Usually Carpathian bell flowers happy from May to September, which is important for the decorative decoration of the flower garden.

The fragility of the plant is one of its drawbacks. After two or three years, the bell dies, so regular planting updates are required. Excess fertilization also leads to rapid aging of the bush and reduce its winter hardiness.

Cultivation

Under natural conditions, the broadleaf bell is distributed by seeds. Flower growers also use this method of breeding the species. For seedlings, seeds are sown in early spring. A plant is planted in a flowerbed when the threat of freezing is passed. The bell plant, planted seedlings, blooms next year.

Seeds can be sown immediately in the ground, but at other times. May or June is suitable for most regions of Russia.

Suppose the vegetative method of propagation of the bell broadleaf. Rhizome division is one of them. For these purposes, there is no need to dig out the whole plant. Garden shovel separate the desired part of the rhizome and transplant it to the prepared area.

The method of cutting the green stems to propagate the plant is rarely used, as it does not give a good result. But experienced growers successfully apply it.

Some recommendations for caring for a broad-leaved bell will help improve its decorative properties:

need fertilizer complex fertilizers during growth,

moderate regular watering has a beneficial effect on plant development,

after flowering is necessary to remove the inflorescences,

Some varieties require shelter for the winter.

Cultivars of the broadleaf bell may be subject to certain diseases. One of them is powdery mildew. It affects the plant in the second half of summer in cool rainy weather.

For young plants, aphids and slugs can become dangerous pests. To combat them using conventional tools.

Tall bells

  • Broadlea bell (S. latifolia) more than 1 m high, inflorescence is loose, racemose, apical. The flowers are large, purple or white. In culture since the end of the XVI century.
  • Hand bell peach (C. persicifolia) 0.5–1 m high, inflorescences paniculate, few-flowered. The flowers are large, blue or white. There are terry forms. In culture from the middle of the XVI century.
  • Bluebell (C. glomerata) 30–60 cm high, inflorescences dense, capitate, apical and axillary. Flowers are medium-sized, purple or white. In culture from the middle of the XVI century.
  • Bluebell flower (S. lactiflora) reaches 0.5–1.5 m in height, inflorescences are many-flowered, strongly branched, lush. The flowers are medium-sized, milky-white, sometimes slightly mauve. Good honey plant. In culture since the beginning of the XIX century.

Medium thick

  • Bell Takeshima (C. takesimana) up to 60 cm tall, gives root suckers. Racemose inflorescence, branched. Flowers drooping, large, white or pink.
  • Dotted bell (C. punctata) in height 50–60 cm, inflorescence paniculate, friable. The flowers are large, drooping, white, with a pinkish or lilac shade.
  • In ornamental horticulture, the hybrid of dotted bells and Takeshima called “PinkOctopus” («Pink octopus"). The corollas of flowers he cut almost to the base into narrow lobes resembling octopus tentacles.
  • Bell holed (S. fenestrellata) is a rock plant from the Balkan Peninsula. Height is about 30 cm. Inflorescences are friable, many-flowered. The flowers are small, purple-blue.

Undersized

  • Bell Carpathian (C. carpatica) up to 30 cm tall, forms curtains up to 30 cm in diameter. Flowers on thin stems, single, large, blue or white. In culture since the end of the XVIII century.
  • Spoon bell or spiral leaf, (S. cochleariifolia) not more than 15 cm tall. Inflorescences few-flowered. The flowers are small, drooping, blue or white, there are terry forms.

Growing bells

Most bells in the garden easily put up with shading, although they bloom more heavily in sunny or semi-shady areas.

Soils are suitable for them any, but preferably nutrient, drained, with a neutral or slightly alkaline reaction without excessive moisture.

The first fertilizing with nitrogen fertilizer (mineral or organic) is carried out in the spring, through the melting snow.

The following - nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium mixture - at the beginning of budding (the first half of summer).

Planting bells weed, watered only in a protracted drought. The bells are broad-leaved, dotted, Takeshima need well-moistened soil.

