Whip, which is called Newcastle's disease differently, affects wild and domestic pigeons. This is a dangerous epileptic disease - according to scientists, of a viral nature. Every year thousands of birds die from it. There are vaccines that help pigeons cope with the disease, although they do not provide an absolute guarantee that they can be cured.
Hipster refers to epileptic diseases
The disease appeared in the 20s of the XIX century. It came from the island of Java. In addition to pigeons, the disease is transmitted to chickens, so the wriggler causes damage to agriculture.
The incubation period lasts a couple of days. The disease is caused by paramyxovirus, which affects the central nervous system of birds. Some researchers believe that the cause is the inflammation of the inner ear caused by the smallpox pathogen. Prior to the appearance of external symptoms, the virus begins to be released into the atmosphere. At the same time, bleeding occurs in the internal organs (stomach, liver, parts of the heart).
Wild and domestic pigeons become carriers of the virus. The virus is transmitted through their contact with each other. It is noticed that with captive content the flow is sharper than with free. Infection occurs through food, water and airborne droplets. The wind carries the virus over considerable distances. Mass cases of the disease occur in the autumn-spring period.
Pigeons with this disease most often die from exhaustion for 9-10 days. For humans, this disease is not dangerous, although conjunctivitis may occur, swelling of lymph nodes may appear. However, people also become carriers of the virus if they are not distinguished by a tendency to observe hygiene rules. The virus itself is very viable and survives for half a year in carcasses even after deep freezing.
Wild pigeons can be carriers of the disease
- Initial: the appearance of an uncertain gait. Appetite is preserved, the pigeon does not refuse water. However, his plumage becomes disheveled, his beak is stained, his eyes turn red. The diseased specimen weakens, sits ruffling.
- Medium: the rapid development of nerve symptoms. Intestinal upset occurs, droppings become whitish or greenish, watery, with mucus. Possible sharp rejection of food on the background of increased water consumption. There are convulsions.
- Final: there is a curvature of the neck, the pigeon makes characteristic movements of the head (whence the name "wig" appeared). There are inflammatory processes in the brain and bone marrow.
Sometimes the disease becomes chronic and lasts for a long period. In this case, it is useless to treat the hemlock, although occasionally there is an improvement in the state of health and the disappearance of symptoms, which resembles a recovery.
A pigeon with a chronic form of the disease is practically not treatable.
Scraper is not always fatal. With timely treatment, the birds can recover. Their illness is treated with liquid vaccine or drugs in capsules.
As a vaccine, it is advised to use the veterinary medicine Fosprenil. Course duration - 20 days, enter once a day at 0.1-0.3 milliliters. The drug stimulates the immune system, activates the body’s metabolism and blood-forming activity. It is pricked in the chest muscles or soldered through the beak. According to the manufacturer, there are no side effects.
The analogue of the drug is “Immunofan”, which is dosed out at 0.1 milliliters daily and is also injected or given through the beak, or the vaccine “Gamavit”.
It is not advised to treat the herd at once with two drugs that have a stimulating effect on the immune system. Their combination will worsen the health of the pigeon.
Used as a vaccine "Piracetam" for people, which is given once a day for a quarter capsule. It activates the activity of the central nervous system, improves blood circulation in the brain. The contents of the capsules are diluted in water and give a pigeon through the beak with a syringe. Another option is to roll the medicine into bread and feed it to the bird.
Vitamins are also used to combat the nibbler. Veterinarians recommend injections of "Katozal" for 0.3 milliliter daily in the pectoral muscle. Perhaps the use of vitamins in soluble form (“Vitasol”) for two weeks. 50 milligrams of water are dropped into the water, changed once a day. Treat the livestock begin immediately after the first signs of the disease.
Gamavit - one of the most popular medicines for twitching
Golubevody claim that when waggers popular recipes help - a mixture of ground wheat grain with egg yolk, a small amount of milk and garlic juice. Injected with a syringe without a needle directly into the goiter for 2 days twice a day. Some veterinarians advise the use of homeopathic remedies (belladonna).
To avoid this and other diseases, it is necessary to carefully monitor the behavior and well-being of pigeons. Proper maintenance and care will prevent this disorder. In time spent for two weeks fortification of birds will help to avoid their infection. It is important to the presence in the diet of vitamin B, which is contained in:
- oat grains,
- freshly cut and finely chopped grass.
Meals should be balanced, rich in vitamins and trace elements.
Monthly specimens are given prophylactic injections, which result in a lifelong immunity to the disease. The drug is prescribed by a veterinarian after inspection of the pack. After vaccination, young animals experience a temporary deterioration of health, loss of appetite, or even death. Adult specimens tolerate this procedure without external symptoms.
Adult pigeon tolerates vaccination without complications
Usually, when prophylactic measures against the disease are used drugs
Vaccinations are given as injections or soldered through the beak. Giving such a vaccine after infection is useless.
- identifying the diseased individual, even before treatment with vaccines, remove it from the pigeon house,
- disinfect the room and inventory with lime or formalin solutions,
- after working with pigeons, wash your hands with a disinfectant,
- during the treatment, feed the birds with cereal without milk for children, inserting it into the beak with a syringe,
- begin to treat the birds only after the visit and recommendations of the veterinarian, the wrong dosage of vaccines or the wrong combination of them will bring harm,
- apply preventive measures, after consulting with a specialist.
