Luxurious deytion considered to be one of the most beautiful flowering shrubs. Having recently appeared in our gardens, she immediately conquered the hearts of garden design lovers.
Snow white, pink or purple flowers deytion bloom in such a huge amount that they create the impression of a snow-covered bush.
In order to admire this charming sight in your own garden, you need only a little - properly plant a seedling and regularly take care of the plant.
Deytsiya - perfect grace and beauty
Deytion, Deutzia is a flowering shrub from the vast family of Hortensia. The genus includes 50 deciduous or evergreen species native to East and Southeast Asia. Some species can also be found in Mexico.
Luxurious plant The botanist Thunberg first described it in the 19th century, discovering it while traveling in Japan.
And the name received its action in honor of the Dutch merchant Johann van Deutz, who financed the botanical expedition. In Europe, the plant appeared in the late 19th century.
Fascinating beauty of action made it a very popular plant for landscape design. During flowering shrubs unusually beautiful.
Lush bush delicate white or pink flowers, gathered in racemes or scychiophilous inflorescences, densely strewed. All this blooming splendor gives the garden plot a unique charm.
In form The action can be sprawling or erect, and its height varies from 50 cm to 4 m. Opposite emerald-green leaves, densely covering the stems, have a simple holistic shape with serrate edges. The life span of the plant is about 25 years.
Deedia flowers bloom on the tops of last year's shoots, the tips of which are prone to freezing during wintering.
However, the plant has a remarkable property - one year old shoots, stuck in the frost, with the onset of warm days, they grow very quickly and in due time they tie flower buds. Blooming, depending on the species, lasts from May to July or from June to July for two months.
Types of action
Types of action are such.
Deytsia small flower or Amur, Deutzia amurensis is the most frost-resistant species with a spreading shape up to 2 m in height. White flowers are collected in small corymbose inflorescences. Bloom plant starts in June.
Deytion elegant, Deutzia gracilis is a meter-high shrub, strewn with paniculate inflorescences about 10 cm long, consisting of delicate white flowers. Differs in early and very magnificent flowering.
Deice Lemoine, Deutzia x lemoinei is a hybrid of meter height, obtained by crossing the graceful and Amur deformations. Blooms snow-white flowers, collected in pyramidal inflorescences. Arc shoots are covered with gray-green foliage, which is painted in autumn in yellow, pink and red shades.
Deice stellate or rough, Deutzia scabra - an interesting view, reaching 2.5 m in height, with a rough surface of leaves, pubescent with fine hairs. White flowers are collected in narrow paniculate inflorescences up to 12 cm long. It begins to bloom later than other species - in the second half of July.
On the basis of the action, the rough is derived very spectacular varieties:
- Plena - double white and pink flowers,
- Candidissima - white terry flowers,
- Roseo-plena - the most cold-resistant variety with double flowers of pink color,
- Marmorata - decorative and deciduous variety with leaves covered with small yellow specks,
- Punctata is a form with small white dots on the leaves.
Deytion long-leaved, Deutzia longifolia is a shrub up to 2 m high with large pink-purple flowers. Elongated, serrated leaves at the edges are pubescent on the reverse side. This species has varieties with pale pink and purple flowers.
More often deytion appears on the plot in the form of a sapling, which is purchased in the garden center. When buying a seedling, you should carefully inspect the plant and find out whether it is not damaged and whether the buds are intact on it. In this case, it is desirable to give preference to a sapling with an open root system in order to be able to better assess its condition.
If the roots are seedlings dried out, before planting, you need to soak them for a couple of hours in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, and then dip them in a clay mash. Broken branches should be cut, and too long roots should be shortened to 40 cm.
The best time for planting is spring. Planting work begins with a choice of location. Deytsiya prefers to grow in well-lit places, but with a diffused light. Ideal plot in the shade garden under the canopy of tall trees.
Plant a shrub best from the south side of the buildings or in places protected from cold winds. In this case, the action should be located at a distance of at least 2.5 meters from other plants and objects, because the bush is actively expanding in breadth.
Deytion needs in fertile and well-drained soil with moderate humidity. Close proximity of groundwater to a plant is unacceptable. For landing pit should be prepared fertile mixconsisting of:
- 1 part peat compost,
- 2 pieces of humus,
- 2 pieces of sand
- 100 g nitrofoski,
- 300 g of hydrated lime or a glass of wood ash (with high acidity of the soil).
