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Cabbage "Dzhetodor": characteristics, cultivation agrotechnology

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Cabbage is a botanical genus of plants that includes the following species: white and red, Savoy, Brussels, Kohlrabi, cauliflower, Beijing, Chinese and leaf. The agrotechnical cultivation of cabbage is different for each species, but is similar in general: abundant watering, regular fertilizing, soil loosening, etc.

White cabbage

White cabbage is a biennial plant, which in the first year of life forms a leaf-stem stem up to 50 cm high. The lower leaves are petioled, sprawling, the upper ones are sessile. The leaf plate is large, with thick veins.

By the end of the first year, the cabbage forms a head of cabbage. A head of cabbage is an overgrown apical bud, from which in the second year the stem grows up to 1.5 meters high. On this stalk, cabbage flowers are formed, gathered in racemes.

The fruit of white cabbage is a pod that contains round-shaped seeds, black with a brownish tinge. Cabbage seeds are small - 250–300 pieces are in 1 gram of seeds.

Agronomy cabbage

White cabbage is a cold-resistant plant, not demanding to heat. The germination of cabbage seeds begins at + 2 ° C, but at low temperatures, the seedlings of cabbage appear 8–10 days after sowing the seeds. But warm, at a temperature of +18. 20 ° C seedlings appear in 3-4 days.

Cabbage tolerates frost to -5 ° C, but only if it was hardened.

The optimum temperature for the growth of white cabbage +15. 18 ° C. In hot weather, at temperatures above +25 ° C heads of cabbage are poorly formed, and fertility is lost in mother plants.

Fig. 1. Diagram of the formation of a head of cabbage: 1 - rosette leaves, 2 - axillary buds, 3 - apical bud, 4 - leaves that remain undisclosed, 5 - stumps

White cabbage loves moisture, so with a lack of rain, requires abundant watering. You should know that good growth and the formation of a high yield of cabbage are possible only with good water supply. Cabbage is particularly sensitive to the lack of moisture in the first time after transplanting in open ground, as well as in the phase of active growth and heading.

Excessive moisture is also harmful to white cabbage - the roots of plants die and the leaves turn purple and then die.

The optimum relative humidity for cabbage - 60–80%.

White cabbage can not be grown in the shade - plants are very demanding to light. With a lack of lighting cabbage will not form a head. Cabbage is a plant of a long day, with a long bottom the plants develop much faster.

In all varieties of white cabbage in the first period of the apical bud grows a rosette of leaves, which gradually acquire a horizontal position and are the active apparatus of photosynthesis. When a certain amount of spreading leaves is formed, the newly formed leaves remain in an unopened position and form a head.

Due to the fact that the apical bud does not open, and the process of formation of new leaves inside it continues, pressure is created from the inside on the covering leaves and they stretch. If the growth of cabbage continues, then the head will crack. Due to the fact that the light does not penetrate to the inner leaves, they are deprived of chlorophyll and therefore are white.

A head of cabbage cracks due to excessive growth of the leaves inside the head.

Where to plant cabbage. Soil preparation

White cabbage grows well on fertile soil with a neutral or slightly acid reaction, and on acid soils cabbage is quickly affected by the keel. For early ripening cabbage varieties, light loam is chosen, which is well warmed in the sun, and late and mid-season varieties are recommended to be grown on highly fertile soils.

The best predecessors cabbage: potatoes, cucumbers, legumes, onions and tomatoes.

White cabbage is demanding of fertilizers: nitrogen, potash, calcium. Fertilizer doses are lower in well-cultivated, humus-rich soils, and higher in the poor. Recommended doses of fertilizers for cabbage are shown in the table.

On sour soils before planting cabbage need to make lime or chalk:

  • on sandy and loamy soils - 2-3 kg per 10 m 2,
  • on medium and heavy loamy soils - 4–5 kg per 10 m 2.

Preparation of the site for growing cabbage begins in the fall. Organic fertilizers, superphosphate and potassium chloride are applied immediately after harvesting the previous crop, and then the soil is dug up.

In the early spring, as soon as the soil dries up, the place for growing white cabbage is loosened with a rake. If fertilizers have not been applied in the fall, fertilize with digging. Of mineral fertilizers, in addition to superphosphate and potassium chloride, ammonium nitrate or urea are added in the spring. With a lack of organic fertilizers they make before planting - 0.5 liters of humus at the root.