Flowering and seed collection

Faded flowers are removed to prolong flowering and rid the garden of clogging with unwanted shoots.

The inflorescences left on the seeds must be cut off without waiting for their opening, but immediately, as soon as the bolls have a straw-brown color.

As a rule, when the flowering inflorescences are completely removed, not allowing them to mature, the rest of the shoots quickly turn yellow and dry out. Immediately after that, it is recommended to cut them at the root.

The stronger the bell system's root system is developed, the earlier it should be replanted in spring. So, the bells are broad-leaved, crowded, and lactiflora transplanted immediately after the snow melted. Species with less powerful roots - in May.

Autumn transplants are best carried out in late August - early September.

Unpretentious species with medium-sized root system can be transplanted during the entire growing season, even during flowering (Carpathian bells, spoonbone, etc.). They do it carefully, keeping a large clod of earth on the roots, having previously plentifully irrigated the prepared landing site.

Most species of bells winters well without shelter. The cover of the spruce branches and dry leaves require only southern species (miltociflora, dotted, Takeshima, perforated, etc.).

Breeding methods

Annual bells multiply only by seed, biennial - by seeds and spring cuttings. Most perennial species reproduce by dividing the bush, as well as by stolons and root cuttings.

Vegetative reproduction is important for varieties and garden forms, especially with double flowers that do not tie seeds. Their curtains are suitable for dividing from the third year of life. The bells are peachy, Takeshima, crowded, spoon-leaved, perfectly tolerate the division already in the first year of flowering.

They divide the plants in early May or in the second half of August. Root offsprings are separated from the mother plant as soon as they develop their own root system. On the cuttings take spring young shoots.

Diseases and pests

Bells are resistant to diseases and pests. However, with long-term cultivation in one place, they can get fusarium, sclerotinia, botrytiosis. For the prevention and treatment of plants and the soil around them in the spring and autumn is treated with a base solution.

Pest Handbell - pennitsa and slugs (for stunted species). Superphosphate, a shag or special granules scattered around the plants save them from slugs. From the pennitsa - spraying a decoction of chilli peppers, garlic or the same shag.

Growing broadleaf hand bell

Broadleaf bellflower propagated:

1. Seeds. To get seedlings, seeds are planted at the end of March in a well-moistened soil without deepening. Maintain moisture before germination, covering with film or glass, put in a warm, bright place. Seated in separate containers after the appearance of a pair of true leaves. On a bed planted after the onset of persistently warm days and nights. Blooms next year. Update the bell in the future can be a vegetative way.

You can plant seeds right in the ground, then plant them in May or early June superficially on a moist soil in a row. They do not sprinkle, cover the row with film, air it daily, after the seeds hatch, the film is removed.

2. The division of rhizomes. Part of the root system of the bell with the help of a garden shovel is separated without digging up the whole plant. Then the shrub is planted in a well-moistened and well-moistened hole, a hole is made, the soil is moistened again,

3. By cuttings - green stalks of a plant with a length of 10-12 cm are cut and treated with Kornevin to enhance the growth of the root system, root in the sand mixed with peat. The rooted cuttings are planted in place. The method does not give 100% of the result, is rarely used.

Perennial bells: planting and care. Growing garden flowers

Growing and caring for bells that are widespread in household plots is not a problem, since even cultivated species easily adapt to weather changes. But decorative, large and constantly flowering buds require good care. The plant will have the proper appearance only under optimal conditions in which perennial bells should be grown. Planting and care for each species is made taking into account its features.

General rules for growing bells

Many species of bluebells grow well in open sunny places, but also like penumbra. Some of them bloom longer in such conditions.

Bells grow everywhere, except for areas with stagnant waters. They do not like lowlands with loamy or clay soil. They will not grow in the poured areas. If the groundwater is close, you can plant flowers on high ridges, providing them with good drainage.

Planting bells

The soil should be loose. To do this, peat, humus, sod soil is added to loam or clay soil. Shrubs transplanted in the fall or spring. At the same time leave a lump of earth, so as not to damage the adventitious roots. The wells before planting and after abundantly watered. If the roots are strong, flowers take root in early spring better. For a less developed root system, landings are made in May, when the earth warms up.

In the fall, bushes must take root before the frosts come. Work is done at the end of summer or at the beginning of autumn.

In the spring, nitrogen is added to the soil, contributing to the rapid growth of green mass of plants. In the summer period, complex and phosphate fertilizers are used, and in the autumn they add potassium, which increases resistance to frost.

Summer care consists of periodic loosening, weeding and regular feeding with mineral fertilizers or rotted manure. Before flowering this work should be done necessarily. Apply moderate watering.

For long flowering dried stalks are removed. Some of them are left, hoping to get the seeds. As soon as the bolls become brown, they are harvested until they have opened, and the seeds have not fallen into the soil.

Before the onset of cold weather, all the stems of plants are cut off at the root. Shelter is required mostly for species originating from the south of Europe and Asia. The soil is sprinkled with peat, spruce branches or dry leaves.

How to grow bells from seed

Most species repeat the properties of parent plants, and they can be propagated by seed. Некоторые сорта, например махровые, могут отличаться от родительских. В этом случае их размножают вегетативно.

Колокольчики дают очень мелкие семена, и их следует раскладывать на грунте под тонким песчаным слоем. Во 2-й половине октября или в мае семена высевают в грунт. Можно выращивать рассаду, начиная с марта. To do this, prepare a light soil from a mixture of peat, turf land and sand, without the addition of organic fertilizers.

Germination of seedlings occurs 2 weeks after sowing. When there are 3 true leaves, the seedlings dive through 10 cm. Plants are planted in a permanent place in early June. Color and seeds will appear in a year.

Reproduction by division

The perennial bells multiply by division. Planting and care begin in the second or third year of the growing season. The method is suitable for vegetative inactive and mobile plants. The ciliated or rod root system does not allow vegetative propagation, and seedlings are grown only from seeds.

The above-ground part is trimmed and the plant is divided so that each part has sufficient root system. The separated sprout is planted in a selected place and watered abundantly.

Carpathian bell

This species is most common in the gardens because of the beauty, long flowering throughout the summer and unpretentiousness. Carpathian bell - a mountain plant, and in nature it can be seen on the mountain slopes. In artificial conditions, it is planted on alpine slides and rockeries.

From small seedlings quickly grows into a large bush perennial bell. Varieties of Carpathian are undersized. Leaves heart-shaped form spherical bush in diameter to 30 cm. Flowering extended to 70 days and can be extended for a regular breakage dried inflorescences.

Flowers grow well among the stones that create drainage and protect the soil from drying out. Excess fertilizer is not required, and the soil should not be acidic. To do this, add lime or wood ash.

During reproduction by cuttings in spring and summer, the young shoots cut off the base and the upper part with buds. Cuttings are germinated in a mixture of earth, humus and sand. Flowers unpretentious and require watering only in arid time.

After 5 years, perennial bells should be transplanted to other places. Planting and seed breeding are less frequent, as seedlings develop unevenly and slowly. Flowering in young plants begins only after 2-3 years. Sowing is done in the fall, and shoots appear in the spring. For early flowering shrubs planted division.

Flowers Carpathian bell resemble elegant porcelain light lilac or white. They are long in the water, if you split the ends of the stems and remove the lower leaves.

Hand bell peach

The bell will grow on sandy or cultivated clay or loamy soil. It is desirable that there is drainage and more humus. Plants are not afraid of shading and prefer a soil with a neutral or slightly acid reaction. A lot of fertilizer should not be added, as this will adversely affect the resistance of plants in winter and will lead to their rapid aging.

The reproduction of the peach bell is made by seeds. They are sown in greenhouses, starting in mid-spring. Seed bells do not inherit parental signs.

In July, seedlings dive, and in August, planted in a permanent place. In winter, the plant is covered with peat or a layer of dry leaves of 15-20 cm. With appropriate care, the bell may bloom next year. If you linger on landing or picking, the buds will appear only in the third year.