Plant deytion in the following way:
- a planting pit is dug from 40 to 50 cm deep and about 60 cm in diameter. Then a drainage in the form of sand with a layer of about 15 cm is placed on the bottom,
- they lower the roots of the seedling into the pit, straighten them and fill them with the prepared earth mixture. It is important to ensure that the root neck is 1 or 2 cm below ground level,
- further they are tamped and shed the earth, and also the shoots of the plant are shortened, leaving 3 to 5 buds on each,
- the ground around the bush is mulched with peat, the layer thickness of which should be at least 5 cm.
Deytion does not need frequent watering. Buckets of water the plant is enough for a week. In dry weather, the volume of water for irrigation increases to 2-3 buckets per bush. It is important to ensure that the earth around the shrub is wetted to a depth of at least half a meter. In the second half of August, watering stops altogether.
Simultaneously with watering soil loosening to a depth of 25 cm and removal of weeds are carried out. Mulching of the trunk circle will greatly facilitate this procedure.
Deytsiya responds well on mineral and organic supplements. During the season, it is fertilized every month with liquid manure in the proportion of 1:10 - from 4 to 5 liters per bush. During flowering, the plant is twice fed with a complex mineral fertilizer - from 100 to 150 g per adult plant.
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Deytion is growing fast, therefore needs annual pruning - in spring and after flowering. In the spring, sanitary pruning is done. Broken off, diseased and old branches are removed, frozen out shoots are shortened. Old branches can be cut at the root, so that new ones grow in their place.
After flowering withered shoots are pruned to a strong bud or to the base. Also thin out a bush and cut out sick shoots. At the same time, the formation of the crown.
Shelter for the winter
Most varieties The action does not differ frost resistance, so the bush needs to be warmed for the winter. Pristvolny circle mulched straw or foliage. Small bushes can be covered with wooden boxes or cardboard boxes, and warmed with pine spruce from above.
Tall species The deformations are tied up, wrapped in thick paper or burlap, and wrapped in top layers in several layers with a covering material.
Dividing bush. Adult overgrown shrubs are dug out and divided into 2 or 3 parts along with the roots. Immediately, without letting them dry out, they plant the plants in a new, prepared place.
In the spring Bushes give root growth, which is carefully dug and also transplanted.
Green cutting. In early June, cuttings about 15 cm long are cut from developed shoots. In this case, the lower section is made under the interstitial diagonally.
Leaf plates half cut with scissors or shears. Next, the cuttings are treated with "Kornovin" and rooted in nutrient soil, half mixed with coarse sand. Also sand is poured in a layer of about 3 cm over the ground.
The cuttings are placed in the ground obliquely and buried them half a centimeter deep. Capacity with seedlings covered with polyethylene. With regular watering and airing, the cuttings, as a rule, take root by mid-September, after which they are instilled in the garden area, insulated for winter with coniferous fir branches. In the spring the plants are transplanted to a permanent place.
Lignified cuttings. In the fall, with lignified shoots, cuttings are cut, each with 3-5 buds, 15 to 25 cm long. Bunched cuttings of up to 15 pieces are tied together, placed in moistened sand, almost completely covered, and stored until spring in a warm place at zero temperature. In the spring they are rooted in the same way as green cuttings.
Seeds. Ripened seeds of the plant in October are removed from the seed pods, dried and stored until spring. Small seeds are sown superficially into an earthy mixture of equal parts of river sand, peat and humus, lightly powdered with a thin layer of sand.
Capacity with crops covered with foil or glass. With regular airing and moistening from a sprayer, seedlings usually appear within a month and a half. After the seedlings have developed good leaves, you can plant them in the garden.
Pests and diseases
Deytsiya stable to diseases and pests. However, sometimes it attacks bumblebee trunkwho likes to eat the leaves of the plant. To get rid of the voracious insect will help the treatment of the bush with the solution of “Karbofos” or “Phtalofos”.
Be sure to settle in your garden gorgeous beauty action! Providing her with proper care and insulation for the winter, for many years you will be able to admire the enchanting beauty of this extraordinary plant.
And for the most curious, we suggest that you familiarize yourself with the video about the action.
Deytion rough or stellate (Deutzia scabra)
Originally from Japan and China. The height of the graceful bush about 250 centimeters. The color of the crust exfoliating over time is brown or light red. The length of the pale green leaf plates is 3–8 centimeters. On their surface there are small stellate hairs that give leaflets roughness. In this type of flowering begins later than all the others. The length of the brushes, consisting of white or pink flowers, is 12 centimeters. Dietia blooms from 15 to 20 days. Decorative shapes:
- Terry. The inside of the double flowers is white, and the outside is pink.
- Pure white. It has double flowers in white color.
- Vaterera. The flowers inside are white, and the outer part of them is carmine.
- Pink Terry. There are double pink flowers. The form is highly resistant to frost.
- White-cell. With small white dots on the leaf plates.
