General information

Chickens breed rhodonite

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One of the most popular agricultural birds for many thousands of years is the layer. Usually, people try to optimize their farm, increase its profitability. Laying hens Rhodonite is an excellent solution for small farms and households.

Chickens breed Rhodonite

Description of the cross

Roosters and chickens Rhodonite - breeding species, bred in Germany and brought to Russia about 10 years ago. It is the result of crossing crosses: Rhode Island and Loman Brown.

A large red comb, red earrings and earlobes, thick brown feathers and a grayish tail give the hen a unique appearance.

Eyes as if circled in males in dark color, in layers - white. Laying a small weight, only up to 2 kg, and a rooster - up to 3 kg.

Description chickens breed Rhodonite is fully consistent with Rhode Island and Loman Brown. The advantages of this type include:

  • the ability to easily adapt to new living conditions (low temperatures do not affect productivity)
  • high rates of survival and productivity,
  • unpretentious conditions of fattening,
  • suitable for home breeding
  • perfectly tolerate cramped cells and enclosed space.

Rhodonite chickens have disadvantages. They do not hatch eggs, so they will have to use an incubator. Meat is not suitable for eating, it is too hard.

Productive characteristics

Rhodonite chickens have high egg production and viability. When they first see a hen, many think that it is Lohman Brown or Red Rhode Island. Poultry farmers divide chickens into 5 basic types:

The description indicates that chickens of the Rhodonite breed have a good egg production rate (about 300-360 eggs per year, and one egg has a weight in the range of 60-65 g).

The birds start sweeping from the 4th month of life. The period of the best productivity is the first year and a half.

When the weight reaches 2-3 kg and more, they start to get worse

An egg contains useful amino acids, vitamins, which are almost completely absorbed by the human body. Substances that enter our body with chicken protein and yolk are necessary for the proper functioning of nerve cells and metabolism.

Feeding conditions

Breed chickens Rhodonite need a full-fledged diet with enough protein, fat and carbohydrates. Feeding directly affects how chickens will be born.

Somewhere on the 40th day of life chickens are already given greens, crushed cereals, and egg shells in addition to a special combined feed. It depends on nutrition how strong the eggshell will be, therefore chalk, crushed shells, ground limestone and other products containing a large amount of minerals are mandatory. If you do not comply with this condition, then the eggs will have a thin shell due to the lack of calcium in the body of birds.

Chickens and laying hens of the Rhodonite breed need to add insoluble minerals to improve their digestion.

Poultry farmers emit the brownish color of the eggshell of layers. It is believed that such a shell exceeds white counterparts. Although it is proved that the white color of the eggshell does not affect the characteristics of the egg.

Rhodonite chickens need to add insoluble minerals to feed

Care and conditions

Rhodonite chickens do not have a developed maternal instinct. For breeding chickens necessarily need an incubator. It is better to purchase chicks at proven poultry farms. It is advised to purchase at least one rooster, because he helps to maintain discipline.

Keep order in the hen house and ensure that clean water changes daily in the water bowl. It will be necessary to ensure good ventilation of the air, the main thing is to prevent the appearance of drafts. The optimum air temperature should not exceed 28 ° C. The walls are better to lime.

It is advisable to equip the nest. The most comfortable will be to place perches in a meter above the ground. Sand the floor surface. This will help in the prevention of diseases of the joints of the hens. Sanitary processing and disinfection of the chicken coop is mandatory twice a month.

Typical diseases

According to the characteristic, chickens Rhodonite are exposed to various kinds of diseases mainly in the cold season as a result of drafts, low air temperature and high humidity.

A bird that is sick walks with its beak ajar and behaves sluggishly. The chicks most often get sick, because they still have a fragile body, so feeding the hens is so important. With food in the body of birds enter nutrients and minerals that help strengthen the immune system.

Breed Rhodonitis is subject to many diseases: pullorosis, pasteurellosis, coccidiosis, tuberculosis, mycoplasmosis, bronchitis, salmonellosis, parasites, gastroenteritis. Salmonellosis is a dangerous disease that is transmitted through eggs and meat, so there is a risk of infection when eating products of diseased birds. It is important to monitor the state of health of the hens, because their egg production directly depends on it.

The mass of birds for layers is significant. A layer weighs about 2.5 kg and a rooster weighs 3.5 kg.. The taste of meat is average. It is tough and is suitable only for cooking or industrial processing.

