General information

What to feed the rabbit at home

Such feed must be harvested during the full nutrient content. It was proved that after a time in such feed the content of fiber increases, the amount of natural fat, minerals, protein decreases. Thus there is a deterioration in the digestion of organic matter. Because of this, the nutritional value of the feed deteriorates significantly. The eared organism is poorly absorbed raw fiber and coarse feed. It is best to use wild-growing and seeded grass, residues of gardening waste. Of the seeded specialized crops, cereal grasses are the most valuable and fortified. Every breeder should know what kind of food he needs to feed a rabbit.

Rabbits love:

  • Oats
  • Alfalfa
  • Vika
  • Meadow clover
  • Corn seeds
  • Cuff
  • Dandelion Flowers
  • Plantain
  • Dandelion
  • Coltsfoot
  • Sorrel
  • Tansy
  • Bluegrass
  • Lebeda
  • Hedgehog
  • Chinu
  • Mallow
  • Cane
  • Wild clover
  • Sow thistle
  • Amaranth
  • Avens
  • Blooming Sally
  • Krestovik
  • Lyadvenets
  • Heather
  • Comfrey
  • Hogweed
  • Sage
  • Donikkosterlopuh
  • Timothy
  • Mouse polka dots
  • Bedrider
  • Ryegrass
  • Bedstraw

Before flowering, you can give canola. It contains nutrients. Such herbs are designed for active growth of animals.

Animals also love tops of the following plants:

  • Beets
  • Jerusalem artichoke
  • Turnips
  • Fresh carrot
  • Rutabagas
Juveniles do not tolerate dandelion. Therefore, this plant is given in a small dosage.

Roughage

Such feed - fiber source. It is important to know how much substance is in food. The feed contains protein, all sorts of vitamins and minerals. This type of feed is best given to eared fish during the cold period. These include:

  • deciduous feed
  • straw
  • chaff
  • hay
  • bark of young trees

Dry herbs are well preserved at home. They are dried in the shade in a well-blown room. To feed well preserved - it is cut into small branches 45-55 cm long. It is better to produce blanks from the middle of summer.

Juicy types of feed

Such feed consists of 70-85% of water. You need to know how much time and how such food is absorbed by the body. It is easily digested. It contains a number of beneficial microelements, vitamins. The food contains carbohydrates, minerals, fiber, protein. Most foods contain vegetable fats. You can eat juicy food in fresh and boiled form. Proper diet has a positive effect on the health of rabbits. This type of feed includes all types of vegetables, fruits, berries and waste. It is not recommended to store such food for storage at home.

Grocery list:

  • Potatoes
  • Fresh juicy carrots
  • Seed squash
  • Cabbage
  • Melon watermelon
  • Pumpkin
  • Tomato
  • Jerusalem artichoke
  • Juicy beets
  • Silage
  • Cucumber
  • An Apple
  • Pear
  • Bulgarian pepper
  • Rowan
  • Spinach
  • Asparagus
  • Parsley
  • Dill

Concentrated feed types

The main feeds are concentrates. If such food is properly digested, then various diseases are excluded from the animal. The total consumption of such feed is more than 60%. This feed includes cereals and leguminous crops. They also include oily plants, wastes of industrial crops. This food is rich in minerals, energy, protein, vitamins. It is very convenient to store at home. Before use, feed must be moistened and chopped. If you feed the animals with only one grain - there will be a violation of the digestive system. In the diet should definitely add juicy types of feed.

List of products:

  • Bran
  • Barley
  • Oats
  • Corn
  • Cakes and meal
  • Acorns
  • Rye
  • Sorghum
  • Also, rabbits can be fed feed.

Vitamins and Minerals

Such substances are considered catalysts for basic biochemical reactions. A deficiency can lead to a breakdown of immunity and pathological changes.. There is a slowdown in animals. The body itself can produce vitamins of vital activity. But most of them should come with food. It is important to remember that an overdose can cause great harm to the body. You need to know how much and in what quantities minerals should enter the rabbit.

Products contain retinolvitamin A. With a deficiency, the nervous system fails. Rabbits may go blind, they may appear dry eyes. Newborn rabbits are fed by females. It is in breast milk contains a large amount of vitamin. Adults receive retinol with green fodder and hay. Vitamin B responsible for digestion and the circulatory system. Contained in bran, fresh carrots, potatoes, green algae. Vitamin C rich in vegetable and green food. With a shortage of rabbits give ascorbic acid. Every person needs to know how many milligrams are diluted in a hundred liters of water. At this volume will be enough 30 grams.

