General information

How different types of amanitas look like


Mushroom Amanita belongs to the family of amanita. The peculiarity of this species is paradoxical - outwardly beautiful, it will surely be poisonous. A mushroom, the use of which does not pose any danger to human life and health, will be characterized by an unattractive appearance, so to speak, unappetizing. This is the case when appearances are deceptive.

So, in order not to fall for the tricks of nature, let's understand.

Amanita red

The mushroom hat is red or orange-red. Its diameter is about 20 centimeters. On the surface of the cap there are snow-white specks or yellow warts. This part is characterized by a spherical shape. The bottom of the cap is covered with beige plates. The flesh is peculiar to white color and weak mushroom flavor.

The maximum height of the legs can reach 25 centimeters. The description of the red mushroom mushroom also contains distinctive features, among which may be noted strength, white color, decor in the form of a ring and pronounced white warts. It is worth considering that specks may have a yellow tint. The lower part of the leg of the red mushroom is thickened by a tuber with flakes.

The mass appearance of the fungus is fixed from mid-summer to mid-autumn. The habitat of such a poisonous beauty is the forest zone. Poisonous mushrooms that grow under a birch tree have a special beauty.

In the description of the red mushroom also want to add: if you use it to a person, do not avoid trouble. It can cause suffocation, cause fainting or severe gastrointestinal disorders. Deaths from eating this fungus in the food history are also known. A deadly dose of poisonous substances can be obtained from the ingestion of 3-5 toadstools.


Where is this mushroom used if it is inedible? Amanita - a great remedy against flies. To do this, the cap of the fungus is placed in a deep plate, poured with water, brought to a boil, and sprinkled with a small amount of sugar on top. As a result of such manipulations, juice is released from the cap, which becomes sugar syrup. This kind of treat for flies is tasty but deadly.

Amanita bright yellow

This type of fungus is also considered poisonous. But, unlike the previous one, it is in most cases deadly. The color of the cap is characterized by a bright yellow color, it is also called lemon or orange-yellow. Its surface is covered with lots of white flakes.

Under the head there are plates that change their color depending on the age of the fungus. When the fly agaric is young, they have a white color, and when its life cycle reaches maturity, the plates become brown. As for the pulp of the cap, then by the smell it is very similar to the scent of radish.

The bark of a bright yellow amanita is characterized by fragility, velvety (but not always), elongation. As the fungus grows older, the ring on it can completely disappear. To the base, the foot acquires an extended form. This is the main distinguishing feature of the poisonous mushroom, which does not allow to confuse it with edible russula.

Amanita, described above, can be found from June to September.

Amanita leopard

It may also be referred to as panther mushroom. Like the previous two species, it is not fit for human consumption. Otherwise, serious poisoning can not be avoided. It can lead to death, but not always.

The flesh has a very pleasant aroma, which is often confused with the smell of a gray-pink mushroom that is edible. In deciduous and coniferous forests you can often find a panther fly agaric. Description of this miracle of nature, read on.

Cap in diameter can reach 9 centimeters. It has a gray-brown, ocher-brown or even black-brown color. Its surface is covered with small white warts, which cause association with milk droplets. The plates, located under the cap of the fungus, have a white tint. The same color range is peculiar to the flesh. The smell reminds radishes. The foot of the mushroom is hollow, thin, characterized by a cylindrical shape. In length can reach 13 centimeters. At the base there is a thickening in the form of tubers with several bands (usually 2-3). Foot decor - membranous ring, often barely noticeable.

Mushroom grows from mid-summer to mid-autumn.

Amanita mushroom

This mushroom is also known as lemon or white inedible mushroom. Its description is similar to the red view. However, this mushroom is inferior to him both in attractiveness and in size. A little earlier, the mushroom mushroom was part of the poisonous class, but now scientists have excluded it from this list and put it in the inedible class. Such mushrooms are excessively bitter, have an unpleasant aroma, and the taste is reminiscent of raw potatoes.

The cap does not exceed 10 cm in diameter. When the mushroom is young, it is painted in white tones, but when the mature stage of life begins, the cap becomes yellowish-green or even brownish, and large gray growths appear on its surface. Plates of cream or white color, on the edges of which there is a flocculent coating. The flesh is white or lemon colored. The height of the leg does not exceed 12 cm, it is characterized by a special subtlety and decor in the form of a sagging beige ring. The base is expanded, which gives rise to a tuberous thickening.

The funky mushroom mushroom, the description of which we have just considered, is fructifying from late summer to mid-autumn. One of the varieties of this fungus is the lemon white mushroom, the key feature of which is the pure white color.

Amanita orange

Although this mushroom is recognized as edible (after appropriate processing), many consider it poisonous. According to external signs, it is very similar to the dangerous bright yellow fly agaric. Photos and descriptions are presented below.

The cap at a young age is characterized by an ovoid shape, and in a mature one it is flat. The maximum possible diameter is 10 centimeters. A clear sign of the orange fungus is a dark bulge that is located in the center. The very color of the mushroom cap may be gray or orange and their shades. The skin is smooth. The edges of the cap are decorated with grooves.

The leg in length can reach 15 centimeters, therefore it is considered elongated. As a rule, it has a pure white color, but visible patches of brown color are not excluded. The bottom part is extended.

Collect such a mushroom from August to September.

Amanita gray-pink

Known as a reddening mushroom. At first glance, you cannot say that it is edible, since it looks completely unappetizing. But despite this, it belongs to the most delicious mushroom-amanita. It amazes with its taste qualities both fried and marinated. And still such a fly agaric is loved not only by people, but also by insects: flies, worms. If you find a wormy blushing mushroom, do not be surprised.

Hat in diameter not more than 18 centimeters. The characteristic shape is a hemisphere for a young mushroom and a cuspidate-convex at the stage of a mature life cycle. The color of the cap is gray-pink. On the surface there is a mass of gray (less often brown) wart-like growths, which are similar to flakes. The plates are white, but may have a slightly pink tint, which makes it possible to distinguish the old Amanita. The description also shows that these partitions are thick.

The flesh is different fleshy, impressive thickness, white or pale pink. In the place of breakage gradually turns pink and gets wine color. That is why this fly agaric is referred to as blushing. The taste is sweetish flesh. There is no specific smell.

Leg height varies up to 15 centimeters. As the fungus grows older, its color can vary from light to deep pink. At the base there is a tuber-shaped thickening.

You can collect these mushrooms in grassy areas from early summer to mid-autumn.

Amanita Caesar

This species is also called Caesar's mushroom. This is one of the most delicious edible fly agarics. It has a great taste and healing properties.