Peach species are not long-lived plants, although they are perennial bells. Planting and care during reproduction by division make it possible to inherit the parental signs. Transplantation is done at the beginning or at the end of the summer, and the roots should be covered with clods. Cutting is also often used, and it is produced in sand.

For effective flowering need to periodically feed the bell. Cultivation will be effective if fertilized correctly. Nitrogen is used in the spring, and various complex mineral fertilizers are used before flowering. In addition, the flowering shoots pruned off, so that the blooming bells are more pleasing to the eye. The photo shows how they can be with proper care.

Dotted bell

The bell got its name from the presence of specks inside the petal. The plant is common in temperate regions and blooms until autumn. It differs hanging down heads, collected in inflorescences.

In a large range of colors you can find a bell white, blue, pink, dark red, blue.

Many varieties are characterized by capriciousness. In different habitat conditions, the same type of flower may be terry or common. Among them are many unpretentious plants that adorn the garden.

Growing a bell is not so easy. Its seeds are extremely small. In order for them to grow, good illumination is required. The soil must be taken light, it poured sand, and on top - the seeds. They are sprayed with water and covered from above with a gap. At emergence of shoots the film in the afternoon for a while is removed from a box. Watering is done very carefully so that the seedlings are not washed away with water. The soil should not dry up, otherwise it will lead to the death of seedlings. After the appearance of 3 true sheets of seedlings dive. Growth is uneven, and some of the remaining plants are buried in the ground and grow to transplant.

In June, the seedlings are planted in open ground, and at the end of the summer, the bells begin to bloom. Photos reflecting all the beauty of this species can be seen in our article. It is difficult to grow bells with seeds, but rare varieties are obtained. By division, they are preserved and propagated.

Under the ground, the root system of the pinch is growing rapidly. In order for the shoots to not spread further, apply tapes of plastic or metal, buried in the ground.

For growing bells use places with good lighting. Watering with active growth is limited, otherwise the plant may stretch and break under its own weight. After flowering, the bell drops foliage. It gets on well with other colors, so it is advisable to add thickeners to it, which bloom earlier and later.

Bluebell flower

Perennial is winter hardy. It grows to a height of 1.7 m and a width of 0.5 m. Magnificently Flowering occurs and inflorescence completely cover the leaves and stems. In the gardens you can find a bell white, blue-lilac, bluish, as well as with different shades. Flowering lasts no more than a month. After pruning of faded stems at the end of August, it repeats, but not so magnificently.

Because of the deep roots of the plant to transplant undesirable, it is better to do it while it is young. The root neck is very vulnerable. With the alternation of thaws and frosts, renewal buds may die.

Bluebell in gardens is rarely used because of its large size. Some plants require support. They are grown in soil with medium fertility. Excess moisture is not needed, and in drought is required to water the bell for many years. Varieties can differ and compact size of plants, for example, Favorite, Pouffe, White Pouffe.

Bellflower

Perennial plant with proper care blooms and persists for many years. In nature, a bellflower is found in the Italian Alps. Flowers support fragile stems 30 cm high.

Only a uniform bell of all species is grown in pots. However, it can grow on alpine slides and flower beds. Room bell looks beautiful in hanging pots with soft grassy downwards hanging down.

Bologna bell

Perennial belongs to the European-West Asian species. It is also called the steppe bell. In our country it grows in the European part of Russia and in the Caucasus. The plant is found on meadows, along rivers, on forest edges.

Bluebell propagates mainly by seeds. Refers to a vulnerable species. It replaces the development of the territory and grazing. In many regions, it is listed in the Red Book.

The plants are tall and bloom for about 3 weeks. Lavender bluish flowers are small and do not grow too densely. The plant survives everywhere, but with poor care, flowering is very modest and short.

The bell loses its decorative effect quickly, so it is desirable to supplement it with other perennials.

