Cucumber - the most cultivated vegetable in our gardens. From juicy and crispy cucumbers, there is a huge variety of salads and snacks, and gherkins are ideal for marinades and pickles. With the best varieties of cucumbers with photos and descriptions you will meet in this article.
Homeland cucumber are the rainforests of India. In our climate, this is a one-year grassy liana. To obtain good yields, it is necessary to create an atmosphere like at home — moderately high temperatures and high humidity.
Lighting, like any liana, you must scattered. Watering is better with warm water during the day. Every ten days we feed with organic or full mineral fertilizer.
To delay the harvest is not worth it. Regular collection of the grown ovary stimulates its re-education, i.e. the more often cucumbers are harvested, the more they are tied.
Proper plant formation and good ventilation will reduce the risk of spreading fungal and viral diseases.
Currently, so many varieties have been created that it is very difficult to count and understand them. Let's try to study
The best fruit varieties with photos and descriptions
For a start, all varieties can be divided into those intended for indoor (greenhouse) and open ground (soil).
Ground cucumbers are more resistant to weather conditions, but require pollination by insects. Greenhouse plants are more often self-pollinated.
In addition, all varieties are divided by purpose of the fruit - suitable only for salads and suitable for canning.
Another division into varieties and hybrids. Varieties are created in the traditional way - perefilleniya and sometimes vaccination. The fruits grown on such plants are suitable for collecting seeds of the resulting variety. Hybrids, to distinguish them from varieties, are designated F1, are obtained by more complex pollination, but the fruits grown from these seeds do not contain seeds from which the same plants will grow.
When a gardener sows cucumber seeds in the soil, he knows exactly how he will use the collected fruit. This determines the selected varieties. If the pickled cucumbers are cut into a salad, then the varieties opt for early ripening, salad assignments.
Open ground cucumber varieties
For early salads grown varieties and hybrids such as "StellaF1", "Elegant", "Altai", "Cascade". For conservation in the open ground planted other varieties.
Early maturity is not necessary for them; in this case, harmonious ripening of fruits, small size and flesh, preserving the density during heat treatment, are much more important.
The hybrids “Evita”, “Matilda”, “Naf-fanto”, “Regia”, “Delicacy”, “Leandro” performed well in this quality.
All these varieties are high-yielding, genetically free of bitterness, and immune to most diseases. Here are more fruitful hybrids that are recommended for open ground:
Universal in all senses grade. The state registry recommends its open ground and closed. The hybrid starts to set fruit early, it is used both for salads, and for preservation.
A plant with unlimited growth, but not very tall, slaboplatistoe. Among the flowers are dominated by women.
Flowering and fruiting bouquets. In each node 2-6 flowers bloom The ovary is short, elongated, covered with small tubercles. Harvested Zelentsy, when their weight reaches 90-110 g. Tasty. In the open ground with 1 m2 collect 5-7 kg. Weakly susceptible to infectious diseases.Cucumber Variety Bouquet
Fruits from 44 days after germination, self-pollinated variety. Salad destination, but suitable for the preparation for the future.
Cucumbers short, the correct form. Very tasty. Harvest can reach up to 15 kg per m2. Complex resistant to diseases.
All the envy of F1
Early ripe, gherkin hybrid. High yields in open field and temporary greenhouses. Comprehensively resistant to disease and bad weather. High yields ripen in all conditions and when there is a lack of light.
Fruiting continues until frost. Each node forms more than 3 ovaries. Fruits - 9-12cm, covered with white spikes, dense, crispy, with excellent pickling qualities. Immune to many diseases and rot.Variety of cucumbers All to envy
Rosreestr recommends this hybrid for growing in any conditions - in greenhouses, under temporary shelter, in the open air. Early, versatile, good in salads, and in conservation.
The cylindrical shape is green, dark green, weakly spotted, ribbed. Pulp of average density.
Genetic absence of bitterness. Gather cucumbers for 70-90 g. Yields up to 9 kg with 1m2. Very tasty and fresh and canned. Immune to pumpkin diseases.Variety of cucumbers Herman
F1 green flow
For 45 days it grows up to fruiting. Partenokarpichesky hybrid, tying up to 5 Zelentsin in one node. Suitable for protected and open ground. Cylindrical fruits, 11-13 cm long, sweet to the taste and very fragrant, they are indispensable in fresh salads. When preserving retain an appetizing crunch.Variety of cucumbers Green stream
The skoroplodny, self-pollinated grade. According to Rosreestra recommended for cultivation in greenhouses and in the open air. Suitable for storage.