The cap in diameter can vary from 8 to 20 centimeters, has an ovoid or hemispherical shape. Initially characterized by a bulge, but as the fungus grows older it becomes flatter. The skin of the cap is colored golden-orange or bright red, rarely yellowish.

The mushroom amanita, the photo and description of which you have just seen, is popularly referred to as royal or cesarean.

Before eating any edible mushroom needs heat treatment.

Types of fly agarics.

Amanita is a genus of mycorrhizal lamellar fungi of the amanit family. The same name is used for the fungus with a red hat with a white speck. Amanita - poisonous mushroom. The Latin name of the mushroom mushroom mushroom - Amánita. There are more than 600 species in the Amanita family. There are several variants of the systematics of these fungi, the most well known are the classifications of E. Gilbert, Garsens, Jenkins. In the modern scientific community the most authoritative system is R. Zinger.

The color of the mushroom depends on its appearance. Caps of mushroom mushroom of different types can be red, yellow, white, green, brown, orange. The most well-known fly-agarics are the red mushroom, the toadstool, the stinking fly-agaric, the king's-fly agaric, and the Caesar mushroom.

Amanita - description and photo.

Amanita is a rather large mushroom with a fleshy body and a leg. In young specimens, the cap has a dome-shaped shape, and in the process of growth it opens up in the form of an umbrella. The mushroom leg is extended to the base, easily separated from the cap. On top of the leg is framed "skirt" - the remnants of the shell, which encloses very young individuals. The color of the mushroom cap may vary depending on the type of mushroom, the place of growth and age. The mushroom Amanita mushroom propagates by spores having the appearance of white powder.

Amanita - properties.

The mushroom amanita is known for its hallucinogenic properties, and some species of amanita are deadly poisonous. Ibotenic acid, muscarin and other components are guilty of this. The poison of the mushroom spreads throughout the body quickly, so that signs of poisoning by the mushroom appear about 15 minutes after eating poisonous mushrooms. Even children know about the fly agaric and its poisonous properties.

Is it possible to eat amanita?

To be fair, it should be noted that edible amanita is found in the forests. In the Mediterranean grows Caesar fungus (caesar amanita), which was considered a delicacy in ancient times. Roman commander Lucull, a recognized gourmet, ordered to serve it as a main dish at his feasts. And yet, experts do not recommend experimenting with their health and eating a fly agaric, although in some Asian countries they love this mushroom.

Why a fly agaric called a fly agaric?

In Russia of past centuries, the fly agaric was used for its intended purpose - as an insecticide. On the windowsills and furniture laid out the caps, sprinkled with sugar, to attract flies, mosquitoes and other harmful insects. The tool worked better than modern aerosols. Hence the name of the mushroom mushroom mushroom.

What is useful amanita?

Amanita, the medicinal properties of which were discovered long ago, is used in medicine for medicinal purposes. For the preparation of therapeutic tinctures use only the cap. The list of diseases for which tinctures, extracts and ointments of fly agarics are used is quite extensive: arthritis, gout, various tumors, eczema, rheumatic pains. Treat infusions and diseases of the digestive tract, diabetes. In addition, forest amanitas help rejuvenate the body and restore energy. In France, an extract of the fly agaric is used to treat insomnia.

Amanita - application, treatment of amanita.

Mushrooms are collected during the entire growing season. Only dark-colored caps are taken, rounded and even. Cut along, mushrooms are dried in the oven at a temperature not exceeding 50 °. If the mushroom caps are large, they are preferably pre-dried in the open air. Store dried mushrooms should be in a sealed container in a dark, dry place. Take medications made from fly agaric, should only be under the supervision of a homeopath.

External use always gives a good healing effect. Amanita in the forest - the first remedy for healing wounds. To do this, just take a hat, stretch it and stitched to the affected area. It will not take 2 hours, as the wound begins to tighten.

When using the mushroom you should always remember that this mushroom is deadly poisonous! All mushrooms collected for storage, as well as preparations from them, must be kept in signed containers on the far shelves. Children and pets should not have access to them. If there are signs of poisoning with a mushroom or even suspicion of it, you should immediately seek medical help.

Death cap

Then we will discuss the most poisonous fungus in the world, which also belongs to the genus Amanita. Find out more about what a pale toadstool is.

Edible or not

Consume pale toadstool prohibited in any way. Even after boiling with changing water, this fungus retains its toxicity. To kill an adult, enough to give him about 30 grams of pulp. Death occurs as a result of the most powerful intoxication, which causes the appearance of toxic hepatitis (the liver refuses), as well as acute heart failure. As a result of the action of toxic substances, the liver begins to rapidly collapse. Kidneys do not have time to remove toxins and simply refuse.

Other name

Pale toadstool is also referred to as a green mushroom or a white amanita. The Latin name of the species is Amanita phalloides.

What it looks like

  • The cap of the fungus has a diameter of up to 10 cm. At the initial stage of development of the fruiting body, it has a dome-shaped shape, but with time it becomes flat and then concave. As for color, there are several variations. In some regions, the marsh green grebe is found, in others - yellowish-brown. Also the cap may have a white color.
  • The flesh is colored white. A distinctive feature is that when damaged and prolonged contact with oxygen, the flesh does not change its color. It has a very faint odor.
  • The length of the leg varies in the range of 8-15 cm in length, and 1-2.5 cm in diameter. Color is identical to the hat. Sometimes there are mushrooms, on the leg of which the moiré pattern is clearly visible.
  • The plates are white, soft to the touch, arranged freely.
  • A distinctive feature of white toadstool is the presence of Volva. This is a small part of the fungus, which is similar in appearance to a burst egg, and performs the function of protection. You can notice Volvo only in young mushrooms. In them it has a width of up to 5 cm, partly located in the soil, the color is white, sometimes - slightly yellowish.

When and where it grows, twins

You can meet the most dangerous mushroom in the world on fertile soils where it feels best. As in the case of the red fly agaric, grebe enters into a symbiosis with trees, so you can find this fungus in any deciduous forest where beeches, oaks, hazel trees grow. Sometimes found in open areas, where often graze livestock.

It is distributed in the temperate climate of Eurasia, and is also found in North America.

Separately, it should be said about twins. The fact is that because of the toadstool, a huge number of people die each year only because it is confused with champignon.

If the toadstool is painted in pure white, then an inexperienced mushroom picker, cutting off only a hat, can easily confuse and eat an incredibly dangerous mushroom. Also toadstool confused with green russula, floats and greenfinch. In order not to confuse champignon with toadstool, you should first of all look at the color of the plates, which darken in mushrooms with time. In the green mushroom they always remain white. As for syruzhek, they never form a Volvo, and there is also no ring in the upper part of the leg. The flesh of the russula is fragile, and at the mushroom - fleshy, dense.

Video: how to distinguish between a toadstool and green russula

The greenfinch has not only the outer part of the cap painted, but also the plates. They have a greenish color. Also, greenfinch has no Volvo.

Amanita Battarry

Another type of amanita, which is not very toxic. Eating

Amanita Battarry attributed to conditionally edible mushrooms. It means that they are poisonous rawhowever, after proper heat treatment, they lose toxicity and can be eaten.

Other name

This species is also called the battarra float. The Latin name is Amanita battarrae. What it looks like

  • The cap of young mushrooms has an almost ovoid shape. With age, it looks like an umbrella or a dome. The average diameter is 5-8 cm. The distinguishing feature is the ribbed edges of the cap, which resemble a wavy shell in structure. Painted in greyish brown or olive with a yellow tinge. Enough thin, not fleshy.
  • Ножка имеет длину 10-15 см, и диаметр в пределах 8-20 мм. Полностью покрыта мелкой чешуёй, а также защитной плёнкой. Окрашена в коричневый с желтым оттенком однотонный цвет. Светлых или тёмных пятен не наблюдается.
  • Пластинки окрашены в белый цвет, однако ближе к волнистому краю шляпки становятся желтоватыми.

Когда и где растет, двойники

Встретить условно-съедобный гриб можно в смешанных и хвойных лесах. Формирование плодового тела происходит с июля по октябрь.

Спутать обсуждаемую разновидность можно с «собратом» из рода Мухомор — поплавком серым, который является полностью съедобным. Поплавок серый имеет белый окрас основания и ножки, а его пластинки гораздо светлее.

Мухомор Виттадини

Рассмотрим необычную разновидность, которая не характерна для нашего климата. Поговорим об особенностях Виттадини. Съедобный или нет

Rather contradictory characteristics of the fungus in terms of edibility. Some scientists argue that it can be eaten, because it does not contain poisons, others refer Vittadini to slightly poisonous.

In any case, given the rarity of the fungus, it is dangerous to collect it, since there is a great chance to confuse it with the toxic species of the same mushroom.

Other name

The Latin name is Amanita vittadinii. This species has a large number of alternative names, namely: Agaricus vittadinii, Armillaria vittadinii, Aspidella vittadinii, Lepidella vittadinii, Lepiota vittadinii. What it looks like

The mushroom has a very strange appearance, so it is very difficult to confuse it with the mushrooms familiar to our zone.

  • The cap has a diameter of 7 to 17 cm. The young fruit body forms a semicircular wide-bell-shaped cap, which, over time, increases in diameter and becomes flat. Color varies from brown to greenish. An important distinguishing feature is the presence of a large number of scales that cover the outer side of the cap. Scales have an average size, as well as small blotches of black.
  • The flesh is white, soft, after contact with oxygen (when cut) begins to darken. It has a pleasant smell, like edible mushrooms.
  • The foot has a length of 8 to 16 cm, and a diameter of up to 25 mm. Painted white and covered with noticeable rings. It also contains scales.
  • The plates are wide enough, loose, painted white. Over time, the color changes to cream with a gray tint.

When and where it grows, twins

To begin with, this is one of the few species that does not enter into symbiosis with trees or shrubs. It is found in the steppe and forest-steppe regions.

As for climate, Vittadini loves warm, mild weather, and therefore is common in southern Europe. Rarely found in southern Asia, as well as in some regions of Russia (Stavropol Territory and Saratov Region).

You can confuse this species with a deadly white fly agaric, which differs from the fungus in smaller size. Also, the poisoned “brother” grows exclusively in the forest, forming mycorrhiza.

Can be confused with umbrellas, which do not belong to poisonous mushrooms, so this error will not affect the health.

The fruit body is formed about 7 months - from April to October.

Amanita white smelly

The name itself suggests that further we will discuss not an edible mushroom, which is characterized by an unpleasant odor that frightens both wild animals and humans.

Edible or not

it deadly mushroom, the use of which leads to death. No treatment will help to make the fruit body edible for humans, and even extremely small doses will cause organ failure and intoxication of the whole organism. Other name

This variety is known to us by the alternative names white toadstool or snow-white toadstool. It is also called a fly agaric. The Latin name is Amanita virosa.

What it looks like

  • The cap has a diameter in the range of 6-11 cm. The young fruit body has a conical or spherical cap, which, over time, becomes similar in shape to an umbrella. The cap is painted in pure white, but sometimes there are specimens with a gray blotch, which occurs due to the influence of the external environment.
  • The leg is very long, reaching 10-15 cm in height, having a small diameter - up to 2 cm. There is a raid in the form of flakes. White colour.
  • The flesh is white, does not change color at the cut when in contact with air. It has a very unpleasant smell, which gives chlorine.
  • Plates have identical white color, soft, free.

When and where it grows, twins

You can meet this stinking variety in coniferous and deciduous forests, where the mushroom comes into symbiosis with trees and shrubs. Prefers wet sandy soils. Distributed in the northern temperate zone in Europe and Asia. The formation of the aboveground body occurs from June to October. Let us omit the similarity of this species with other amanitas, since most of them are not eaten, and if they are, they are used only by experienced mushroom pickers. But it is worth talking about the similarity with champignons. The fact is that inexperienced mushroom pickers can take white toadstool for champignon, especially if the collection is held at dusk. The champignons have a short leg and a more fleshy cap, and the plates of the mushroom are painted black or pink. Also, the champignon does not have a vulva, which the white toadstool has (hidden in the ground).

Spring Amanita

The next species received such a name for the reason that it forms the aboveground bodies in large quantities in the spring, and not at the end of summer or autumn, like most other fly-agaric mushrooms.

Edible or not

Spring fly agaric is deadly mushroomsimilar in toxicity with white toadstool. The use of even an extremely small amount of pulp is fatal. Other name

Since toxicity is similar to the white toadstool, this fly agaric is called spring toadstool and white fly agaric. The Latin name is Amanita verna. Scientific synonyms: Agaricus vernus, Amanitina verna, Venenarius vernus.

What it looks like

  • The hat is painted white, has a diameter in the range of 4-10 cm. In the center of the cap is a spot that has a cream color. In young mushrooms, it is dome-shaped, and in adults it is flat, with a small, pointed protrusion in the center.
  • The flesh is very dense, pure white, has an unpleasant smell.
  • The plates are also painted white, like other parts of the above-ground body.
  • In the place where the stem connects with the cap, in adult mushrooms there is a well-marked white veil.

When and where it grows, twins

The spring grebe loves a warm climate, so it can be found in the southern parts of the temperate zone. The species grows exclusively in deciduous forests.