The advantages of the bell

Many gardeners tend to grow a peach flower bell on their site, as described above. They are attracted not only by the beautiful and unique appearance of this flower, but also by its undeniable merits. These include a fairly large variety of varieties, allowing the bell to be widely used as a single decorative element in the garden, and in various compositions.

This plant is very unpretentious, quite resistant to various natural phenomena. It can easily tolerate both prolonged drought and prolonged rains, withstand night-time temperatures and even slight frosts. It grows well on loamy soils that most flowering garden plants cannot tolerate.

Choosing a landing site

Growing a peach bell is not burdensome. The main thing is to choose for him a suitable place where the plant will be comfortable. This will minimize the care efforts.

The plot for planting this light-loving culture is necessary to choose well lit, but it is better if the sun's rays will fall on him until the first half of the day, otherwise the flowering period will not be prolonged.

The soil should be well developed. Feels like a bell peach on loose loam, enriched with humus. The stagnation of moisture in the soil is destructive for this plant, therefore an elevated site is most suitable or well drained.

Soil preparation

The soil for planting is necessary to prepare in advance, digging up land to a depth of 30-40 cm. If the soil is heavy clay, then it add sand and peat. Loose or poor soil composition enriched with humus, soil and turf fertilized (per 1 square meter -. 50 g of superphosphate and 30 g of potassium sulfate). With fertilizer should be careful - its excess may adversely affect the winter hardiness of flowers.

In no case can not be applied as a feed fresh peat and manure. This provokes the development of fungal diseases, which are then very difficult to get rid of.

Care features

Despite the fact that the bell is not a capricious peach plant, planting and caring for it require adherence to certain rules. Like any other garden crop, this flower needs watering, loosening the soil, cleaning weeds and feeding. Due to lack of moisture, leaves can become shallow, and flowering stops. Watering the bell is necessary on hot and dry days, but moderately.

To avoid stagnation of water, which is so afraid of this plant, and to ensure the access of oxygen to the roots need to systematically loosening the soil and remove the weeds.

In the spring, when the snow melts, they feed additional nitrogen fertilizer, adding also extra humus or compost under each bush. During the budding period, complex mineral fertilizers are applied at the rate of 15 g per 1 sq. M. meter.

In order for the bell peach to please its abundant flowering for a long time, pruning of withered shoots is carried out by about one third. And in the middle of autumn, the above-ground part of the plant is completely cut off and the soil surface is mulched with compost. Most of these flowers are resistant to low temperatures and do not require shelter for the winter, with the exception of some southern varieties.

Growing from seed

This plant propagates in different ways - by seeds, dividing a bush, cuttings. The vegetative method is used most often, but in order to improve the planting material, it is recommended to periodically grow a peach bell from seeds. Harvest them in the fall, when the boxes ripen, acquiring a brown color, and mixed with sand. You can sow seeds directly into the ground in autumn or spring. The emerged shoots are then thinned, and when the third true leaf appears, they swoop, planting them in a checkerboard pattern.

Growing seedlings

Seeds for seedlings are sown approximately in the middle of spring in greenhouses or in a container that is placed indoors. The soil for planting is prepared in advance from a mixture of sod land, stale peat and river sand in equal parts. After some time, after about 12-15 days, when the first bell shoot is peachy, the care of it is not difficult.

Seedlings are watered through a sieve and very gently loosen the soil. Already at the end of May, when the weather is warm, they can dive down to the garden bed. And only in August young plants are planted in a permanent place. It is very important to observe the interval between them - it should not be less than 30-40 cm.

By the autumn the rosette of leaves develops, and flowering can only be expected next season. In winter, the bell is covered with fallen leaves or peat in a layer of 10-15 cm.

Vegetative reproduction

Not only with the help of seeds you can grow a peach bell. It can also be propagated by cutting or dividing a bush. These methods allow you to save all the properties of mother plants. Green woody cuttings are cut in the spring, placed in a greenhouse, buried in the sand. Rooting is faster if conditions are created with high humidity, for this you can use a fogging installation. The following year, plants are planted in a permanent place.