Ovary cylindrical with large tubercles, medium density, medium length. Bitterness is not genetically. Commodity cucumbers 8.5-9.0 cm. Fresh and processed fruit tastes different. From 1m2 greenhouses collect 10-11 kg of vegetables. Great for growing houses on the windowsill. Disease-resistant.Mash cucumber variety
Beam Splendor F1
Fully justifies its name. Quickly enters fruiting, self-pollinating, beam hybrid with female flowers. It can be grown in open ground, polycarbonate greenhouses.
Abundantly fruiting in any weather until frost. Good lighting increases the yield. The knots tied up to 7 of the ovaries. Cucumbers 8-11 cm, bright green. Ideal in conservation. Variety gives excellent yield even in cold summer.Variety of cucumbers Bundle magnificence
The best varieties of cucumbers for growing in the greenhouse
Choosing seeds for sowing in the greenhouse, take into account: regionalization, purpose, ripening. Growing in a greenhouse varieties of vegetables pollinated by bees is problematic, it is necessary to produce artificial pollination.
For cultivation in the greenhouse, use seeds of self-pollinated or parthenocarpic varieties. Here it should be remembered that all these plants are very sensitive to the formation of the stem.
Orpheus, Cheetah, Amur, Glafira, Blik, Izumrud, Mazai, Romance are recognized as the best varieties for growing in a polycarbonate greenhouse, but there are other time-tested and vegetable growers:
F1 Siberian garland
Blooms quickly, does not require pollination, with an incredible yield. Able to bear fruit before frost. Cucumbers 5-8 cm, without voids and bitterness, unsurpassed taste during preservation. Stalk creepers, like Christmas garland, decorated with lots of crispy, juicy, fragrant, incredibly sweet cucumbers.
Harvesting "Garlands" once, not planting it again and again is impossible.
The grade for film greenhouses, self-pollinated. It can be used fresh, suitable for salting, good in marinades. Starting from the 40th day, you can collect short, oval-cylindrical, dense cucumbers, weighing from 100g.
Excellent fruit taste can be collected up to 13 kg / sq.m. On a medium-branched stem, 3 or more female flowers bloom in short internodes. Sufficiently strong immunity to powdery and downy mildew.Grade Emerald City
Hybrid bred for film shelters. Fruiting begins on 40-43 day. Self-pollinating, and lettuce, and canning purposes. On a strong-growing, medium-stem stems are bouquets of female flowers. Zelentsy harvested when they reach 100-120 g. Delicious and fresh and canned. Productivity of 16-18 kg.Variety of cucumbers Courage
Created for spring unheated greenhouses. Hybrid self-pollinated, ideal in salads and in spins. Fruits in 46 days from germination. The flowers are predominantly female, with 1-2 ovaries growing in each node. It has a dense flesh. Good taste. Productivity is 11,3 kg / sq.m. Disease resistant.Sort Mizinchik
Bred for cultivation in film shelters. Partenokarpichesky, for salads, but good for conservation. The fruits are ready to be harvested already on the 43-46th day. On a strong-growing plant with moderate branching, at least 3 flowers, mostly female, bloom in each node.
Fruits are harvested when their weight reaches 90-100 g. Tasty in any form. Productivity reaches 12,0 kg / sq.m. Increased resistance to viral and fungal diseases.Murashka Grade
Hybrid created by Syngenta. Superearly. It takes only 40 days before the harvest from shoots. With all this, self-pollinated, resistant to the lack of light. Forms a lot of ovaries even at low trellis.
Bouquet blooms, the predominance of female flowers provide a good yield without failures. Calibrated fruits 12-14 cm, excellent taste, not bitter. Used fresh and recycled. Well kept, tolerate long-term transportation. Do not get sick.Spino Cucumber Variety
A selection of the best varieties of cucumbers.
- The best varieties for the Moscow region. April F1, F1 Business, F1 View, Aquarius, F1 Cruise, Kustovoy, F1 Libella, Phoenix 640, Electron
- The best varieties for pickling. Nezhinsky, Muromsky, Era, Nosovsky, Nezhinka, Stage, Zozulya F1, Zasolochny F1, Semcross, Barrels weed F1, Dainost F1, Mama's favorite F1, Liliput F1
- The best varieties of cucumbers for the Urals and Siberia. “Amur”, “Arina”, “Moscow evenings”, “Voyage”, “Altai”, “Far Eastern 27”, “Miranda”.
- Chinese cucumber varieties: “Chinese miracle”, “White delicacy”, “Chinese snakes” “Emerald stream”, “Chinese heat-resistant”, “Alligator”, Chinese disease-resistant, Chinese white, Chinese Farmer F1, Chinese long-fruited.
These are just a few cucumber varieties with photos and descriptions of a huge amount of cucumber splendor. It is necessary to write a continuation of this topic, because so many wonderful varieties were ignored.
For the cultivation of cucumbers in greenhouses, the best fit:
It is difficult enough to attract insect pollinators to closed spaces. For better tying, it is important to use such species that pollinate themselves or set fruit without pollination.