Although the wriggler in pigeons often leads to their death, it is possible treatment and recovery after the use of the vaccine.
The disease does not pose a threat to human health, but under certain conditions is transmitted to domestic chickens. It is better to carry out prevention of such diseases in a timely manner than to deal with their consequences later.
Symptoms of the manifestation of the vertica in pigeons can be divided into stages.
The pigeon loses its appetite, but drinks heavily. The plumage becomes disheveled, sticks out on the sides. The eyes become red, the beak is stained. Then the bird weakens, activity decreases. The pigeon laughed.
The first signs of a neurological lesion appear. Whip in pigeons during this period is characterized by indigestion. Feces become whitish or greenish, mucus is present. Seizures may occur in the form of a specific circular circulation, disorientation in space (the bird cannot get into the grain with its beak while feeding).
Inflammatory processes pass into the brain, the bird bends the neck, the beak is directed upwards. The pigeon starts spinning, may fall off the perch.
How dangerous is the knuckle of the pigeons
Newcastle disease or niggling in pigeons is not dangerous for humans. Although cases of human infection with the disease are recorded, they were mild in the form of conjunctivitis and inflammation of the lymph nodes.
Employees of pigeon farms were exposed to the disease when hygiene was not followed. The danger threatens young children (in contact with birds).
Therefore, it is desirable to limit the communication of the child with pigeons.
The best prophylactic agent for the disease will be:
- hygiene and personal hygiene,
- production of young animals for 30 days at the age of wigglers,
- disinfection of bird houses,
- isolation of individuals at the first suspicion of disease.
Pigeons are beautiful birds, but be careful if the animal behaves aggressively or strangely. Be careful and then you save your health and lives of pets.
Treatment for pigeons in pigeons: drugs and vaccine
One of the most common and dangerous diseases in birds is Newcastle disease, which affects even pigeons. Such a disease has many names: pseudo-birds, Asian plague of birds, Doyle's disease and wrenches.
The last version of the name of the disease was due to the fact that during the illness the bird often walks in circles in one place. Every year, the virus takes the lives of thousands of wild and domesticated birds across the planet.
Any poultry farmer should know the main symptoms of the disease, as well as methods of treatment and prevention.
Symptoms and features of the treatment of the pigeons
Whip in pigeons is a disease that can destroy all the birds in the shortest possible time, especially if idle. The causative agent of the disease is a virus that infects the individual’s central nervous system.
However, there is a version that the smallpox virus, which initially manifests itself in inflammation of the inner ear, leads to the development of the wrist. The danger of illness lies in the fact that the incubation period lasts only a few days.
At this time, no external symptoms are noticeable, however, the virus is already actively transmitted from sick individuals to healthy ones.
Both wild pigeons and domestic pigeons are prone to the choker. Experts are convinced that in natural habitat the disease does not spread as actively as when the birds are kept in a cage. It is transmitted both by airborne droplets and through water or food. Fear of infection should be in spring and autumn.
Newcastle disease develops in pigeons within 9–10 days, and in the absence of proper treatment or prevention measures, the virus can kill birds during this time. Interestingly, the infection persists in the carcasses of dead individuals for quite a long time; even severe frosts are not terrible to it. Remember also that the knuckle that has appeared in pigeons is also dangerous for humans: it does not lead to death, but with such a disease conjunctivitis or swelling of the lymph nodes may develop. Anyway, a person does not die from Newcastle's disease, and in general he has no acute consequences from such a virus. Nevertheless, experts are convinced that conjunctivitis and swollen lymph nodes, and flu-like symptoms often develop in poultry workers by chance. Such signs can be eliminated by special preparations. Remember that children to such infections are much more susceptible than adults. If you are engaged in growing pigeons in the house plot, and you have suspicions about Newcastle's illness in birds, it is better to protect children from contact with infected individuals. In children, the disease is more acute. To ensure proper treatment for the pigeons in pigeons, keep in mind: if you find a disease in the birds at a late stage, isolation of the infected individual, as well as careful disinfection of the room, will be the best solution for you. But if you managed to diagnose the disease early, professional drugs will help. The medicine for domestic pigeons for wiggling can belong to the following groups of drugs:
Danger to humans
Interestingly, the infection persists in the carcasses of dead individuals for quite a long time; even severe frosts are not terrible to it.
Remember also that the knuckle that has appeared in pigeons is also dangerous for humans: it does not lead to death, but with such a disease conjunctivitis or swelling of the lymph nodes may develop.
Anyway, a person does not die from Newcastle's disease, and in general he has no acute consequences from such a virus. Nevertheless, experts are convinced that conjunctivitis and swollen lymph nodes, and flu-like symptoms often develop in poultry workers by chance. Such signs can be eliminated by special preparations.
Remember that children to such infections are much more susceptible than adults. If you are engaged in growing pigeons in the house plot, and you have suspicions about Newcastle's illness in birds, it is better to protect children from contact with infected individuals. In children, the disease is more acute.
To ensure proper treatment for the pigeons in pigeons, keep in mind: if you find a disease in the birds at a late stage, isolation of the infected individual, as well as careful disinfection of the room, will be the best solution for you. But if you managed to diagnose the disease early, professional drugs will help. The medicine for domestic pigeons for wiggling can belong to the following groups of drugs: