Apple tree Antey - winter variety, characterized by excellent taste and product characteristics. Being the result of the crossing of a hybrid of winter varieties of Babushkino and Newtosh with the Belarusian raspberry, it is distinguished by regular fruiting, good yield and high frost resistance. Antaeus apple tree can grow and bear fruit safely in those regions where the temperature drops below -30 o C. The flowering time allows the ovaries and buds of the plant to avoid possible spring frosts.
Apple tree Antey: description of the variety
The photo below clearly demonstrates that the tree is quite high, the average growth rate is 2.5 meters. The crown is pyramidal (less often rounded), weakly branchy, rather thin. Long-sparse structure contributes to the easy implementation of forming trim. The color of the branches is light brown. The leaves are dark green, elongated oval, with long petioles, large. Along the edges are cut by rounded teeth.
Antaeus apple tree for fruiting needs in neighboring trees, which will occur cross-pollination. Summer or autumn varieties are most suitable: Autumn striped, Welsey, Anise, Pepin saffron.
Fruiting occurs in 2-3 years from the moment of planting. Bookmark fruit buds occur annually, so beautiful and tasty fruit tree pleases regularly, even in lean years.
Apple tree Antey, description, photos, reviews of which are interesting even for novice gardeners, is characterized by large apples weighing more than 200-300 grams. According to gardeners, about 50 kilograms of high-quality fruit can be obtained from a single tree. Their shape is rounded-conical, with a slight ribbing and slightly pressed edges. The funnel is deep, often rusty. The main color of the peel is green, the cover color is a burgundy or red blush that is blurred over the entire surface. On the bulk of apples there is a wax bloom, giving them a bluish tint. The pulp is dense, light green. Apple tree Antey is characterized by a sweet-sour, pleasant taste of fruits with a light fragrant aroma. Seed chambers open, large bones. The fruits are used for fresh consumption, can also be subjected to all types of processing.
Apple picking begins in mid-autumn (September-October), after 2 months from the time of harvest, consumer maturity begins. Shelf life is 6-7 months: from late fall to mid spring. At the same time, the fruits remain fresh due to the dense skin and pulp.
To pests Apple Antey moderately resistant, is affected by scab, therefore, requires the use of chemicals. On lands with an insufficient amount of calcium, it can be affected by subcutaneous spotting, which subsequently causes fruit rot disease during storage.
Terms of care
According to reviews, the Antey apple tree is a non-capricious plant and does not require time-consuming care. The tree, like the other varieties of apple trees, is required to provide:
- watering in hot dry weather,
- additional feeding activities
- pruning: sanitary and formative,
- treatment against diseases and garden pests.
Planting a plant
Planting young seedlings is best done in the fall. At this time, the Antey apple tree gets acclimatized better than when it landed in the spring, due to a longer adaptation period. Young saplings before wintering have time to accumulate nutrients, so they easily transfer the movement to a permanent place of growth. The main thing is to be in time with their landing in the ground before the onset of frosts, thus giving time for the emergence of new roots. For their active formation, the root system is recommended to be treated with stimulants.
Land for planting should be well lit, without the presence of drafts and close occurrence of groundwater. The soil is neutral, fertile.
It is not recommended when planting to allow drying of the roots, it is better to keep them in a slightly damp state, wrapped with a waterproof cloth. Just before placing on a new place, put it in water for a few hours.
The seedling in the planting pit should be lowered in such a way that the root neck is located 2-3 cm above the surface. Its deepening can lead the plant to a delay in development or death. For the first time it is recommended to dig a support peg, to which to tie a sapling. Young apple Antey needs plenty of watering.
Trimming and feeding
Pruning of apple trees is done in spring, in March-May. The plant needs regular removal of dead branches and tops, which are the breeding grounds of the fungus. In hot weather, the plant should provide watering at the rate of 50-80 liters under one tree.