You can mix up the spring toadstool with a white float. Poisonous fungus differs from edible unpleasant odor, as well as the presence of a ring on the leg. There is also a similarity with the beautiful Volvariella. The main differences are the color of the cap and the smell. Volvariella has a sticky substance that is not present in the toadstool.

Amanita high

Consider the species of amanita, which is found in the forest zone. Let's talk about the differences and features.


A controversial variety, which in some sources is indicated as an edible mushroom, and in others - inedible. Considering that the species are similar to each other, it is not recommended to eat even after repeated heat treatment. Other name

The Latin name is Amaníta excélsa. In the scientific literature there are also such names: Agaricus cariosus, Agaricus cinereus, Amanita ampla, Amanita spissa and others.

What it looks like

  • The cap in diameter reaches 8-10 cm, has a hemispherical shape, which changes to the shape of a disk when fully matured. The edges are fibrous. Painted in gray or brown. With increased humidity, the cap becomes sticky. You can also notice large bright scales that are easily washed off with water.
  • The foot has a length of 5 to 12 cm, and a diameter of up to 25 mm. At the base there is a characteristic thickening. The overall shape is cylindrical. Formed aboveground bodies have a noticeable white ring. Above it, the leg is white or greyish, and under it is light gray, scaly.
  • The flesh is colored pure white. The smell is either completely absent or present, but very weak (anise).
  • The plates are frequent, partially adherent to the leg, painted white.

When and where it grows, twins

Most often grows in coniferous forests, where it forms a symbiosis with trees. Sometimes it can be found in leafy plantings, but quite rarely. Variety is common in the temperate zone. The formation of the fruit body occurs in summer and autumn.

Above, we wrote about the fact that the mushroom is edible, but it is very easy to confuse it with another “fellow”, which is distinguished by strong toxicity. The problem is that the panther fly agaric, which looks like a high fly agaric, differs only in snow-white warts on the cap. It is for this reason that it is very risky to collect, much less eat, the species under discussion.

Amanita yellowish brown

Let us discuss the properties and appearance of a completely edible mushroom mushroom, which is still ignored not only by beginning mushroom pickers, but also by experienced ones. Eating

Another conditionally edible mushroom, which can be eaten, but only after heat treatment. In its raw form, it is dangerous to humans.

It is not particularly popular not only due to the fact that it can be confused with dangerous specimens, but also because of the lack of fleshyness of the cap.

Other name

The people called this species "float", because of which the following alternative names appeared: the float is red-brown, the float is brown, the mushroom is orange. The Latin name is Amanita fulva. What it looks like

  • The cap has a diameter of 5 to 8 cm, painted in golden brown or brown-orange color. To the touch feels mucus, which is covered by this organ of the fungus. Young toadstools have a dome-shaped cap, and fully formed ones are flat. In the center of the cap is clearly visible a dark spot, and there is also a noticeable knob. The edges are clearly visible on the edges.
  • The leg is brittle as it is hollow inside. The average length is 10 cm, but it can grow up to 15 cm. The diameter rarely exceeds 1 cm, there is a noticeable thickening in the lower part. The color is white, in rare cases there is a brownish tint.
  • The flesh is thin, almost absent near the edges. Painted white. Differs in wateriness, and also lack of a smell.
  • The plates are free, often located, have a cream or pure white color.

When and where it grows, twins

The variety loves waterlogged marsh soils, so it forms mycorrhiza with those trees that grow in such places. It is found in both pine and deciduous forests. It is interesting that you can meet the float not only in Eurasia, but also in North America, as well as in Africa. The mushroom reached the Japanese islands.

The formation of the aboveground body occurs from July to October.

It is easy enough to confuse with other species of the so-called float, but this is not critical, as they are conditionally edible. The absence of a ring helps to distinguish it from poisonous toadstools.

Royal Amanita

Next in turn is the hallucinogenic type of amanita, which at the beginning of the “zero” was chosen as the “mushroom of the year”. Let us consider in more detail the appearance and properties. Edible or not

In extremely small quantities, the royal variety causes strong hallucinationswhich last about 6 hours, after which comes a severe hangover. But if you use a sufficiently large amount of pulp, then the death is guaranteed. In terms of toxicity, it is comparable to the red and panther varieties.

Other name

The Latin name is Amaníta regális. This mushroom is also called royal in England, but in other European countries the species received its alternative “names”: the king of Swedish fly agarics, brown red fly agaric, Agaricus muscarius, Amanitaria muscaria. What it looks like

  • The royal mushroom has a sufficiently large cap diameter - from 8 to 20 cm. The outer part is covered with yellow large flakes, which in young specimens merge, forming a continuous veil. The cap at the initial stage has an egg shape, which at the time of aging becomes flat with a slightly concave center. The color is dark brown or olive.
  • The leg also differs in length, which is 10–20 cm and with a diameter of 15–20 mm. At the base there is a thickening resembling an egg. Closer to the cap, the leg becomes thin. The surface is velvety, painted white. From touch can darken, as there is a raid. There are also wart flakes and a ring on the stalk.
  • The flesh has a yellow-brown color, almost no smell.
  • The plates are frequent, adherent to the pedicle at the initial stage. Painted in cream color.

When and where it grows, twins

As is the case with many other species of amanita, royal forms mycorrhiza with coniferous and deciduous trees (spruce, pine, birch). Distributed in Europe and Russia, and also found in Alaska and in Korea. The period of fruiting is from July to October.

You can confuse a royal mushroom with a red and panther mushroom mushroom, but this does not change the situation, because all three species are dangerous for humans, so there is no point in considering differences.

Amanita Panther

In the previous sections, we recalled this form, which is also not safe for humans. Further we will specify the detailed characteristic of a panther mushroom. Eating

The toxicity of the fungus is comparable to bleached and dope. When used, even an extremely small volume, causes a failure of organs and organ systems, which ends in death.

Other name

In the people, this species is called gray amanita. The Latin name is Amanita pantherina. Other scientific synonyms: Agaricus pantherinus, Amanitaria pantherina, Agaricus pantherinus. What it looks like

  • Hat from 4 to 12 cm in diameter, painted in a brown glossy color. The shape of the dome-shaped at the initial stage, and convex at the time of maturation of the dispute. A characteristic feature is the presence of a large number of small white flakes that cover most of the cap.
  • The foot has a length of 4 to 12 cm, and a diameter of about 12 mm. Painted white. It has a cylindrical shape. To the top it narrows slightly, and from the bottom there is a tuberiform extension. The surface of the stem is porous, there is a ring that is very low, very fragile.
  • The flesh is white, in contact with oxygen, the color does not change. It has a noticeable unpleasant smell.
  • The plates are frequent, painted white. By the foot does not grow.

When and where it grows, twins

Included in symbiosis with coniferous and deciduous trees, therefore, it occurs in the corresponding plantings in the temperate zone. You can detect a panther mushroom under a pine, beech, oak. Feels great on alkaline soils, but does not like acidification. The fruit body is formed from the beginning of July to the end of September.

Amanita grungy

We turn to another interesting species of amanita, which belongs to a separate subgenus Lepidella.

Edible or not

Even if the mushroom was edible, then you would hardly have eaten it, given the disgusting appearance of the ripened aboveground body. There is no unequivocal answer about edibility, as the variety is little studied. Considering this, it is dangerous to eat a mushroom with a mushroom, because you do not know how to prepare the product and how your body will react to it.

Other name

This species has no alternative names, but only the Latin version - Amanita franchetii.

What it looks like

  • The hat has a diameter of 4 to 9 cm, very fleshy, painted yellow or olive with a brown tint. A young mushroom has a spherical cap, and a mature mushroom has a flat, with slightly upturned edges.
  • The leg has a length of 4 to 8 cm, about 15 mm in diameter. Painted in brownish-yellow color, dotted with small flakes. When ripe becomes hollow.
  • The flesh is colored white. On contact with air, the cut turns yellow. It has a pleasant smell.
  • The plates are located freely. They are white in the young mushroom, and yellowish in the mature one.

When and where it grows, twins

To meet this mushroom in nature is very difficult, but possible. It forms mycorrhiza with oak, beech, hornbeam. It grows in mixed forests. It is found throughout Europe, as well as in Central and South Asia, Japan, the USA, Algeria and Morocco. The elevated body is formed from June to October.

As for the similarity with other mushrooms, then, perhaps, this is the only species of mushroom that is not similar to other mushrooms. It can not be confused even with "brothers". And given the rarity, this mushroom will be more likely a valuable find for collectors than an unpleasant surprise for a novice mushroom picker.

Amanita bristly

Next, let's talk about the form of the fly agaric, which from a distance resembles a white hedgehog. Let's discuss the features of bristly fungus. Edible or not

Bristly Amanita is referred to as inedible mushrooms. It is not monstrously toxic, but it will cause poisoning even after heat treatment. Other name

Other names of this species are widespread, namely: fat bristly and prickly-toed mushroom. The Latin name is Amanita echinocephala.

What it looks like

  • The cap has a diameter of 6 to 14 cm. In young fruit bodies, it is spherical, in mature ones it is disclosed as an umbrella, wide. Differs fleshy. The hat is painted white, there are flocculent residues of bedspreads. Also on the cap there are quite large warts, thanks to which the mushroom got its name. Warts are gray.
  • The leg has a length of 10 to 15 cm, in rare cases it reaches 20 cm. The average diameter is 25 mm. The unusual structure of the leg allows you to distinguish the view from other varieties of amanita. The stem has a thickening in the center, while the base, which is immersed in the soil, has a pointed shape. Painted white. Closer to the base there are clearly visible white scales of small size.
  • The flesh is different in density, has a white color, as well as a frightening unpleasant odor. Directly under the skin has a slightly yellowish color.
  • The plates are wide and freely. In a young mushroom, they are painted white, and in a mature one, pink.

When and where it grows, twins

Щетинистый мухомор распространён как в лиственных, так и в хвойных лесах, однако предпочитает формировать микоризу с дубом. Растёт на щелочных почвах вблизи рек и озёр, любит хорошо увлажнённый субстрат. Чаще всего встречается в Южной Европе, так как там для него самый подходящий климат. Достаточно редко можно встретить на территории Израиля и в Закавказье. Период вызревания — с июля по октябрь.

Спутать данную разновидность можно с мухомором шишковидным. Шишковидный имеет приятный запах, а также белый окрас пластинок, который не меняется при вызревании.

Мухомор яйцевидный

Далее мы рассмотрим достаточно странную разновидность мухомора, которая относится к отдельному подроду Lepidella. Поговорим о том, что особенного в этом грибе. Съедобный или нет

The mushroom is considered edible, however, there have been cases of poisoning, so for beginners it is better not to use it for cooking various dishes. Also, the fungus should not be collected for the reason that it is very similar to other poisonous species of mushroom.

Other name

There are no alternative names. There is only a Latin designation - Amanita ovoidea. How does it look

  • The cap has a diameter of 6 to 20 cm, painted in pure white. Initially, it has an ovoid shape, which is why the species got its name, but during maturation the cap straightens out, after which the cap becomes convex-prostrate.
  • The stem is dense, has a length of 10 to 15 cm and an average diameter of 4 cm. At the base there is expansion. Painted white. The leg is completely covered with a mealy white scurf.
  • The flesh is white, dense enough, does not change color when in contact with air. Smell and taste are practically absent.
  • The plates are wide, arranged freely. Painted white, but during maturation can be cream.
  • The main feature of this type is the presence of a white “skirt” that hangs down from the cap. It is painted white. A fully ripe mushroom may be missing.

When and where it grows, twins

You can meet both in deciduous and coniferous forests, but most often the fungus enters into a symbiosis with oak, beech and chestnut. Occurs in the southern temperate zone. The egg-shaped mushroom prefers alkaline soils. The formation of the aerial part takes place from August to October.

It is easy enough to confuse the species under discussion with the deadly poisonous "brothers", such as: a stinky fly agaric, spring or close. The main difference is the wavy belt around the cap, as well as the presence of a ring.

Caesar amanita

In conclusion, we will discuss in more detail the Caesar amanita, which we recalled in previous sections. Let's talk about his qualities. Eating

Fully edible mushroom, which since ancient times is considered a delicious delicacy. Cooking is not limited to cooking. It can be dried, fried, baked on the grill. Young fruit bodies are used in pure form, adding to salads. Perhaps, this is the only species of amanita, which in all sources is attributed to fully edible mushrooms. Other name

There are quite a few alternative Russian names: cesarean mushroom, cesarean mushroom mushroom, caesar mushroom, royal mushroom. The Latin name is Amanita caesarea.

How does it look

  • The cap has a diameter of 8 to 20 cm, is hemispherical in shape at the initial stage, and flat after spore aging. The edges of the cap are covered with noticeable grooves. The color is monochromatic, resembling the color of chanterelles (golden-orange). The remains of the bedspread are missing.
  • Leg length from 8 to 12 cm. Diameter - 20-30 mm. Painted in yellow-orange color, lighter than the cap. There is a tuberiform base, which in young mushrooms resembles a chopped egg.
  • The flesh is very fleshy, colored in a clarified yellow color. Smell and taste are practically absent.
  • The plates are painted in the same color as the cap. Enough wide, loose, fringed at the edges.