Many believe that parthenokarpiki and self-pollinated varieties are one and the same. But the difference still exists. Parthenocarpic plant species is characterized by a female-type bloom. Fruiting in this case occurs without the process of pollination, and such fruits do not have seeds.
Self-pollinated species have flowers of both female and male type, due to which self-pollination occurs.
Suitable for greenhouses:
Having grown a crop from the seeds of the first species, it is possible to obtain seeds, which, in consequence, will be used for further cultivation of the crop. But, it is worth considering that such plants are highly susceptible to morbidity and weather extremes.
Cucumber hybrids are more unpretentious and resistant to a number of cucumber diseases. They are also able to tolerate temperature extremes. drought or lack of heat and sunlight. Their yield is much higher, and the fruits ripen faster. These include cucumbers for Siberia, Dutch cucumber seeds, etc.
The disadvantage of such plants is that they can not be obtained seeds for future planting.
Greenhouse cucumber varieties can be divided into:
It is believed that the smaller the fruit, the more tasty it is.
The color of cucumbers, as well as their size, can be different. And these are not only various shades of green, but also yellow, white and even black. Those who like exotic, can take into account this fact.
For cultivation in greenhouses, also, it is necessary to choose those varieties whose plants do not have well-developed lateral shoots. This will prevent thickening, which is often the cause of numerous cucumber diseases.
Before you start growing cucumbers, you need to carefully familiarize yourself with the characteristics of the variety - the vegetative period, resistance to cold and diseases, shade tolerance, pollination, care rules, etc. All this will help you make the right choice and get a rich harvest.
In cold climates with frequent frosts, it is better to choose early cucumber varieties. They will have time to yield in adverse weather conditions with the lowest cost. For warmer weather conditions suitable mid-early and late varieties of long-term fruiting. Below are the best varieties of cucumber seeds that are relevant for growing under film and polycarbonate.
The variety is a parthenocarpic hybrid of superemerging ripening. As well as a variety of cucumbers Artist. Its growing season is 38 days from the time of emergence. Plants varieties are highly resistant to adverse weather, cucumber diseases, as well as high yield. Lumpy studded fruits of its dark green with light stripes of color, 4-6 cm long, have a regular oval shape. Variety cucumbers are remarkable in that they do not outgrow unless they are picked on time. Taste - gorgeous, flesh juicy, crisp without bitterness. Use is universal.
Suomi F1 is ideal for growing in cool climates.
In order for cucumbers to mature in adverse weather conditions, they should be planted in the greenhouse by seedling. It is important to know when to plant cucumbers in a polycarbonate greenhouse. Seeds for seedlings sown a month before the proposed planting in open ground. The seedlings are planted in the greenhouse when the threat of morning frost has passed.
The ultra early parthenocarpic hybrid with a vegetation period of 36 days is good for growing in northern areas with cool summers. The variety is resistant to temperature extremes and major diseases. The stem is powerful, practically has no side shoots. In one knot 5-6 cucumbers are tied. Fruits - dark green, with a wax coating, krupnobugorchatye, up to 10 cm, do not outgrow in the garden. The taste is juicy, without bitterness. Used for home canning and fresh consumption.
Orpheus F1 is a high-yielding early self-pollinating hybrid intended for growing in the middle lane. The growing season varieties - 38-42 days from the appearance of the first shoots. Small-tuberous, with white thorns, cucumbers of dark green color with white stripes, have a length of up to 13 cm and a weight of up to 110 g. The taste of the fruit is high. Juicy pulp with a fresh taste and a pronounced aroma is no bitterness. Strong plants, compact in size, with underdeveloped side shoots are resistant to cucumber mosaic and powdery mildew, and also tolerate heat and drought. The grade is unpretentious in leaving.
If the soil around the plants is mulched with sawdust or dry grass, then we can forget about weeding for a long time. Also, the mulch will perfectly retain moisture for a long period in case of heat or drought, which will greatly simplify the care of cucumber culture.
Cupid F1 refers to parthenocarpic hybrids of superearrest fruiting periods. The growing season is 37-42 days. Hybrid plants - sredneroslye, with an average weaving. Side shoots - underdeveloped. Up to 8 fruits can be tied in one knot. Plus plants in that they can form themselves. Cucumbers of dark green color, slightly ugly, with numerous spikes up to 10 cm long, have tender crunchy flesh without bitterness. Hybrid - resistant to weather extremes, which allows it to grow in the northern regions. He also tolerates heat.
Fruits possess high transportability, long keeping a trade dress and tastes. Use is universal.
Fruits of the Amur F1 variety are gherkins, but there are cases of their overgrowing. To cucumbers have a given size and did not lose their excellent taste, the harvest is recommended to collect 2-3 times a week.