Qualitative growth and good fruiting can provide regular activities to feed the plant. Bookmark flower buds provide drugs containing phosphorus and nitrogen, both mineral and organic (bird droppings). Top dressing should be done after the end of flowering, with the start of ripening of the fruit, and also in August-September - to maintain the growth of the root system. If the soil is poor, fertilize the latter annually. For a more dense and fatty substrate feeding can be done every 3 years.
Pests and diseases
Apple tree Antey, description, photo, reviews about which cause the desire to acquire such a tree in your own garden - a variety characterized by moderate resistance to pests. The plant can be affected by aphids, apple sawflies, moths, weevils, tsvetoedom, moth. Therefore, in order to avoid damage by parasites and lower yields, the tree needs to be treated with complex-action insecticides every spring.
Antey is also prone to a fungal disease like scab. Most often appearing in regions with a damp and cool climate, it mercilessly damages the leaves and fruits of the plant. The best solution will be the timely processing of fungicides, providing quality care and maintaining apple trees in a healthy state.
Antey is a variety that, with minimal care, can bestow an abundant and tasty harvest of large red-sided apples.
A variety of winter apple trees Antey was created by Belarusian breeders at the end of the last century, crossing the Belarusian raspberry with a hybrid of varieties Newtosh and Babushkino. The result was a winter-hardy variety with a large, and importantly, regular crop.
The description marks the average height of an apple tree - from 2.5 to 3 meters; it is not even grafted onto dwarf rootstocks, since it does not grow too large anyway. Krona, of course, needs to be formed, usually it has a round or pyramidal shape, but the tree itself is distinguished by a longline growth of branches, which facilitates pruning and care of the culture as a whole. Large oval leaves of trees of this variety are narrowed to the tops, their edges are carved with rounded teeth, long petioles. The shoots are of medium thickness, the bark is brown. And the harvest of an adult tree is 50 kg.
Among the dark green foliage decorative large (from 200 g) bright apples look. Their main color is green, but a rich red or purple blush covers almost the whole apple as it ripens, the wax coating makes it somewhat bluish, and yellowish-white dots are clearly visible.
The flesh of the apple is greenish, fine-grained, slightly velvety, a heart in the shape of an onion contains faceted brown seeds in interconnected capsules. The shape of the fruit is rounded-columnar, with a slight narrowing towards the apex, smooth edges can be seen on ruddy sides.
Apples have a delicate varietal smell and a sweet-sour taste, which is explained by a high content of sugars (about 10%) and ascorbic acid (21 mg per 100 g). Harvest is usually in September or October, when it comes to technical maturity, stored until May without loss of quality in cool, ventilated rooms.
Consumer maturity occurs 2 months after harvesting, the main color of apples by this time turns yellow. Apples contain many vitamins and other nutrients, high taste, a large amount of pectin (12%) contribute to the versatility of use - they are eaten fresh, make a lot of delicious desserts or winter preparations.
It is best to plant Anthea saplings on the site in the fall after falling leaves, so that they have time to take root several weeks before the winter frosts, then by the spring start of the growing season the young trees will already have a fairly developed root system. Frosts up to -30 degrees they are not afraid.
The place you need to choose a sunny, fertile soil, but light neutral acidity. From other trees or buildings, it is necessary to retreat 3 meters, if a whole garden is laid, then 3 m is left between the trees, and 5 m between rows. When transporting the seedling, it is better to wrap the roots with a wet cloth to avoid overdrying.
A pit is dug along the length of the roots, a hill of fertile land is poured at the bottom (you can mix it with complex mineral fertilizers and compost), a seedling is installed, straightening the roots, covered with soil and slightly tamping. After planting, as well as mandatory irrigation, the root neck should be 2–3 cm above ground level.
In the bottom of the pit, you can drive a strong peg, and then bind a tree to it after planting for stability. Water for the first watering may contain a solution of some means to facilitate rooting.
Pollinators and care
Reviews of gardeners who have already loved this variety, note the quality of the fruit, the regularity of the crop, and the care of the trees is called the most common. Already in the first spring after planting, it is necessary to begin to form a crown, pruning is carried out in early spring before the start of sap flow. The first pruning marks the shtamb, shortens the conductor, leaves three shortened skeletal branches of the first tier. In the second and third years, the second and third tiers, respectively, are formed, and further trimming keeps the shape, does not allow the crown to thicken, perform sanitary functions.
From 2-3 years, flowers may already appear and form ovaries. The apple tree will bloom in mid-May, it is better to remove the first ovary at all, for the next year, leave a couple of pieces for the sample, another 2, and maybe 3 years, you need to limit the crop so as not to weaken the young apple tree.
Antaeas, like most varieties, need pollinators in their neighborhood to bring those promised regular yields. The best pollinators for him are varieties: Saffron pepen, Welsey, Anise, Autumn striped, which bloom in the middle of May.
Care is reduced to watering, fertilizing, sanitary pruning. Water as needed with plenty of water. After harvesting, it is necessary to water-feed irrigation and fertilizing with an emphasis on potassium and phosphorus. The first two dressings produced after flowering, during the growth of the fruit. Apple trees respond well to bird droppings.
Diseases and pests
Unfortunately, Antey does not have scab resistance, so in spring it is advisable to spray the bare Border fluid (3%) on bare branches and the ground beneath them. A cool rainy summer is especially dangerous when the scab can spoil the leaves and fruits.
This variety shows moderate resistance to pests, which means it is necessary to fight with aphids and sawflies, moths, moths, tsvetourody, weevils. Experts advise every spring to carry out treatment with insecticides, install traps and belts. Aggressive chemicals can be replaced by a more benign, but less effective, lube oil solution, tobacco-soap or garlic infusion.
The timely detection of pests, as well as the maintenance of the general healthy state of the trees, can minimize this threat. Do not forget also that trees that received timely watering and fertilizing, have a more resistant immunity.
The description fully makes it clear that with proper care the variety will not remain in debt and will reward with a large number of tasty and large apples. And first of all you should talk about the time of landing.
“Antey” is planted in the autumn, after the fruit trees shed their leaves. By virtue of its frost resistance, the sapling is well accustomed and in the spring it is ready to go into active growth. It is important to plant (or transplant one-year-old seedlings) before the first frost to ensure the development of the root system. The place is better to choose a sunny, with fertile soil and neutral acidity. Given the small height of the tree, planted under the scheme 5 x 3 m.
An important part of caring for this variety is pruning dead branches. It is carried out from the beginning of March to the middle of May, that is, before the start of active formation of fruit buds. This is done, first of all, in order not to create favorable conditions for the development of fungal spores and woodworms. Slices must be processed with quicklime and also bleached trunks.
“Antey” requires abundant watering, especially if the summer was hot and arid. Weekly rate of watering about 55-60 liters of water, this is enough to soak the soil, and the moisture reached the roots.
During the year, spend three feeding. The first time after the tree has faded, the second time - during the formation of the fruit, the third time - in September to support the roots.
For the first feedings, nitrogen and phosphorus are always used to stimulate the development of the kidneys. In the future, make a complex of mineral and organic fertilizers. Especially good apple tree reacts to the infusion of bird droppings.
Among the pests that will have to fight, noted: red aphids, moths, sawflies, tsveroyed, weevil, moth. The list of diseases to which “Antey” is subject is somewhat less, but they are nonetheless extremely dangerous not only for the harvest of this year, but also for the life of the whole tree. In the front row scab, to which the variety has low resistance. If the summer was wet and cold, pay special attention to the apple trees, because it is in this weather scab is actively developing. For prophylactic purposes, it is recommended to treat trees with fungicides and insecticides in early spring, as well as to timely remove dead or damaged branches.
What kind is it?
Antey - winter variety. Apples can be stored in a cool, well-ventilated area for 5-6 months.
However, they do not dry out due to the dense skin and pulp, and for the same reason do not suffer during transport.
No less hardy and the tree itself, giving so durable and strong fruit.
Antey refers to winter-hardy varieties and is able to grow safely and bear fruit in regions of Russia, where in winter the temperature drops below thirty degrees.
Most of the apple trees self-infertile, for fruiting, they require trees with which cross-pollination is possible.
Antey is no exceptiontherefore it is recommended to plant it next to other varieties with an average flowering period.
It can be almost any autumn or summer varieties - of which the best are: Welsey, Anise, Autumn Striped, Pepin saffron. Winter varieties pereopilyatsya bad among themselves.
As a pollinator, you can use the summer varieties Golden Summer, Daughter Papirovka, Yandykovsky, Orlov and Summer.
Antey was bred by an employee of the Belarusian Research Institute for Potato, Vegetable and Fruit Growing, G.K. Kovalenko, by crossing apple tree varieties Newtosh and Grandma's, and the subsequent crossing of the resulting hybrid with Belarusian crimson.
This was not the first successful attempt by the breeder to create a fruitful and tasty winter variety of apples - the Belarusian raspberry was also his brainchild. Antey inherited many qualities from this variety.
Natural growth region
Despite the fact that the Antey variety was created in fairly southern latitudes, where freezing winters are rare, This apple tree is not afraid of cold.
The tree is quite unpretentious and does not require any additional measures for adaptation in regions with a harsh climate.
In addition, the flowering period allows the buds and ovaries of the plant to avoid strong spring frosts.
When planting young seedlings it is useful to treat the root system with phytohormones to stimulate the formation of new roots and faster adaptation to new conditions.
Unlike most other varieties of apples, Antey does not have a clearly pronounced recurrence in fruiting.
The number of apples on one adult plant is about 50 kilograms, by planting in a five-by-three pattern, harvest can be achieved up to 40 tons per square hectare the garden. Due to its regular and abundant fruiting, this variety is commercially valuable.
Fruits reach maturity in the second half of September or early October.
Their consumer maturity comes around two months after picking apples, the tone of the peel and the pulp becomes slightly warmer, slightly yellowish.
Planting and care
It is an undemanding plant. does not need labor-intensive care.
All his needs are limited by the elementary procedures that are necessary for all other varieties of apple trees:
- watering in dry weather
- top dressing
- formative trimming,
- sanitary pruning,
- treatment against pests and diseases.
Start planting young trees better in the fall, not in the spring - after leaf fall, the period in which the plant safely takes root is much longer than before bud break.
Over the summer, the plants managed to accumulate nutrients before hibernation, their growth period ended, and they transfer to a new place quite easily, the main thing - to have time to land them in the ground before frostsin order to have fresh roots.
For planting apple trees need to choose a well-lit area with a light and sufficiently fertile neutral soil.
The roots, however, are dangerous to dry., before disembarking it is necessary to keep them slightly damp, wrapped with a waterproof material, and immediately when preparing to place the seedlings in a permanent place - put them in water for a few hours.
After pruning dead and broken roots, a mound of fertile garden soil is poured into a pit prepared for an apple tree, in which they are evenly distributed.
Pit need to dig, given that the root of the neck should be 2-3 centimeters above the ground.
Deepening the cervix at best can lead to delayed development and fruiting, at worst the plant will die.
Having dug in, if necessary, a support peg, you need to fill the roots with earth, carefully compacting it as it is poured into a hole.
Having tied up and watering a sapling (it is useful to add stimulants of rooting to the water), it remains only to fill the soil if it has settled heavily, and you can leave it to settle down quietly.
Pruned apple trees in spring from March to May.
But removal of tops, dead branches should be made regularly. Dead branches are a hotbed of fungus and woodworm, they cannot be left on the tree.
In hot dry weather, trees need watering. The optimum amount of water sufficient to impregnate the soil layer with the roots - 50-80 liters.
For good growth and fruiting, apple trees are fed with fertilizers, which contain a sufficient amount of flower buds important for planting. phosphorus and nitrogen.
It can be as complex mineral fertilizers, and organic - one is perfect bird droppings. Fertilizer application is usually carried out:
- after flowering,
- at the beginning of the ripening of fruits,
- in August-September (to support the root system).
The frequency of fertilization depends on the fertility and density of the soil.
With enough nutrients, moisture and light, the apple trees will quickly begin to fruit abundantly regularly.
Apple tree lives from 30 to 35 years. The active period of the formation of the fruit begins from the fifth to the twenty-fifth years of the life of a developed tree. 2 or 3 years after planting, the Antei seedlings begin to bring apples.
The first buds of the tree pleases in May, starting in the middle of the month. Characterized by the appearance of flowers on kolchatka. From year to year on the trees are laid fruit buds.
In cold climates, fruits ripen closer to November. In the warm southern regions of ripe apples are already in September.
Planting and Care Rules
Selection of a site for the cultivation of apple trees are responsible. The site should be well lit, with fertile soil without high groundwater levels. The earth should not be acidic, the ph level should be neutral. Hot highlands with constant scorching heat are also not acceptable. Lowlands with cold air currents should be avoided, as well as corners near buildings where an abundance of drafts and the presence of a northerly wind are bad for apple trees.
Tip: Before sending the sapling Antey to the ground, it is placed in water in order to saturate the root system with moisture for several hours.
Dig a hole about 0, 8 meters deep with a meter diameter in advance. The bottom will cover the drainage, fertilized soil is laid on it. In the middle, a small hill will be formed, where the root system of the Antey tree will be evenly distributed.
The root neck is placed 2 or 3 centimeters above the ground. The prepared soil will fill a hole, it will need to be compacted. Next to the seedling stick a stick or stake as a support. The plant will need to be watered well.
When the weather is prolonged and rainy, as well as during drought, in conditions of frequent abundant watering, the soil of the near-forest zones of the Antey trees needs to be loosened. So that the soil does not dry out and the weeds do not grow, it is periodically mulched.
With the onset of autumn, the trunk of each tree should be whitewashed, in places of pristvolny circles they always dig up the soil, feed it with compost and fertilizer. Top dressing is carried out three times a season:
- when the apple trees have just bloomed, fertilizer with nitrogen and phosphorus will need to be applied,
- when fruits are formed, a complex of mineral and organic substances is needed, as well as treatment with calcium, an interval of 7 to 14 days,
- when the apples are harvested, minerals and organic are needed again.
Light: In springtime, it will be necessary to treat apples from aphids, leafworms, tsvetoeda, moths and other pests. Establishing special traps will simplify the task.
Among the peculiarities of cultivation, pruning of apple trees stands out in the summer, spring and autumn. Places cuts and creases treated with garden warrior.
The planting of the Antei culture can be carried out both in the spring months, until the buds have appeared, or in the autumn, when the leaves fall, but the time before winter is preferable.
Most often, experienced gardeners choose autumn for apple propagation. Until the frosts come, a large time period is provided for the apple tree to adapt to the new location. The springing period is shorter, because the buds bloom quickly, and the trees spend more energy on growth, the root system is formed weaker.
Antei, this is a self-infertile hybrid tree. Next to him should grow autumn varieties. The best pollinators for Anthea, according to scientists, are: Anise, Welsey, Autumn striped variety, Pepin Saffron.
If the site has other winter varieties of apple trees, then good pollination is unlikely to succeed. White filling and other varieties of summer apples are also ineffective.
Harvesting and storage
You can collect Antey fruit from September to October. Harvest season may vary depending on the region where the apple tree grows. Apples ripen 2 months after they are removed from the tree. Transportation of fruit Antey with elastic skin is seamless. Carry Antey apples in wooden and plastic boxes. Rows are shifted using straw or each apple is packed into paper.
Tip: You can store fresh Antey fruits for a long time, until May days next year. Duration of the grade is fluctuating within 6 or 7 months.
Fruit is removed from the tree neatly, the trunk is not swayed, it is not necessary that the apples hit the hard earthen surface. To remove the fruit, you can use special tools. Sometimes they make their own hands. A long stick is taken, and the cut bottom of a plastic bottle is tied to it. With the help of a simple method, it is possible to keep the fruits intact to the maximum.