When and where it grows, twins

Forms mycorrhiza with oak, beech and chestnut. Occurs more often in deciduous forests, but has been seen in conifers. Loves sandy, not overmoistened soils, as well as warm mild climate. Distribution area converges with the cultivation of grapes. You can meet him in Azerbaijan, Georgia, in the Carpathians, as well as on the Mediterranean coast. The formation of the fruit body occurs in summer and autumn. Caesar mushroom is very easy to confuse with the red mushroom, because at a certain stage of development the mushrooms are similar in coloring. To prevent a fatal error, you need to carefully examine the plate and the leg. In the red mushroom they are white, not yellowish. Also do not forget about the white warts, which are absent in the Caesar mushroom.

Video: History of Caesar Mushroom

Remember that only an experienced mushroom picker can distinguish an edible from a deadly species, so do not eat unfamiliar mushrooms in any way. Even a conditionally edible fungus can cause serious poisoning if it grows near factories, plants or highways.

Amanita yellow-green: description and views of the photo

Amanita yellow-green in the photo

Poisonous mushroom!

These amanitas and their species are presented on the photo on the page further, they have a characteristic color. Look at the description of the mushroom and the types in the pictures and beware of picking it up.

Hat 6-11 cm in diameter, convex, then flat-convex, pale yellow, pale green or white with whitish or light yellowish dense warts. The plates are white. The stem is 8-12 cm long, 1-2 cm thick, white or yellowish with a ring and with a tuberous thickening below, which is covered with a shell slightly lagging behind a spherical thickening. The ring is white or light yellow, flaky, thin-film. Spore powder is white.

It grows in coniferous and mixed forests under pines and spruces. Often found in pine forests among mosses. Prefers acidic soils with peat.

Occurs from August to October.

The yellow-green amanita can be confused with the white form of the deadly poisonous toadstool (Amanita phalloides), which does not have strong flakes on the cap. The main difference is the free volva near the toadstool.

Appearance of the red mushroom

Poisonous mushroom!

The appearance of the mushroom red: 8–25 cm hat, convex, then flat-convex, bright red, orange, with white warts and flakes that do not disappear from the rain. Plates are white, free, wide, frequent. The stem is high white, with a white ring and with a tuber-like thickening below, which is covered with annular belts or rows of warts, with flakes along the edge. There is a white form with bright yellow flakes, warts and belts on the cap and on the thickening of the leg.

Grows in coniferous and deciduous forests.

Occurs from August to October. Signals of the appearance of the white fungus in the forest.

More poisonous twins than he does not have.

Other types of fly agarics: photo and description

Consider other types of toadstools, photos and descriptions of which can be found on the page below.

Amanita Panther

Poisonous mushroom!

The hat is 6-11 cm in diameter, convex, then flat-convex, gray-brown, greenish-brown or dirty-brown, with white warts and flakes that do not disappear from the rain. Plates are white, free, wide, frequent. Leg 8-12 cm long, 1-2 cm thick, white with a ring and with a tuberous thickening below, which is covered with annular belts in its upper part. The ring is white, flaky, thin-film. Spore powder is white.

Grows in coniferous and deciduous forests. Prefers calcareous and calcareous soils.

Occurs from August to October. It indicates the presence of white fungus in the forest.

It can be confused with other equally poisonous toadstools.

The Panther fly agaric is a poisonous mushroom that contains the same poisons as the red fly agaric, including muscarin. Neither the latch nor the boiling will make the panther mushroom amanita edible.

Amanita pink

Mushroom is edible. Hat 8-15 cm in diameter. First, spherical or acicular, then convex, later forms of a blunt bell, finally - flat or concave. Fleshy, butchery or brownish, covered with white-brownish warts, sometimes white or pink cracks. The plates are white or slightly pinkish. Leg 6–15 cm long, 2–5 cm thick, white-pink underneath, repose-like, widened with a white or pinkish ring. The flesh is white, with damage turns pink.

It grows in deciduous, coniferous and mixed forests. Often in forest belts, on the dams of ponds and parks. Loves calcareous soils.

Occurs from August to October.

Pink amanita can not be confused with poisonous toadstools, since there are no poisonous toadstools with pink or pinking pulp on the cut.

Amanita pineal

Poisonous mushroom!

The cap is 8–20 cm in diameter, convex, then flat-convex, white or light gray, with white polygonal warts. The plates are white, frequent, free. Leg 8-15 cm long, 1-2 cm thick, white or yellowish with a ring and with a tuberous thickening below, which is covered with a shell, slightly lagging behind the spherical thickening. The ring is white, flaky, thin-film. Spore powder is white.

It grows in coniferous and mixed forests with limestone soil.

Occurs from August to October.

The pineapple amanita can be confused with the deadly poisonous white toadstool (Amanita virosa), which has no warts on the cap, flaky stem, sometimes a cap without any flakes.

Edible Toadstools:

  • Caesar mushroom (Amanita caesarea)

  • Caesar mushroom Far East, or caesarean amanita (Amanita caesareoides)

    A strange float (Amanita ceciliae)

  • Amanita ovoid (Amanita ovoidea)

  • Amanita gray-pink (Amanita rubescens)

    Amanita rubens

Not edible toadstools:

  • Amanita grungy (Amanita franchetii)

  • Amanita citrus (Amanita citrina)

  • Amanita bristle (Amanita echinocephala)

  • Yellow-faced Amanita (Amaníta flavípes)

  • Amanita bright yellow (Amanita gemmata)

  • Amanita red (Amanita muscaria)

Mortally poisonous amanitas:

  • Pale Grebe (Amanita phalloides)

  • Spring Amanita (Amanita verna)

  • Amanita smelly, or grebe (Amanita virosa)

Amanita is just amazing, fabulous mushrooms.

Types of fly agarics are very many. Effect on eating? I think you shouldn't try them.

Amanita fat- dark brown hat covered with white specks. The flesh is white, reminiscent of the taste of turnip.

Amanita smelly- white, conical or sharp.

Amanita slate pink- edible fly agaric.

What can be interesting mushroom mushroom.

The "face" of all the fly agaric is the widely known red mushroom. Despite its notoriety, the fly agaric is not as poisonous as is commonly believed. Its toxicity is only average. In order for a person who has eaten this mushroom to suffer death, it will take more than one and not two mushrooms. True, the usual vomiting or dizziness can occur from one cap of the mushroom. But the main reason that makes people collect the red fly agaric is its healing power.