This parthenokarpik has a growing season of 55-57 days from the first shoots. Hybrid plants - medium tall. In one knot 4 fruits can be tied. The variety is characterized by high yield and friendly fruiting. Regions of cultivation - Ukraine, Moldova, the southern regions of Russia. Cucumbers up to 14 cm long, smooth, dark green in color, have a pronounced fresh taste without bitterness. Designed for fresh use. Hybrid sredneustoychiv to cucumber diseases.
The emerald F1 is an early ripe (vegetation period of 34-45 days) parthenocarpic hybrid with powerful plants of medium climbing. Due to its high cold resistance and early fruiting, the variety feels great in a cool climate. Krupnobugorchatye fruits, dark green, up to 16 cm, have excellent taste. Used for home canning, and for the preparation of salads. The hybrid is resistant to major cucumber diseases. Enjoys great popularity among gardeners.
Глафира F1 – теневыносливый раннеспелый партенокарпический гибрид с периодом вегетации 43-45 дней, как и сорт Феникс. У сорта существуют некоторые особенности культивирования в теплицах. Необходимо обрывать пять нижних узлов. Остальные боковые побеги прищипываются после 2-3 листа. Основной стебель следует прищипнуть на высоте 80-100 см. Гибрид устойчив к неблагоприятным погодным условиям и многочисленным болезням. Dark green large-tuberous fruits have rather large sizes up to 18 cm long and excellent palatability. Used for canning and fresh.
Due to its high shade tolerance, the variety grows well in indoor conditions.
Despite the fact that the hybrid is shade tolerant, in winter, when there is a short light day, for its cultivation and decent fruiting at home, additional artificial lighting is needed, such as fluorescent lamps or LEDs.
Partenokarpichesky hybrid F1 Romance is intended for cultivation in greenhouses. The variety has a long fruiting. After the plants spawn on the main stem, the cucumbers begin to tie up on short side shoots. Presentable type of fruit, dark green with a complex white pubescence, up to 12 cm, have an unsurpassed taste. Cucumber hybrid - universal use.
The variety has a peculiarity - in spite of the fact that it is a parthenocarpic, plants need an additional pollinator, which may be the Bumblebee F1 hybrid.
Alex F1 - parthenocarpic hybrid originally from Holland, has a vegetative period of 40-45 days. Hybrid plants - powerful, fast-growing, with a strong root system. Productivity varieties - high. From 1 square. m collect up to 25 kg of fruit. Cucumbers up to 10 cm long, almost smooth, with small tubercles, have a green uniform color and excellent taste without bitterness. Designed for marinades, pickling and fresh use. If you specifically need cucumbers for salting and preservation, the popular varieties are described here. The hybrid is highly resistant to olive spot, powdery mildew and cucumber mosaic. It also tolerates extreme weather conditions, in particular, drought. Other varieties of gherkins are presented in this article.
It is widely used for mass cultivation for sale, due to good transportability, high yield and long shelf life of fruits.
This variety of gherkins is widely used for making marinades. To make cucumbers tasty and crispy, they should be plucked, not waiting for full ripening, when the length of the fruits will reach 6 cm. They should be marinated immediately after harvesting or, in extreme cases, no later than a day. Before pickling, the greens are soaked in very cold water for 6 hours, changing it several times. Such cucumbers will be the most crispy.
Partenocarpic early ripening (37-39 days) hybrid is characterized by high yields and friendly fruiting. Side shoots - underdeveloped. Plants - srednevetvistye, compact. The variety is resistant to almost all cucumber diseases, as well as to adverse weather conditions. Small-sized white-cucumber cucumbers up to 12 cm long, have high taste and pickling qualities.
For several years she worked as a television program editor with leading producers of ornamental plants in Ukraine. At the dacha, of all types of agrarian works, prefers harvesting, but for the sake of this, she is ready to regularly weed, pick, pinch, water, tie up, thin out, etc. I am convinced that the most delicious vegetables and fruits are home grown!
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Compost - rotted organic residues of the most diverse origin. How to do? In a heap, pit or large box they put everything in a row: kitchen remains, tops of garden crops, weeds cut before flowering, thin twigs. All this is mated with phosphate flour, sometimes straw, ground or peat. (Some summer residents add special accelerators of composting.) Cover with foil. In the process of overheating, the heap is periodically agitated or pierced for fresh air. Usually compost “ripens” for 2 years, but with modern additives it can be ready even in one summer season.
“Frost-resistant” varieties of garden strawberries (more often simply “strawberries”) also need shelter, as well as ordinary varieties (especially in those regions where there are snowless winters or frosts alternating with thaws). All strawberries have superficial roots. This means that without cover they freeze out. The sellers' beliefs that strawberries are “frost-resistant”, “winter-hardy”, “endures frosts up to −35”, etc. - are deceit. Gardeners should keep in mind that no one has yet been able to change the root system of strawberries.