Of minerals, rabbits are needed:

Minerals are found in legumes, whole grains, vegetables, green fodder. For rapid growth and weight gain add various chemical additives. But they can affect the quality of the meat. It is best to fatten animals with green herbs. This type of feeding contains the necessary amount of nutrients.

Quick weight gain

In winter, rabbits gain weight more intensively. In the cold season they are less active. When around, fewer rabbits are born. They are born the largest and healthiest. For quick weight gain, you need to increase the amount of concentrated feed. The main products that increase weight are:

  • Barley
  • Oats
  • Stale bread
  • Kale
  • Corn
  • Wheat
  • Bean grass
  • Face hay
  • Cake
  • Bran
  • Carrot

It is necessary to reduce the supply of roughage.. Whole milk can be added to the diet. It is recommended to cook porridge on milk. Also on the weight of animals affects boiled potatoes, mixed with flax seeds, wheat bran, wheat, herbs, feed.

Peculiarities of feeding at home

The main feature of feeding is the fact that teeth grow very quickly in a rabbit. The animal must constantly grind them. For this we need rough feed, hard fresh carrots, potatoes. It is best to have eared teeth grind down their teeth on the chalk. This product contains essential trace elements. Daily dose for an adult rabbit - 1 gr.

It is important to know how many times a day rabbits should eat.. Adults eat twice a day. You should also know how many times to feed the rodents. In hot weather, this should also be done twice a day, in winter - once. Pregnant and lactating females must be supplemented. Read how to feed lactating females here. During this period they need to increase the dosage of food. Experienced breeders recommend leaving food in feeders. It is best that the feeders are not removable. Rabbits themselves decide how much food they need to use for active growth.

  • Newborn rabbits feed on breast milk almost constantly. The number of approaches can be 5-6 times a day. Children should not be allowed to eat chalk or salt. This will adversely affect their health.
  • 1,2-3 months old rabbits are fed 2-3 times a day. They need minerals and vitamins. The most favorite delicacy is green grass.
  • Dwarf breeds require special attention. They need pure mineral or spring water. They love juicy feed. It is best to feed such animals with cucumbers, cabbage and fresh carrots. You can add to the diet of young tree bark. It is also allowed to feed animals feed.
  • Lop-eared rabbit can be fed with birch leaves, young nettle, St. John's wort, cucumbers. Feeding allowed feed.
  • The California rabbit needs protein amino acids. Since this breed is very nimble - they need a lot of energy. Animals take energy from carbohydrates and fats that are found in green and succulent feeds.
Properly chosen diet affects the health of the animal. Due to good nutrition, rabbit fur should be bright and silky. Animals should not break their nails and teeth.

Differences in diet in summer and winter

In spring and summer, the rabbit needs green grass. Thanks to this feed, they will receive the right amount of vitamins. It is important to take into account that the herbs are always different. At this time should be given a large amount of water. With a lack of moisture, rabbits can start to hurt. In the cold period, it is necessary to increase the caloric content of food. Green fodder is replaced by hay and mixed fodder. Water must be warm. Otherwise, animals may catch a cold. It is not allowed to freeze food in animal feeders. Newborns and 1-month-old rabbits are fed exclusively with mother's milk. The diet of babies should not differ from the season.

How to feed?

Best of all, the food was balanced. For, to calculate the correct diet - you need to know the size of the animal, the state of health and age. For these factors, the daily requirement of nutrients and vitamins is calculated. Proper diet will affect the health, growth and fertility of the animal.

Winter feeding ration structure

It is important to know how many grams of feed should be given in winter.

Adult female and male during rest:

  • Rough food - 145-155 gr.
  • Compound feed - 55-65 gr.
  • Vegetables / fruits - 145-155 gr.
  • Chalk and salt - 1 gr. in a day.

Adult female and male during intercourse:

  • Rough food - 145-155 gr.
  • Compound feed - 75-85 gr.
  • Vegetables / fruits - 195-205 gr.
  • Chalk and salt - 1 gr. in a day.

Suckling female:

  • Rough food - 245-255 gr.
  • Compound feed - 85-95 gr.
  • Vegetables / fruits - 295-305 gr.
  • Chalk and salt - 1 gr. in a day.

Female after hickered on the suction (first 2 weeks):

  • Rough food - 195-205 gr.
  • Compound feed - 95-105 gr.
  • Vegetables / fruits - 395-405 gr.
  • Chalk and salt - 1.5 gr. in a day.

The female after a chop on a suction. Additional feed for newborns:

  • Rough food - 15-20 gr.
  • Compound feed - 10-15 gr.
  • Vegetables / fruits - 35-45 gr.
  • Chalk and salt are excluded.

