Surely you have heard in some television program about melon with by the strange name "cantaloupe". With the same name, you can also find bags of seeds signed with the same incomprehensible word at the market. That's just how it looks and how this fruit can be useful, rarely anyone knows for sure.
In fact, it is cantaloupe melon (in Latin it is Cantaloupe). - large-fruited berry, which belongs to the type of pumpkin fruit by scientists. Another name for cantaloupe, which is much closer in pronunciation to our language, sounds like cantaloupe. The plant in its appearance resembles an ordinary melon, only differs somewhat flat shape. In the colors of cantaloupe prevailt yellow tones close to carrot, and the leaves are most often dark green. In the core, cantaloupe is usually orange in color, and when cutting, you can be sure of the abundance of juice and pulp.
Cantaloupe cantaloupe (Cantaloupe) is a variety of large berries, the mention of which scientists met even more than 2 thousand years ago. The most recent mention of the musk melon we find in the Indian and Guinean records. However, the most common opinion is that this variety has Western Europe as its birthplace. At the same time, it is absolutely certain that only some varieties of cantaloupe crops were brought to us from Europe. And the appearance of this varieties of unique melons we are obliged, oddly enough, to the Crusades.
When the Crusades spread around the world, the knights often took home to their homeland their surprised or liked finds and grains of strange plants. Thus, cantaloupe seeds were delivered from Armenia and presented to the Pope of Rome as a gift. Another remark about this type of melon can be found in the records of Rome, which are specifically dated to the 1st century AD. e. Now it is widespread, and you can see it in every corner of the modern world.
Cantaloupe came to the Russian Federation and America directly from Italy, where they loved this fruit for its luxurious taste. From Italy around the world widely spread numerous varieties of cantaloupe melon culture. In agrarian production, cantaloupe is valued mainly for its simplicity. Severe droughts or, on the contrary, excessive moisture during the whole season do not interfere with maturation of this plant. Masters of cooking also use nutmeg in their dishes, because it has a strong aroma and pleasant taste.
Famous cultivars of cantaloupe melon
In Russia, however, as in other countries, breeders sought to bring out more and more new varieties that could easily adapt to the local climate. It was possible to get at least 15 varieties, and this is before the 50s of the twentieth century, of which the most famous are:
- Tsaritsyn day.
- Moscow cantaloupe.
In the late 50s of the last century, the breeding of the newest varieties continued the same way. Now most often create and breed melons the following varieties:
A huge number of varieties of this fruit are scattered all over the planet, but Charente enjoys the greatest popularity today. The fruits of this variety differ in small size and weight (600-1200 years). For all other indicators, Charente is similar to ordinary melons, but its peculiarity is an exceptionally strong and persistent aroma, as well as a refined taste that is not found in other varieties. Musk Melon Charente bred exclusively and only in France on protected ground.
Musk melon or Musk melon Cantalupa is recognized worldwide not only due to its captivating taste, but also for its healing properties. In a sense, this fruit literally has no analogues among other fruits. For example, it contains the largest amount of carotene compared to other melons. In addition, a large concentration of sucrose is present in cantaloupe. The presence of sugar in this berry is higher than in watermelons, where there is a lot of fructose, which, if it is in excess, can harm human health.
In fact, the ability of our body to repel attacks of airborne, “cold” germs, exciting SARS and influenza, depends primarily on the state of the main and main safety barrier - nasopharyngeal mucosa. It is his and is able to support the melon due to its unique properties.
Cantaloupe also contains iron, which is twice the volume in chicken meat and 17 times higher than the iron content in dairy products and milk. Vitamin C can be distinguished from the healing components, which, again, is much higher in quantity than this element in watermelon 3 times.
Musk melon can be useful for eating in situations where a person suffers from baldness, obesity or an excess of cholesterol. The substance inosine prevents the progress of these pathologies. A significant amount of potassium prevents the increase in pressure, so cantaloupe will be very useful in chronic hypertension. Moreover, this fruit is also low-calorie, for this reason it can safely be eaten with diets.
Use of cantaloupe
The most common use of nutmeg is her eatingHowever, cantaloupe is also a raw material for the preparation of candied top grade jams and preserves. Unfortunately, as a food, this fruit (or rather, this berry) can be consumed only by those who grow it. This is due to a very short temporary shelf life, and therefore she invented a different use: as a raw material for the manufacture of jam and nutmeg.
Cantaloupe has great popularity and dried. However, it is necessary to prepare for a lengthy and complex procedure, so that the dried fruit of nutmeg can produce the highest quality. First, the fruits are placed on a flat surface, where they undergo the procedure of wilting in the sun for a couple of days. Next, cantaloupe rinsed and dried. After drying, the melons are divided in half along the entire length and all seeds are removed from the bright orange middle.
Next, each of the halves of the fruit is divided into equal shares from two to four or five centimeters, depending on the subsequent use of the resulting dried fruit. Each of the lobes is peeled, and a green layer is removed that borders on the skin. In this form, cantaloupe melon pieces are placed for another 8-12 days for wilting in the sun. After the dried fruits are ready, they are twisted into braids or their likeness (for example, into plaits) and put into boxes covered with parchment paper.
By its texture cantaloupe dried fruit turn out firm, on tastes - sweet-sour. The composition of moisture in the dried slices is almost zero, but at the same time they will have a high sucrose content, which reaches almost 65% of the resulting product. Humidity is about 15%, and sometimes less, it will depend on the timing for which the wilting was carried out. In finished form, candied cantaloupe fruit is distinguished by light yellow or light brown hues. The number of dark spots they have is always the smallest and does not exceed more than 5% of the total area of the obtained product.
Cantaloupe is a berry that can prevent and even help overcome many diseases, add useful components to the human body, or simply brighten the past day with its unique taste.
This product is used in most countries, sometimes even as a raw material for the production jam and candied fruit in the culinary and confectionery business, and for good reason, because, in essence, there are no more fruits similar in taste and content of nutrients on our planet.
Cantaloupe had a great popularity several decades ago. However, still breeding work does not stop. The most promising varieties were bred.Parents are East American cantaloupes.
The plant is very powerful, the leaves are dark green and large.
The fruit ripens with medium terms.
Peel with a coarse mesh. The melon is oval. Its weight reaches 1.7 kg.
Sugar contains at least 12%. Do not allow the fetus to overstep. Mohawk is a sustainable variety for various diseases.New bred variety with a maturity of 80 days.
The progenitor of Blondi is the French variety Charente, which is the most popular.
It is a melon with an amazing adaptability to different climatic conditions.
The plant itself is powerful, and the fruits are small - up to 600 grams. Differ in lack of a mesh peel.
Blondie is not afraid of root rot!
It is worth telling about popular varieties bred in the 50s of the 20th century:
- Prescott ordinary, warty, thin-skinned,
- Best early English.
Russia also tried to bring this culture and adapt to its climate. At least 15 varieties were bred in the last century. The most famous:
Studies have not stopped and now you can often find: