General information

Cultivation of goats: features of maintenance and care, video


COLLECTED from familiar magazines, books on livestock, bypassed local goat breeders. And a month later my husband and I built goatling in the manner of a garage 6 × 3 m and a height of 2.5 m.

The walls were made double, covered with clay, with three windows of 30 × 80 cm. The floor was wooden with a slight inclination to the drainage chute. Inside - five wrappings measuring 1.2 × 2 m, each with removable benches 120 × 60 cm attached 30 cm from the floor.
Stalls, from my point of view, are indispensable in the goat house. Goats like to sleep on them and never get dirty, animals are always clean. On the benches it is warm - the goats do not bother the udders and legs. Here it is very convenient to milk them. I remove the benches just before the lambing, so that the zakute is more spacious.

Unfortunately, we did not provide a vestibule in the goat house, and so that there was no draft, we had to hang the door with an old blanket. In the corridor, a gas generator was installed (now there is no problem buying one). I only heat it in severe frosts and during lambing, if the temperature in the milk goat is below plus 15 degrees.

Not far from the goatling built a barn 3 × 4.5 m and a height of 4 m, where we store hay, brooms, barrels of fodder and bedding - last year's hay and straw.

Next to the goatling - spacious penprotected from the wind by a solid fence. Here, under a canopy set grass and hay feeder. But at temperatures below minus 5 degrees and for three weeks after lambing goats in the pen do not let out.

In cold weather I wear overalls from old sweaters. Every day goat brushing. I was convinced that this not only improves the appearance, but also the general condition of the goats, the milk becomes tastier. In the spring and autumn, as a preventive measure, I give my wards anthelmintic and I treat with butox for lice - in the very first year I found out that goats easily repulse one another. Once a brush I clean and trim my hoofs.

I HAVE seen from my own experience how important it is to properly maintain and feed the goat, depending on the season and timing of the goats' gestation. I began to rummage through the books and came to the conclusion that they suffered from unbalanced feeding - they received little hay and too much grain. Since that time, I am taking feeding very seriously. I understood: the purer and more productive the animal, the more demanding it is to the conditions of detention. Over the years, step by step, I picked up a diet in which I vary the amount of juicy feed and grain. After another two weeks, I begin to milk every other day, after two, and so on, until the cessation of lactation. Then gradually I increase the number of potatoes, beets, carrots to 2 kg per goat, and wheat to 1.2 kg in two doses. I boil potatoes until half ready, cold and cut, beets and carrots, and I also cut, wheat - I germinate some, I boil some for 4 hours (if you have a crusher, it is better to chop). I add to the food for a teaspoon of iodized salt, chalk and 5 drops of trivitamin. Vitamins give 2 weeks and 2 weeks break, and so - until the first grass. Hay - plenty, plus one broom per day. If the udder is still bursting with milk, I will surely give it up.

After the goat, the first three days I give only hay and a mash made of bran. In the next two weeks, I gradually add up to 3 kg of succulent feed and up to 1-1.5 kg of grain depending on milk yield (300 grams per 1 liter of milk).

In the summer I graze goats in the morning and in the evening for 2.5-3 hours. An hour after the grazing, I give a drink with bran - each goat 0.5 kg at a time. Closer to the autumn, I cut 1.5-2 kg of apples, zucchini, cucumbers, cabbage - what was born. Everything that can be stored, I prepare for the winter. Fodder beet soot itself, small potatoes and carrots buy. We mow hay yourself - 500 kg per head, knit brooms from willow, oak, nettle.

On such a diet, goats always have a good appetite, do not get sick, in winter they give 5 liters each, and in the summer up to 6.5 liters of milk. With such productivity, all the costs of feeding pay off in a month.

FOR A WEEK-TWO before lambing do capital cleaning of the goatling - I scoop up all the manure and lay a new deep litter, washing the store with white soap and white lime walls. Before the lambing of the goat, the loop usually swells up strongly, the udder increases noticeably, in an hour or two there is a clear discharge (the cork comes out). Seeing these signs, tidying up the bench and putting a new layer of bedding, I prepare clean rags, warm water. When the attempts begin, I lay the goat on its side and do not allow it to stand up before the appearance of the goat.