Red Amanita (and some of its other relatives) is practically indispensable in traditional medicine. Treatment recipes for a variety of diseases include this fungus. Unfortunately, these prescriptions did not pass clinical trials, therefore it is necessary to hope only that such centuries-old popularity among healers is not at all accidental. In addition, the fly agaric is often used as a national means of combating insects, in particular with flies. Although in the modern world this property is practically not used.

Types of amanita mushrooms.

Usually, having heard the word "fly agaric", people think exclusively of the red mushroom. However, this is just one representative of the Amanita genus (Amanita). In fact, this genus is represented by a variety of species, among which are both deadly poisonous and edible fungi, some of which are even considered a delicacy. There is no unified system for the classification of fly agarics.

Amanita red Amanita muscaria

Below we list the most well-known representatives of the genus Amanita:

  • Amanita Vittadini (Amanita vittadini)
  • Amanita poisonous / Amanita white smelly / Pale toadstool white / White toadstool / Amanita smelly (Amanita virosa)
  • White / Amanita Amanita vernal / Spring toadstool (Amanita verna)
  • Amanita Auroma (Amanita strobiliformis)
  • Chunky Amanita / Thick Amanita (Amanita spissa / Amanita cinerea / Amanita ampla)
  • Amanita solitary (Amanita solitaria / Amanita boudieri)
  • Amanita blush / Amanita pink / Amanita gray-pink (Amanita rubescens / Amanita rubens)
  • Royal Amanita (Amanita regalis / Amanita muscaria var. Regalis / Amanita muscaria var. Umbrina / Amanita umbrina)
  • Purple Amanita / Porphyry Amanita / Gray Amanita (Amanita porphyria)
  • Amanita white / Amanita green / Pale toadstool (Amanita phalloides)
  • Amanita gray / Amanita pantherina (Amanita pantherina)
  • Amanita ovoid (Amanita ovoidea)
  • Amanita red (Amanita muscaria)
  • Amanita pearl / Amanita bright yellow (Amanita gemmata)
  • Float tan / Amanita orange (Amanita fulva)
  • Yellow-faced Amanita (Amanita flavipes)
  • Amanita thick / Amanita tall (Amanita excelsa)
  • Spiny-headed Amanita / Bristly Amanita (Amanita echinocephala)
  • Ametor mushroom / Yellow toadstool / Lemon Amanita / Lemon Amanita / Yellow-Green Amanita (Amanita citrina / Amanita bulbosa / Amanita mappa)
  • Sicilian fly agaric / A strange float (Amanita ceciliae)
  • Caesar mushroom Far Eastern / Amanita caesareoid (Amanita caesareoides)
  • Imperial mushroom / Cezar mushroom (Amanita caesarea)
  • Amanita grungy (Amanita franchetii)
  • Gray float (Amanita vaginata)
  • White float (Amanita alba)
  • Saffron float (Amanita crocea)
  • Amanita battarae (Amanita battarae)

Red fly agaric: description.

This representative is known to almost everyone. Already one of his kind, as a traffic light says that it is not worth it. However, it is important to remember that his hat does not have to be red, and may be yellow, orange or even brown with a reddish tinge. Therefore, you need to carefully look at the second sign of the mushroom - looking like white flakes growths, warts. True, they are easily washed away by rain.

Amanita red Amanita muscaria

The leg of the red mushroom has a height of 7 to 22 centimeters, white or yellowish in color and a cylindrical shape. On the surface is covered with flaky remnants of the cap. The plates are cream or light white in color, large and frequent. Sometimes alternate with smaller plates. The flesh is dense in texture, has a white or pale yellow color, and does not smell any odor when broken.

It is worth noting that the growths-warts of young toadstools can be so frequent that they almost completely cover the color of the cap. Fortunately, the red mushroom has no doubles, and the characteristic cap does not allow to confuse it with some other fungus.

Amanita red Amanita muscaria

The easiest way is to find a red fly agaric in coniferous forests, at least in birch. Prefers an acidic soil. Look for the forest spruce - and you will find a red mushroom. You can search and under the birches, where grow whole families.

The best time is from July to October until the first frost. Most widespread in northern latitudes with a temperate climate. Dislikes high temperatures and therefore does not occur in hot southern areas.

Red amanita in religion and traditional medicine.

There is no official opinion on the therapeutic properties of the red mushroom. In folk medicine, it is used to treat a mass of diseases, for example: neuralgia, sciatica, paralysis, radiculitis, rheumatism, arthritis, and even oncological diseases.

Amanita red Amanita muscaria

There is an assumption that under the mysterious mystical drink "soma", which is mentioned in the Rigveda, is meant a drink from the mushroom, which contains muscimol, which has a hallucinogenic effect. There is a version that he had not only a psychoactive, but also a healing effect. In the hymns of this ancient book, the catfish is described as "a child of the earth of red color without fruits, flowers and leaves, with a head that looks like an eye."

This mushroom was also used in Siberian shamanism, as well as during amusements. Interestingly, the peoples of Siberia used a red mushroom mushroom with a variety of purposes (mystical, wellness, intoxicating) with amazing stability. According to one Soviet ethnographer, when she saw an old man calmly eating a dried mushroom in Siberia, she, knowing about the toxicity of this mushroom, asked him why he was doing this. To which the old man replied: "I will eat a little - I will be healthy, I will eat more - I will be cheerful, I will eat a lot - I will sleep well".

Amanita red Amanita muscaria

At the same time, all attempts by researchers to achieve the same hallucinogenic effect did not bring results. For example, in the US, all that a group of researchers has achieved is more or less stable vomiting. Often there were no results at all. Only one of the participants experienced something similar to what the Siberian peoples experienced, but soon fell into a dream, and after about a day, he could not remember anything. Therefore, lovers of thrills and vulgarized urban shamanism, before eating amanita, should take into account this dubious experience.

Amanita red Amanita muscaria

We should not forget that the indigenous peoples of Siberia practiced the use of red mushroom mushroom for many centuries under the guidance of knowledgeable shamans in this matter. Modern citizens do not have a culture of drug use, as is often the sense of proportion. It should be remembered that in order to go into the world another adult person will need to eat 12-15 hats of red mushroom, but this is very conditional: depending on the characteristics of the fungus, age, weight and state of human health, the lethal dose may be much lower. There is an assumption that the use of amanita in large quantities can lead to amnesia.

The red fly agaric was often used to prepare a decoction, to which various insects flew, in particular flies, and died.

Panther fly agaric: description, properties

A hat: in a young mushroom it looks like a hemisphere with a diameter of 5 to 11 cm. In an adult mushroom, it becomes flat and its edges are ribbed. Inside the cap, the pulp has a watery texture and is usually white.