From varietal tomatoes, you can get "your" seeds for sowing the next year (if you really liked the variety). And with hybrid it is useless to do it: the seeds will be obtained, but they will carry the hereditary material of the wrong plant from which it was taken, but of its many “ancestors”.
Oklahoma farmer Karl Burns developed an unusual variety of multi-colored corn called Rainbow Corn. The grains on each cob are of different colors and shades: brown, pink, purple, blue, green, etc. This result was achieved by the long-term selection of the most colored ordinary varieties and their crossing.
It is believed that some vegetables and fruits (cucumbers, celery, all types of cabbage, peppers, apples) have a "negative caloric content", that is, more calories are consumed during digestion than they are contained. In fact, the digestive process consumes only 10-20% of the calories obtained with food.
There is no natural protection for tomatoes from late blight. If the phytophtora attacks, any tomatoes (and potatoes too) perish, no matter what is said in the description of the varieties (“varieties resistant to late blight” are just a marketing ploy).
Convenient Android apps have been developed to help gardeners and gardeners. First of all, these are sowing campaigns (moon, flower, etc.) calendars, subject journals, collections of useful tips. With their help, you can choose a day that is favorable for planting each type of plant, determine the timing of their ripening and harvest in time.
Natural toxins are found in many plants, not an exception and those that are grown in gardens and vegetable gardens. So, in the pits of apples, apricots, and peaches there is prussic acid (hydrocyanic acid), and in the tops and skin of immature solanaceous (potatoes, eggplants, tomatoes) - solanine. But do not be afraid: their number is too small.
Both humus and compost are rightfully the basis of organic farming. Their presence in the soil significantly increases the yield and improves the taste of vegetables and fruits. In terms of properties and appearance, they are very similar, but they should not be confused. Humus - rotted manure or bird droppings. Compost - rotted organic debris of the most diverse origin (food spoiled from the kitchen, tops, weeds, thin twigs). Humus is considered a better fertilizer, compost is more accessible.
Normal or hybrid
Hybrid varieties will be excellent varieties of cucumbers for polycarbonate greenhouses. They have short whips. They do not pinch. To form bushes is not necessary.
Hybrids are practically not susceptible to diseases, they are not afraid of pests and difficult climatic and microclimatic conditions, they can easily adapt. Among them are plants for every taste - early, mid-early, late. In addition, they are high-yielding. Can be stored longer than normal, carry transportation easier. The choice will also depend on the climatic conditions of cultivation. Despite the fact that the plant grows in the greenhouse, weather conditions still affect its development.
Choosing a grade, you need to pay attention to its labeling. Often it is indicated by the letter F and the number. The figure indicates the generation of a hybrid. For example, F1 marking means that these are first-generation hybrids. You need to buy these, because they have excellent characteristics, higher rates, for example, than F2. As for the best varieties of cucumbers for greenhouses made of polycarbonate: hybrid parthenocarpic and self-pollinating are excellent here.
It should be noted that hybrids are not grown for propagation by seed.
So, we select hybrid varieties. The following factors will affect our choice:
- ripening time
- collection term
The most productive varieties of cucumbers for greenhouses - F1 hybrids "Zozulya", "May", "Spring""April" "Prepaid expense" and others. "Hybrid" and "Pace" disembark when you need to quickly get a harvest. If you grow greenhouse cucumbers all year round, you need to remember that for each season there are separate varieties.
Among the winter-spring, “Relay”, “Moscow Greenhouse F1”, “Blagovest”, “Relay F1”, enjoy good reputation. "Forward F1" and etc. The best spring-summer ones are “Zozulya F1”, “April F1”, F1 Murashka, "Herman F1", “F1 Director”, Arbat F1, "Vasilisa F1" and etc. Well-established summer-autumn "Annie F1", "Marina Grove F1", "Arina F1" and etc. Before planting, you need to study information about the varieties of cucumber seeds for the greenhouse and plant those that fit your purpose: canning, salting, fresh.
For the table fit any varieties, and the issues need to study blanks.
By type of pollination, there are three types of greenhouse cucumbers:
The differences are as follows:
- Parthenocarp does not need pollination, self-dusting requires,
- the first have no seeds
- Parthenocarpic low color fading,
- ovary arises in parthenocarp itself.
Partenocarpic cucumbers are varieties that produce fruits without any pollination. They have practically no showered flowers. Fruits grow without seeds.
These hybrids are bred specifically for growing in greenhouses, where pollination by insects is almost impossible, especially in cold areas.