Features of rhodonite content

Rhodonite - chickens unpretentious, and their content does not cause difficulties. For them, it is only important to provide a barn without drafts (you can use a polycarbonate greenhouse) and walking on which they will be able to spend energy. In order for chickens to feel comfortable at night, they make roost. Nests should be the size of chickens and attached to a wall at a height of about 80 cm. Ideally, 1 nest should be made for 3 hens.

The floor of the house should be well covered with sand, moss, peat, hay or sawdust. Chicken rhodonite, like any other, does not like dampness, and therefore it is necessary to maintain a comfortable atmosphere in the house. For 20 birds there will be enough a chicken coop with an area of ​​10 m 2 .

In order for egg production not to decline, in winter the house is kept at a temperature not lower than -2 degrees in the poultry house.

The bird will not die even at -20, but it will be much worse to be carried: once every 3-4 days. The heat is also not good for the hens, and if the house is warmer than +28 degrees, the number of eggs will drop significantly. To cool the chicken coop, they use either a ventilation system, or at home wet sheets hung over 2 walls.

For bird care is not at all difficult. In order for representatives of the breed of hens to have no relationship, it is necessary to ventilate the house in a timely manner, and also to clean it 3 times a year. To prevent the appearance of parasites Once a year the walls of the barn lime. In the summer, it is good to process the chicken coop in the absence of poultry with special antiseptic swords.

On the run you need to make a high enough fence so that the rhodonites do not flit over it. Their wings are strong enough and with a small weight the rhodonites can overcome the barrier of 150 cm.

Birds are checked for parasites in feathers 1 time per month.. To inspect the bird should raise the legs and hold your hand against the feathers, carefully looking at their awn. If parasites are found, the hens should be treated with a special remedy for productive birds or, if the livestock is small, with drops from flea “Leopard” for cats. Their number is calculated based on the weight of the chicken.

If the care is satisfactory, the hens are born regularly and do not get sick. If the condition of the animals deteriorates, you should look for your mistakes in their content.

In order for the chickens to be qualitatively carried, it is necessary to provide them with balanced nutrition. Without it, the bird begins to suffer from a lack of certain substances in the body and, as a result, loses its productivity. The basis of the diet should consist of special feed for layers..

Also chickens should be given:

In winter, for additional fortification, it is recommended to feed poultry with dry nettle.

Food is given in the morning and evening. If the chickens do not have time to eat the portion given to them in 30 minutes, this means that they are being overfed. It is undesirable to give special premixes for maximum egg production, since they destroy the bird's body and do not allow it to be kept for more than 1 year.

In addition to food, the bird should receive a feed shell and coarse river sand..

Water, clean and fresh, should be in constant access. It should be changed at least once a day. In extreme heat, as well as in wet, cold weather, the risk of infectious diseases in birds increases, and it is good to add a couple of potassium permanganate crystals to prevent drinking water to prevent it. Also for this purpose it is good to water the hens with a decoction of calendula flowers. The plant is a strong natural antiseptic, which also improves the color of the yolk.

Rearing chicks

Growing chickens is not difficult, but requires compliance with certain rules. Chickens kinsmen have minimal mortality and it is not uncommon that the whole brood lives to adulthood. Immediately after hatching, the chicken is transplanted from the incubator to a brooder or heated box. It is best to warm the young with an infrared lamp. If the chicks are few, then they can be heated with a blue lamp. The bottom of the box is covered with a soft white cotton cloth, and it is filled with sawdust in a brooder.

Feed the chicks immediately after they dry. They should be given a hard-boiled egg, finely chopped together with the shell. They should also be filled with crushed wheat. The egg is left for 30 minutes, after which everything that is not eaten is removed so that the feed does not start to deteriorate. Crushed croup is left to babies around the clock so that they can eat as soon as they want.

From the second day cottage cheese and greens are introduced into the diet of youngsters.. Also begin to give vitamin supplements. From 2 weeks chicks begin to feed little by little with fish and meat (can be replaced with worms). In order to raise quality laying hens, you must give chicks green onions daily.

The drinking bowl should always be available.. Its contents are changed at least 3 times a day, since even a slightly spoiled water will cause serious problems with chickens. In the first days, a little potassium permanganate can be added to the water: after its dissolution, the water practically should not change color.

On the walking chicks endure in warm and dry weather, starting from 2 weeks. For the whole day on walking the youngsters are left in good weather from 1 month.

Even a novice can grow rhodonites, but, of course, subject to all recommendations. Chicks do not need special conditions that breeders valued especially.

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