The division multiplies the bushes, which are at least 3 years old. This is best done in the fall. Having dug up a plant together with a large lump of earth, they cut off its above-ground part, and neatly divide the root system into several parts. Each division should have a sufficient amount of roots and a renewal point. New plants are planted immediately to a permanent place, abundantly watered. Planting a bell peach by the division method helps preserve this culture for many years. Sometimes gardeners plant bells with the help of root layers.

If in the fall these plants are transplanted into pots that are placed for the winter in a cool room where there is enough light, then in spring they may bloom. To do this, in February, flowers are transferred to a warmer place and they are periodically sprayed and watered.

Use in landscape design

The bell is in great harmony with many garden plants - mallow, carnation, ferns, kosmey and others. It is suitable for single landings, and for group. Any bell is peachy - white, blue or purple. Being an excellent honey plant, the bell will be useful in every garden. Bouquets of cut flowers for a long time retain their exquisite beauty.

Bell broadleaf - gentle modest

Many flowers that grow well and are very common in natural conditions, have become permanent residents of well-groomed flower beds. These plants include broadleaf bell. This modest flower is a worthy decoration of any flower garden.

This species of wild plant is spread throughout Europe, from edge to edge, preserving its nature, beauty and tenderness. Depending on the illumination of the place of growth, the bell changes its ability to resume. So, if the bell grows in the shade of trees, then it has a short root and only one plant that will appear next year. But if this place of residence has a sunny edge of the flower, the root length more than doubles, and the next season, several daughter plants may grow in place of one plant.

Plant broadleaf bell best seeds. Vegetative reproduction by force, by dividing the bush, the plant does not tolerate very well and often dies. Therefore, in a natural way, the bell is transferred only by seeds to new places of growth. The same should be done to those gardeners who decide to plant this delicate, modest plant in their garden.

The soil of the bell broadleaf likes forest, moist. He loves the sunny places where he successfully gains strength, but will feel comfortable in shading.

Bluebells that are grown in the garden are susceptible to weevils. Such plants do not give seeds, as the flowers are damaged by pests. in order for the plant to be healthy, grow well and develop, it should be protected from pests with the help of special preparations.

Division of rhizomes

Also, the bells can be propagated by division of rhizomes. For this you need to separate part of the root system of the plant. This should be done with a garden spatula. The plant is not digged.

After otsadit the separated piece of rhizome in the well prepared in advance. In the hole should be poured humus and the ground, always hydrated. Once planted rhizome, the place must be watered again.

Cuttings

The third way to grow a broadleaf bell is grafting. For such reproduction, cut the green stalks of the bell and process. The length of the cut stalks should be approximately 10 to 12 cm.

The edge of the stem is treated with a solution that enhances the growth of the root system. После такой обработки стебли окореняют смесью из торфа и песка. Такие стебли садят в открытый грунт. Черенкование используют крайне редко, так как черенки приживаются не со 100 % результатом.

Давайте рассмотрим особенности ухода за этим прекрасным и неприхотливым цветком. In addition to the features of watering and fertilizing the plant, it should immediately be noted that after flowering, it is necessary to remove flowers, and in winter it needs shelter, which you can make from lapnik or sawdust.

The entire growing season broadleaf bells need regular, but not strong watering. In winter, be sure to reduce watering the flower. The most suitable water for them is soda water.

Maintain a certain level of moisture the plant needs, even when it has faded, it is recommended to do it by spraying.

If you bring the bells for the winter in the vases in the room, also watch out for the level of moisture. Temperature more than +17 ° C in the room will require placement in the basement of the pot or expanded gravel.

In the spring, when regrowth begins, feed your bells with nitrogen fertilizer, and feeding with ash (count 400 g per 10 sq. M) and manure will not be superfluous. NPK mineral mixtures are used before flower budding in a low concentration, about 10–15 g per square meter. m

Also, the amount of fertilizer depends on the quality of the soil, for example, to reduce the required amount of fertilizer, peat and sand are added to the loamy soil. In the sandy soil is recommended to add sod land, or, humus or peat.

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