When and how to plant cabbage. Plant layout

On areas with excessive moisture before planting cabbages make ridge. The width of the bed of the ridge is about 1 meter, the height is 18–25 cm. While preparing the ridge, it is not necessary to compact the soil along the sides so that there is no excessive loss of moisture due to evaporation. Where there is no danger of overmoistening the soil, white cabbage is grown on a flat surface.

The layout of cabbage plants depends on the variety. Early ripening varieties can be placed according to the 50 × 50 cm scheme. For medium and late ripening varieties, usually spacing is 60–70 cm. Distances in the row for early varieties are 25–30 cm, for medium ones - 40–50 cm, for late ones - 50– 70 see detailed information on cabbage placement specify on the seed packaging - the manufacturer is obliged to provide this information.

Terms of planting white cabbage also depend on the variety:

  • Early and middle varieties for summer consumption are planted April 20 to May 10,
  • late varieties - May 10-20,
  • medium varieties for autumn use - May 20 to 30.

Before planting cabbage seedlings to a permanent place in the open ground, they make holes with the help of a hoe and pour them with warm water (500-800 ml per well).

Cabbage seedlings planted, planting depth before the first true leaf. If the soil contains little moisture, do the so-called upper watering - after planting. But in this case, it is necessary to fill the place of irrigation with dry earth after the water is absorbed into the soil.

Seedless cabbage growing method

When growing white cabbage in a seedless way, seeds are sown immediately to a permanent place. For this purpose, mainly early and mid-season varieties are used. In the south of the non-chernozem zone, late varieties can be grown, for example, Amager 611, Gift.

Before sowing, seeds are calibrated, then pickled in potassium permanganate solution or disinfected with hot water + 50 ° C for 20 minutes, followed by rapid cooling.

Sowing of seeds produced in well-cut soil, sown in the nest of 3-4 seeds. Then the seeds are carefully covered with earth or a mixture of peat and humus.

When the second and third true leaves appear, they are thinned, leaving two plants in the nest, and two plants each time they are thinned again. All other methods of plant care are the same as when growing cabbage seedlings.

A seedless way of growing cabbage has advantages in that plants grow all the time in one place and their root system is never damaged. This contributes to the development of more powerful roots penetrating deep into the soil and capable of extracting moisture and food from deep soil horizons.

Cabbage care

Care for white cabbage is the regular loosening of the soil between plants. Weeds weed as they appear. An effective means of controlling weeds under a rosette of leaves is the hilling of plants at the moment when weeds begin to appear on the surface. The soil in the form of a mound, added to the plants, will contribute to the formation of adventitious roots in cabbage.

During the whole season monitor soil moisture on the site where white cabbage grows. Cabbage leaves should not be allowed to wither from a lack of moisture, because this means that the thinnest, fibrous roots begin to die in plants.

The time for watering the cabbage is determined as follows. It is necessary to scrape the top layer of soil to a depth of 5–7 cm and take a handful of earth, squeeze it firmly in the palm of your hand and throw a lump on a dense path from a height of 90–100 cm. Watering required.

Cabbage pest control

Juicy greens cabbage appreciates not only people, but also pests. Most often cabbage is damaged by the larvae of the cabbage fly and butterfly caterpillars, cabbage-weeds, whitefish. From the very beginning it is necessary to monitor the appearance of cabbage fly eggs (white, oval-shaped eggs, 1 -1.5 mm) around the stalks of plants, from which the larvae penetrate the root collar and the root of the cabbage and cause the death of the plants.

If you find eggs of cabbage flies, you need to otgresti them from the stalks along with the ground and pour fresh ground, and then pour the chemical preparations under the root or sprinkle the plant. Effective chemicals choose on the basis of the range of chemicals in the nearest stores for gardeners, gardeners.

Repeated spraying for the prevention of cabbage fly is carried out in 7-10 days. A good effect happens when adding 7% granulated chlorophos (50 g / 10 m 2) to the wells.

In the future, it is necessary to monitor the appearance of cabbage whiteflies on the leaves and, if they are found, collect and destroy them, and in the event of the appearance of caterpillars, collect caterpillars. To destroy the whitefish caterpillars, it is necessary to treat the plants with Alatar or another means, adding laundry soap to the water so that the solution adheres better to the cabbage leaves.

