General information

The use of dodder: the benefits and harm


Dodder infusion:
Taking 5-7 g of grass per 200 ml of boiling water, you should insist the composition for 2 hours, strain and take 1 tablespoon 3 times a day.

Heals the plant colds, gastrointestinal diseases. Lotions with the use of decoctions relieve a disturbing itch in skin diseases.

Dodder decoction: You should take 50 g of grass per 2 liters of boiling water, boil on low heat for 20–25 minutes, then cool, strain, squeeze and add to the bath with water. Baths are done daily or every other day 10–12 times.

Dodder juice is useful for jaundice, in combination with seeds, it treats chronic fevers. The flowers have a hemostatic property, their infusion is used for pneumonia.

Infusion of flowers: it will require 1 teaspoon of flowers for 1 cup of boiling water, means are infused for 1 hour, and then filtered. It is recommended to take it in 2 tablespoons 3 times a day.

Traditional medicine advises to use dodder for the treatment of alcohol dependence.

Dodder Root

As soon as the plant grows a few centimeters and makes one turn around the donor plant, its root immediately dries out, so you need to have time to make the preparation for the winter. There is an excellent ointment prescription for treating skin cancer,

Dodder ointment: grated dodder root must be mixed with cow butter in a 1: 1 ratio. Affected areas should be lubricated 1-2 times a day. At the same time you need to drink a decoction of the plant and 1/2 cup 3 times a day.

Dodder Seeds

Dodder seeds help improve the functions of the genitourinary system. Such a beneficial effect is explained by the positive properties of seed substances that act to heal the spinal cord and, as a result, to the innervated organs. Improving the nutrition of cells and restoring the normal circulation of biochemical processes, beneficial elements tidy up the myelin layer.

Dodder grains are an excellent means to strengthen the urogenital muscles, which is important in reducing the potency in men and weakness of the muscles of the genital organs in women.

Field dodder

Dodder field - a plant with filamentous yellow or pinkish-yellow stems, has five-dimensional white or greenish flowers, collected in loose inflorescences. It comes from North America, has spread to many countries as a result of transportation of agricultural crops. It parasitizes this species on dicots - on alfalfa, melons and garden crops, reduces yield and product quality. The field dodder fastens on the stems of plants with the help of suckers, penetrating into the parenchyma and sucking useful substances. But no matter how negative the dodder might have for the surrounding vegetation, a person can use it for medicinal purposes.

Dodder infusion: 20 g of dry grass should be poured 200 ml of boiling water and infuse for 1 hour. Take this medicine for 1/3 cup 3 times a day with the prolapse of the uterus and uterine bleeding.

Dodder European

European dodder is distinguished by filamentary, red, branchy stems, its flowers are pinkish-white or pink, gathered in spherical inflorescences. She, as well as her plant relatives, disrupts metabolic processes in cultivated plants, feeds on reserves of organic and inorganic substances, which leads to their death in large quantities. The medicinal properties beneficial to humans are possessed by the roots, stems and flowers of the grass. Its seeds remain viable for six years.

Dodder clover

This species lives in all regions of the CIS. The clover, vetch, flax, alfalfa become the target of this weed. Clover dodder stems are very thin, many-branching, curly, purple-red. The flowers are small, collected in spherical glomeruli. The chemical composition of the plant is the same as, for example, in the European dodder, but it is still being studied. It has been established that this type of plant is poisonous, it is known that the chemical composition contains glucoside, but its properties have not yet been fully disclosed. The main active substances have a positive effect on the treatment of many diseases.

Harvesting and storage

Useful components and properties for the manufacture of medicinal tinctures and various means of recovery, have absolutely all parts of this plant: rhizome, stems, foliage and flowers. When the vine has already grown several centimeters and makes one revolution around the donor plant, its roots dry quickly, you need to try and manage to make preparations for the winter.

Grassy Dodder and flowers need to be collected during active flowering, it happens around the end of June. And the seeds of vines begin to collect in September. They are dried and stored in the most usual way, in dry rooms or in the open air, and then put in paper bags.

Composition and medicinal properties of dodder

  1. Alkaloids are found in the grass - kustanin and kovvovulin, kuskutin glycoside, tannins, phytosterol, flavones, phlobaphenes, leukoantocyanins, pentosan, quercetin, anthocyanins, sugars, carbohydrates, water, and other substances. Dodder seeds contain a very poisonous substance saponin.