Best of all, apple crates are kept in cellars. The main thing is to keep the room dry, the fruit quickly rot in the damp. Alcohol or other disinfectant for rubbing the rind can not be used, otherwise there will be a deterioration of the wax coating, which is the natural protection of the fruit.
Apple tree Antey belongs to commercial varieties, because it is distinguished by low-cost and simple agricultural engineering, stable high fertility, good transportability and keeping quality of fruits. After harvesting the crop without damage is stored in a cool ventilated area up to 6 - 7 months.
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Externally, "Antey" is a medium-growth tree, the maximum height of which reaches 2.5 meters. Its branches form a rounded pyramid with distinct tiers.
Young shoots grow intensively, but do not thicken the crown, which greatly facilitates the care of the apple tree. The foliage on the tree is large, dark green, egg-shaped.
The edges of the sheet plate are notched, the tip is pointed, the surface is densely covered with streaks. Scapes on the leaves are long, which visually creates the effect of a strongly leafy crown.
Important!Apple trees do not develop well on acidic substrates. Therefore, when choosing a site for planting, be sure to test the area for soil acidity. At home, it’s enough to drop a few drops of 9% vinegar on a handful of earth. The absence of hissing and bubbling indicates the need to deoxidize the soil. This is done using lime, dolomite flour or cement dust.Experts qualify the variety for skoroplodnymi, as the two-year-old seedlings "Antey" begin to bloom and bear fruit. But many gardeners do not allow this, allowing the tree to get stronger.
The first inflorescences open in mid-May. Often, flowers appear on kolchatka. A characteristic feature of the apple is the annual regular planting of fruit buds.
Among the worthy qualities of "Anthea" - unpretentious care, easy adaptation to the cold.
The value of the fruits of the hybrid lies in their excellent taste characteristics, large size, delicious color and unsurpassed keeping quality. In the market "Antey" can be recognized by size.
In the eyes immediately catch the red side of a large fruit. On average, one apple weighs in the range of 200-250 g. The fruits have the shape of a blunt cone with smooth edges. Practically always a deep funnel grows brown on the fruit near the oblique stem.
To the best of ripening, the green background of the fruit is thickly covered with a purple-red blush, evenly filling the entire surface. A bluish sheen gives it a typical wax coating for winter varieties.
Did you know?In a small apple 80 kilocalories. Inside the fruit "Anthea" have a slightly greenish tint. The pulp is thick and juicy, the kernels are large. Among the chemical components of apples, dry fibers (13%), pectin (12%), sugars (10%), carbohydrates (9%), titrated acid (0.7%), proteins (0.4%) prevail.
Ascorbic acid and P-active substances are also available. The taste of fruit is sweet and sour, have a delicate pleasant aroma. Tasters rated them on a five-point scale by 4.3 points.
Despite the abundant flowering, the hybrid is self-productive, so it is desirable to place it on a plot with other autumn varieties. Breeders recommend "Anis" as the best pollinators. "Saffron Pepin". "Welsey". "Autumn striped".
Poor pollination is noted in the vicinity of winter varieties. Also next to the "Antey" will be ineffective "White filling" or other summer apple trees.
Transportability and storage
Fruits of a hybrid are covered with a firm elastic skin that simplifies transportation, and the dense pulp is almost not damaged at the same time. Like all winter apples. they must be carefully removed from the branches and in no case should the barrel be braked so that they fall to the ground.
For harvesting, you can stock up on purchased special devices or make them at home by tying the cut-off bottom from a plastic bottle to a long stick. This primitive method allows the fruit to maintain integrity.
For transportation, fruit is best folded in wooden or plastic boxes. If you are already very worried about the harvest, you can shift the fruit with straw or pack it separately into paper. But this is not necessary, since "Antey" is characterized by good transportability.
Did you know?The oldest apple tree in the world grows in Manhattan. In 1647, it was planted by the American Peter Stuvensant. Much to the surprise, compared to modern hybrids, the life expectancy of which barely reaches half a century, the 370-year-old "old woman" continues to produce crops.After harvesting, boxes of apples are sent to the storage in the cellar. It is important that there is dry, because in the damp any fruit will not be able to lie for a long time. In no case can not wipe the skin with alcohol or other disinfectants.
This is fraught with the fact that the fetus will lose its natural protection, which is a wax coating. It is he who protects the apple from the penetration of pathogenic microorganisms.
The genetic characteristics of the progenitors and the conditions of hybridization have already determined the high rates of winter hardiness of the variety. The hybrid can even develop in regions where the thermometer drops to 30 degrees every winter.
Cold and dampness is also not an obstacle for “Antey”. Therefore, the tree will bear fruit in any climatic latitudes. In addition, the apple tree is normally experiencing spring frosts, and the timing of its flowering excludes the possibility of destroying the buds.
Important!Before planting apple seedlings, it is advisable to treat the rhizomes with phytohormones. The procedure will serve as a stimulus for the active development of the root system and rapid rooting.
Disease and Pest Resistance
The weak side of the variety can be called the average immunity to scab and powdery mildew. The tree quickly undergoes attacks by malicious insects, which requires timely preventive sprinkling.
In addition, in the soil where there is little calcium, the tree is often exposed to subcutaneous blotch infection. Recognize the disease can be on the sudden rotting of the fruit.
Many cultivate a variety for profit, since it does not require a lot of expenses, is easy to maintain and pays for all the resources invested in it in a hundredfold amount. In the household, Antey is often used to provide the family with fresh fruit in the winter.
Moreover, the apples are well and in favorable conditions may, without losing presentability and taste, persist until May. Some housewives send them for processing and home canning. Breeders in the description of the variety mention the universality of its fruits.
Important!When buying an apple tree seedling, carefully inspect the roots, trunk and root collar. On a healthy planting material there should not be any mechanical damage, overflows, gall formations, mold and any other spots, putrefactive areas. Ideally, the choice should fall on a half meter tree with a healthy strong root, a powerful, even trunk and 5 skeletal branches.
Rules for planting apple seedlings
Separate rules for the apple "Antey" during planting and care does not exist. They are the same as for other varieties. It is important to comply with them, since the acquisition of a healthy seedling is only half of the successful cultivation of fruit crops. the rest depends on the rooting process and the conditions created for development. We will understand all the nuances in order.
In order to correctly plan the planting, be guided by the age of the seedlings. Experts recommend too young saplings before the age of two to root in the spring, and all other specimens, except the old, in the fall.
According to scientists, spring planting is recommended for more delicate crops, summer and autumn varieties of fruit trees, which need time to adapt to winter conditions. It is believed that during the warm season, the seedlings will strengthen the root system and increase the first increments, which will allow to winter.
The only drawback of spring planting is the risk of dry in the hot summer. Therefore, the tree needs frequent watering. and when planting, water must be poured until it goes into the ground.
Important!To prevent apples from rotting in the cellar, treat the crown with phosphorus six weeks before the harvest. Planting work should begin when the earth is warm enough, and the daytime temperature rises to a stable 14-15 degrees. The optimal dates for spring are considered the last 2 decades of April.
Winter varieties of apple trees easily adapt to new conditions during autumn plantings. The main thing in this case - time to hold rooting a few weeks before the first frost. The tree needs at least a short period to master.
At the same time, it does not need regular soil moistening, it is not threatened by the drying of the roots. During the period of tranquility in wet soil, the apple tree will grow many root processes and with the onset of heat it will begin to grow intensively. Given the characteristics of the temperate climate zone, the second half of October is the best period for planting apple trees.
For the further development of the apple tree “Antey” the lighting, the location of the groundwater and the soil conditions are of importance.Proceeding from this, when choosing a site, stop at a chernozem area with a neutral pH reaction, where there are no marshy and rocky areas, spring does not gather melt snow and do not stand puddles.