Deutzia longifolia (Deutzia longifolia)
The height of the shrub varies from 100 to 200 centimeters. On the surface of shoots there is pubescence. The length of the leaves is about 12 centimeters, they are finely toothed along the edge. They are dark green in color on the front side, and greenish-gray from the pile with the wrong side. The diameter of lilac-pink flowers is about 25 mm, in buds they are purple. Flowering begins in mid-July. There is a long-leaved variety of Veitch, her flowers have a darker color.
Ground for action
Detion prefers fertile neutral (with acidity index 5-8) soil. It may be loamy, but by no means drained moisture accumulating elements, because the stagnation of ground moisture affects the development of the plant.
The ideal substrate for adult activities is a mixture of river sand, humus and peat (or compost) in proportions of 2: 2: 1. For the reasons described above, it is also highly not recommended to locate the plant in places where groundwater flows close to the ground.
The root system of actions includes 1-2 large roots stretching in depth, and a multitude of small, fibrous roots. It is the latter that give the action to the ability to cope well with transplantation.
This procedure is carried out in the spring, for which the shrub is carefully excavated, preserving the structure of the earthen coma as far as possible (as a guide for the spade junction with the earth, the crown contour serves).
Before planting a plant with a lump in a new place, the soil of the planting pit is fertilized with complex mineral fertilizer (20-30 g).
It is especially important to consider the location of the root collar during transplantation, so that it is not too deep and, at the same time, does not rise above the level of the soil cover.
Fertilizers for action
Abundant fertilizing deytiyu need to perform only when planting, then it requires only 3-4 liters of liquid manure during flowering once a month. Additionally, it is recommended to feed it twice with a complex mineral fertilizer (100-150 g per bush) twice per season.
Deytion shelter for the winter
Taking into account the fact that the action is a rather winter-hardy plant, by winter it should be covered with a light dried leaf, forming a layer of 10-20 cm. It is not difficult to bend the shoots of low specimens to the ground, whereas with tall actions it is more complicated.
At the end of the autumn, the bushes are tightly tied with a suitable breathable material (for example, synthetics used in sugar bags), while the leaves that have not yet fallen off play the role of additional cover. This non-labor-intensive method achieves almost complete preservation of the bushes, even with frosts down to -30 C.
Detion reproduction cuttings
Green grafting is the most optimal method of propagation of actions, characterized by rooting 90-100% at an ambient temperature of 15-30 C and artificial fog (due to spraying from the nozzles).
8 - 10 cm from adult large stems are cut into cuttings in late spring or early summer. It is advisable to treat the cut with a root formation stimulator. Sand peat and river sand are equally suitable for soil mix.
You should deepen the cuttings by half a centimeter, maintaining a slight tilt, and sprinkle with a 3-cm layer of sand. After 2 years, seedlings can be planted in a stable place.
Lignified cuttings need to prepare in late autumn, when the plant is at rest. Cuttings 15–25 cm long, with 3-5 buds each, are tied together in bundles of 10–15 pieces and, in an upright position, are almost completely covered with moistened sand. So they should be stored until spring in the basement, and then can be grown by analogy with green cuttings.
Deytion is a shrub plant. It belongs to the hydrangea type of plants. As a wild, this shrub can be found in North America, East and South Asia. Shrub leaves deciduous. And during flowering, it is completely covered with beautiful floral tassels.
The height of this masterpiece of nature averages no more than 2 m. Deytsiya has many branches with leaves of dark green color. They have an elongated ovoid shape. It is surprising that the leaves have the same color with both the outer and the inner side. When flowering shrub transforms. Flowers are like terry tassels. They just bristle. The diameter of one flower is 1.5 cm maximum. They look pink from the outside, but inside are always white. All flowers are collected in small tassels on the tips of the twigs.
Basically, the plant blooms in the early days of summer. In different latitudes, flowering occurs in the first two months of summer. Flowering bush is very abundant, visible from a distance and beautiful. In general, the duration of this period is average.
Deytsiya is a unique exotic plant that successfully managed to settle down in temperate climate. Her landing should occur in areas with access to light.
It is imperative that you fulfill all the requirements for this process so that the plant will further delight the hosts. Care is also not very difficult. The main thing is to monitor the condition of the plant and water it in time, process it from parasites and fertilize it.
Planting and caring for action
The action does not require too extraordinary care. This shrub belongs to the most unpretentious plants in the world. He will be able to grow well in any type of soil, he does not even interfere with different levels of humidity. This plant is well acclimatized in areas that are carefully protected. It is necessary to select a site for the action so that the illumination is maximum, because the bush loves sunlight. However, it is forbidden to plant a bush in areas with the most terrible sun. Plant fit liquid types of feeding. Immediately there will be noticeable changes for the better. But in the second half of the first summer month it is already forbidden to add fertilizers.