Youngsters that have reached 2-3 months:

  • Rough food - 55-85 gr.
  • Compound feed - 30-45 gr.
  • Vegetables / fruits - 95-155 gr.
  • Chalk and salt - 0.5 gr. in a day.

Youngsters who have reached 3-4 months:

  • Rough food - 95-105 gr.
  • Compound feed - 50-65 gr.
  • Vegetables / fruits - 295-305 gr.
  • Chalk and salt - 0.6 gr. in a day.

Youngsters that have reached 4-5 months:

  • Rough food - 145-155 gr.
  • Compound feed - 75-85 gr.
  • Vegetables / fruits - 345-355 gr.
  • Chalk and salt - 1 gr. in a day.

Fattening animals:

  • Rough food - 145-155 gr.
  • Compound feed - 95-125 gr.
  • Vegetables / fruits - 95-155 gr.
  • Chalk and salt - 1 gr. in a day.

Summer feeding pattern

It is important to know how many grams of feed should be given in summer.

Adult female and male during rest:

  • Fresh grass - 595-705 gr.
  • Concentrated feed - 25-35 gr.
  • Salt and chalk - 0.5 gr. in a day.

Adult female and male during intercourse:

  • Fresh grass - 755-805 gr.
  • Concentrated feed - 35-45 gr.
  • Salt and chalk - 0.5 gr. in a day.

Suckling female:

  • Fresh grass - 795-805 gr.
  • Concentrated feed - 55-75 gr.
  • Salt and chalk - 0.5 gr. in a day.

Female after hickered on the suction (first 2 weeks):

  • Fresh grass - 855-905 gr.
  • Concentrated feed - 75-105 gr.
  • Salt and chalk - 0.75 g each. in a day.

The female after a chop on a suction. Additional feed for newborns:

  • Fresh grass - 65-105 gr.
  • Concentrated feed - 7-11 grams.
  • Salt and chalk are excluded.

Youngsters that have reached 2-3 months:

  • Fresh grass - 295-305 gr.
  • Concentrated feed - 15-30 gr.
  • Salt and chalk - 0.25 g each. in a day.

Youngsters who have reached 3-4 months:

  • Fresh grass - 495-505 gr.
  • Concentrated feed - 40-55 gr.
  • Salt and chalk - 0.25 g each. in a day.

Youngsters that have reached 4-5 months:

  • Fresh grass - 555-560 gr.
  • Concentrated feed - 80-100 gr.
  • Salt and chalk - 0.25 g each. in a day.

Fattening animals:

  • Fresh grass - 195-205 gr.
  • Concentrated feed - 145-185 gr.
  • Salt and chalk - 0.5 gr. in a day.

You can cook at home zernosmes for feeding the rabbit (see video)

Rules of feeding and diet

It is easy to feed ornamental rabbits. Feeding rules dictate the structure of the stomach and intestines of lagomorphs and especially their digestion. The stomach of the animal consists of two sections: in the first, fermentation takes place, in the second - digestion of food with the enzyme pepsin. Rabbits have a long intestinal tract and a large cecum in which food actively ferments, which is why a stable bacterial balance is maintained in the intestine.

Rabbit digestive system

In the enclosure of decorative rabbits should always be food. Hunger for these animals is contraindicated, as the digested food moves through the intestines only at the expense of the newly ingested. If there is a break in feeding, excessive fermentation and decay of the feces will occur in the fecal masses (in rabbits there is a special intestinal motility). As a result, the animal will suffer from abdominal pains, bacteria will multiply in highly fermented food and the pet may die.

The diet of rabbits is not tied to specific hours. Hay, bark, branches of trees and shrubs are constantly in the aviary, other food (greens, vegetables, fruits) is placed in the feeder twice a day - in the morning and in the afternoon. The drinker is regularly replenished with fresh water.

In animals, twenty-eight teeth, including incisors, their length increases by 3 mm weekly. Solid food (tree branches, green grass, vegetables and hay) constantly grind down the bone substance of growing teeth.

Gourds in the summer menu

The diet of the decorative rabbit from A to Z

The menu of decorative domestic rabbits is diverse, it includes only vegetable products. The daily diet should not be the same for many days. Products are constantly alternated to provide animals with all the useful substances for life.

Rabbits need a varied diet.

Juicy natural food

Succulent feed placed in the trough in the morning and evening. Products alternate by changing the menu once a week. Juicy products include:

  • root vegetables and tubers of vegetables (fodder beet, carrot, rutabaga, turnip, rutabaga and cabbage hybrid (kuzika), potatoes, turnips),
  • leafy, cauliflower, cabbage, broccoli,
  • Bulgarian pepper
  • tomatoes,
  • melon plants (zucchini, feed watermelons, eggplants, pumpkin, cantaloupe),
  • silage (in the composition of the silo - tops of carrots, beets, peas, oats, maize, vetch, field grass).

Fodder beets can be given to the rabbit along with the tops

All juicy products (except silo) are available to fans of ornamental rabbits throughout the year. Vegetables can be bought at a regular grocery store or on the city market. Juicy foods contain phosphorus and calcium in quantities necessary for normal animal digestion. An adult rabbit should get four to six different vegetables daily.

  1. Cabbage animals give in limited quantities. Cabbage causes gas, bloating, the animal may feel pain and discomfort. In some individuals, cabbage can cause an enlargement of the thyroid gland.
  2. Carrots are a favorite food for many ornamental rabbits. But eating a large amount of carrots can cause gas formation, pain in the intestines, loss of appetite.

For pets, it is better to buy fodder carrots (or table varieties with low sugar content). This vegetable is a source of vitamins (A, C, K, E, B), carotene, beneficial microelements, and the rabbit menu cannot do without carrots. It should not be given as a basic juicy vegetable, but as a delicacy.

Carrots should be given to the rabbit as a treat.

In rabbits, like other animals, there is an individual intolerance to products. Individual intolerance (allergic reaction) is manifested by diarrhea, vomiting, swelling, the animal may suffer from itching and redness of the skin. The supervisor will notice this and exclude the product from the pet menu.

Vegetables should be thoroughly washed before they fall into the trough. If the dirt can not be washed off - the roots are peeled.

Fruits and berries

Rabbits can eat many fruits. However, these foods contain a lot of sugar and should never be the main morning or evening food. They are given only as a treat in the amount of not more than 25 grams per kilogram of weight.

Sometimes rabbits can be given apples and pears.

The list of permitted fruit includes:

Even pineapples and kiwi can get into the rabbit's diet.

Bananas are eaten with pleasure. The rind of this fruit contains fiber, with more nutrients than pulp. Animals love and papaya. Prunes, pineapples and papayas have a beneficial effect on the intestines. They contribute to the conclusion of clumps of wool, destroying and diluting the food and mucus around them. This is especially important during the seasonal molting period, when a lot of wool enters the intestine.

Decorative rabbit can get as a treat and berries (raspberries, blueberries, strawberries and blackberries). But in some individuals, these products cause severe gas formation and bloating. The attentive owner will always notice which products do not fit the pet and will exclude them from the menu.

As a treat, rabbits can also be given berries.

Green products for rabbits - everything is good in moderation

Fresh grass, garden herbs are very useful for the health of pets. Protein, vitamins, minerals of green plants make animal fur thick and healthy, rabbits grow well, green food favorably affects the reproductive functions of adults. If greens are not in the menu, lactating rabbits reduce milk production, and the rabbit slows growth.

Substances contained in green foods have a beneficial effect on rabbit fur.

The diet of animals includes wild and cultivated plants. Green foods include:

  • fresh tops of radish, carrot, potato, beet tops,
  • cereals (green oats, winter rye),
  • leaves and corn cobs,
  • sunflower leaves, unripe seeds,
  • bean greens (vetch, peas),
  • alfalfa,
  • green herbs (clover, plantain, dandelion field, yarrow, tansy, wormwood, stinging nettle and others),
  • leaves of trees (rowan, aspen, linden, poplar) and shrubs (willow, alder and others).

Vegetable greens should also be included in the diet. Animals eat parsley, celery, fennel, mint, basil, thyme, leafy salads.

Green plants - a source of vitamins, fiber and trace elements. Many herbs have healing properties. So, parsley contains a lot of calcium, it has an anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and diuretic effect on the organism of animals. This grass is useful to give nursing rabbits.

Parsley has anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and diuretic effects.

One of the most desirable rabbit treats is celery. Animals eat the leaves and the root of the plant. It is a source of vitamin C and coarse fiber.

After the end of winter, green products are introduced into the diet of animals gradually, ideally, the green mass should contain several useful herbs. Rabbit breeders should remember that hay should be in the feeder all year round; green grass should not completely replace it in summer. This can cause indigestion.

In no case should wild radish get into the rabbit feeder.

There are many poisonous plants in the forests and steppes. Accidental poisonous grass in hay and green mass can lead to the death of a decorative rabbit. Vegetable poisons are especially dangerous for pregnant women and nursing rabbits and small rabbits. These plants include:

  • henbane (datura),
  • Cheremitsa
  • wild radish
  • buttercup (all species),
  • spurge,
  • digitalis,
  • Lily of the valley forest and garden,
  • black root,
  • raven eye
  • autumn crocus,
  • hemlock
  • backache (sleep-grass),
  • cicut (poisonous milestone),
  • celandine.