Common parthenocarpic greenhouse cucumber varieties:
- "Hercules F1",
- "Emelya F1",
- "Orpheus F1",
- "Emerald F1", etc.
Self-pollinated cultures have different types of flowers. For pollination, they need either wind or human help. Needless to say, the wind in the greenhouse, especially in cold weather, can not be allowed. Therefore, the owner needs to pick up a brush and work with flowers.
Artificial pollination is produced if you do not want to have a lot of barren flowers and, accordingly, a low crop. To do this, gently hold the blooming flowers with a brush, thus transferring pollen from one flower to another.
Self-pollinated greenhouse cucumber varieties:
- Cupid F1,
- Ging F1,
- "Cheetah F1»,
- "Zozulya F1",
- F1 Alliance other.
Insects cucumbers in the greenhouse you will see extremely rarely. There are several reasons:
- climatic conditions may not allow
- it is impossible to provide access for insects in winter and early spring,
- the greenhouse should have large opening hatches on top,
- for insects to fly in, special plants should be planted next to each other,
- it is necessary to spray cucumbers with sweet solutions, etc.
Thus, planting insect-proofing cucumbers in a greenhouse gives a lot of additional trouble to the owner. However, gardeners often declare that they are "more natural." This, of course, is a delusion.
If, however, the choice fell on this type, the best will be "Relay race", "Spring, F1" "Topolek F1", "Malachite F1" and others.
Mid-season varieties are universal (more on that later).
They are ready for collection in 50-60 days. The most common are the “Relay”, “Zozulya F1”, “Matilda F1”, “Claudia F1”, “Spring F1”, etc.
Late varieties are ready to be harvested after more than 60 days. These are “Droplet F1”, “Nezhinsky”, “Santana F1”, etc.
Application of cucumbers
Cucumbers are indispensable for preparing a variety of dishes, preparations for the winter.
Salad differ from others in certain ways:
- little white spines,
- the skin is often without pimples,
- light green.
In terms of collection may be different. The most famous with the marking of F1 - "Annie", "Athlete", "Hercules", "Martha", "Masha", "Tsarsky", etc.
Salting and canning
For blanks salad type of cucumber is not quite suitable. Here you need a special type for salting. Such cucumbers most often have dark thorns, large tubercles, dark green color. The peel is loose, so they are well salted.
“Herman F1”, “Buran F1”, “Hector F1”, “Legend F1” and others are often grown for blanks.
If you need to use cucumbers for everything at once, you need to grow universal ones. They can be eaten fresh, make salads, cook okroshka with them, pickle, preserve, salt, etc.
Among the universal stand out are "Spring, F1", "Annushka F1", "Sunrise F1", "Boy with a finger F1", "Northerner" and etc.
Getting cucumbers from the greenhouse is the best solution. Your harvest will not depend on weather conditions, it will be easier for you to deal with pests (if they appear), thus saving area of the plot. Greenhouse cultivation has many advantages, and the result is a high yield.
For polycarbonate greenhouses
The varieties of cucumbers for greenhouses made of polycarbonate are selected with the longest fruiting period and the maximum tolerance to pathogens.
One of the most popular hybrids of cucumber (beware of fakes!). Dutch selection. Stable and reliable. Perfectly fruiting in any greenhouses and in the open. Not afraid of heat, cold snaps and diseases. Enters fruiting one of the first and ends one of the last.
The ovary is bundle (up to 7 pcs.), With simultaneous pouring of several fruits in different nodes. Cucumbers tuberculate, strong, medium-sized, high quality, excellent presentation.
Maryina Grove F1
Selection of the Russian firm "Manul" (Timiryazev Academy). Early hybrid with a long period of formation of the fruit.
Not affected by dangerous diseases, including root rot and downy mildew.
Partenocarpia is very pronounced, the ovary is actively growing in all conditions (extreme temperatures, lack of sunlight). In one node up to 5 pieces. At the same time on the bush can pour more than a dozen Zelentsov - krupnobugorchatyh, the size of 11 cm.
Very early Dutch hybrid with a massive early impact. The branch is moderate, the bushes do not thicken. Disease resistance is good. Zelentsy 8 cm, dark, with rather rare tubercles.
Early (37-42 days) gherkin from the company "Semko." Does not suffer from peronospora and other destructive diseases. Photophilous, weakly branching. In the node up to 5 ovaries. Recoil pickles - 10 kg / sq. m., gherkins - more than 20 kg. The density of the pulp is the highest, the seeds are not felt.
Hybrid from the Russian company "Gavrish" with the entry into fruiting on the 45th day. Tolerant to root rot, perinospora. In node 5-8 ovaries. Cucumbers grow up to 10 cm, large, white-humped tubercles. Recoil from the bush - more than 6 kg.