Top dressing white cabbage

To speed up the growth of leaves, cabbage is fed with mineral fertilizers. The first dressing is done around the plants - at a distance of 10–15 cm in a circle sprinkled with a mixture of fertilizers: ammonium nitrate and potassium chloride - in 1 part, superphosphate - 2 parts per teaspoon per plant.

The first dressing is carried out 7–10 days after planting, when the plants take root and their vegetation begins. The second feeding is done 2–3 weeks after the first, increasing the dose of potassium chloride by 1.5 times.

In dry weather, fertilizers should be applied in dissolved form. To do this, 20–25 grams of ammonium nitrate, 30–40 grams of superphosphate, 20–25 grams of potassium chloride are dissolved in 10 liters of water. One watering can watered 18–20 cabbage bushes.

Fertilization of white cabbage with organic fertilizers gives a good effect: 1 part of the mullein is mixed with 7 parts of water or 1 part of bird droppings - 15-17 parts of water, add for every 10 liters of solution a glass of ash and leave for 24 hours, stirring occasionally. Watering produce watering without a strainer 400–500 ml each under each cabbage bush.

When to pick up cabbage

Early ripening white cabbage is harvested as the heads reach commercial ripeness (average head weight is 400 grams). Middle and late ripening varieties are harvested in late autumn. late September - early October.

When laying cabbage in the cellar or cellar for long-term storage, you need to keep as many green leaves as possible. Such cabbages should be carefully transported without causing injuries, without damaging the leaves and placed in storage.

Red Cabbage

Red cabbage is a popular variety of white cabbage. Its distinctive feature is the red-violet color of the outer and inner leaves. The nature of the growth and development of red cabbage is the same as that of white cabbage. In food, it is consumed fresh. Salads are prepared from it, and also used for marinating. Red cabbage has good transportability and is well preserved in storage for 3-5 months.

Agrotechnics and the cultivation of red cabbage are the same as in the average varieties of white cabbage.

Savoy cabbage

in savoy cabbage, the grocery organ is a head of cabbage, like white cabbage. The plant forms sessile leaves with short petioles closer to the base of the stem. The leaf plate is bubbly or corrugated due to faster tissue growth between the veins, without wax deposits. The head has a loose structure. The leaves and cabbages are green or dark green with a yellowish tinge.

Savoy cabbage plant is more cold-resistant compared to white cabbage and better resists frosts.

Savoy cabbage is rich in protein so it is used to make delicious fresh soup.

Heads of savoy cabbage are not adapted for long-term storage. Agrotechnical cultivation of Savoy cabbage is similar to mid-ripening varieties of white cabbage.

Brussels sprouts

Brussels sprouts are not the most popular type of cabbage. Cabbage on the fan, so to speak. In Brussels sprouts, small coaches are used as food, which are used whole, not cut into pieces, for cooking cabbage soup or main courses - they can be boiled, stewed with butter or meat. Among all types of cabbage, Brussels sprouts have a higher content of dry matter (15.5–17.5%), protein (3.5–5.5%), and sugar (4.6–5.4%).

The plant forms a stem with a height of 20 to 60 cm, on which grow long-leafed sprawling whole-edged leaves. Young leaf leaves are spoon-shaped - their edges are curved upwards. On the stem, large buds form in the axils of the leaves - oval shaped coaches, weighing 8–15 grams each. A total of 50 to 70 coaches with a total weight of 400–500 grams are formed on the plant.

Brussels sprouts can carry short frosts up to −5. -7 ° C

Agrotechnica Brussels sprouts

From the emergence of seedlings to the formation of the crop, it takes from 130 to 150 days. In the non-chernozem zone, a seedling growing method is used. Seedlings are grown in greenhouses or greenhouses for 45–55 days.

To get products in the early stages, Brussels sprouts are grown in pots, and for autumn consumption, without a potted way.

The soil for Brussels sprouts is prepared similarly to the soil for white cabbage. The seedlings are planted in a permanent place in late April - early May, providing a feed area of ​​70 × 40 (50) cm.

Caring for Brussels sprouts is similar to caring for white cabbage, with the exception of a specific method - remove the top of the stem in late July or early August. This technique is called decapitation and is carried out to limit the growth of the stem and the formation of larger coaches.

Harvesting Brussels sprouts is carried out in 2–3 doses, breaking out first the lower, larger cabbage, then settling down in the middle part, and last of all - on the upper part of the stem.

The phased disruption of Brussels cabbage coaches contributes to higher yields, since the nutrients absorbed by the root system and leaf assimilates will be directed to the remaining axillary buds.

In the late autumn period, rearing Brussels sprouts is used. In the fall, the plants are dug up with roots and instilled in greenhouses or basements, setting them in grooves close to each other in well-moistened soil. Kochanchiki formed at a temperature of +3. 5 ° C due to nutrients accumulated in the stem and leaves. Therefore, the process of growing can take place without light.

Kohlrabi is a variety of cabbage that forms a stelplod - a knotted thickening on which the petiole grows. The leaf plate is triangular or egg-shaped with jagged edges. The peel of the stebleplod and the leaves are colored light green or red-violet.

Kohlrabi stebleplod has a diameter of 10-15 cm, juicy, contains up to 88% of water, a large amount of sugars and vitamins, has a solid texture. It is consumed fresh, it can be boiled, stewed, fried.

Kohlrabi agrotechnology

For early consumption, kohlrabi are grown by seedlings, and for autumn, seeds are sown in the ground. When grown on ridges, plants are placed in 2 or 3 rows with a distance between plants in a row of 20–25 cm, between rows in the first case - 60–70 cm, in the second - 33 cm. When grown on a flat surface, the layout is 50–60 × 20-25, 50 × 20 cm

Care for kohlrabi consists in systematic loosening, weeding, fertilizing with mineral fertilizers, irrigation and pest control. With a seedless growing method, thinning is carried out when 2–3 leaves are formed, leaving a distance between plants of 20–25 cm.

Kohlrabi’s stalkers start harvesting when they are 6–8 cm in diameter.

Cauliflower

Cauliflower is an annual plant that produces seeds in the first year of life, but this requires a long growing season - about 270 days.

They eat cauliflower heads, which are short, thick flowering shoots. Формирование головки цветной капусты начинается после того, как образуется мощная розетка из 20–30 листьев, имеющих длину 30–40 см.

Головка цветной капусты имеет белый или бело-желтый цвет. Она очень ценный диетический продукт, отличается высокими вкусовыми качествами. В ней содержится большое количество белков, углеводов и витаминов. Used in food in boiled form with butter or with egg-oil sauce, boiled heads can be stewed or fried.

Cauliflower Crop

Cauliflower is very demanding on soil fertility, heat and moisture. Therefore, it is necessary to grow cauliflower in areas that are well seasoned with organic fertilizers.

Cauliflower seedlings are cooked for 50–60 days to prevent young plants from freezing during spring frosts. It should be remembered that when frosted, cauliflower seedlings may die, and if it survives, the quality of the head will deteriorate, it will “crumble” faster.

Before sowing, seeds are calibrated, pickled and soaked in a solution of trace elements.

Cauliflower is more than other crops, responds to micronutrient deficiencies. In particular, when there is a shortage of boron and molybdenum, leaf deformation, rotting and poor head development, stump stump are observed.

When growing cauliflower seedlings, foliar feeding is carried out to improve the supply of trace elements. In 10 liters of water dissolve 2 grams of boric acid and 5 grams of ammonium molybdate and spray the seedlings with this solution. To lengthen the terms of consumption, the sowing of cauliflower seeds for seedlings is carried out step by step, in 7–10 days.

Preparing a plot for planting cauliflower should be made 3-4 kg / m 2 of humus or well prepared peat compost just before digging the soil.

Cauliflower seedlings are planted in open ground from the first decade of May with an interval of 7-10 days, as the seedlings of different sowing dates are ready. This will allow to get cabbage heads from July to September.

Planting cauliflower on a flat surface 50 × 50, 70 × 25 cm, on the ridges - in 3 rows with a distance between plants of 25-30 cm.

Cauliflower care

Care for cauliflower is to protect against pests, shading young heads from sunlight, regular loosening of the soil and fertilizing with mineral fertilizers.

From the time the seedlings are planted in the open ground before harvesting the cauliflower, plants should be protected from cruciferous flea and cabbage flies. In the order of prophylaxis along the edges of the ridges and between the rows it is possible to decompose superphosphate granulated soaked in chlorophos. When pests appear, young cauliflower plants are sprayed with a solution of 80% chlorophos (30 g / 10 l of water), or with more modern preparations from a cabbage fly and cruciferous flea.

To accelerate the growth of cauliflower leaves, the plants are fed 1-2 times, introducing 50 grams of potassium chloride for every 10 m 2 of 100–120 grams of ammonium nitrate and superphosphate. During a drought, mineral fertilizers must be dissolved in water and applied in a liquid form.

During the entire period of cultivation of cauliflower, it is necessary to monitor the soil moisture and watering systematically. To improve the development of the root system of the plant spud.

Cauliflower heads shading - an important agro-care cauliflower. For this purpose, 1-2 upper sheets are cracked and the head is covered with them. Reception protects the head from yellowing and premature disintegration into its component parts.

When the heads of cauliflower reach a mass of 250 grams or more, they are cut together with four to five leaves.

Seedless cultivation of cauliflower

The seedless cultivation of cauliflower is that the seeds are sown on a permanent place in the open ground. Before sowing, the seeds are calibrated, disinfected, treated in the solution of trace elements.

The soil for cauliflower is prepared very carefully so that there are no lumps and lumps. Sowing is done as soon as possible, as soon as the soil can be processed.

Sowing is done in a nesting way, sowing 3-4 seeds per nest. The soil is pre-leveled and marked out by planting sites. After the emergence of seedlings and the formation of the first true leaf produce thinning, leaving one plant in the nest.

The remaining care measures are the same as when growing cauliflower in a seedling way.

Growing cauliflower in greenhouses is used to produce products in the late autumn period. For this purpose, they are sowing seedlings in the first half of June, and landing on a permanent place - on July 25.

Plants with a well-developed rosette of leaves and with a small head with a diameter of 3–5 cm are selected for growing. The digging is done in rows close to each other by 20–30 plants per 1 m 2. During the re-growing period, they provide soil moistening and maintain a temperature of +3. 5 ° C At a lower positive temperature, the process of growing will be slower, and the maturity of products will be shifted to the end of December. When rearing, you can get 8–9 kg of heads with 1 m 2 of protected ground.

Broccoli (Asparagus)

Broccoli is a vegetable plant, a type of cauliflower. The broccoli head consists of branched stem formations ending in modified green, blue, purple or white buds, gathered in the form of bunches.

The growing season of broccoli is 135–150 days. Larger heads are formed on the central part of the stem. After the heads are cut from the central stem, lateral (outgrowing) heads will sprout from the leaf axils.

Cultivation

Broccoli is less demanding than cauliflower to heat and soil conditions - it can grow on heavy moist soils, but it develops better on light and medium loams rich in humus. Floodplain and low areas are suitable.

To get the broccoli crop early, broccoli is grown in a seedling manner. Sowing seeds for seedlings spend for 50–60 days before landing on a permanent place. After 12–15 days, seedlings dive into pots 5–6 cm in diameter. Care for seedlings, soil preparation and fertilizer are the same like cauliflower.

Planting broccoli seedlings on a permanent place in the open ground produce simultaneously with early varieties of white cabbage. The landing pattern on the ridges is in 3 rows with 35 cm row spacing, the distance in the row is 25 cm. On a flat surface the plants are placed according to the scheme 60 × 20-30 cm.

Broccoli care consists in 3-fold loosening of the soil, two weeding, watering as needed, hilling of plants. Fertilizing produce a mixture of mineral fertilizers at the rate of:

  • ammonium nitrate - 30–40 grams,
  • superphosphate - 40 grams,
  • potassium chloride 25–30 grams per bucket (watering can) of water.

One watering can watered 15 plants at the root.

When the heads are fully formed and reach a diameter of 8–25 cm, but the buds do not begin to bloom, they are cut with a part of the stem 10–20 cm long, which is also eaten. The average weight of a broccoli head is 400–600 grams.

After cutting the central heads, lateral stem formations grow from the axillary buds, on the tops of which, heads with a diameter of 4–6 cm and a mass of 150–200 grams are also formed.

The heads are boiled in salted water until soft, rolled in breadcrumbs and fried with butter or served with butter-egg sauce.

Chinese cabbage

Beijing cabbage is an annual, early-ripening plant; if the plant is harvested in the 5–7 leaf phase, the crop ripens in 30–35 days, and it takes 60–80 days to get the heads out with an open rosette.

Peking cabbage can be grown in greenhouses, greenhouses and tunnels as an independent crop or in order to compact cucumber or tomato, and under small shelters - and zucchini.

Agricultural cabbage

Beijing cabbage seeds are sown with 20 cm row spacing, if they are to be harvested at a young age, and 35–50 cm when grown before heading. The distances in the row in the first case are 3-4 cm, in the second - up to 20-25 cm.

Plants develop better in the early spring period in greenhouses and greenhouses, where cruciferous flea harms less. Care consists of weeding, irrigation and loosening the soil in between rows.

The harvesting of leaf forms of Beijing cabbage is carried out in two terms. When 4–5 leaves are formed, clean in thinning order, leaving the distance between plants of 8–10 cm. When 9–10 leaves form on the remaining plants, they are removed a second time, pulling out from the soil with the roots.

Literary source: Karataev E.S. Handbook for the grower, 1990

Cabbage Description

This white cabbage hybrid is a typical representative of its kind. It is a medium-sized head, composed of tightly rolled fleshy leaves. The head is formed on the stem of medium length (up to 10 cm).

The average weight of "Dzhetodor" is 1 kg. In the last phase of ripening vegetables can weigh from 0.8 to 1.6 kg. The leaves are smooth, dense, ribbed, with stiff thin veins. The color of the foliage varies from white with light green edges on young leaves to deep green with a smoky coating on mature outdoor leaves.

Resistance to environmental conditions and diseases

This hybrid is not afraid of any diseases, usually affecting the representatives of the cabbage family. It is resistant to fusarium, thrips, rot, powdery mildew, necrosis and bacteriosis. It tolerates short-term droughts (up to 1 week), an excess of moisture and, due to elastic outer leaves, will survive under hail.

It has a unique lezhkost: after maturation can expect harvest on the ground for up to three weeks. Resistant to cracking during sudden temperature changes.

Growing seedlings

The soil for growing seedlings is recommended to be prepared in October-November. Seed preparation for sowing should be done at the beginning of March in order to sow them into the soil in tenth numbers. We sow cabbage seeds for seedlings

Acquisition and preparation of seeds

Do not save on sowing material, because it determines the quality of your future harvest. Choose seeds that have been packed no more than eight months ago. Make sure that the packaging is complete, clean, without any signs of wetting. If possible, take seed from certified growers.

Usually, cabbage seeds purchased at a store or at a fair have already undergone preplant preparation. This is indicated on the packaging. Such seeds do not need to be stratified to wake sprouts. Cabbage seeds “Dzhetodor” If the seeds are not processed, arrange them on gauze, roll the gauze into a tube and lower for fifteen minutes into a container of warm water (50 ° C). After this time, remove the gauze and lower it for two minutes into the cold water tank.

Open the gauze, keep the material at room temperature for a day, and then put it in the fridge for another day. Remove stratified seeds from gauze and dry them outdoors.

Soil and capacity for seedlings

Soil for cabbage seedlings should be fertile and loose. You can buy ready soil mixture in a special store, or you can cook it yourself. The loose texture of the soil provides peat, so the proportion should be as follows: for ten liters of soil mixture you need to take 7 kg of peat, 2 kg of sod land and 1 kg of river sand. For each kilogram of soil mixture, add 1 tsp. mineral fertilizer and mix thoroughly the entire volume with 2 tbsp. l ash. Ash will be a good prevention of black legs on seedlings.

Capacity for sowing should be wide, shallow (with sides no higher than 10 cm) and have holes in the bottom to drain water. Take a tray under the tank into which water with soil particles will flow.

There are professional rastiln for seedlings, but for home use a regular plastic or wooden container. Be sure to stock up the peat cups so that when the seedlings grow, you can swoop them.

Optimum timing and seeding

"Dzhetodor" - an early ripe grade. To get seedlings on time, seed sow at the end of March. Pour the soil mixture into a suitable container with a layer of 5-6 cm and lightly tamp it. Cut in the soil grooves centimeter depth with a row spacing of 4 cm and sow in them seeds every centimeter.

Cover the grooves with a primer, pour plenty of warm water over the soil. Seeds during germination need a lot of water.

Care of crops

Cover the container with a thick film and place it in a tray on a warm sunny window-sill. If the weather is cloudy, install two or three fluorescent lamps above the capacity to extend the light day to twelve hours. Keep the temperature within + 18-21 ° C. Daily remove the film from the germinator for 5-7 minutes so that the soil is ventilated and saturated with oxygen. With proper care, seedlings will spill on the fourth or fifth day. During the germination period, watering of seedlings is not necessary, otherwise the compacted soil layer will complicate their germination.

As soon as the sprouts germinate, thin them out, leaving 2x2 cm of space for each. Before thinning, moisten the soil with a spray bottle and wait seven to ten minutes. The moistened soil will become more supple, and you will pull out sprouts without risk of damaging the root system of the beneficial seedlings. After thinning lightly tamp the soil and sprinkle it again with water.

Watering spend as the soil dries. It should be constantly wet, but not swampy. Maintain a temperature within 20 ° C only during germination. Sprouted seedlings hold the day at seventeen, and at night at ten degrees. This temperature will help harden sprouts and prepare them for landing in the ground. Two weeks after sowing, do a picking. Spread the seedlings in separate peat pots. Continue to water them as usual, and ten days after the picking, conduct the first dressing. For one liter of warm water, take four grams of superphosphate, two grams of saltpeter and two grams of potash fertilizer. This amount of feeding is enough for sixty shoots.

Spend a second feeding fifteen days after the first, doubling the amount of water and fertilizer. Third, the last dressing will be needed for sprouts three days before transplanting into open ground. The recipe is slightly different: add 6 grams of superphosphate and potassium fertilizers to 1 liter of water and add three grams of nitrate.

Hardening seedlings

Hardening will help sprouts develop the root system before planting in the ground and get used to the natural temperature changes. Start quenching twelve days before transplanting. Start with air baths - for the first three days, open a window in the airing room where you have seedlings. The next four days, take the seedlings to a balcony or loggia for two or three hours to get used to the sunlight. Starting on the eighth day, reduce watering by half and bring the seedlings to the terrace or balcony so that it grows there. Before transferring the peat cups to the ground, water the seedlings liberally.

Optimal timing

Since “Getodor” refers to early-ripe cabbage varieties, it should be planted in the ground in mid or late April. By this time, the seedlings will reach one month of age, develop a root system sufficient for open soil, and the soil will warm up to + 15-16 ° С.

Choosing a place on the site

The main thing is that the area set aside for cabbage should be well lit, protected from drafts and have loose fertile soil. If you have not prepared the soil in the fall, then a week before planting, loosen and clear the ground for cabbage beds, contributing to each square meter. m. four kilograms of compost and 250 grams of ash.

Sour soil should be neutralized, additionally adding 100 g of chalk powder per square meter. m. The best option is to plant the "Dzhetodor" on the beds, which last year grew beans, onions or alfalfa. Cruciferous plants are bad predecessors for this variety, therefore, if mustard, watercress, asparagus cabbage, horseradish or radish grew on the beds, you need to find another place for the seedlings.

How to care

Cabbage loves warm water and sunny weather. Provide seedlings with abundant watering, protection from winds and ample sunlight.

Start abundantly watering the seedlings from the moment they are planted in open ground. Pour 1 liter of water into each well and wait until it is absorbed before digging in the seedlings. This is a very moisture-loving culture, so in cloudy weather, water it once every four days, and during the hot one once every two days, and certainly in the morning. Three weeks after the landing, reduce the frequency of watering to once every four days for hot weather and once a week for cloudy. On average, one young plant takes three liters of water for one irrigation, and nine liters per plant in the last phase of the growing season.

Weed removal and soil loosening

Weed cabbage at the same time as loosening. Loosened soil will be easier to give away weeds, and you will not damage the root system of cabbage plants. Loosening after each watering, as soon as the moisture is absorbed into the soil. A loose layer of earth will slow down the evaporation of moisture. Treat the aisle with a rake with frequent teeth; loosen the soil under the plants with a sap to a depth of no more than fifteen centimeters.