Amanita panther Amanita pantherina

The cylindrical leg has a height of 5 to 13 cm, which expands from top to bottom. It has a white or light gray ring-shaped Volvo. Sometimes along the entire length of the legs there are small villi, as well as a very fragile ring.

The plates almost do not differ from the red mushroom plates, the adult fungus on the plates may have subtle brown spots. Если гриб надломить, он издает неприятный и очень резкий запах, по мнению многих похожий на запах свежей редьки.

Двойниками пантерного мухомора являются серо розовый (Amanita rubescens) и толстый (Amanita spissa) мухоморы. Первый отличается мякотью, которая розовеет после надлома и наличием на поверхности кольца штриховидного рисунка. У второго (толстого мухомора) вольва имеет вид воротничка, а мякоть значительно более мясиста.

Мухомор пантерный Amanita pantherina

Предпочитает хвойные и особенно сосновые леса. В лиственных лесах если и встречается, то только под соснами. В Северном полушарии растет в умеренных широтах с середины лета до октября.

Very poisonous and therefore not eaten. Also not used in traditional medicine. The toxic substances contained in the panthera mushroom are close to the poison of the dope and henbane. If they fall into the human body, the effect is about the same as when inhaled arsenic. The only use that people have found for this fungus is as a powerful anti-pest agent.

White smelly fly agaric: description, properties

This mushroom has little to do with the classic bright spotted amanita. Hat - white and without specks. When it breaks, it produces a very unpleasant odor, similar to the smell of bleach. The diameter of the cap is 5-11 cm, the shape is conical with a sharp, often deformed tip. The center of the cap and the tip may be yellow. The surface of the cap is smooth and shiny, with high humidity - with slight secretions of glue-like mucus. Occasionally it is covered with unexpressed flakes. The leg has a height of 11-15 cm and almost always curved. The plates are usually grayish or white and very frequent.

It differs from twins primarily due to its unpleasant smell. It differs from champignons by the presence of volvo and unpainted plates. True, some mushrooms Volvo hidden in the ground. An inexperienced mushroom picker can take a white smelly fly agaric also as a white russula (Russula albidula) and a toadstool (Amanita phalloides).

It grows from mid-summer to mid-autumn in the temperate climate of Eurasia, from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean. Occasionally can be found in mountainous areas and only in Central Europe.

It prefers coniferous and deciduous forests with acidic or sandy soil. It is not found on the plains, and it is easiest to meet him in a mountainous or hilly area. Due to the extremely toxicity in traditional medicine does not apply.

Spring fly agaric: description, properties

The spring fly agaric (Amanita verna) is another inedible mushroom. It has a white, shiny and smooth hat with a diameter of 4 to 12 cm. Sometimes its color has a grayish tint. The shape of the cap of young mushrooms is in the form of a hemisphere, in adults it is almost flat.

Spring fly agaric (Amanita verna)

The foot at the base is thickened. The surface is smooth, height - from 5 to 13 cm. It has the same color as the hat and light patina. The plates are white. The pulp of the fungus is very fragile, white and dense. This mushroom does not have any bright aroma or taste, however, given its toxicity, it does not matter.

Double spring mushroom mushrooms are different types of champignons, green russula (Russula virescens), green russula (Russula aeruginea) and various floats. But champignon plates, as a rule, are colored and, moreover, they do not have volvs, just like very fragile russules. And if we talk about the greenish russula, then it also does not have a mushroom ring and it is very small.

Spring fly agaric (Amanita verna)

The spring fly agaric grows in warm regions, starting from the end of April to the middle of summer. On the territory of Russia, it is easiest to find him in the south and in the Volga region. Prefers deciduous forests and moist soils. Neither in cooking nor in traditional medicine is not used.

Canky Amanita: description, properties

Not used in traditional medicine mushroom, which because of its bad taste is not used in cooking. In addition, it contains toxic substances close to those found in the body of some species of exotic amphibians.

Amanita Aankita citrina

It has a fleshy cap with a diameter of 6-11 cm pale yellow. Sometimes there are also gray-white or greenish-olive caps. To the touch, the cap is usually sticky, has gray or white flakes and a hanging ring. Then, as the mushroom grows older, the form changes from convex to flat.

The height of the leg is from 6 to 13 cm. The shape of the leg is cylindrical, which expands downwards and is hollow inside. Color legs - ranging from pale yellow to grayish. The plates are frequent, but weak. Being cracked mushroom produces a strong smell of raw potatoes.

Amanita Aankita citrina

It has much in common with the gray mushroom mushroom, which is somewhat different in the darker color of the cap and with a pale toadstool, which has no smell, growths and flakes on the cap. It prefers slightly acidic and sandy soils and is adjacent to oaks and pines. It grows from mid-summer to mid-October throughout North America and Eurasia. Sometimes found in Africa and Australia. It is slightly toxic, but it is better not to eat because of the strong similarities with deadly fungi.

Bristle fly agaric: description, properties

Inedible mushroom, characterized by extremely unpleasant smell and taste. In folk medicine is not used. The bristled cap of the mushroom has a white color, often with a greenish or ocher shade. The diameter is from 5 to 16 cm. The shape is round and fleshy, as it grows up, it changes from a chicken egg to a flat one. On the surface it has clearly visible pyramidal scales, not like bristles. On the edges are often visible remnants of the bedspread.

The stem has a pointed base immersed in the soil, a cylindrical shape and small-sized flakes. Height - from 9 to 19 cm. The plates are white and frequent, however, in old mushrooms they may have an olive or turquoise hue, the pulp is usually yellowish or white.

It has similarities with the pineal mushroom (Amanita strobiliformis) and the lonely fly agaric (Amanita solitaria), but both of them have a pleasant smell and are also very rare. Grows in southern Eurasia from mid-summer to mid-October. Prefers calcareous soils of deciduous and coniferous forests and proximity to oaks.

Bright yellow fly agaric: description, properties

Poisonous, not used in traditional medicine mushroom. It has a cap with a diameter of 4-12 cm ocher or yellow. The edges are striated, the shape changes from convex to prostrate. The surface is smooth, sometimes with a small amount of scales whitish color.

Amanita bright yellow Amanita gemmata

The stem is very fragile, yellowish or white, 5-11 cm tall. It has a well-marked ring that can disappear in mature mushrooms. The surface of the stem is in most cases smooth, but sometimes has a barely noticeable edge.

There are similarities with yellow-brown (Amanita fulva) and grebe (Amanita citrine) mushroom. But the yellow-brown fly agaric has no residues of the coverlet and thickening on the stem, and the grebe relative has the smell of raw potatoes.

Amanita bright yellow Amanita gemmata

It grows in forests of any type on sandy soils from the beginning of May to the second half of September. It is characteristic for all regions of Eurasia with a temperate climate.