Many vegetable growers prefer to grow this thermophilic vegetable in carbonate greenhouses, where optimum temperature and humidity are created. The only serious problem is the risk of the rapid spread of harmful insects. You have to be on guard all the time.
For film greenhouses and greenhouses
The best varieties of cucumbers for the greenhouse, which is covered with film, should be hardy to sudden temperature changes. Vegetables for greenhouses should preferably be selected with genetic resistance to root rot.
In low greenhouses short stem (bush) forms are convenient.
Medium early (45 days) Dutch hybrid new generation. Not affected by perinospora and other pathogens. Return is long, uninterrupted. Cucumbers no more than 95 g, very strong, surface with small tubercles. Purpose is universal.
Selection of the Russian company "Gavrish". Fruiting begins six weeks after germination. The bush is powerful, with a bundle ovary (2-6 pieces), the yield of the crop is more than 7 kg. Cucumbers tuberous, size 120 g. Disease resistance - complex.
F1 Wonderful Mummy
The novelty presented by the Aelita company. Plants start fructifying early (38 days from the beginning of the growing season), stand out with powerful growth and a long increase in bundle ovaries. White-cucumber, size 80 g, with large tubercles. Productivity - up to 15 kg / sq. m
Offers from the company "Semko"
- Ararat F1. Smooth fruit hybrid with greens weighing up to 150 g. Plants are resistant to peronospora and stress. Returns - up to 250 kg from 10 square meters. m
- Sapsho F1. Mid-season hybrid, beginning to bear fruit 2 months after germination. 1-3 fruits of 15 cm in size are formed in each node, with tubercles of medium size. The yield of commercial vegetables per square meter - more than 20 kg.
- Tatiana F1. The cucumber is mid-season, dlinnolepistyy .. The size of green leaves is 17 cm, 140 g. The total fee from 10 square meters. m. - 240 kg and more.
The power of F1
Selection of agrofirm "Manul". Very early gherkin, with complex resistance to infections. Long return of a crop on lateral branches. There are 8 or more knots in a knot. Cucumbers tuberous, pubescent, size 8 cm.
Popular parthenocarpik from the company "Gavrish". Enters fructification in one and a half month after shoots. The nodes form from 2 to 8 Zelentsi with a size of 10 cm (can be collected at the stage of pickles and gherkins).
Ценное качество – выносливость к ложной и настоящей мучнистой росе, корневым гнилям, погодным стрессам. Один куст даёт до 7 кг продукции.
Скороспелый голландский гибрид с мелкобугорчатыми зеленцами высокого качества. Вес плодов – до 85 г. Кусты среднерослые, болезнестойкие, урожайные.
Популярный корнишон селекции «Седек». Вынослив к заболеваниям, температурным стрессам, затенению. Вступление в плодоношение – от 42 суток. The fruits are pimply, neat, dense, no larger than 8 cm. The yield is long, at the end of the season - up to 25 kg per square meter.
Early cucumber varieties are divided into two categories - with “hurricane” fruiting (rapid, massive formation of the crop) and long-term gradual returns.
Very early (from 37 days) a hybrid from the St. Petersburg firm "Biotechnics". Not affected by false and powdery mildew. Lateral branching is discreet. There is a simultaneous loading of more than a dozen fruits, their size - 7 cm.
The novelty of the Dutch selection, comes into fruiting after 38 days after germination. High yield and disease resistance. Cucumbers are small, leveled, excellent presentation.
Very early (from 36 days) gherkin from Holland with a friendly return in the early stages. Cucumbers very dense, 8 cm long, leveled, dark. Excellent resistance to pathogens, stable harvest every summer.
High-yielding Dutch hybrid with leveled commodity cucumbers. Zelentsy krupnobugorchatye, dense. Fruiting begins after 37 days from the beginning of the growing season.
Ultra early (36 days) novelty from the Japanese corporation "Sakata". The plant is cold and heat resistant. Cucumbers of uniform green color, weighing 90 g. The salting qualities are very high.
According to the reviews of most gardeners, the most attractive varieties are considered the most attractive.
However, not everyone likes that by the end of the season they are already completing fruiting. That is why it is necessary to give a place to middle-end cucumbers. And recently there were early ripe hybrids with a very long yield of the crop.
Miracle bunch F1
Harvest new selection "Gavrish." At the same time on the bush grows more than three dozen fruits, in bundles of 3-5 pieces. The age of entry into fruiting is from 42 days. Disease resistance is up to date. The yield of the harvest is long.
The most fruitful
The most fruitful cucumber varieties for the greenhouse combine several valuable traits: precociousness and a long period of fruiting, bundle ovary and genetic immunity to infections.