Broth raw dodder in gastric cancer

About 25 g of dried stems and flowers in the same proportion pour 500 ml of boiling water and stand in a water bath for 30 minutes. After that, the broth should be cooled and filtered. Then bring the liquid to the initial volume and put in a cool dark place. Such a decoction should be taken 100 g before meals. The course of treatment is 1 month, after that you need to take a break for 10 days. Continue treatment until complete recovery.

Useful characteristics of dodder

Dodder is known as a weed plant, very harmful to cultivated species, but its use for healing purposes can be beneficial. Dodder stored up for the manufacture of natural healing broths and infusions used in various diseases. It is clear that all types of plants possess diuretic, laxative and analgesic qualities. The grass of a ssveka is applied by many generations of healers. Inherent dodder hemostatic and astringent characteristics. It contains glycoside kuskutin, tannins, phytosterols. More useful are flavones, flobophenes, leucoanthocyanins, carbohydrates.

Seeds of dodder

Dodder seeds help improve the functions of the urinary system. Such a suitable effect is explained by the positive qualities of the substances of the seeds, which act to heal the spinal cord and, as a result, on the innervated organs. Improving the nutrition of cells and restoring the normal circulation of biochemical processes, beneficial elements tidy up the myelin layer.

Dodder grains are a beautiful way to strengthen the urogenital muscles, which is important when the men have lower potency and helplessness of the muscles of the genitals of women.

The content of the article

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Dodder - an annual plant without leaves and roots, with a winding stem. Summer residents are struggling with a weed that parasitizes crops, taking nutrients. Dacha plants die because of the loach, it is also dangerous for livestock that can eat it. Official medicine has rejected the poisonous plant, but grandmothers know: this garden and meadow weed hides a lot of benefits that have been used in folk medicine since the times of Avicenna and Ancient China.

Dodder has astringent, diuretic, laxative, expectorant, analgesic, hemostatic and wound healing effect. Seeds are used to stimulate potency.

Indications for use

Dodder in folk medicine is used for:

  • skin diseases, rashes,
  • headache and toothache
  • joint pain,
  • pulmonary diseases, lobar pneumonia,
  • constipation, atony (weak activity) of the stomach and intestines,
  • cancer, stomach cancer,
  • liver disease, jaundice,
  • acute pyelonephritis,
  • frequent urination, urinary incontinence,
  • bladder stones
  • gynecological diseases: prolapse of the uterus and uterine bleeding, painful menstruation,
  • impotence, erectile dysfunction, male infertility.

Contraindications

Dodder is a poisonous plant, so it should be used as a remedy with great caution. You can not use it:

  • children, pregnant and lactating women,
  • diabetes and obesity,
  • stomach ulcers and diarrhea,
  • exacerbations of infectious and viral spills.

Dodder Chinese

View with smooth filiform stems without leaves yellowish-green color. The flowers are small, collected in umbrella inflorescences, fruits - flattened globular box with oval seeds. In folk medicine, only seeds and stems are used.

We remind you that dodder is a poisonous plant (it contains a saponin toxic substance), therefore it can bring both good and irreparable harm! Before applying it is important to consult with a specialist!

In medicine

European dodder is considered a promising object of pharmacological research, because according to scientific research data it is a valuable source of biologically active substances (Grinevich, 1990, Leusova, Nekrasova, 2004). Practical use has almost the entire plant. However, in modern official medicine dodder is not used. Previously released a complex laxative with an extract of European dodder - kuskutin. As a diuretic, dodder European was used in hydronephrosis, acute nephritis and bladder stones, as well as in various gynecological diseases (Leusova, Nekrasova, 2004). The laxative property of European dodder was used for dyspepsia, atony of the stomach and intestines (Sokolova, 1990).

At present, the European dodder is not used in official medicine, but is listed in the arsenal of homeopathic medicines. The most famous for its hemostatic and wound healing properties. In homeopathy, the essence of dodder European is used for influenza.

Contraindications and side effects

Dodder European - a poisonous plant, so the internal use requires great care and expert advice. Overdose during treatment is dangerous, possible side effects (nausea, vomiting, headache, dizziness). The use of dodder for pregnant women, nursing women and children is contraindicated.