If a goat was born in a bubble, first release it, cleanse the nose of mucus, and only then cut the umbilical cord and give it to the mother. With warm water and soap my goat udder and attach each newborn to the nipple, making sure that he necessarily drank colostrum. Koze give plenty of sweet tea. About an hour after the lambing should go after, after this it is necessary to trace and immediately remove it. Complications after lambing in my household were only in goats covered with related goats, dead goatlings were born, afterbirth was delayed, which led to uterus inflammation.

The first 3 days I goat the goat 6 times a day, from the 4th to the 10th day - 5 times, from the 11th to the 30th day - 4 times, and later - 3 times. And immediately after the milking I feed the kids. By the end of the month, they drink 2 liters of milk per day, giving the same second month the same amount, by the end of the third I reduce the rate from 2 to 0.5 liters. This amount of milk they get up to 5 months.

From the third day I hang up a bundle of good small hay for kids, from three weeks I start giving them grated carrots, cabbage, beets, and from the month - a few flakes of rolled oats, germinated grain or bran. I add oatmeal kissel (a little salty) to milk from one month of age - from 1 tbsp. spoons to a liter by the end of the third month, then gradually replace it with a bran talker. If kids were born in spring, I take them to pasture from one month of age, if in winter I give 2 drops of trivitamin a day so that there are no beriberi and rickets.

Noticed that kids have diarrhea from overeating, stale or cold foods: oatmeal pudding spoils the fastest, so I cook fresh for every feeding. If the tummy is still upset, I put the kid on a hungry diet - I just sing a little salted broth of horse sorrel. After the cessation of diarrhea for the first two days I do not give the goat anything except milk, starting at one-third of the norm, and from the third day I feed as usual.

I am led by detailed records of the origin of goats, what hurt and how she treated, when and with what goat they covered, date of lambing, number of kids, when and to whom they were sold. Every two weeks I do a control milking and I also bring the data into a notebook. I take into account the cost of feed and income from the sale of milk and kids. Based on these of my records, I boldly declare that Goat breeding is a very interesting and profitable business..

After the birth of the daughter, the flock had to be sold off, leaving only 2 zaanensky goats. But the daughter is growing up, and in my plans to increase the livestock. We build a separate room for the goat. Already acquired a goat from a seven-liter goat and a producer from America. But my dream is to have a herd with a milk yield of 8-9 l!

Very often I come across the fact that even so few Zaanen goats are covered by related or outbred goats. Finding a thoroughbred is very difficult. Due to the lack of information, often good producers are cut without being able to sell or exchange.

Vera Sheremetyeva

How to choose goats

Acquisition of a purebred animal is recommended to apply to a specialized farm in which the conditions of care for goats are observed. If you choose an animal from which you want to get milk, then it is advisable to buy an adult goat.

It would be better if you look at how much milk the uterus gives for milking before the purchase. Look at the size of the udder is wrong - on this basis it is impossible to determine the rate of milk yield.

If you are interested in the local yamanuha, preferably also some time watch the animalsto understand how much milk she can give. Consider that the maximum milk yield, and this is 5−6 liters of milk per day, give the goats, who suffered 2−3 lambing.

If you are offered an animal for breeding that has already had 6 lambing, please note that with each time her milk yield will decrease. When buying a dairy goat in advance find out mother's productivity. Try to find out how long she feared her mother's milk.

If you want to get a lot of milk from a goat, then you should buy the animal that was fed on goat milk for at least 4 months. This feature must be taken into account at the moment when you will leave the youngsters on the tribe.

It is necessary to acquire downy goat breeds before combing or cutting. Otherwise, you can not say exactly what the quality of down will be. Before purchasing each must be carefully examined.

The characteristic signs of good health are a wide chest, a straight back, a shiny coat without bald spots. If a goat has close legs, then it means that you have caught a narrow-chested animal, and you should refrain from such purchases.

A suitable product jaws should close, otherwise the goat will be very difficult to grab food, and this will not allow it to fully feed. Find out the age of the animal, you can look at his teeth. In the old goat they, as a rule, are cut off, and there are always gaps between them.