Underground reservoirs ideally should flow at a distance of 2 m from the surface layer. Do not plan on planting in a shady place, in such conditions an apple tree will “sit” for a long time without growth, and the crop will not impress you at all either in quantity or quality. So that the tree does not suffer from a lack of lighting, choose a place for it, which is illuminated for at least half a day with diffused light.
Did you know?Regular consumption of apples helps to strengthen the immune system, gives vitality and energy. Apple does not fit:
- elevations where it's always hot
- lowlands, where cold air settles,
- corners of rooms where northern winds blow and drafts walk.
Remember that "Antey" has an average immunization against pathogens. Therefore, you should not test it for strength by adverse conditions. In dampness, a tree is at risk of fungal infections, which will lead to certain death.
Stepwise landing process
A hole for the apple is dug a month before planting, and in the case of spring rooting - in the fall. The size of the recess should correspond to the root system, often it is 70 cm deep and 90 cm wide. Then prepare a special soil mixture from equal portions of peat. humus, compost and top layer of fertile land.
The bottom of the hole is lined with claydite, and the top is covered with a third of the prepared substrate. From above cover with a film and leave to landing. In the process of rooting, experts advise:
- Before work, inspect the seedling, remove dry and damaged parts.
- Dip the tree roots for 12 hours in a container with water, in which it is desirable to add a growth stimulator.
- After the procedure, treat the roots with clay mash.
- Put the seedling in the prepared pit and straighten it.
- Cover with soil. tamp properly. It is advisable to shake the trunk several times so that the earth will fill up the voids between the root processes.
- Water the tree and sprinkle with soil.
Important!The root neck of the planted tree should rise 4-5 cm above the ground. Plan the planting of “Anthea” in such a way that the distance between the apple trees is 1.5 m, and between the rows is 4 m.
The abundance of irrigation
Young seedlings need to be watered much more often than mature apples. Plan your first watering in the spring before bud break and repeat the soil moistening after 2-3 weeks. The second watering for adult plants is done when they have faded, as well as during the growth of greenfinches. The last water procedure is desirable to spend a few weeks before harvest.
The rate of water poured under each tree depends on its age: 2 buckets are enough for one-year seedlings, 3-4 buckets for two-year-olds, and 6 to 10 buckets for older ones.
The role of mulch
Each watering should end with tillage in pristvolnyh circles. It is important to loosen and clean it from weeds in time. In order not to evaporate moisture and weeds do not grow. experienced owners lay out hay or other mulch under the trees.
It is important to retreat from the trunks of 10-15 cm. Otherwise, microorganisms that appear in the decomposing material will easily penetrate the roots of the tree, which at best will lead to its diseases.
Did you know?Apple peel contains a third of antioxidants and fiber.
With the beginning of the active growth of the apple watered infusion of chicken manure to build green mass. During the formation of the ovary, the tree will be very useful to a solution of nitroammofoski. ammonium nitrate (1 tablespoon), calcium chloride (1.5 tablespoons) and superphosphate (150 g).
All ingredients need to be dissolved in a bucket of water. The following feeding is important at the end of the summer. In order to prepare the apple for the winter, it is desirable to fertilize it with autumn mineral complexes or a solution of superphosphate (50 g per 1 l of water).
In the case of "Antey" you should not wait for the first signs of disease, it is better to work ahead of the curve. To do this, sprinkle the apple tree with a solution of copper sulfate (50 g per 1 l) in early spring.
An alternative to it are drugs: "Albit." "Fast". "Hom". which must be diluted in accordance with the recommendations of the manufacturers.
Preparing for the winter
Only young, not yet mature seedlings need shelter for the winter. Their tree trunks are covered with humus or compost mulch, and the trunk and branches are wrapped in a thick cloth. Adult apples will need to be protected from rodents.
To do this, you can hide the trunk behind a fine mesh, tolley or spruce branches. Apple trees "Antey" in a few years will thank you for elementary care with a good harvest, from which you can make a profit if you wish.