Classification

Dodder European (lat. Cuscuta europaea) is a species of the only kind of Dodder, or cuscuta (lat. Cuscuta) of the family Povilikovye (lat. Cuscutaceae) (according to the Biol. Encyclopaedia. Dictionary 1986, Life res., 1981). According to other sources, the genus Dodder is a member of the Convolvulaceae family (lat. Convolvulaceae) (Yelenevsky et al. 2000).

Botanical description

Curly annual parasitic (chlorophyll-free) grass that does not have green leaves and roots. Polyphage parasitizes many herbaceous and woody plants (pine, currants, gooseberries, lilacs, etc.). It parasitizes not only on flowering plants, but also on ferns, horsetails, and on chara algae. Stems are curly, up to 100-300 cm long and 1 mm thick, branchy, greenish-yellow or reddish. Threadlike or cordlike stems are wrapped around the host plant and form suckers (haustoria) that are deeply embedded in its tissues and which receive nutrients. Zvtki small (3-4 mm length), sessile, actinomorphic, collected in capitate inflorescences. Calyx hemispherical, bell-shaped with 5 lobes, more or less deeply divided. Corolla funnel-shaped, whitish, pink or pale pink with blunt blades. The stamens are attached to the corolla tube. Ovary is upper. Fruit box. It blooms in June and August. Propagated mainly by seeds, up to 30 thousand are produced on a single plant. Seeds usually germinate on the ground, forming a short primary root and shoot without leafy organs. Then, the shoot makes nutational movements until it comes into contact with the host plant. After the formation of the first haustorium, the connection with the land completely ceases.

Spread

The plant is distributed everywhere, is found in many areas of Russia (except the most northern), in the Caucasus, in Ukraine, Central Asia.

It grows in deciduous and coniferous-deciduous forests, meadows, forest edges, clearings, bushes, gardens, parks, vacant lots, fields, vegetable gardens. It most often parasitizes on clover, alfalfa, nettle, hop, gooseberry, currant, hemp, tobacco, and also on young trees and bushes.

Chemical composition

From the seed and vegetative parts Cuscuta europaea isolated glycosides, alkaloids kustanin and konvolvulin, tannins, phytosterols, flavonoids (quercetin, kaempferol et al.), Flavones, flabofeny, leykoantotsiny, pentosan, quercetin, carbohydrates, sugars, coumarins (bergenin, metillotozid, umbelliferone), phenolcarboxylic acids and their derivatives (chlorogenic, cinnamic, caffeic acid, kuskutin), saponins, polysaccharides (pectin) and other steroids.

Use in traditional medicine

The healing properties of European dodder have long been used in Eastern folk medicine for jaundice and chronic fevers. In folk Indian, Tibetan and Chinese medicine, the plant is used as a means of stimulating sexual potency, as well as a diuretic, astringent, subagonal, anti-inflammatory, anti-infection drug. In Tibetan medicine, dodder as part of many collections was used as an expectorant and homeostatic remedy for lung diseases and croupous pneumonia. Useful properties of European dodder are in the arsenal of Russian traditional medicine. Dodder is used for omission of the uterus and uterine bleeding as a styptic, as well as for traumatic injuries. Infusion dry grass dodder is recommended for cancer of the stomach. European dodder in Russian folk medicine is also used as a means of enhancing sexual potency. Dodder decoction is used for scanty and painful menstruation, for colds and stomachs, liver diseases, headaches and toothaches. Dodder is used to treat skin diseases, in particular rashes (an infusion of herbs is added to the bath).

History reference

Avicenna also wrote about the medicinal properties of dodder: “It burdens the stomach due to its astringent properties, but it clears the vessels and removes the excess in them. Roasted dodder strengthens the stomach. Drunk with vinegar, it stops the hiccups, opens up blockages in the liver and stomach, and strengthens them. Its juice is surprisingly good from jaundice. Its seeds and juice are very helpful from old fevers. Infusions and decoctions of dodder are used for various oncological diseases. ”

Dodder as a parasitic plant has its own specific features (complete absence of leaves and loss of roots, after the formation of the first haustoria). In India, they say: "Whoever finds the root of the dodder will open to all the bowels of the earth." But finding the root of the dodder is impossible. Since dodders often attack economically valuable agricultural plants, the damage from them can be significant.

