When someone ponders what to plant on the plot, fruits and berries immediately come to mind. But you can take for landscaping and trees that do not give edible fruits. They just delight with its beauty. Just remember the autumn park somewhere in New York. Guess what plant we are talking about? The Canadian maple is a tree with a large lush crown. Otherwise, it is also called sugar maple. It is extracted from it the famous maple syrup. Red Maple - a great plant for planting in city parks and squares. It is quite unpretentious in the care, resistant to frost, almost no ill, if properly grown. Description of the tree itself and see below.
The Canadian maple (sugar maple) in the summer has beautiful green foliage, and in the fall it is juicy-red. Canadian maple can live 400-450 years. Its historic homeland is North America. An image of a maple leaf is present on a 1 cent coin in Canada. Height can reach 40 meters.
The twigs are shiny and red. The flowers of the tree are small and are collected in brushes. The fruit - the lionfish on the handle is red. According to its characteristics, sugar and maple maple are similar. However, the Canadian maple produces a sweet juice, but typical in our latitudes is not. The juice of the Canadian maple is transparent, while that of the olfactory is white.
Despite frost resistance, we recommend to wrap a tree in the first years. Seedlings can be obtained by planting their seeds or annual shoots. Optimum for planting is loose soil. Caring for a tree is simple, just water it regularly, sometimes making mineral fertilizers.
This branchy tall tree will decorate any garden. Even without much care, it grows very quickly, becoming majestic, powerful and strong. Just imagine how beautiful the huge leaves will look in your garden when autumn comes! You can also land it as a hedge. Nearby are oak and coniferous trees. The best time to plant seedlings is spring and autumn. When you buy a sapling, see that it is sold in a closed container and do not destroy the earthen room. Trees are planted at a distance of 2 meters from each other, so that they have enough space. Distance when possible increase. This giant loves light and nutritious soil. If the soil is good, you can not even fertilize it.
Before planting, seedlings are first trained to open air. To do this, they must be taken out for a few minutes. After planting, the sapling should be poured abundantly with 15 liters of water. Isolate the plant from strong gusts of wind. Then the tree is watered in the summer 2 times a week. In the fall and spring, watering once a month will suffice. After watering, make a shallow loosening of the soil and remove the weeds. For the young winter, do not forget to cover the small tree with spruce branches. Sugar maple can be propagated by grafting, cuttings or seeds.
The plant is good for pruning. Make sure he does not hurt. Mostly this tree is bothered by coral spotting. If you notice the spots, and the branches began to die, you need to remove them.
Two forms of the type species are distinguished:
- Red Canadian maple - representatives are distinguished by the red color of the foliage, which by the autumn becomes even brighter and richer. The subspecies is less demanding on the composition of the soil than the typical variety.
- Silver Maple - a distinctive feature of the tree is the silver color of the back side of the leaf plate. A dense, elliptical crown made a native of Canada a very popular plant in the park areas of Europe.
The choice of location and soil
Ornamental tree feels good on sheltered from the wind, sunny areas. Also, sugar maple develops well in light shading. To the soil composition of the culture is demanding and needs fertile soil with good drainage qualities.
How and when to plant
The best survival rate is distinguished by annual saplings grown from seeds, which grow in containers with fertile and loose soil before planting in open ground, and are also pre-hardened, adapting to the external environment.
Planting, the optimum time of which is considered early spring, is carried out according to the following scheme:
- A pit is dug out with dimensions of 50x50 cm.
- At the bottom of the drainage layer is placed, which protects the roots from stagnant water.
- Sapling with straightened roots.
- The pit is filled with the extracted soil in such a way that the root neck is slightly buried.
- Pristvolny circle trampled and watered at the rate of 1.5 buckets of water under the specimen.
Cultivation and care
To grow sugar maple healthy and pleasing to the eye with its beauty over the years, it is necessary to adhere to agrotechnical growing requirements, which include a number of compulsory care activities.
A moisture-loving plant at a young age requires regular moistening - twice a week. With age, the frequency can be reduced, especially during rainy summer.
Loosening and mulching
Every spring the tree trunk circle should be covered with a layer of peat, which will also maintain the fertility of the soil. After watering or precipitation, it is recommended to loosen the soil, ensuring free access of air to the root system.
If the culture was planted in a soil with a good fertile layer, then in the first 2 years no additional food is required. In the future, it is recommended to feed the wood species with phosphorus-potassium mineral fertilizers, as well as organic matter with a high nitrogen content in an accessible form.
Protection against diseases and pests
Among the diseases, coral blotch is considered to be the most common, at the first signs of which one should immediately remove the affected shoots, after which the cuts should be treated with garden pitch. If a tree has been attacked by malicious insects, then it is necessary to treat the crown with insecticide. As a preventive measure, one should sprinkle maple with a tank mix every spring.
Cropping and crown formation
To form a thick, beautiful crown, you should carry out formative pruning in the spring before the start of sap flow. In the autumn period after the fall of the foliage is not recommended to cut Canadian maple. With the annual pruning, when weak, sick, growing inward shoots are also removed, about 40% of last year's growth is trimmed, which allows to stimulate the development of new branches.
Wintering Canadian Maple
Adult specimens withstand temperatures as low as -40 ° C. However, seedlings and young specimens should be protected from frost and glaciation by wrapping the trunk with a sacking cloth, as well as with the help of mulching and shelter in the fir tree branches of the trunk of a trunk.
Canadian maple is widely used in various areas of life:
- Production of furniture, interior elements and a number of building materials - due to its excellent hardness, resistance to mechanical stress, good density, maple wood is used in the manufacture of parquet, cladding panels, furniture elements and even musical instruments.
- Cooking - in the spring during the swelling of the kidneys going sweet juice, from which is maple syrup and a variety of sweets.
- Landscaping - for the high decorative qualities of a thick crown, different brightness of colors, the variety is very much appreciated by the designers of the landscape during the design of garden and park ensembles.
So, the Canadian maple, featuring a long life and a luxurious crown, will be the highlight of the garden, creating an excellent shade, delighting the eyes with an abundance of color and giving a sweet juice.