Лучше всего посадить молодой кустарник на территории, которая защищена от палящего солнца, которое может быть в обеденное время летом. Лучше всего в месте, где будет расти дейция, устроить теневую сторону в полдень. Теперь необходимо вырыть ямку для корневища. Потом в нее засыпают специальную грунтовую смесь. It is formed from a small amount of peat, humus and sand. If the soil is slightly sour, then it is better to plant about 200-300 g of hydrated lime into the hole for the roots before planting. It can be replaced with the usual woody gold in the amount of about 150-200 g.
Scheme landing deytioni.
If you plant several shrubs, then between them you need to keep a distance of 2.5-3 m. The depth of the fossa, in which the roots of the action should be placed, should be about 50 cm. But it must be remembered that the cervical part of the root remains at ground level. On the whole, the rhizome of the deice consists of a pair of large, thick roots. They will gradually move inwards. From them there is a large number of small roots of a fibrous type. Due to such a root system, the deacy will be able to transfer the transplant and new places quite easily. If in the place where the action will grow, the water layer is located close enough, then it is best to install some drainage on the bottom of the dug pit for the rhizome. For example, sand is suitable, but its layer should be at least 10-15 cm.
In order for a shrub plant to bloom better and be more lush, it is sometimes necessary to fertilize the action. Any organic fertilizer is suitable for this. In this case, the substance itself must be mixed with plain clean water. At 1 part of the fertilizer, you must use 10 parts of water, so as not to damage the bush. Best suited for this manure in liquid form. It must also be mixed in such proportions.
About 5 liters of the mixture per shrub is normal. It is necessary to add mineral substances for top dressing only after pruning has been carried out in the springtime. Those fertilizers that contain a large amount of nitrogen should be used in the first months of summer. Then they should be replaced with substances based on phosphorus and potassium. Thanks to this scheme, the plant will be able to prepare for the winter and will have time to finish the vegetative period.
Watering and care
The scheme of pruning deuterium: a - the first year, b - the second year, in - the third and subsequent years.
Deytsiya is considered a plant that can easily survive drought. It will be necessary to water a bush 1 time in 2 weeks or at least once a month. At the same time for each bush will need to spend at least 10 liters of water. If very hot and hot days come, you can increase the amount of watering up to 3 times a month. But then it is necessary to increase the amount of water spent up to 20 liters per plant. Such drought resistance is associated with a well-developed plant root system. Those 1 or 2 deep shoots will be able to provide the plant with moisture in any area, but additional moisture is always needed. By the way, this plant can be sprayed with water. Expose this to foliage. So it will be more beautiful, more magnificent, it will not dry. But such a procedure should be carried out only on particularly hot days. However, it does not damage the bush on other days.
It is imperative to ensure that the area where the shrub grows, is clean from various weeds. To do this, the ground need to fluff and pull out extra plants. Deytion will not tolerate such competition. But in general, at a short distance from the emergence of roots from the soil, it is allowed to arrange flowerbeds with simple flowers that will not have too long roots. The soil must be loosened. The depth of loosening is not less than 20-25 cm, so that the roots are also saturated with oxygen.
In order for the bush to grow normally, and its flowering was lush, it is necessary to prune the shrub. As the shrub grows old, it is necessary to perform the pruning procedure every year. This is necessary in order to rejuvenate the bush and thin it. Cut those shoots that are unproductive, or those that thicken more than you need. To make the bush more beautiful, it is allowed to cut off the branches that have already bloomed to their base or to the place where the first young shoot appears. If branches were damaged in winter, they should be cut off in spring.
Flowers on the shrub appear only in those places where there is an escape from last year.
It is these shoots that need to be preserved so that they do not get damaged in winter. Otherwise, the bush will lose its decorative highlight. In those regions where the winters are very snowy, it is allowed to bend the branches closer to the ground, so that they too will be covered with snow.
If there are more frosty days in the area where the bush will grow, then you need to use additional measures to protect the bush. Constructed frame over the plant. It is filled with dry foliage and spruce branches. Then cover with top film. It will protect from frost. This method is very convenient to protect the action. Deytsiya pink is a unique plant, which perfectly takes root in any conditions. Planting a simple plant, and the most common care. Of course, it is necessary to take into account some features of this shrub plant.
But if you plant it and properly care, then soon the bush will delight the gardener with beautiful flowering, and the spent time and effort are worth it. You can relax in the shade of flowering bushes, if you install a recreation area there.