Literature

1. Biological encyclopedic dictionary / Ch. ed. M. S. Gilyarov) 2nd ed., Amended. M .: Owls. Encyclopedia. 1989.

2. Butkov A. Ya. Genus 1179. Dodder - Cuscuta L. // Flora of the USSR. In 30 t. / Started with the manual and under the main editorship of Acad. V.L. Komarova, Ed. volume B. K. Shishkin. M.-L .: Publishing House of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, 1953. T. XIX. Pp. 52-54.

3. Gubanov, I.A. and others. 1044. Cuscuta europaea L. - European dodder // Illustrated determinant of plants in Central Russia. In 3 t. M .: T-in scientific. ed. KMK, In-t technologist. survey., 2004. T. 3. Angiosperms (dicotyledons: otloplepestnye). P. 77.

4. Grinevich MA Informational search for promising medicinal plants: the experience of studying traditional medicine in East Asian countries with the help of computers. L .: Science, 1990. 141 p.

5. Yelenevsky A.G., M.P. Solovyov, V.N. Tikhomirov // Botanica. Systematics of higher or terrestrial plants. M. 2004. 420 p.

6. Plant Life, Ed. A.L. Tahtajyan. M .: Enlightenment. 1981. Vol. 5. Part 2. 425 s.

7. Leusova N.Yu., Nekrasova E.V. Use of dodder in medicine and biotechnology. Bull Bot Garden ASC FEB RAS. 2004. Vol. 19. pp. 87-92.

8. Peshkova G.I., Schroeter A.I. Plants in home cosmetics and dermatology. M. 2001. 684 p.

9. Plant resources of the USSR: Flowering plants, their chemical composition, use. Families Caprifoliaceae-Plantaginaceae / Ed. Pd Sokolova. Ed. L .: Science. 1990 328 p.

Description and composition

The crustacea has a yellow stalk, yellow, red or greenish color. This vine has neither leaves, nor roots (the root dries out at the beginning of development), it completely parasitizes and lives on other plants. Twisting around the stem of a donor plant, it digs into it with suckers and feeds on its juices.

It grows very quickly, it is difficult to get rid of it in the garden or on the site, since one plant produces up to 30 thousand seeds. Despite the fact that dodder is widely used in traditional medicine, it is not used in official medicine, and the chemical composition has not been carefully studied. However, it is known that the dodder consists of:

  • kuskutina (alkaloid),
  • сапонинов,
  • конвульвина (гликозид),
  • стеролов,
  • дубильных веществ,
  • флавонов,
  • лейкоантоцианов,
  • пигментов,
  • флобафенов,
  • воды,
  • углеводов.

Многие вещества в составе повилики являются ядовитыми!

Beneficial features

Если повилику useright and notexceedдозировкуthen it has a mass of medicinal properties, which are determined by its composition of elements. We list a number of these properties:

  • pain reliever
  • astringent (helps stop bleeding),
  • diuretic,
  • good laxative
  • fights inflammation,
  • strengthens the immune system
  • speeds up metabolism
  • has a beneficial effect on blood vessels
  • has a tonic effect
  • thins the blood.

Powder (Korean recipe)

Accepted as a good tonic. It is necessary to grind into a powder and mix the following dried raw materials:

  • 8 parts of dodder seeds,
  • 1 part of the seeds - Plantain -,
  • 8 pieces of woodwalk Chinese,
  • 1 part of lemongrass,
  • 4 pieces of dry raspberry.

It is necessary to take 5 g 3 times a day, drink water. Mixture stored in paper package.

Preparation of raw materials

Collect raw materials away from roads and industrial facilities. A parasitic plant prefers to grow on nettles, hops, wheat and so on. For medicinal purposes, you will need the whole part of the plant. The root must be prepared in the spring until the cram starts to cling suckers to the donor plant.

The stem and flowers are harvested in June or July, and the seeds must be harvested in the fall. Dry the grass in electric dryers, in a ventilated attics or under a canopy. Store in paper bags for 1 year.

Write your feedback on the use of dodder. What health problems did you or your close people manage to eliminate? We are waiting for your recipes and comments.