- Herman F1
- Courage F1
- Marinda F1
- Prestige F1
- F1 temp
- Ekol F1
High resilience to disease and weather stress is an essential requirement for modern cucumber culture. The labor and financial costs of chemicals are reduced, yields and ecological purity of vegetable products are increased, and the pesticide load on the environment is minimized.
- Barvin F1
- Be healthy F1
- Great Caesar F1
- Kyoto King F1
- F1 trump card
- F1 focus
- Eskimo F1
For salting and canning
For canning (blanks with vinegar) any cucumbers with dense flesh and small seeds are suitable. It is desirable that they are not prone to rapid growth and thickening ("bellied").
In the classical (old) version of salting without vinegar, black-faced cucumbers are considered the most suitable (unfortunately, the choice of such hybrids is limited).
- F1 spring
- Crocodile F1
- F1 chill
- Robin Hood F1
- Mother-in-law F1
Gherkin options - this is a special breeding line. For the production of pickles and gherkins derived special hybrids.
- Baby Mini F1
- Sankin love F1
- F1 regiment son
- F1 temp
- Ekol F1
Varieties by origin
Holland is the world leader in hybrid cucumber breeding. Special attention is paid to the complex resistance to infections. The range is designed for every taste. As a rule, Dutch cucumbers have strong (even hard) peel.
Grades: Claudine F1 (updated Claudia F1), Madita F1, Mila F1, Monisi F1, Chuck F1
The classic "German shirt" is the fine-bored surface of the fruit. These cucumbers have a great presentation, good for marinating. Popular old hybrids (Libelle F1, Moringa F1, Ira F1, Rita F1) are pollinated.
Germanic parthenocarpic may be more or less prickly, but they still demonstrate the high quality of greens.
Grades: Harmony F1, Ging F1, Dirigent F1.
Chinese cucumbers are a special variety. It attracts excellent taste of salad-oriented - thin skin, fragrant flesh. Pleases excellent, stable yield and a high degree of adaptability to various weather conditions.
Varieties: Snake Tempter F1, Emerald Flow F1, Chinese Gin F1, Chinese Snake (not a hybrid), Beijing delicious F1.
Varieties of cucumbers for regions
For the Middle Band: Walk, Russia! F1, Paratunka F1, Russian motifs F1, Russian style F1, Russian feast F1.
For Moscow region: Arbat F1, Connie F1, Moscow F1 delicacy, Moscow F1 salad, F1 evenings near Moscow.
For the Leningrad region: Bimbo-Star F1, Joulupukki F1, Karelian cones F1, Lapland F1, Petersburg Express F1.
For Siberia: Ob emeralds F1, Nordic flow F1, Siberian bouquet F1, Siberian fast walker F1, Siberian express F1.
For the Urals: Everyone is jealous of F1, Our granddaughter F1, RMT F1, Uralochka F1, Ural gherkin F1.
Reviews of gardeners about cucumbers for greenhouses for 2017-2018
For cultivation in the greenhouse, it is recommended to choose parthenocarpic (in which the ovaries of the fruit pass without pollination) or self-pollinated varieties of cucumbers.
This will allow not to worry about attracting bees to the greenhouse by replanting flower plants or spraying cucumbers with infusions of honey or jam.
According to the purpose, grown cucumbers can be divided into:
We will define in each of these categories varieties that received the best reviews from specialists and gardeners in 2017.
The best salad varieties
Cucumbers, intended for fresh consumption, should be slightly sweet to the taste, without the taste of bitterness, tender and crispy. These qualities, in many reviews, have the following hybrid varieties:
“Yield, very tasty cucumbers”, “Do not get sick, all summer with cucumbers” are typical statements about these varieties.
The best varieties for pickling
For salting cucumbers are better suited for a dense consistency, small size and with a skin that does not prevent the penetration of salt into the inside of the fruit. According to reviews, the following varieties and hybrids fully comply with these requirements:
- Gorgeous F1,
- Moscow dude F1.
“Beautiful, smooth fruits”, “Salted cucumbers turned out to be elastic and crispy, very tasty” - consumers share these impressions about these varieties.
The best universal varieties
Cucumbers of these varieties should be good to use both fresh and after heat treatment (canning). Many good reviews have received such varieties as:
- Boy with a finger F1,
- F1 Moravian Gherkin,
- Fertile F1.
The resulted remarkable grades far from exhaust their list. In each of the categories of cucumbers (lettuce, pickling, universal) there are other good varieties that are not inferior to those listed above.
Additional recommendations for the selection of cucumber varieties for greenhouses
For growing in a greenhouse, it is better to choose hybrids (often also called hybrid varieties). Their main advantage over traditional varieties is that they are resistant to all types of diseases.
Such resistance, coupled with high yields and unpretentious care, quite compensates for the increased cost of seed. To distinguish a hybrid variety from the usual one, seed producers add a combination of F1 after its name.