Feed, you gave the seedlings before planting in open ground, enough for about a week and a half. The first sub-feed "Dzhetodor" spend two weeks after planting. In order to prepare organic fertilizer, dissolve 500 g of mullein in ten liters of warm water.

Under each plant must go at least 0.5 liters of feeding. Подливайте растения коровяком каждые пятнадцать дней роста (всего три раза).

Минеральное удобрение готовится из 30 г суперфосфата, 50 г сульфата аммония и 250 г золы. Полученную смесь нужно развести в 10 л теплой воды. Полив минеральным удобрением проводится через неделю после каждой органической подкормки. Полив минеральным удобрением

Hilling

When nine or ten leaves appear on a cabbage stem, its stem begins to sway by the wind due to the large area of ​​resistance. This adversely affects the setting of cabbage heads. To give the stalk greater stability, spud it with medium sized sap. Tuck the soil near the stem of the first bud on the trunk.

This procedure promotes the formation of additional roots on the trunk and greater plant resistance. Spud cabbage with moist soil, so hilling should be done on the second day after rain or heavy watering.

Merits

  • Short ripening time. This is an early ripe variety, which, unlike other varieties of white cabbage, matures in 45-50 days.
  • Stickiness. In the last phase of the growing season, cabbage heads can expect to harvest in the garden for up to three weeks without losing their properties.
  • Resilience. Plants of this variety are not subject to attacks of fungi and bacteria. They are resistant to fusarium and rot. Low temperature "Getodor" also tolerates.
  • Landing density. On one hectare you can land up to sixty-five thousand cabbage heads.
  • Simultaneous ripening. All sprouts that are planted form heads at about the same time. This ensures the collection of high-quality crops.

disadvantages

  • Taste qualities. “Dzhetodor” is distinguished by a strong internal system, which has a good effect on ripening and dryness, but it becomes the cause of excessive rigidity of sheets. This variety is suitable for extinguishing and salting. It is not recommended to use it in salads and soups.
  • Fertilizer need. In the absence of a regular top dressing, this hybrid stretches the stems, and the leaves become purple.
"Dzhetodor" is a unique early ripe hybrid of white cabbage. It is resistant to many diseases typical for Cabbage, and tolerates adverse weather conditions. In order to get a rich harvest, you need to prepare seedlings of this variety.

Start sowing seed in mid-March, carefully care for it and observe the timing of planting in open ground. Since this variety of cabbage is particularly unpretentious, you can grow large and beautiful leafy vegetables, making this a minimum of effort.

3 times a week (Mon, Wed, Fri):

With an order value of more than 2 000 UAH and weight up to 500 grams - free shipping (from 01.02.2018 g)

When ordering for 3 000 UAH - 3% discount, 5 000 UAH - 5% discount, 10 000 - 10% discount

Discounts are not cumulative!

  • cash on delivery - from 35 UAH (per package) + 8 UAH and 1% of the amount for cash on delivery
  • Prepayment - 35 UAH

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  • cash on delivery - from 40 UAH + money transfer 20 UAH + 2%
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Cabbage seeds Dzhetodor F1 Syngenta companies can be in two types of packaging:

• original packaging (from the manufacturer)

• Supermarket Seed packaging.

If you need seeds only in the original packaging, indicate this in the comments to the order or tell the sales consultant when placing the order by phone.

The manufacturer reserves the right to change the packaging design, color and availability of seed treatment.

If there is no packing in this position with the appropriate number of seeds - tell our sales manager - he will try to help you open the packing or suggest a suitable analogue.

Characteristics Dzhetodor F1 - white cabbage, 2 500 seeds, Syngenta (Syngenta), Holland

Manufacturer: Syngenta (Syngenta), Holland

Growing season: 44-46 days

Heading:
* weight (kg): 1.5
* alignment: high

Recommended planting density (thous. / Ha): 60-65

Resistant to: Fusarium, powdery mildew

Specifications:
- early hybrid of white cabbage
- not afraid of lower temperatures
- friendly maturation of heads
- the possibility of prolonged lying in the field, without loss of presentation
- grown under film, covering material and in open ground
- main purpose: for fresh implementation

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